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  Part I Listening Comprehension(20 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions:In this section,you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation,a question will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause. During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Example:You will hear:

  You will read:

  A)2 hours B)3 hours

  C)4 hoursD)5 hours

  From the conversation,we know that the two were talking about some work they will start at 9 o'clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore,D)"5 hours" is the correct answer.You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.

  Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

  1. A) She often stays up late to read.

  B) The man should spend more time studying.

  C) The man manages with surprisingly little sleep.

  D) She has no idea what will be in the test.

  2. A) July.B) June.

  C) January.D) May.

  3. A) At an airport.

  B) At a railway station.

  C) At a bus stop.

  D) In a waiting room.

  4. A) No one can find the manager.

  B) He has no idea where to find the manager.

  C) His family lives in the building.

  D) No one can find the apartment.

  5. A) Lock the door carefully.

  B) Open the door.

  C) Fix the lock himself.

  D) Call Mr. Smith to repair the lock.

  6. A) He was an adopted child.

  B) He is a photographer.

  C) He is used to outdoor activities.

  D) He wants to learn about wildlife in the mountains.

  7. A) He is dead.

  B) He is sensitive to shame.

  C) He has no sense of time.

  D) He is shameless.

  8. A) The garden hasn't been planned.

  B) The ground is too wet to plant vegetables.

  C) The man wants to stop.

  D) The man doesn't like to wait.

  9. A) A teacher.B) A newspaperman.

  C) A traveler.D) A businessman.

  10. A) Nothing was reported last night.

  B) Last night's storm hadn't been predicted.

  C) They were able to turn out the lights.

  D) The weather wasn't bad last night.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage One

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11. A) To explain the importance of learning rhythm and harmony in jazz.

  B) To show that jazz is not really music at all.

  C) To point out similarities between jazz and classical music.

  D) To describe what makes a good jazz performance.

  12. A) They memorize their music before performing it.

  B) They are more famous than performers of other kinds of music.

  C) They perform their music as a means of individual self-expression.

  D) They possess detailed knowledge of the rules of jazz composition.

  13. A) Practise various jazz rhythms.

  B) Interview a jazz musician.

  C) Watch a film about jazz performers.

  D) Listen to some recordings of jazz music.

  Passage Two

  Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. A) By taxing public services.

  B) By making people pay for private bills.

  C) By providing needed services.

  D) By collecting taxes.

  15. A) Nobody would take care of the city.

  B) There would be no schools.

  C) There would be no protection from crime.

  D) All of the above.

  16. A) Education.B) Public security.

  C) Administration.D) Transportation.

  Passage Three

  Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  17. A) At dawn on Thursday.

  B) At dawn on Tuesday.

  C) At dusk on Thursday.

  D) At dusk on Tuesday.

  18. A) Six times.B) Fourteen times.

  C) Twenty-one times.

  D) Forty times.

  19. A) Speaking to his family.

  B) Taking a nap.

  C) Unfurling the flags of China and the United Nations.

  D) Having some delicious food.

  20. A) In the 1950s. B) In the 1960s.

  C) In the 1970s.D) In the 1980s.

  Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage One

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

  Many ecologists and demographers predict that an ecological disaster is on the way, most likely in the form of a devastating famine in the Third World. Although everyone is not so pessimistic, there is no disagreement about the fact that we have been destroying the very ecosystems that sustain us. Such irrational behavior is not easy to explain. Its complex causes have roots stretching far back into history. Ironically, the same characteristics that have made humans such a successful species-high intelligence and an enormous ability to manipulate the environment-have also contributed to the development of the technology and cultural orientation that are now threatening many forms of life on earth.

  More and more people are coming to realize that the magnificent technological advances that have made life so much more comfortable have a dark side as well. As we have seen, agricultural technology has brought havoc to the biosphere; industrial technology is polluting the environment; and military technology has for the first time in history given humanity the means to destroy itself. And even if we do not destroy ourselves directly with nuclear bombs, we may do it indirectly by disrupting ecosystems, food chains, and the whole life-supporting system.

