2018年6月四六级真题、解析及答案汇总
2018年6月四六级真题、解析及答案汇总

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试已经结束,新浪教育全程关注,为大家带来了第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为来自新东方的英语四六级真题、解析及答案汇总,供各位考生对比分析自己的考试情况,也为后续要参加四六级考试的考生提供参考和帮助。 四级真题: 2018年6月英语四级作文真题 2018年6月英语四级真题及参考答案汇总 2018年6月英语四级阅读真题 2018年6月英语四级翻译真题 2018年6月英语四级听力真题 六级真题: 2018年6月英语六级阅读真题 2018年6月英语六级选词填空源文 2018年6月英语六级翻译真题最全整理 四级真题解析及答案: 2018年6月英语四级翻译解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级阅读解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级写作范文(新东方) 2018年6月四级听力长对话解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级听力passage1解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级听力解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译真题答案解析(新东方) 2018年6月四级选词填空仔细阅读点评(新东方) 2018年6月四级听力试卷第一套点评(新东方) 2018年6月四级试卷解析(新东方) 大学英语四级整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级写作解析(新东方) 2018年6月大学英语四级翻译解析(新东方) 2018年6月四级阅读整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级第一套题阅读整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级写作第三套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级写作第二套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级写作第一套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级翻译第三套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级翻译第二套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级翻译第一套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译点评(新东方) 2018年6月四级听力真题解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译答案及解析(新东方) 2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析(新东方) 2018年6月大学英语四级选词填空解析(新东方) 2018年6月大学英语四级考试翻译解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级第一套卷写作解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译真题:公交车 2018年6月英语四级翻译真题:飞机 2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级考试之作文解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级选词填空详细解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级仔细阅读源文 2018年6月英语四级翻译详解(新东方版) 2018年6月英语四级翻译最新点评(新东方版) 2018年6月16日大学英语四级听力原文及解析 2018年6月英语四级卷2阅读解析(新东方版) 2018年6月英语四级卷1阅读解析(新东方版) 2018年6月大学英语四级听力整体评述 2018年6月英语四级作文整体评述 2018年6月英语四级翻译整体评述 2018年6月英语四级翻译答案 2018年6月英语四级选词填空原文及答案 六级真题解析及答案: 2018年6月英语六级听力详解(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级翻译真题及答案(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级写作详解(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级翻译详解(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级选词填空详解(新东方)[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 16:52
2018年6月英语四级翻译解析
2018年6月英语四级翻译解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级翻译详解: 试题 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 译文 In the past, it was unimaginable to travel by air for most Chinese people。 However, with the development of economy and the improvement of living standard, a growing number of people, including a great many farmers and migrant workers, can travel by air。 They can reach almost all large cities by airplane and many cities also prepare to construct airports。 As the air service improves gradually, many discounted airplane tickets are offered。 In recent years, the number of people who choose airplane as the means of transport during holidays has been constantly increasing。 评述 这篇段落翻译比较简单,是同学们都很熟悉的一个主题airplane或者plane。大多数句型和词组都是我们在课上都讲解过,反复练习过的。比如说,随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高。比如说,四六级必考短语,“越……越……”。比如说,服务不断改进等等。只要同学们课后认真准备复习了的,这篇文章拿高分并不难。 解析 ①过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。 第一句:……是难以想象的。可以译为it is unimaginable to do sth。 In the past, it was unimaginable to travel by air for most Chinese people。 ②如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。 第二句:随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高译为with the development of economy and the improvement of living standard,后句有一点长,先译主要成份:越来越多的中国人可以乘飞机出行 A growing number of Chinese people can travel by air。然后再把包括许多农民和外出务工人员,放在people之后。 ③他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。 第三句:这句话记得加连词,筹建机场,可以译为prepare to construct airports。 They can reach almost all large cities by airplane and many cities also prepare to construct airports。。 ④航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。 第四句:这一句话注意前后之间的逻辑关系,记得加连词。经常会有特价机票,可以译为特价机票被提供。 As the air service improves gradually, many discounted airplane tickets are offered。 ⑤近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 第五句: 这一句的主干较简单,定语较长。所以直接用一个定语从句来翻译。 In recent years, the number of people who choose airplane as the means of transport during holidays has been constantly increasing。 试题: 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地的老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 译文: Buses were the main transportation tools for Chinese people in the past。 In recent years, the traffic problems are getting increasingly serious due to the growing number of private cars。 In order to encourage more people to travel by buses, many cities are sparing no effort to improve the service quality of buses, updating the facilities of the vehicles and making the speed faster。 Nevertheless,the buses fares are still inexpensive。 Currently, numerous local senior citizens can take buses for free in most cities。 