双语:为什么我不喜欢“玩中学”(图)

双语:为什么我不喜欢“玩中学”(图)
2018年04月12日 14:29 新浪教育

  今早读到这篇文章,真的是极大共鸣的同时,深受启发!就在前两天,我带Evan去公园玩叶子的时候,我还引导他数数,用叶子摆不同的形状,直到读了这篇文章,其实我干扰了他。

  所以我要把这篇文章编译过来,咱们别走极端,在我们现有的教育环境下,孩子们肯定是还要学的,如果老师能用快乐的方式让孩子学,那已经很好了。

  我希望的就是,读到这篇文章的家长,能注意多给孩子真正的玩的时间,而幼儿园的园长和老师则更希望平衡家长需求和真正的玩之间多努把力!

  The term ‘play based learning’ now evokes in me a much different feeling than it once did。 Something like nails on a chalkboard perhaps? Not because I don’t believe in children learning through play, no。 But because it appears that the term has been hijacked。

  “玩中学”是目前世界范围内非常流行的一种教育理念,人们相信,这种教育理念下的教育方式,既满足孩子玩的需求同时又能够帮助他们在认知领域得到发展。可对这一个当今流行的这一理念,我却有似是而非的感觉。并不是我不喜欢让孩子们在玩中学这个概念,而是因为我们对这一理念的理解和执行已经变了味儿。

  Most times that I scroll through my facebook feed I am confronted with countless new, ‘fun’, ‘amazing’ ideas of what people are calling ‘play based learning’。 But I fear we have become a little confused。 With the push for kids to be learning more and more at even younger ages, and more real play time being sacrificed in the pursuit of ‘keeping up’ or ‘getting ahead’, it infuriates me to see people calling clearly adult directed activities ‘play’。 Why? Because play, real play, is IMPORTANT。 I’m not sure how many times we have to say this。 Study after study after study has confirmed it。 And when we start twisting the word play to mean something adult led, then we lose our understanding of what children truly need。 We stop advocating for play because we’re told schools are doing ‘play based learning’ now。 And that’s what kids need right? Well, that obviously depends on your definition。

  自媒体爆发的当今,每天我们都能在网络上看到各种所谓的“玩中学”的活动。但我不得不说,大家并没有真正理解这个概念。现在的孩子开始学习的年龄越来越低,为了所谓的“不输在起跑线”上,真正的玩的时间在被剥夺,取而代之的是很多被带上“玩”的帽子的成人主导的学习活动。对此我是那么的失望,因为玩、真正的玩对孩子太重要了,无数的研究已经证明。当我们扭曲“玩”这个词的真正含义,把成人引导的以学习为目的的玩的活动等同于真正的玩的时候,我们完全忽视了孩子的真正需求。玩,不再被我们重视,是因为孩子们的学校说他们就是让孩子“玩”而且还学习。然而,孩子们是不是在玩,真的取决于我们如何定义玩。

  The other day I came across one of these activities, purportedly mixing ‘play’ with learning。 A set of cards with actions on them to do while you read。 The child picks one like ‘stomp your feet’ or ‘clap your hands’ and does the action while reading。 People were loving it! They commented about how ‘fun’ it was for the kids。 How great it was to combine play with learning! And of course about how it was a great idea for ‘play based learning’。

  一些所谓的”玩中学“的活动,比如拿一叠表示“跺脚”或“拍手”的卡片,孩子们选择自己的卡片,根据某种设置在阅读时孩子做自己选择卡片的动作。对于这样的活动,人们非常喜欢,“好玩”还结合了认知学习,这就是所谓”玩中学“的典型实例。

  Let me unequivocally say, this is not play based learning。

  但,这并不是玩中学!

  Play is not something you do to a child。

  玩不是你可以给孩子计划出来的!

  If you have an agenda, if you are requiring them to do it, if you have to make it ‘fun’ to get them to comply, if they are not free to stop at any time, then it is not play。

  如果一个活动有步骤,孩子们被要求参加,并且不能随时停止,无论这个活动的设置多么“好玩”,都不是玩!

  What is play?

  什么是玩?

  Play is self-chosen。 Children were born to play。 They love to play。 They will play all day if they’re allowed。 If you have to coax them into doing something, then it’s not play。 Play never feels like work or an obligation。

  玩,是自由选择。孩子天生就会玩,他们喜欢玩。如果不被阻止,他们可以玩一整天。如果我们把玩设置成某种有目的的活动,那不是玩。玩,从来不回感觉是工作或者必须完成的任务。

  Play is enjoyable。 Play is fun! Play has no agenda。 Play is not for the purpose of meeting adult goals。

  玩,必须愉悦!玩就是快乐的自发的活动,没有步骤木有目标。玩的目的并不是达成成人设定的某种目标。

  Play is inherently valuable。 All play is learning。 No matter what it is。 Whether you can clearly see the skills being mastered or not。 There is no hierarchy of play。

  玩,有着堩古不变的价值。所有的玩都是学习,无论孩子玩什么,无论是你否能看到孩子掌握某种技能。

  Play is unstructured。 In play, children make the rules。 They decide how long they play for and what direction their play takes。

  玩,是没有自由的没有结构的。真正的玩,孩子是规则制定者,他们有权决定要玩多长时间,要怎么玩。

  I’m not saying don’t play with your kids, don’t make suggestions, or don’t set up things for them to explore。 But, be mindful of your agenda。 Children should feel free to play and use what is available however they like, with no expectations。 Maybe Johnny paints a picture of a flower with the paints you left out for him。 Maybe he experiments with mixing colours。 Or maybe he just wants to squirt the paint in his belly button。 It doesn’t matter, because it’s his choice。 He is learning through play, and that is always surprising and beautiful to watch。

  我并不是说要你别和孩子玩了,或者一点建议都不能给孩子,或者完全不给孩子安排好玩的活动。这些是都可以并要做的,但即使在这个过程中要时刻提醒自己孩子才是这个活动的主导,他们的行为不能必须符合你的预期。给他们材料,也给他们自由。你给孩子一些颜料,他可以选择画一幅画,也可以玩颜料混合,或者干脆给自己的肚脐眼儿上色。无论怎么玩,选择权要给孩子,但无论孩子选择怎么玩,他们都是在学习,有时成果会让你大为惊喜。

  I believe so strongly in the value of free unstructured play for children。 This is where true learning is found! Let’s stop confusing the meaning of play based learning。 Let’s leave play to the experts, children。 It is not ours to control or influence。

  我深信自由、没有限制的玩耍对孩子的价值,因为只有这样玩才会有真正的学!希望大家重新定义和理解“玩中学”,把玩的权利交给专家也就是孩子们!这不应该由我们来控制!

  Play is not something you do to a child。

  谨记,玩不是大人能给孩子们安排和制作的!

  来源:双语养育微信公众账号

  责任编辑:陈熙

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