  Condemning technology as though it were separated from the humans who use it is both pointless and misleading. Every group of humans, from prehistoric times to the present, has used some form of technology to meet its needs for food, clothing, and shelter. Only a few of those technologies, however, have caused serious damage to the environment. The real culprit is exploitative technology, designed to produce the greatest immediate rewards without regard to the long-term consequences to the environment or the quality of human life.

  This problem is nothing new. Although the earliest hunting and gathering did little damage to the environment, the human race has been using exploitative technologies for thousands of years. Historians now believe that an environmental crisis caused by unsound farming techniques contributed to the collapse of many of the agricultural societies of the past; but the overall environmental damage done by industrial societies is far worse. For one thing, their technology is much more powerful and sophisticated, and for another, they support many more people. Industrialization also brings about a qualitative change in the kind of technology we use. From nuclear radiation to the destruction of the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere, the cornucopia (象征丰饶的羊角,丰饶) of modern science has produced problems undreamed of by our ancestors.

  21. Many ecologists predict,     .

  A) ecological disasters will not happen soon

  B) ecological disasters will never happen in the industrial countries

  C) disastrous famines are likely to happen in the underdeveloped countries

  D) disastrous floods are likely to happen in the Third World

  22. Exploitative technology     .

  A) is the modern product of industrialization

  B) is the main cause for the environmental crisis

  C) is designed to make full of our resources

  D) is designed to improve the quality of human life

  23. It can be inferred from the passage that     .

  A) unsound farming techniques are more destructive than industrial technology

  B) modern science has greatly improved human life

  C) the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere was formerly well preserved

  D) it is the technology we use that is responsible for the environmental crisis

  24. What is the passage mainly about?

  A) The coming of environmental disaster.

  B) The ill effects of industrialization.

  C) The development of modern technology.

  D) The origin of environmental crisis.

  25. The tone of the passage can be described as    .

  A) pessimisticB) optimistic

  C) concernedD) indifferent

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

  Hawaii's native minority is demanding a greater degree of sovereignty over its own affairs. But much of the archipelago's political establishment, which includes the White Americans who dominated until the second world war and people of Japanese, Chinese and Filipino origin, is opposed to the idea.

  The islands were annexed by the US in 1898 and since then Hawaii's native peoples have fared worse than any of its other ethnic groups. They make up over 60 percent of the state's homeless, suffer higher levels of unemployment and their life span is five years less than the average Hawaiians. They are the only major US native group without some degree of autonomy.

  But a sovereignty advisory committee set up by Hawaii's first native governor, John Waihee, has given the natives' cause a major boost by recommending that the Hawaiian natives decide by themselves whether to re-establish a sovereign Hawaiian nation.

  However, the Hawaiian natives are not united in their demands. Some just want greater autonomy within the state-as enjoyed by many American Indian natives over matters such as education. This is a position supported by the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA), a state agency set up in 1978 to represent the natives' interests and which has now become the moderate face of the native sovereignty movement. More ambitious is the Ka Lahui group, which declared itself a new nation in 1987 and wants full, official independence from the US.

  But if Hawaiian natives are given greater autonomy, it is far from clear how many people this will apply to. The state authorities only count as native those people with more than 50 percent Hawaiian blood.

  Native demands are not just based on political grievances, though. They also want their claim on 660,000 hectares of Hawaiian crown land to be accepted. It is on this issue that native groups are facing most opposition from the state authorities. In 1933, the state government paid the OHA US$136 million in back rent on the crown land and many officials say that by accepting this payment the agency has given up its claims to legally own the land. The OHA has vigorously disputed this.

  26. Hawaii's native minority refers to    .

  A) Hawaii's ethnic groups

  B) people of Filipino origin

  C) the Ka Lahui group

  D) people with 50% Hawaiian blood

  27. Which of the following statements is true of the Hawaiian natives?

  A) Sixty percent of them are homeless or unemployed.

  B) Their life span is 5 years shorter than average Americans.

  C) Their life is worse than that of other ethnic groups in Hawaii.

  D) They are the only native group without sovereignty.