试题: 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地的老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 译文: Buses were the main transportation tools for Chinese people in the past。 In recent years, the traffic problems are getting increasingly serious due to the growing number of private cars。 In order to encourage more people to travel by buses, many cities are sparing no effort to improve the service quality of buses, updating the facilities of the vehicles and making the speed faster。 Nevertheless,the buses fares are still inexpensive。 Currently, numerous local senior citizens can take buses for free in most cities。 评述: 该段落选取日常生活中大家都非常熟悉的“公交车”作为主题,词汇基础,句型简洁,相对往年真题,难度有所下降。全文共六个句子,其中第二句为带有原因状语的句子;第三句出现目的状语标志词“为了”;第四句可用非限定性定语从句与前句合写为一个句子;第六句出现了一个地点状语,需要适当调整状语语序。以上考点皆在强化段课程中讲解过。 解析: ①公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。 按照每句翻译步骤“找主干-定两态-加修饰”指导,第一步先确定出该句主干为“公交车是工具”;第二步,鉴于该句为陈述一个过去的情况并有明显过去时间标志“曾”,可加出一个“过去”的时间状语,无明显被动倾向,故选取一般过去时与主动语态;第三步,加出修饰成分,该句主要是定语考点,“工具”的定语选择为前置定语的“主要main”和“交通transportation”,以及后置定语的“中国人出行的for Chinese people”,对应形容词名词前置和介词短语后置的知识点。故全句翻译如下:Buses were the main transportation tools for Chinese people in the past。 ②近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。 遵从上文所述三个步骤,并且结合该句有个明显的逻辑标志词“由于”,可判断该句含有原因状语,可处理为because引导的原因状语从句或者用due to/because of引导的原因状语短语,故全句翻译如下:In recent years, the traffic problems are getting increasingly serious due to the growing number of private cars。 ③许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。④车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。 从前后句之间的逻辑关系发现,第三句出现了明显的目的状语标志词“为了”,可以用万能句型“to do/in order to”译出,第四句的整句即为第三句“改善公交车的服务质量”的具体手段,故可用非限定性定语从句与前句合写。全句翻译如下:In order to encourage more people to travel by buses, many cities are sparing no effort to improve the service quality of buses, updating the facilities of the vehicles and making the speed faster。 ⑤然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。 此句为非常简单的主系表结构,并且与前句间存在明显转折逻辑词汇“然而”,票价这个词汇可选取比较专业的“fare”,使用“ticket price”也可。“低廉”这个词很多同学可能会选择“cheap”,但是该词主要是指商品本身质量较低而导致的低廉,介于文意指公交服务拥有超高的性价比,选取表达物美价廉的“inexpensive”更佳。 故全句翻译如下:Nevertheless,the buses fares are still more than inexpensive。 ⑥现在,在大多数城市,许多当地的老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 最后一个句子有个陷阱,即中文中把表示地点的短语放于句子主干之前,所以根据“(时间状语)主干-方式状语-地点状语-时间状语”的语序进行调整,避免了由于地点状语前置产生的倒装现象。故全句翻译如下:Currently, numerous local senior citizens can take buses for free in most cities。 来源:新东方[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 16:34
2018年6月英语四级阅读解析
2018年6月英语四级阅读解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级阅读详解: 第一篇:Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 文章大意:人类普遍存在记忆流失的现象,以及专家给人们提出的建议。 46。 A 不是所有的记忆流失都是痴呆症的症状。定位在第一段第三句和第四句,记忆衰退不用担心,痴呆症和与年龄相关的记忆损失有区别。 47。 C 大脑内部联系减弱。定位在第三段第三句,脑细胞变化影响大脑内部的交流联系。 48。 A 完全忘记了如何去处理生活中的常规事项。定位在第五段,根据例子,忘记如何使用一个熟悉的东西。 49.A 检查大脑认知储备。定位在倒数第二段,加强大脑认知的储备。 50.D 保持身体和头脑都要活跃。定位在文章最后一段,保持大脑忙碌和工作状态,身体也要活跃。 来源:新东方 作者:哈尔滨新东方吴琼老师[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 16:29
2018年6月英语四级写作范文
2018年6月英语四级写作范文

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级写作范文: 如何提升阅读能力 In modern society, it has been a trend that diverse English examinations put tremendous emphasis on the ability of reading。 When facing the subject that, as undergraduates, how we could improve our reading ability constantly, different people hold different opinions。 As an undergraduate, my proposals related to the means to promote the reading ability are based on the following aspects。 To begin with, reading ability, a basic grounding of English learning ability, would be well improved by unceasingly reading various articles, such as fictions, magazines and newspapers。 Additionally, as we all know, writing reading notes is a wise method, which would contribute to cultivating a positive reading habit。 Along with the analyses of different kinds of articles, not only can we accumulate a great deal of knowledge, but also we are able to enhance our reading ability。 Last but not least, we ought to make good use of the electronic products, such as iPad and Kindle, which will either improve our study efficiency or arouse our interest in reading。 All in all, on the basis of the causes mentioned above, the significance of reading can never be overemphasized。 Consequently, my sincere hope is that all the college students could continue to improve our abilities in every respect。 Only in this way can we get more achievements and reach our ultimate goals。 如何提高演讲能力 In modern society, it has been a phenomenon that there are more and more opportunities to use English, not only in different exams but also in our daily life。 Among the abilities of using English, speaking ability must be a practical one that every educated person should possess。 And the fluency in English expression must be a result of a set of really tough work。 As an undergraduate, my proposal related to the means to promote the speaking ability is based on the following aspects。 Speaking ability, as far as I am concerned, acquires unceasing exercises of both listening and speaking。 