|http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/01/16 19:18 英语文摘|
U.S. President George W. Bush welcomed Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao to the White House on December 9, 2003, declaring that Washington and Beijing now "partners in diplomacy" and bluntly warning Taiwan that he opposed any attempt to change its relationship with the mainland, even through a referendum1.
After a meeting in the White House with the visiting Chinese prime minister, Bush said in response to a question about the planned referendum, "We oppose any unilateral decision by either China or Taiwan to change the status quo. And the comments and actions made by the leader of Taiwan indicate that he may be willing to make decisions unilaterally, to change the status quo, which we oppose."
It was the clearest ontherecord statement to date on the issue from the Bush administration, which has stepped up warnings to Taiwan in recent days against holding the referendum, planned for March to coincide with presidential elections there.
Wen, meeting Bush at the White House for the first time, said, "We reached consensus on many issues." Speaking to reporters after a 40minute meeting with Bush in the Oval Office, Wen said China "respects the desire of the people in Taiwan for democracy," but that some Taiwanese leaders were "only using democracy as an excuse" to move toward splitting Taiwan away from China, which the Beijing government "cannot tolerate." He said China is determined to uphold its "oneChina policy" and maintain "national unity", but also would not give up "our aspiration for peaceful reunification." During his visit in New York Monday, Wen recited a line of poetry to describe his feeling about the split between mainland China and Taiwan devided by the 160kilometerwide Taiwan Strait. "The curving, shallow strait is our biggest national grief, our biggest nostalgia," he said.
Mr. Wen's welcome underscored how much China's standing in Washington has changed. Mr. Bush came to office dismissing the Clinton administration's talk of China as a "strategic partner," and characterized China instead as a "strategic competitor."
In a speech before beginning talks with Wen, Bush hailed Chinese cooperation in meeting global threats, saying the two nations are "working together in the war on terror" and "fighting to defeat a ruthless enemy." He called the United States and China "partners in diplomacy working to meet the dangers of the 21st century." Wen also cited Chinese cooperation in "counterterrorism," among other issues, and said relations with the United States have stood the test of time. But he added that the two countries now stand "at a crucial juncture" and said improvement in the relationship depends on continued U.S. adherence to the oneChina policy.
In their meeting, Bush told Wen he favors "marketdetermined exchange rates," White House spokesman Scott McClellan said. He called the transition to such rates "a complex process" and said U.S. and Chinese officials have agreed to discuss the issue next month in Beijing. On the most politically potent issue of the visit, China's surging $120 billion trade surplus with the United States, Mr. Wen offered conciliatory words and few concrete plans. He celebrated the huge expansion in trade. In a meeting with Mr. Bush's economic team, he suggested that the solution was more American exports to China rather than any restriction on Chinese exports to America.
Bush also was seeking more help from China in resolving a nuclear crisis in North Korea, a Chinese ally that has been making threatening moves toward becoming a nuclear power. After the meeting with Wen, Bush said the United States appreciates China's role in promoting negotiations to resolve the crisis. He said the two countries "share a mutual goal... for the Korean peninsula to be nuclear weaponsfree." He stressed that the U.S. goal "is not a freeze of the nuclear program," but to "dismantle a nuclear weapons program in a verifiable and irreversible way."
On Tuesday night, Mr. Wen addressed several hundred business executives and China experts and he described watching his family's house burn during the Japanese occupation of China. He told his audience how Mr. Bush, knowing Mr. Wen's interest in Lincoln, took him Tuesday morning to the Lincoln office in the White House to examine a handwritten copy of the *Gettysburg Address2.
Mr. Wen was given treatment that the Bush administration has so far accorded to no other No. 2 official from abroad. On the South Lawn on Tuesday morning, he reviewed the troops, observed a Colonial fifeanddrum performance, and received a 19gun salute, two shots *shy of 3 those given a head of state.
In a dispatch from Washington, AFP said that China's Premier Wen Jiabao *turned on4 the charm, portraying himself as an emotional and spontaneous brand of leader. He said that during his visit to Ground Zero in New York on Monday he felt a lot of emotions, he said to his friends that he was very moved by the strength, calmness and mutual help demonstrated by the American people following the September 11 incident. Wen admitted he felt nervous on Monday before ringing the opening bell on the New York Stock Exchange. He said he was very fortunate yesterday because the Dow Jones Industrial Average rose and today it fell, so it had nothing to do with him.
Reuters said in a news dispatch from Washington that China's Premier Wen Jiabao quoted from the Gettsburg Address, told touching tales of growing up in warravaged China, and joked about his influence-or lack of it-on the U.S. stock markets. In more than dozens appearances from Wall Street to the White House, Wen displayed his selfmade Man of the People image. Overall, Wen left a favorable impression of China's fourth generation of leaders headed by president and Communist party chief Hu Jintao. During his visit to the United States, part of a fournation tour which also took him to Canada, Mexico and Ethiopia, Wen sprinkled humor into his remarks.