  28. Which of the following is NOT true of John Waihee?

  A) He is Hawaii's first native governor.

  B) He has set up a sovereignty advisory committee.

  C) He suggested the native people decide for themselves.

  D) He is leading the local independent movement.

  29. Which of the following groups holds a less radical attitude on the matter of sovereignty?

  A) American Indian natives.

  B) Office of Hawaiian Affairs.

  C) The Ka Lahui group.

  D) The Hawaiian natives.

  30. Various native Hawaiians demand all the following EXCEPT_______.

  A) a greater autonomy within the state

  B) more back rent on the crown land

  C) a claim on the Hawaiian crown land

  D) full independence from the US

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  Today's cops are under far more inspection than their predecessors were, thanks in part to governmental soul-searching suggesting that police behavior had much to do with touching off the race riots of the late 1960s. Today, more than 75 percent of the major metropolitan police departments have some sort of civilian review agency. And top cops are watching more closely, too. "It's unbelievable how they Monday-morning quarterback (事后指责) you," says Dallas officer James, who underwent a vigorous internal investigation last spring after he fired at, but missed, a man who pointed a gun at him. "I'm out there sweating bullets, my heart's going 95 miles per hour and some guy is sitting in an air-conditioned office telling me what I should have done."

  Part of that inspection is rooted in departmental efforts to head off lawsuits. Cops have become an increasingly inviting target for litigation. For example, in 1972, the City of Los Angeles paid $553,340 in judgements and settlements for the actions of its police department. Last year, Los Angeles paid $6.4 million.

  The fear of being sued is never far from officer's minds. It certainly wasn't for FBI agent Ed Mireles, the hero of the bureau's bloody 1986 Miami shoot-out in which two agents were killed and five were wounded. Before the shooting began, the car in which Mireles rode was crashing and banging against the vehicle driven by the two alleged bank robbers. Mireles could almost reach out and touch the driver."Even today, I keep running that back," he says. "Knowing what I know now, I would have brought my 12-gauge shotgun to bear on those two sons of bitches, and taken them out right there. What flashed through my mind was the legal consequences, the responsibility issue. But that would have ended the whole thing before it got started." As it turned out, two of his fellow agents were killed before a wounded Mireles killed both assailants.

  An even bigger problem is that the criminal-justice system itself is now designed to break cops' hearts. For every 100 felony arrests, 43 are typically dismissed or not prosecuted. Of the remaining 57, 54 are disposed of by guilty plea. Only 3 go to trial. And of those, 1 is acquitted(宣判无罪) and 2 are found guilty. Moreover, of the 56 convicted, 22 typically get probation(缓刑), 21 are sentenced to a year or less of prison and only 13 are sentenced to prison for more than a year.

  "We're not making progress," concludes Dallas officer Nabors. The greatest gift the nation could give its police is the promise that when they do their jobs well, it will amount to something. This is a war the nation can't walk away from.

  31. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

  A) Most major metropolitan police departments have some sort of civilian review agency.

  B) Police behavior had actually little to do with touching off the race riots of the late 1960s.

  C) Top cops are inspected more closely.

  D) Cops were not so seriously inspected before.

  32. Dallas officer James was under a vigorous internal investigation because     .

  A) he killed a man who pointed a gun at him

  B) he was out there sweating bullets

  C) he was involved in the race riots of the late 1960s

  D) he fired at a man who nevertheless escaped

  33. Police authorities make the inspections     .

  A) out of a fear of lawsuits

  B) to reduce the victims

  C) under the pressure from the cops

  D) in order to punish criminals heavily

  34. From the paragraph 3 about FBI agent Ed Mireles we can infer that     .

  A) he was very proud of what he had done in that action

  B) he felt guilty for not having killed the criminals before they killed his colleagues

  C) he was angry that his fear of being sued had prevented him from doing better

  D) he would have been punished if he had not been wounded

  35. Why is the criminal-justice system said to break cops' hearts?

  A) Because this system gives cops the impression that their heroic actions often amount to nothing.

  B) Because this system is designed to help criminals.