As a consequence, we ought to make good use of the materials around us, such as the Internet, which will either improve our study efficiency or arouse our interest in speaking。 The application, Ted, is a perfect example。 It provides us with a great number of speeches delivered by diverse famous people from all kind of fields。 Through constantly listening to these speeches and reading loudly and clearly, our speaking ability must be improved continuously。 To sum up, on the basis of the cause mentioned above, the significance of speaking can never be overemphasized。 Thus, my sincere hope is that all the college students could continue to improve their abilities in every respect。 Only in this way can we get more achievements and reach our ultimate goals。 [写作题目解析]本次四级写作考查的仍然是问题解决型的议论文,和17年12月份的题目较为类似。这篇文章的思路同学们可以这样展开,在首段做好主题引出即可,而后在二段给出相应的提升阅读和写作能力的具体办法,最后一段总结全文,再次重申阅读和写作能力的重要性。关于提升阅读和写作能力的办法给出一些思路:学校可以多组织相关活动来促进学生进行日常的阅读和写作,个人可以多在日常学习中注重知识的积累,并多多参与学校组织的相关活动。 来源:新东方 作者:哈尔滨新东方学校董添宇老师 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 16:23
2018年6月四级听力长对话解析
2018年6月四级听力长对话解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力详解: 长对话1 听力原文+解析 A: Hey Sophia, how are you doing? B: Hi, Bob。 I’m good, thanks。 (8) Actually, I’m on holiday with my family in Thailand at the moment, although I wish it were with my friends instead。 A: Really? You never said you are going to Thailand。 How I envy you ! B: I’ve only been in here a week, but, you know, Thailand is an amazing place, I’m having a great time here。 In fact, I’m now lying on the beach in Phuket。 I’ve been in the sun for around 15 minutes only, and I’m already getting sun burnt。 Have you been here before? A: No, I wish I had。 What else have you been doing in Thailand besides enjoying the sun? B: (9) Well,I met a guy from Germany yesterday。 He showed me around the office that he works at。 Then I met many volunteer teachers who are mainly young people from Europe。 A: Ahh, that’s interesting。 B: Yes。 I also made a new little friend, Sarah。 She was so cute。 I was so sad that we were to leave at the end of the day。 If I ever come back to Thailand, I’d definitely visit this place again, as a volunteer。 A: Well, you can tell me all about it when you get back。 (10) My phone battery is almost dead now。 Remember to get me something from the souvenir shops。 I like to (11) collect bits and pieces from different parts of the world。 Bye now, enjoy yourself Sophia。 B: Bye。 Q8: What does the woman say she is doing now? Q9: What did the woman do yesterday? Q10: Why does the man have to end the conversation? Q11: Why does the man ask the woman to bring him something from Thailand? 第一篇对话整体难度不大,大多数题目符合原文重现的规律。 第8题符合开头出题原则,答案虽然为原词重现,出现了holidy及family, 但要注意although后的混淆选项friends。 第9题符合时间出题原则,当听到 yesterday,应迅速锁定选项中原词a German guy。 第10题符合原词重现,听到phone battery即可选出答案。 第11题符合结尾出题原则,但和第10题离得比较近,所以加大了做题的难度。 来源:新东方 作者:新东方哈尔滨吕潇老师 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 15:55
2018年6月英语四级听力passage1解析
2018年6月英语四级听力passage1解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力详解: passage1 In today’s job market it’s not uncommon for job-seekers to submit applications for many positions。 That involves lots of time and lots of work to organize。 Certainly, you don’t want to waste your precious hours on following the developments in the disordered fashion and miss important deadlines confuse interview times or forget to follow up as a result.Accordingly, managing your job search properly is just as important as identifying job opportunities in submitting your applications.If you are familiar with Microsoft Excel or a similar program creating a table is a simple and effective way to keep track of your job applications。 If Excel isn’t quite your cup of tea。 Don’t work。 You can create a table in Microsoft word or a similar work processor。 Google is another tool to help you get organized effectively。 If you have a gmail account ,you can create ,save and send tables in addition to written documents like your cover letter or resume.You can also link up with google calender to make sure you stay on top of important dates.Clearly,there are plenty of ways to keep track of your job search and making the effort to simplify your job search will pay off。 Nevertheless, you should always focus on quality not quantity.Only apply for positions your are qualified for and make each applications count。 Personalizing each cover letter and updating and editing your resume。 16.what does the speaker say about today’s job seekers? 17.What can job applicants do with the help of Google? 解析: 16.what does the speaker say about today’s job seekers? 解析:问:关于当代的求职者们作者说了什么? 根据首题,可以定位到文档开篇。In today’s job market it’s not uncommon for job-seekers to submit applications for many positions。 That involves lots of time and lots of work to organize。 当今求职者们需要提交很多的申请去求得一份职位,这其中需要花费很多时间和精力。 17.What can job applicants do with the help of Google? 解析:问:申请者们可以怎样利用谷歌的帮助?If you have a gmail account ,you can create ,save and sent tables in addition to documents like your cover letter or resume.You can also link up with google canlender to make sure you stay on top of important dates.Clearly,there are plenty of ways to keep track of your job search and making the effort to simplify your job search will pay off。中间的题目,根据题文同序原则,我们可以定位到中间google处得出答案。 18.What does the speaker suggest job seekers do? 解析:问:作者建议求职者们可以做些什么?Nevertheless, you should always focus on quality not quantity。 Only apply for positions you are qualified for and make each applications count。 Personalizing each cover letter and updating and editing your resume。由逻辑关系词nevertheless后可定位,求职者们应该注重质量而不是数量,优化自己的简历信息。 来源:新东方 作者:哈尔滨新东方高湘霏老师[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 15:51
