|http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/07/28 16:42 新浪教育|
同 desert, abdicate, relinquish, quit, forsake
The bad weather forced the campers to abandon their tent on the mountain.
同 give in to, surrender, habituate
Helen drinks ten cups of coffee every day; I think she is addicted to it.
同seduce, coax, tempt, lure, attract
The beauty of the sea allured himsintosbecoming a sailor.
同roughly, about, around, close to
Janet said she would go for the party at approximately eight o'clock.
同confuse, perplex, bewilder, puzzle, confound
The police were baffled by the false clues left by the clever thief.
同 1.ability, capability, quality 2.breadth, diameter
The enemy was armed only with low caliber guns.
同mass, lump, coagulation, cluster, clump
The pipe under the bathroom sink was jammed by a huge clot of hair.
同mediate, negotiate, bargain, reconcile, arbitrate
Jane and Alex compromised and went to see a movie they both liked.
同current, modern, present-day
Ethan enjoys reading contemporary British literature.
同block, confine, restrict, hold back
The beaver dammed the stream with mud, branches and leaves.
同portray, picture, describe
This story depicts people who live in poverty as hardworking and wanting to improve their lives.
同expose, unveil, divulge, uncover, reveal
The government refused to disclose the names of the informers.
同odd, queer, strange
Mr. Wang is an eccentric old man who likes to collect tea pots.
同1.talent, faculty, attribute 2.donation, bestowal
Alice's beautiful painting shows her artistic endowment.
同domain, demesne, manor, property
The Jones' estate was very large, and it included rolling green hills and a large fish pond.
同1. textile, material 2. framework, structure
Many people believe that corruption is destroying the fabric of our society.
Exercise: Fill in the blanks.
1. After many years of smoking cigarettes, she has become ___ to them.
2. Doctors were _____ by the new virus and struggled to find a cure.
3. Roger likes _____ music, but his father enjoys classical music.
4. Superman knew that _____ his true identity to the woman was risky.
5. My mother's sister is an _____ woman, but she is very friendly.
解答：1. Addicted 2. Baffled 3. Contemporary 4. Disclosing 5. eccentric
There was great fear that people would die of hunger if the famine continued.
fusion n.结合 同 merger, coalescence, union
The musician's fusion of modern music and traditional Chinese music was very popular.
同 gaunt, careworn, fatigued, wan, emaciated
The soldiers looked haggard after their ten-hour march.
同unlettered, uncultured, uneducated, ignorant
The university set up a center where illiterate adults could learn to read.
同accidental, fortuitous, unintentional, incidental
The auditor determined that it was merely an inadvertent mistake made by a junior accountant.
Tom and Joe were best friends and shared their innermost secrets with each other.汤姆和乔是最要好的朋友，互相分享内心的秘密。
jeopardy n.危险同risk, peril, hazard
This building is in jeopardy of collapsing if there is a major earthquake.
同1.tie, fasten 2.pass through
The little child's mother has to help him lace up his shoes.这小孩的母亲不得不帮他系鞋带。
同 calm, pacify, quiet
The father sang a song to his daughter to lull her to sleep.
同brilliance, grandeur, majesty, resplendence
We were all impressed with the magnificence of Russia's Winter Palace.
同1.changeable, erratic, mobile, capricious, inconstant
Few people can stand Michael's mercurial personality, so he does not have many friends.
同1.filthy, foul 2.disagreeable, unpleasant
What is that nasty smell coming from behind the house?
同death notice, necrology
Martin was very shocked to see his best friend's obituary in the newspaper.
同adornment, decoration, embellishment, elaboration
The ornamentation Vincent used to decorate his house at Christmas was very tasteful.
Harry was the fastest runner, and was the pacesetter for the entire marathon.
同harmful, deleterious, venomous, noxious, poisonous
William's pernicious accusation that the company produced inferior products hurt the company's business.
同(n.) intrigue, scheme; (v.) conspire, intrigue, scheme
The three thieves plotted how they were going to steal the painting of Mona Lisa.
Exercise: Fill in the blanks.
1. Because of her hard life, the old woman's face had grown _____.
2. The man made the _____ mistake of taking the wrong subway line and got lost.
3. The mission to rescue lost hikers in _____ was canceled due to snow.
4. The artist's painting managed to capture the _____ of Japan's Mt. Fuji.
5. Their marriage was destroyed by _____gossip.
解答：1. Haggard 2. Inadvertent 3. Jeopardy 4. Magnificence 5. pernicious
同game, quarry, victim
Cats often like to play with their prey before they actually kill it.
My pet dog had to be kept in quarantine for six weeks when I moved to England.
同light, gleam, luminosity
People like to lie on the beach and enjoy the radiance of the sun.人们喜欢躺在沙滩上享受阳光。
同related, pertinent, fitting, proper
The lawyer presented information to the judge that she thought was relevant to the case.
同revenge, reciprocate, get even with, exact retribution
The poor peasants retaliated against the king because of his unfairness and cruelty.
Whenever Saul was confused about what to do, he would always go to his sagacious grandfather for advice.
sentimental adj.情感上的 同emotional
Albert has kept his grandmother's favorite record for sentimental reasons.
同glide, slide, skitter
Tonya screamed when she saw a snake slither across the yard.
同join together, connect, interweave, unite
Film editors used to splice reels of film together to make a whole movie.
The only way the office can streamline its operations is by using computers.
同sullen, uncivil, brusque
Frank's surly manner always makes everyone around him feel grumpy.弗兰克粗暴的态度总令他身边的人觉得生气。
同ban, disapproval, prohibition, proscription
In Western countries, a taboo is placed on burping at the dinner table.
同prevent, obstruct, balk
The police thwarted the robbers' plans by finding their hide-out and arresting them.
同final, terminal, eventual
"Our ultimate goal is to find a cure for AIDS," said the scientist.
vacant adj.空的n. vacuum
同empty, available, disengaged, unoccupied
Children in the neighborhood liked to play in a nearby vacant lot.社区里的小孩儿喜欢在附近的空地上玩耍。
同give up, relinquish, renounce, abandon
Our school waives its strict dress code once a week and allows us to wear what we want on that day.
Ms. Harris asked her secretary to Xerox seven copies of the contract.
Exercise: Fill in the blanks.
1. The townspeople _____ against the soldiers who had attacked their homes.
2. You shouldn't be so _____ about an old pair of smelly sneakers.
3. The broken bridge _____ their effort to cross the river.
4. Winning an Olympic gold medal was the _____ goal in her skating career.
5. The building next to my house had been _____ for several months.
解答1. Retaliated 2. Sentimental 3. Thwarted 4. Ultimate 5. vacant
to reach a settlement by mutual concession
modern; of or belonging to the same time
deviating from the norm
unable to read and write
without paying attention or by accident
stately or imposing beauty
a notice of someone's death
connected with what is happening
having to do with the feelings
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