  C) Because this system punishes policemen rather than criminals.

  D) Because this system is closely inspected by the police.

  Passage Four

  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

  "Money talks" is a familiar observation. Long ago, William Shakespeare expressed the same thought poetically: "If money goes before, all ways do lie open." Cynically, and a bit superficially, these aphorisms (格言) convey the idea that the possession of money means power and influence. More fundamentally, money and its ownership represent command over economic resources: goods and services. Potting it this way removes some of the aura (气氛) of mystique that surrounds the subject of money, but it is nonetheless true-and familiar. Everyone knows that we need money to buy the goods and services we desire. What and how much we buy is intimately related to how much money we possess. By itself, money may not be the source of happiness and health, but if one is unhappy or ill, it helps to be so in comfort. As a wiseacre once said, "If man does not live by bread alone, at least it can be used to buy the missing items."

  "Money matters" is another popular saying. But here the reference is not to the welfare of individuals and households but rather to the health and wealth of the economy as a whole. For it turns out that money plays a basic role in determining such things as the volume of employment and production, the level of prices and buying power of money, and the rate of economic growth-and thus the level and rate of increase of our living standards. At times, we have witnessed too much money in circulation and with it excessive rates of inflation. At other times, we have witnessed too little money in circulation and with it depressed levels of employment and output.

  Thus it is evident that money affects not only the welfare of individuals but also that of the whole economy. And these interests may not always coincide. An individual usually feels better off the more money he or she has, but the improvement may occur at the expense of the well-being of the economy as a whole and hence to the detriment of the welfare of other individuals. Money growth is indispen-

  sable to a growing economy but is no panacea, else the less-developed economies of the world could solve their poverty problems by the simple expedient of printing more money.

  36. The aphorism "Money talks" indicates that     .

  A) money is the source of health

  B) money is the source of happiness

  C) the ownership of money means power and influence

  D) nothing can be done without money

  37. The word "bread" in the last sentence of the first paragraph most probably means     .

  A) any food a person eats

  B) a man's health

  C) money

  D) comfort

  38. According to the passage, the popular saying "Money matters" chiefly means that money is important     .

  A) for us to live a decent life

  B) to everyone of us

  C) to every household

  D) for the benefit of the whole country

  39. It is implied in this passage that    .

  A) the more money we have, the higher the level of our living

  B) printing more money contributes nothing to solving poverty problems in poor countries

  C) too much money in circulation is better than too little money in circulation

  D) the amount of money in circulation determines the rate of economic growth

  40. The word "detriment" in line 8 of the last paragraph most probably means     .

  A) benefitB) harm

  C) preventionD) improvement

  Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)

  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  41. The ancient statue found in the cave was   because there were no others like it.

  A) unilateral B) universal

  C) unique D) uniform

  42. Because of his strong financial position, he can receive as much     as he needs from the bank.

  A) credential B) credit

  C) credibility D) credulity

  43. The program deals with subjects as   as pop music and ancient Greek drama.

  A) inverse B) diverse

  C) adverse D) reverse

  44. The    of a piece of broken glass attracted my attention.

  A) glitterB) flash C) flare D) spark

  45. Nowadays, advertising costs are no longer in reasonable    to the total cost of the product.

  A) proportion B) correlation

  C) connection D) correspondence

  46. The wealth of a country should be measured    the health and happiness of its people as well as the material goods it can produce.

  A) in line withB) in terms of

  C) with regard to D) by means of

  47. Computer language is an artificial language that    instructions to be executed on a computer.

  A) specifies B) identifies

  C) intensifies D) classifies

  48. The State's department of commerce is   to our bureau of economic department.

  A) equivalent B) alike

  C) uniform D) likely

  49. Lack of money and lack of machinery are two    on the growth of the firm.

  A) boundaries B) restraints

  C) confinements D) limitations

  50. The ratio of the work done by the machine   the work done on it is called the co-efficiency of the machine.

  A) against B) with

  C) toD) for

  51. Your advice would be    valuable to him, who is now at a loss as to what to do first.

  A) excellently B) excessively

  C) extensively D) exclusively

  52. We should always bear in mind that    decisions often result in serious consequences.

  A) urgent B) instant

  C) prompt D) hasty

  53. At first the company refused to purchase the equipment, but this decision

  was    revised.