2018年6月英语四级听力解析
2018年6月英语四级听力解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力详解: News 2 Fast food turns out isn’t a quite as fast as it used to be。 But new study finds that Macdonalds posted it slowest as drive through time since the survey was first conducted fifteen years ago。 As Macdonalds, customers will spend on average three minutes and nine seconds from the time they place their orders until they received their food。 That’s about ten seconds more than the industry average and a lot slower in a decade ago according to the study which was commissioned by QSR ,an industry trade publication。 And Macdonald wasn’t alone in slowing down。 Other chains also saw their drive through performance slow down。 Among the reasons for the slower service。 Today there are more choices on the menu and products themselves are more complex and take longer to prepare.Speed of course is essential to the drive through experience.And drive throughs are hugely important to chains ,such as Macdonalds, Burger King and Tucle Bell 。Usually,the drive through accouts for 60% to 70% of all business that go through a fast food restaurant ,notes Sam poachers editor of QSR。 Of course, consumers also want their orders prepared correctly and on that score ,poachers says accuracy is still really high。 Q3:What is the news report mainly about? Q4:What has slow down Macdonald’s drive through service? 解析: Q3:What is the news report mainly about? 解析:问:这篇新闻主要关于什么?主旨大意题,根据新闻特点,我们首先定位到开篇位置。Fast food turns out。。。isn’t a quite as fast as it used to be。快餐业证明发展已经不如以前那么快了。 Q4:What has slow down Macdonald’s drive through service? 解析:问:是什么导致降低了麦当劳的快速服务?定位到文章中间Among the reasons for the slower service。 Today there are more choices on the menu and products themselves are more complex and take longer to prepare。,句中today后面引出原因,是现如今我们在点餐时菜单上拥有了更多的选择,产品本身也更加复杂,需要更长时间去准备。 来源:新东方 作者:哈尔滨新东方高湘霏老师[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 15:30
2018年6月英语四级翻译真题答案解析
2018年6月英语四级翻译真题答案解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译详解: 第一套 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速有了显著的提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 Buses used to be the most significant means of transport in China。In recent years,the continuous increase of private cars has led to the extremely serious traffic congestion。 Consequently,in order to encourage more people to travel by bus,an increasing number of cities are making great efforts to improve the quality of services of bus,including updating the facilities and accelerating the speed。 Meanwhile, the price of bus tickets is still low, some local elderly citizens are even allowed to get free rides in most cities。 第二套 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 Previously, it was difficult for most Chinese people to imagine to travel by air。 But Nowadays , with the development of economy and the improvement of living standards,an increasing number of Chinses people can travel by air,including farmers and migrant workers。 They can fly to most mega-cities in China, and there are still many airports which are under construction in other cities。 The air services have improved remarkably and some special tickets are always available 。 In recent years, there have been a sharp rise in the number of people choosing air travel during holidays。 今年的翻译主题为交通出行,可以归为中国社会发展方面的话题范畴。整体难度不大,短句较多,比如文章首句,“公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具”。整个句子中规中矩,主干和修饰成分明显,各位考生适当调整语序后直译即可。第二个句子“由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重”,和下一个句子“许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量,”可以处理成因果关系,进行句子整合。第三个句子属于课堂上重点讲到的四大状语之一,即目的状语。为了鼓励更多的人乘坐公交出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。第二篇文章与第一篇如出一撤,整体依然比较简单。而且中间出现了“生活水平、越来越多中国人”等四六级翻译高频词汇。所以只要大家应用课堂上的翻译方法,想必会对本次考题感到得心应手。 来源:新东方 作者:沈阳新东方张丽丽老师[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 15:26
2018年6月四级阅读考试第一套解析
