英国女王伊丽莎白庆生:全民讨论长寿方法

2016年07月15日 08:43 BBC英语教学
微博 微信 空间 分享 添加喜爱

  原标题:How to live longer 怎么才能长寿

  今年,英国女王伊丽莎白二世迎来了她90岁的生日。英国民众在庆祝女王生日的同时也在讨论能延缓衰老和保持健康长寿的方法。本期《随身英语》讨论长寿的秘诀。

  课文内容

  词汇: aging 老龄化

  When is it time to slow down? Is it when you reach middle age, when you can draw your pension or even later? Queen Elizabeth II turned 90 this year and there are not many signs that she's taking it easy. Last year alone the monarch carried out over 300 engagements.

  Longevity has long been a topic of discussion in Britain. What's likely to make us live longer? According to Professor Sarah Harper, from the Oxford Institute of Population Ageing, just over half your chances of living a long life come down to luck. She says: "If you have parents and grandparents who made it into their eighties and nineties there's a chance you have inherited good genes. You are more likely to have a strong immune system and are less likely to develop chronic diseases."

  Lucky you, then. But don't rely on that because bad habits can spoil everything. Half of long-term smokers die prematurely. Smoking causes heart disease, lung cancer and other illnesses. A poor diet and lack of exercise can lead to obesity, which reduces your life expectancy by between three and 10 years, says the National Health Service in Britain.

  But it's not worth stressing out about how long you're going to stick around. Stress can take years off someone's life. A study published in the British Medical Journal found even low-level stress raises the risk of heart attacks and strokes by 20% and you don't want that, do you?

  After you've ticked all the boxes - genes, healthy living, keeping cool - you might have almost guaranteed a long life. But for what? That's the final piece of the jigsaw. Having a purpose in life can also make you live longer. Some people engage in charity work to keep active, others get involved in initiatives in their community. It gives them a reason to wake up in the morning - even if the joints creak a little. Professor Harper says that caring for others can make you feel valued.

  It must feel good to be appreciated – by people around you, by a nation. Happy 90th birthday, Your Majesty!

  词汇表

  middle age 中年

  draw your pension 领取退休金

  take it easy 放松,不拼命工作

  longevity 长寿

  ageing 年老的,衰老的

  chances 可能性,机会

  inherit 继承

  immune system 免疫系统

  chronic disease 慢性疾病

  bad habit 坏习惯

  prematurely 过早的

  life expectancy (人的)预期寿命

  to stick around 停留,(此处指)活着

  stroke 中风

  tick all the boxes 符合所有条件,满足所有的标准

  keep cool 保持冷静

  jigsaw 拼图玩具

  charity work 公益劳动,慈善工作

  测验与练习

  1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

  1. What's the evidence that the British monarch is not slowing down her activities?

  2. What can be an indication that you have good genes?

  3. What are the four examples of things you shouldn't do if you want to live longer?

  4. True or false? Having some anxiety is not likely to affect your health at all. It's part of life.

  5. What benefits are there to doing charity work when you are old?

  2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。

  1. My sister is always busy and she worries a lot about everything. I told her to __________ or she'll have a heart attack!

  stress out tick all the boxes stick around take it easy

  2. I hardly ever catch a cold. My __________ is very strong.

  stroke chronic disease life expectancy immune system

  3. A good diet and exercise promotes good health and __________.

  longevity life expectancy bad habits aging

  4. This anti-aging lotion is very effective. It takes years __________ your face!

  of out away off

  5. I __________ on my parents to pay for my food and accommodation while I am at university.

  relay rely really rally

  答案

  1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

  1. What's the evidence that the British monarch is not slowing down her activities?

  She carried out over 300 engagements last year alone.

  2. What can be an indication that you have good genes?

  If your parents and grandparents lived into their eighties or nineties.

  3. What are the four examples of things you shouldn't do if you want to live longer?

  Smoke, have a poor diet, avoid exercise and get stressed about things.

  4. True or false? Having some anxiety is not likely to affect your health at all. It's part of life.

  False. According to a study published in the British Medical Journal, even low-level stress raises the risk of heart attacks and strokes by 20%.

  5. What benefits are there to doing charity work when you are old?

  It gives you a purpose in life, a reason to wake up in the morning.

  2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。

  1. My sister is always busy and she worries a lot about everything. I told her to take it easy or she'll have a heart attack!

  2. I hardly ever catch a cold. My immune system is very strong.

  3. A good diet and exercise promotes good health and longevity.

  4. This anti-aging lotion is very effective. It takes years off your face!

  5. I rely on my parents to pay for my food and accommodation while I am at university.

BBC英语教学BBC英语推荐

高考志愿通(收录2595所大学、506个专业分数线信息、提供29省专家服务)

三步报志愿

1
专业定位
适合专业测评
42273人已测试
2
海选学校
录取可能性报告
86220人已测试

分数线查询

北京

  • 北京
  • 天津
  • 上海
  • 重庆
  • 河北
  • 河南
  • 山东
  • 山西
  • 安徽
  • 江西
  • 江苏
  • 浙江
  • 湖北
  • 湖南
  • 广东
  • 广西
  • 云南
  • 贵州
  • 四川
  • 陕西
  • 青海
  • 宁夏
  • 黑龙江
  • 吉林
  • 辽宁
  • 西藏
  • 新疆
  • 内蒙古
  • 海南
  • 福建
  • 甘肃
  • 港澳台

2015

  • 2015
  • 2014
  • 2013
  • 2012
  • 2011

北京

  • 北京
  • 天津
  • 上海
  • 重庆
  • 河北
  • 河南
  • 山东
  • 山西
  • 安徽
  • 江西
  • 江苏
  • 浙江
  • 湖北
  • 湖南
  • 广东
  • 广西
  • 云南
  • 贵州
  • 四川
  • 陕西
  • 青海
  • 宁夏
  • 黑龙江
  • 吉林
  • 辽宁
  • 西藏
  • 新疆
  • 内蒙古
  • 海南
  • 福建
  • 甘肃
  • 港澳台

理科

  • 文科
  • 理科

找专家报志愿

一对一服务
咨询电话:
01058983379
推荐阅读
聚焦
关闭评论
高清美图