  A) subsequently B) successively

  C) predominantlyD) preliminarily

  54. The words Francis Key wrote on the back of an old letter "The Star Spangled Banner" became the national    of the United States.

  A) song B) hymn C) anthem D) motto

  55. The members in the testing team were quite    and could change their schedule upon request.

  A) lenientB) supple

  C) flexible D) gentle

  56. Be careful with John; I think he has     motives for being so generous.

  A) ultimate B) ulterior

  C) interior D) hidden

  57. We found an old blind beggar sitting outside the store, looking    .

  A) patriotic B) periodic

  C) pathetic D) optimistic

  58. In many countries which do not have     health agreements with your own, you will need to take out health insurance.

  A) practical B) hysterical

  C) typical D) reciprocal

  59. The machine    the conditions that astronauts will experience in space.

  A) stimulates B) simulates

  C) formulates D) speculates

  60. She sat down at the piano and began to play a patriotic     .

  A) music B) tuneC) soundD) note

  61. A person who has failed to do something he is under an obligation to do has     .

  A) deducted B) deduced

  C) defaulted D) detached

  62. Parents with only one child tend to have higher academic    for their child.

  A) aspirations B) perspiration

  C) inspiration D) respiration

  63. In industrialized countries, absolute illiteracy was reported to have been largely     .

  A) indicated B) implicated

  C) fabricated D) eradicated

  64. Volcanic material,     seventeen miles into the atmosphere, created startlingly beautiful sunsets for years afterwards.

  A) dispersed B) impaired

  C) diminished D) immersed

  65. When linguists look at the languages of Europe, they quickly     that these languages are related.

  A) receive B) perceive

  C) deceive D) conceive

  66. The    and use of public transportation vary widely in cities around the globe.

  A) vulnerability B) sensibility

  C) availability D) versatility

  67. With regard to the issue of equal responsibility for child care, there is

  a     between the wishes and the claims of parent couples.

  A) differentiation B) deviation

  C) defect D) discrepancy

  68. The current economic recession has serious    for companies and personnel who find themselves victims of the downturn.

  A) obligations B) implications

  C) justifications D) qualifications

  69. As they became independent, most developing countries enthusiastically


  A) embraced B) deemed

  C) inflicted D) rectified

  70. A large part of human activity, particularlyin relation to the environment, is

    conditions or events.

  A) in response to B) in favour of

  C) in contrast to D) in excess of

  Part IV Error Correction (15 minutes)

  Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change the word, add a word or delete a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and put a slash (/)in the blank.

  Ecology is science of how living creatures and plants


  exist together and depend on each other and on the local environment. Where an environment is damaged, the


  ecology of an area is in balance, but if a creature is exterminated or an alien species introduced, then the ecology of the district will be upset-by other words, the


  balance of nature will be disturbed.

  Man is a part of the environment and has done less to


  upset the ecology during his short span on earth than any other living creature. He has done this by his ignorance, greed, and wasteful.


  Man has poisoned the atmosphere and polluted both land and water. It has squandered (浪费) the earth's


  natural resources with no thought for the future, and he has thought out the most destructible way of killing his


  fellow men-and every other sort of life at the same time.

  Although man has done much damage, it is up to him 78.    

  to try to put matters right. If there is to be any remedy for our ills, that remedy ultimately lies in the hands of the young. One of the main causes of the earth's troubles is that the world is overpopulated and that this overpopulation is growing by an ever-increasing rate. At


  the same time we are using up our natural resources so rapidly that there will be hope of replacing them.


  Part V Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic The Impact of the Internet on College Life. You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the following outlines.

  1. 互联网正在改变我们的大学生活;

  2. 互联网在查询信息、通信、娱乐等方面是如何影响校园生活的;

  3. 总结。



  Part I Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  Directions: In this section,you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation,a question will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause. During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  1. M: I stayed up all night studying for the test.