2018年6月四级阅读考试第一套解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读详解: Passage One Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。 Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。 After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。 The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。 Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。 When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。 But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。 And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。 “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。 46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips? A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。 B) They occur only among certain groups of people。 C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。 D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。 47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage? A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。 B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。 C) Communication within our brain weakens。 D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。 48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously? A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。 B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。 C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。 D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。 49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up? A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。 C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。 50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss? A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。 B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。 C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。 D) Staying active both physically and mentally。 46。 A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia 题干关键词为memory slips,slip意思为小错误,可定位到原文第一段第二句和第三句。结合题干和原文可知,记忆的小错误并非全是痴呆的症状,而可能是由于年龄大。题干中symptoms意为症状和原文中的signs为同义替换。 47.C) Communication within our brain weakens 题干意思为随着年龄增大,将会发生什么变化。根据出题顺序,第二段没有提到变化,第三段第三句有changes,意思为,脑细胞的变化会影响大脑不同区域间的沟通。此和C选项为同义替换,C选项题干意思为大脑内部的沟通会弱化。 48。 A)Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines 题干意思为哪一些症状应该被认真对待。关键词为symptoms和take seriously。第四段有far more concerning,意为严正关切,可知答案在第五段。本段列举了两个例子,一个是忘记了一些日常的东西比如烤箱的操作,一个是忘记了如何开车去老友家。题干A意思为完全忘记了如何去操作平常的一些例行公事。符合例子的特点。因此选A。 49.A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve 题干意思为,当严重的记忆衰退出现的时候,应该做什么?可定位到第6段最后一句“defense against memory …by building up your brain’s cognitive reserve。”符合A选项描述。 50。 D) Staying active both physically and mentally 据advice可定位到最一段。根据最后两句话可知既有脑力的也有体力的建议。符合D选项的描述。 来源:新东方 作者:厦门新东方陈树通老师[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 15:22
2018年6月四级选词填空仔细阅读点评
2018年6月四级选词填空仔细阅读点评

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读解析: 选词填空 本篇选词源文The Economist , 关于空气质量的话题也是大家所熟悉的题材,总体来说难度偏低偏简单。如32空的outdoor,下句中出现also和inside,可推知前文在说outdoor。选项词汇基础,原文词性判断难度不大,整篇文章逻辑清晰,只要严格按照厦门新东方国内部四级强化班课堂中所教授的解题步骤和技巧,此题可轻易拿8-10分不是难事,是送分题。 仔细阅读 pPassage one 本篇文章是关于痴呆症和由于年龄老化导致记忆衰退的话题。文章介绍了记忆力衰退的成因、表现以及改善记忆力衰退的方法,并提出人们不应感到恐慌这一观点,文章整体难度不大,所涉及到的词汇及句子结构简单。5道考题全部都为细节题,定位及替换都较为简单,选项干扰性不强,相信上过四级强化班的同学都能轻松应对这一提题型。 来源:新东方 作者:厦门新东方景润润老师[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年06月21日 15:17
2018年6月四六级真题、解析及答案汇总
2018年6月四六级真题、解析及答案汇总

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试已经结束,新浪教育全程关注,为大家带来了第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为来自新东方的英语四六级真题、解析及答案汇总,供各位考生对比分析自己的考试情况,也为后续要参加四六级考试的考生提供参考和帮助。 四级真题: 2018年6月英语四级作文真题 2018年6月英语四级真题及参考答案汇总 2018年6月英语四级阅读真题 2018年6月英语四级翻译真题 2018年6月英语四级听力真题 六级真题: 2018年6月英语六级阅读真题 2018年6月英语六级选词填空源文 2018年6月英语六级翻译真题最全整理 四级真题解析及答案: 2018年6月英语四级翻译解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级阅读解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级写作范文(新东方) 2018年6月四级听力长对话解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级听力passage1解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级听力解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译真题答案解析(新东方) 2018年6月四级选词填空仔细阅读点评(新东方) 2018年6月四级听力试卷第一套点评(新东方) 2018年6月四级试卷解析(新东方) 大学英语四级整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级写作解析(新东方) 2018年6月大学英语四级翻译解析(新东方) 2018年6月四级阅读整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级第一套题阅读整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级写作第三套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级写作第二套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级写作第一套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级翻译第三套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级翻译第二套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月四级翻译第一套整体评述(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译点评(新东方) 2018年6月四级听力真题解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译答案及解析(新东方) 2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析(新东方) 2018年6月大学英语四级选词填空解析(新东方) 2018年6月大学英语四级考试翻译解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级第一套卷写作解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级翻译真题:公交车 2018年6月英语四级翻译真题:飞机 2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级考试之作文解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级选词填空详细解析(新东方) 2018年6月英语四级仔细阅读源文 2018年6月英语四级翻译详解(新东方版) 2018年6月英语四级翻译最新点评(新东方版) 2018年6月16日大学英语四级听力原文及解析 2018年6月英语四级卷2阅读解析(新东方版) 2018年6月英语四级卷1阅读解析(新东方版) 2018年6月大学英语四级听力整体评述 2018年6月英语四级作文整体评述 2018年6月英语四级翻译整体评述 2018年6月英语四级翻译答案 2018年6月英语四级选词填空原文及答案 六级真题解析及答案: 2018年6月英语六级听力详解(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级翻译真题及答案(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级写作详解(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级翻译详解(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级选词填空详解(新东方)[详情]