  W: Again! How you get by with so little rest is a mystery to me.

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  2. W: Jim, let's start making plans for our vacation.

  M: But, Mary, I don't get my vacation until July. There are six months to go.

  Q: In which month does this conversation most probably take place?

  3. M: Kate, look! The passengers are coming off the plane, and there is Susan.

  W: Which one? The tall one in blue skirt or the one in red?

  Q: Where does the conversation take place?

  4. W: Excuse me. Where can I find the apartment


  M: Sorry, I can't help you. I'm not familiar with this building.

  Q: What does the man mean?

  5. M: The lock on my front door is broken.

  W: Why don't you have Mr. Smith fix it? He's very good.

  Q: What does the woman suggest?

  6. W: I never pictured you as the outdoor type.

  M: When you live in the mountains you learn to adapt.

  Q: What is true about the man?

  7. M: It's said that Albert was asked to leave schoolbecause of his bad behavior.

  W: It's no surprise. He is dead to all sense of shame.

  Q: What does the woman think of Albert?

  8. W: Have you planted your vegetable garden yet?

  M: I'm waiting for it to stop raining so much.

  Q: What is the problem?

  9. M: I wonder when Mr. Stevenson will finish grading our final papers.

  W: Very soon, I think. He is leaving for North America next Wednesday to attend a meeting. Hehas to finish his grading by then.

  Q: Who is Mr. Stevenson?

  10. W: The storm they predicted for last night turned out to be nothing.

  M: Yes. You are right.

  Q: What do we learn from this conversation?

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage One

  To play their music well, jazz musicians don't really need to know a lot about the rules of music and rhythm. Of course, they might have knowledge of both harmony and rhythm. But that kind of knowledge isn't what makes them good jazz musicians. What does make them good is having an intuitive feeling for how the music works. For artists in the medium of jazz, the music comes naturally. It flows almost spontaneously through them. Their music performance is not planned in advance. As they play, they don't monitor themselves in terms of formal serious performance. As a result, jazz is a natural expression of the moods and feelings of the artists, and a moment by moment expression of themselves. Now you're in for a treat. I brought some recordings of my favorite jazz artists. We'll spend some time listening to some examples of really good jazz.

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11. What is the main purpose of the talk?

  12. What does the speaker say about the intuitive characters of jazz musicians?

  13. What will the class do next?

  Passage Two

  We know that we have to pay for what we get. If we buy food, we know there will be a bill to pay. These are private bills. But there are also public bills that must be paid. Public bills are paid by the government. In turn, we get these services through taxes. What would happen if everyone in the city stopped paying taxes? The water supply would stop, water might become unclean and impure. The streets might not be cleaned. There would be no police force to protect people and property. Schools would be closed. People would become sick and diseases might spread. We should not want to live in such a city. We all want pure water and food, clean streets and good schools. We want the police to prevent from crime. The chief duty for every government is to protect persons and property. More than three quarters of the money spent by our government is used for this purpose. The next largest amount of public money goes to teach and train our citizens. Billions of dollars each year are spent on schools and libraries. Public money is used to pay the teachers and all the public officials. A large amount of public funds is also spent on roads.

  The greatest part of necessary funds is raised by taxes. A tax is money that we all must pay to support the government. The law orders us to pay taxes. We have no choice in the matter. Almost everyone pays some taxes in one form or another.

  Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. How does the government pay for public bills?

  15. According to the speaker, what would happen if nobody in the city paid taxes?

  16. Which of the following costs the largest amount of public money according to the speaker?

  Passage Three

  China's first astronaut ,Yang Liwei returned safely to the Earth on Thursday when his craft touched down on time and as planned after 21 hours in orbit. China's mission control declared the country's landmark flight "a success".

  The craft carrying Yang Liwei touched down on the grasslands of Inner Mongolia in northern China as planned at dawn on Thursday.He emerged from the capsule and waved at rescuers. The landing came after a 21-hour mission in which Shenzhou V orbited the Earth 14 times.

  It was reported that the astronaut's condition was good, and he would undergo an immediate exam. The completion of the mission was the crowning achievement of an 11-year, manned space program.

  While in orbit Yang spoke to his family, telling them it looked "splendid" in space. He also had a conversation with the country's defence minister, unfurled the flags of China and the United Nations and took a nap.

  Yang, an astronaut since 1998, was picked for the flight from three finalists. They had trained for years. His trip came after four test flights, beginning in 1999, of unmanned Shenzhou capsules.

  China has had a rocketry program since the 1950s. It launched a manned space program in the 1970s during the Cultural Revolution but later abandoned it. The program was relaunched in 1992 under the code name Project 921.

  Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  17. When did the craft carrying Yang Liwei return safely to the Earth?

  18. How many times did China's first manned spaceship Shenzhou V orbit the Earth?

  19. While in orbit, Yang finished some actions, which of these is NOT mentioned in the passage?

  20. When did China launch a manned space program?


  Part I Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  1.C) 2.C) 3.A) 4.B) 5.D) 6.C) 7.D) 8.B) 9.A) 10.D)

  Section B

  11.D) 12.C) 13.D) 14.D) 15.D) 16.B) 17. A) 18. B) 19. D) 20. C)

  Part IIReading Comprehension

  21. C)。 文章的第一句告诉我们第三世界国家极有可能发生饥荒,也就是C)项的内容。

  22. B)。 文章中第三段的最后一句提到对环境带来不利影响的真正罪魁祸首是exploitative techno-logy。

  23. C)。 文章的最后一句提到现代科技带来了一些我们先辈做梦也没有想到的问题,如核辐射和臭氧层的变化,因此可以推断出古时候臭氧层没有受到破坏。

  24.D)。 从全文来看,这篇文章讲的是科技发展对环境所带来的不利影响。

  25.C)。 作者提到了环境危机以及其所带来的坏处,可见对此事的关心。

  26.A)。 文章中第二段开始讲到 "The islands were annexed by the US in 1898 and since then Hawaii's native peoples have fared worse than any of its other ethnic groups.",由此可见, "Hawaii's native minority"是夏威夷本地的一个少数民族。

  27.C)。 本题的相关信息为文章第二段。 "Hawaii's native minority"的生活比岛上其他种族艰苦;他们占失业、无家者的60%;他们的平均寿命比夏威夷人平均寿命少5年;他们是美国主要种族中唯一一个没有自主权的种族。

  28.D)。 本题考查细节,相关信息为文章第三段。与原文比较可知,A),B),C) 三项均符合原意, D)项文中未提及。

  29.B)。 本题问哪个团体对主权抱有保守的态度。文中的相关语句为"...the office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA)...and which has now become the moderate face of the native sovereignty movement"。其中"moderate"即"less radical"。

  30.B)。 本题询问"native Hawaiians"的各种要求。综合全文可知,有的要求"岛内自治",有的要求"脱离美国而独立",还有的要求"拥有领地"。因此,A),C),D)三项均符合原意,只有B)项不是他们的要求。

  31.C)。 文章的第一段提到"Top cops are watching more closely.", 而不是"Top cops are inspected more closely.",故答案是C)。

  32.D)。 本题应在第一段后半部分提到Dallas officer James 的地方寻找答案。

  33.A)。 本题的答案在第二段第一句,对警察检查的部分原因在于防止诉讼案的发生。即答案A)所提到的 "out of fear of lawsuits"。

  34.C)。 本题是由第三段中Ed Mireles所说的话"What flashed through my mind was the legal consequences, the responsibility issue. But that would have ended the whole thing before it got started."推断出正确答案为C)。

  35.A)。 这是在文章的最后两段提到的。因为多数犯罪者没有得到应有的惩罚,而国家也只口头承诺警方的工作会有所回报。

  36.C)。 本题的答案在第一段的第三句话"these aphorisms convey the idea that the possession of money means power and influence"。

  37.C)。 从该句话的上下文意思来看,金钱不是快乐和健康的源泉,但可以用来弥补一些缺失的东西,所以"bread"指的是"money"。

  38.D)。 本题的答案在第二段的第二句:"But here the reference is not... but rather to the health and wealth of the economy as a whole."