2018年6月英语四级翻译解析
2018年6月英语四级翻译解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级翻译详解: 试题 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 译文 In the past, it was unimaginable to travel by air for most Chinese people。 However, with the development of economy and the improvement of living standard, a growing number of people, including a great many farmers and migrant workers, can travel by air。 They can reach almost all large cities by airplane and many cities also prepare to construct airports。 As the air service improves gradually, many discounted airplane tickets are offered。 In recent years, the number of people who choose airplane as the means of transport during holidays has been constantly increasing。 评述 这篇段落翻译比较简单,是同学们都很熟悉的一个主题airplane或者plane。大多数句型和词组都是我们在课上都讲解过,反复练习过的。比如说,随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高。比如说,四六级必考短语,“越……越……”。比如说,服务不断改进等等。只要同学们课后认真准备复习了的,这篇文章拿高分并不难。 解析 ①过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。 第一句:……是难以想象的。可以译为it is unimaginable to do sth。 In the past, it was unimaginable to travel by air for most Chinese people。 ②如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。 第二句:随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高译为with the development of economy and the improvement of living standard,后句有一点长,先译主要成份:越来越多的中国人可以乘飞机出行 A growing number of Chinese people can travel by air。然后再把包括许多农民和外出务工人员,放在people之后。 ③他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。 第三句:这句话记得加连词,筹建机场,可以译为prepare to construct airports。 They can reach almost all large cities by airplane and many cities also prepare to construct airports。。 ④航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。 第四句:这一句话注意前后之间的逻辑关系,记得加连词。经常会有特价机票,可以译为特价机票被提供。 As the air service improves gradually, many discounted airplane tickets are offered。 ⑤近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 第五句: 这一句的主干较简单,定语较长。所以直接用一个定语从句来翻译。 In recent years, the number of people who choose airplane as the means of transport during holidays has been constantly increasing。 试题: 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地的老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 译文: Buses were the main transportation tools for Chinese people in the past。 In recent years, the traffic problems are getting increasingly serious due to the growing number of private cars。 In order to encourage more people to travel by buses, many cities are sparing no effort to improve the service quality of buses, updating the facilities of the vehicles and making the speed faster。 Nevertheless,the buses fares are still inexpensive。 Currently, numerous local senior citizens can take buses for free in most cities。 试题: 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地的老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 译文: Buses were the main transportation tools for Chinese people in the past。 In recent years, the traffic problems are getting increasingly serious due to the growing number of private cars。 In order to encourage more people to travel by buses, many cities are sparing no effort to improve the service quality of buses, updating the facilities of the vehicles and making the speed faster。 Nevertheless,the buses fares are still inexpensive。 Currently, numerous local senior citizens can take buses for free in most cities。 评述: 该段落选取日常生活中大家都非常熟悉的“公交车”作为主题,词汇基础,句型简洁,相对往年真题,难度有所下降。全文共六个句子,其中第二句为带有原因状语的句子;第三句出现目的状语标志词“为了”;第四句可用非限定性定语从句与前句合写为一个句子;第六句出现了一个地点状语,需要适当调整状语语序。以上考点皆在强化段课程中讲解过。 解析: ①公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。 按照每句翻译步骤“找主干-定两态-加修饰”指导,第一步先确定出该句主干为“公交车是工具”;第二步,鉴于该句为陈述一个过去的情况并有明显过去时间标志“曾”,可加出一个“过去”的时间状语,无明显被动倾向,故选取一般过去时与主动语态;第三步,加出修饰成分,该句主要是定语考点,“工具”的定语选择为前置定语的“主要main”和“交通transportation”,以及后置定语的“中国人出行的for Chinese people”,对应形容词名词前置和介词短语后置的知识点。故全句翻译如下:Buses were the main transportation tools for Chinese people in the past。 ②近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。 遵从上文所述三个步骤,并且结合该句有个明显的逻辑标志词“由于”,可判断该句含有原因状语,可处理为because引导的原因状语从句或者用due to/because of引导的原因状语短语,故全句翻译如下:In recent years, the traffic problems are getting increasingly serious due to the growing number of private cars。 ③许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。④车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。 从前后句之间的逻辑关系发现,第三句出现了明显的目的状语标志词“为了”,可以用万能句型“to do/in order to”译出,第四句的整句即为第三句“改善公交车的服务质量”的具体手段,故可用非限定性定语从句与前句合写。全句翻译如下:In order to encourage more people to travel by buses, many cities are sparing no effort to improve the service quality of buses, updating the facilities of the vehicles and making the speed faster。 ⑤然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。 此句为非常简单的主系表结构,并且与前句间存在明显转折逻辑词汇“然而”,票价这个词汇可选取比较专业的“fare”,使用“ticket price”也可。“低廉”这个词很多同学可能会选择“cheap”,但是该词主要是指商品本身质量较低而导致的低廉,介于文意指公交服务拥有超高的性价比,选取表达物美价廉的“inexpensive”更佳。 故全句翻译如下:Nevertheless,the buses fares are still more than inexpensive。 ⑥现在,在大多数城市,许多当地的老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 最后一个句子有个陷阱,即中文中把表示地点的短语放于句子主干之前,所以根据“(时间状语)主干-方式状语-地点状语-时间状语”的语序进行调整,避免了由于地点状语前置产生的倒装现象。故全句翻译如下:Currently, numerous local senior citizens can take buses for free in most cities。 来源:新东方[详情]