  39.B)。 在文章的最后一句提到金钱的增长不是解决经济增长的万能药,否则的话,发展中国家就可以多印些货币来解决它们的贫困问题,故答案为B)。

  40.B)。 根据该句话,一个人钱越多感觉越好,但这种提高以国家整体经济为代价,所以也会给别人的福利带来损害。故,"detriment"为"损害"的意思。

  Part III  Vocabulary

  41.C)。unique 唯一的,独一无二的;universal全体的;uniform一样的,相同的;unilateral单方面的

  42.B)。credit信用,信誉;credential资格证书;credibility可靠性,可信性;credulity 轻信



  45.A)。in proportion to 和……成比例

  46.B)。in terms of从……观点、角度看;in line with和……一致,符合;with regard to关于,有关;by means of使用,应用



  49.B)。restraint限制的东西;boundary分界线,边界;confinement限制; limitation局限性

  50.C)。固定搭配,the ratio of... to... 意为"……和……之比"。




  54.C)。国歌是national anthem;motto箴言,座右铭;hymn圣歌,赞美诗

  55.C)。flexible有弹性的,柔韧的;lenient宽大的,仁慈的; supple(身体)柔软的,灵活的;gentle温和的,和缓的

  56.B)。ulterior隐蔽的,秘而不宣的;ulterior motive 表示别有用心;ultimate最终的;interior 内部的


  58.D)。reciprocal相互的,互惠的;practical实际的,实用的;hysterical歇斯底里的; typical典型的



  61.C)。default违约,拖欠,未履行义务;deduct扣除,减去;deduce推论,推断,演绎; detach 拆卸,使分离




  65.B)。perceive觉察,发觉;deceive欺骗;conceive 构想出,设想

  66.C)。availability可获得,可得到;vulnerability 敏感,脆弱,易受攻击;sensibility敏感性;versatility多才多艺,多功能




  70.A)。in response to对……的反应;in favour of赞同,支持;in contrast to对照,对比; in excess of多于,超出

  Part IV  Error Correction

  71. science-the science。应在science 之前加定冠词the。

  72. damaged-undamaged。根据本句的内容,damaged 须改为undamaged。

  73. by-in。in other words为固定用法。

  74. less-more。从全句的内容和结构看,less须改为 more。

  75. wasteful-wastefulness。从全句来看,wasteful应改为wastefulness,和ignorance, greed一致为并列结构。

  76. It-He。It应改为He, He指代man。

  77. destructible-destructive。此处应用destructive(毁灭性的), 而不是destructible(能被破坏的)。

  78. Although-Since/Because/As。从该句的内容来看,此处应为原因状语从句。

  79. by-at。by应改为at, 如at a rate of, at a speed of等。

  80. hope-no hope。从本句的意思看,须在hope前加no。

  Part V  Writing

  The Impact of the Internet on College Life

  College students were perhaps among the first to embrace the Internet. Not long after the rise of the technology, it is already radically changing many aspects of college life.

  With its high speed and large volume, the Internet is gradually replacing traditional ways of searching and collecting information. More and more college students are turning to the Internet to find information about nearly any subject they are interested in. The Internet is also changing the way college students communicate with and relate to other people. Without stamps and envelopes, the e-mail allows one to send a letter to his pals on the other side of the earth in seconds. In chat rooms, the ICQ or other instant messaging services enable him to engage in real-time conversations with friends as well as strangers. The Internet also plays a role in the way college students spend their leisure time. Whether in dorms or computer labs, many sit glued to the screen, downloading and reading e-books or playing online games.

  "Surfing the Web" has become a cliche on campus. The Internet is certainly claiming much of our time as students. But like it or not, it is here to stay and, with the development of technology, continues to reshape campus life.

  (文/邵蕙 李树德;英语通大学英语六级考试版 03~04学年第4期; 版权归英语辅导报社所有,独家网络合作伙伴新浪教育,未经许可,不得以任何形式进行转载。)

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