2018年6月英语四级阅读解析
2018年6月英语四级阅读解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级阅读详解: 第一篇:Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 文章大意:人类普遍存在记忆流失的现象,以及专家给人们提出的建议。 46。 A 不是所有的记忆流失都是痴呆症的症状。定位在第一段第三句和第四句,记忆衰退不用担心,痴呆症和与年龄相关的记忆损失有区别。 47。 C 大脑内部联系减弱。定位在第三段第三句,脑细胞变化影响大脑内部的交流联系。 48。 A 完全忘记了如何去处理生活中的常规事项。定位在第五段,根据例子,忘记如何使用一个熟悉的东西。 49.A 检查大脑认知储备。定位在倒数第二段,加强大脑认知的储备。 50.D 保持身体和头脑都要活跃。定位在文章最后一段,保持大脑忙碌和工作状态,身体也要活跃。 来源:新东方 作者:哈尔滨新东方吴琼老师[详情]

2018年6月英语四级写作范文
2018年6月英语四级写作范文

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级写作范文: 如何提升阅读能力 In modern society, it has been a trend that diverse English examinations put tremendous emphasis on the ability of reading。 When facing the subject that, as undergraduates, how we could improve our reading ability constantly, different people hold different opinions。 As an undergraduate, my proposals related to the means to promote the reading ability are based on the following aspects。 To begin with, reading ability, a basic grounding of English learning ability, would be well improved by unceasingly reading various articles, such as fictions, magazines and newspapers。 Additionally, as we all know, writing reading notes is a wise method, which would contribute to cultivating a positive reading habit。 Along with the analyses of different kinds of articles, not only can we accumulate a great deal of knowledge, but also we are able to enhance our reading ability。 Last but not least, we ought to make good use of the electronic products, such as iPad and Kindle, which will either improve our study efficiency or arouse our interest in reading。 All in all, on the basis of the causes mentioned above, the significance of reading can never be overemphasized。 Consequently, my sincere hope is that all the college students could continue to improve our abilities in every respect。 Only in this way can we get more achievements and reach our ultimate goals。 如何提高演讲能力 In modern society, it has been a phenomenon that there are more and more opportunities to use English, not only in different exams but also in our daily life。 Among the abilities of using English, speaking ability must be a practical one that every educated person should possess。 And the fluency in English expression must be a result of a set of really tough work。 As an undergraduate, my proposal related to the means to promote the speaking ability is based on the following aspects。 Speaking ability, as far as I am concerned, acquires unceasing exercises of both listening and speaking。 As a consequence, we ought to make good use of the materials around us, such as the Internet, which will either improve our study efficiency or arouse our interest in speaking。 The application, Ted, is a perfect example。 It provides us with a great number of speeches delivered by diverse famous people from all kind of fields。 Through constantly listening to these speeches and reading loudly and clearly, our speaking ability must be improved continuously。 To sum up, on the basis of the cause mentioned above, the significance of speaking can never be overemphasized。 Thus, my sincere hope is that all the college students could continue to improve their abilities in every respect。 Only in this way can we get more achievements and reach our ultimate goals。 [写作题目解析]本次四级写作考查的仍然是问题解决型的议论文,和17年12月份的题目较为类似。这篇文章的思路同学们可以这样展开,在首段做好主题引出即可,而后在二段给出相应的提升阅读和写作能力的具体办法,最后一段总结全文,再次重申阅读和写作能力的重要性。关于提升阅读和写作能力的办法给出一些思路:学校可以多组织相关活动来促进学生进行日常的阅读和写作,个人可以多在日常学习中注重知识的积累,并多多参与学校组织的相关活动。 来源:新东方 作者:哈尔滨新东方学校董添宇老师 [详情]

2018年6月四级听力长对话解析
2018年6月四级听力长对话解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力详解: 长对话1 听力原文+解析 A: Hey Sophia, how are you doing? B: Hi, Bob。 I’m good, thanks。 (8) Actually, I’m on holiday with my family in Thailand at the moment, although I wish it were with my friends instead。 A: Really? You never said you are going to Thailand。 How I envy you ! B: I’ve only been in here a week, but, you know, Thailand is an amazing place, I’m having a great time here。 In fact, I’m now lying on the beach in Phuket。 I’ve been in the sun for around 15 minutes only, and I’m already getting sun burnt。 Have you been here before? A: No, I wish I had。 What else have you been doing in Thailand besides enjoying the sun? B: (9) Well,I met a guy from Germany yesterday。 He showed me around the office that he works at。 Then I met many volunteer teachers who are mainly young people from Europe。 A: Ahh, that’s interesting。 B: Yes。 I also made a new little friend, Sarah。 She was so cute。 I was so sad that we were to leave at the end of the day。 If I ever come back to Thailand, I’d definitely visit this place again, as a volunteer。 A: Well, you can tell me all about it when you get back。 (10) My phone battery is almost dead now。 Remember to get me something from the souvenir shops。 I like to (11) collect bits and pieces from different parts of the world。 Bye now, enjoy yourself Sophia。 B: Bye。 Q8: What does the woman say she is doing now? Q9: What did the woman do yesterday? Q10: Why does the man have to end the conversation? Q11: Why does the man ask the woman to bring him something from Thailand? 第一篇对话整体难度不大,大多数题目符合原文重现的规律。 第8题符合开头出题原则,答案虽然为原词重现,出现了holidy及family, 但要注意although后的混淆选项friends。 第9题符合时间出题原则,当听到 yesterday,应迅速锁定选项中原词a German guy。 第10题符合原词重现,听到phone battery即可选出答案。 第11题符合结尾出题原则,但和第10题离得比较近,所以加大了做题的难度。 来源:新东方 作者:新东方哈尔滨吕潇老师 [详情]

2018年6月英语四级听力passage1解析
2018年6月英语四级听力passage1解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力详解: passage1 In today’s job market it’s not uncommon for job-seekers to submit applications for many positions。 That involves lots of time and lots of work to organize。 Certainly, you don’t want to waste your precious hours on following the developments in the disordered fashion and miss important deadlines confuse interview times or forget to follow up as a result.Accordingly, managing your job search properly is just as important as identifying job opportunities in submitting your applications.If you are familiar with Microsoft Excel or a similar program creating a table is a simple and effective way to keep track of your job applications。 If Excel isn’t quite your cup of tea。 Don’t work。 You can create a table in Microsoft word or a similar work processor。 Google is another tool to help you get organized effectively。 If you have a gmail account ,you can create ,save and send tables in addition to written documents like your cover letter or resume.You can also link up with google calender to make sure you stay on top of important dates.Clearly,there are plenty of ways to keep track of your job search and making the effort to simplify your job search will pay off。 Nevertheless, you should always focus on quality not quantity.Only apply for positions your are qualified for and make each applications count。 Personalizing each cover letter and updating and editing your resume。 16.what does the speaker say about today’s job seekers? 17.What can job applicants do with the help of Google? 解析: 16.what does the speaker say about today’s job seekers? 解析:问:关于当代的求职者们作者说了什么? 根据首题,可以定位到文档开篇。In today’s job market it’s not uncommon for job-seekers to submit applications for many positions。 That involves lots of time and lots of work to organize。 当今求职者们需要提交很多的申请去求得一份职位,这其中需要花费很多时间和精力。 17.What can job applicants do with the help of Google? 解析:问:申请者们可以怎样利用谷歌的帮助?If you have a gmail account ,you can create ,save and sent tables in addition to documents like your cover letter or resume.You can also link up with google canlender to make sure you stay on top of important dates.Clearly,there are plenty of ways to keep track of your job search and making the effort to simplify your job search will pay off。中间的题目,根据题文同序原则,我们可以定位到中间google处得出答案。 18.What does the speaker suggest job seekers do? 解析:问:作者建议求职者们可以做些什么?Nevertheless, you should always focus on quality not quantity。 Only apply for positions you are qualified for and make each applications count。 Personalizing each cover letter and updating and editing your resume。由逻辑关系词nevertheless后可定位,求职者们应该注重质量而不是数量,优化自己的简历信息。 来源:新东方 作者:哈尔滨新东方高湘霏老师[详情]

2018年6月英语四级听力解析
2018年6月英语四级听力解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力详解: News 2 Fast food turns out isn’t a quite as fast as it used to be。 But new study finds that Macdonalds posted it slowest as drive through time since the survey was first conducted fifteen years ago。 As Macdonalds, customers will spend on average three minutes and nine seconds from the time they place their orders until they received their food。 That’s about ten seconds more than the industry average and a lot slower in a decade ago according to the study which was commissioned by QSR ,an industry trade publication。 And Macdonald wasn’t alone in slowing down。 Other chains also saw their drive through performance slow down。 Among the reasons for the slower service。 Today there are more choices on the menu and products themselves are more complex and take longer to prepare.Speed of course is essential to the drive through experience.And drive throughs are hugely important to chains ,such as Macdonalds, Burger King and Tucle Bell 。Usually,the drive through accouts for 60% to 70% of all business that go through a fast food restaurant ,notes Sam poachers editor of QSR。 Of course, consumers also want their orders prepared correctly and on that score ,poachers says accuracy is still really high。 Q3:What is the news report mainly about? Q4:What has slow down Macdonald’s drive through service? 解析: Q3:What is the news report mainly about? 解析:问:这篇新闻主要关于什么?主旨大意题,根据新闻特点,我们首先定位到开篇位置。Fast food turns out。。。isn’t a quite as fast as it used to be。快餐业证明发展已经不如以前那么快了。 Q4:What has slow down Macdonald’s drive through service? 解析:问:是什么导致降低了麦当劳的快速服务?定位到文章中间Among the reasons for the slower service。 Today there are more choices on the menu and products themselves are more complex and take longer to prepare。,句中today后面引出原因,是现如今我们在点餐时菜单上拥有了更多的选择,产品本身也更加复杂,需要更长时间去准备。 来源:新东方 作者:哈尔滨新东方高湘霏老师[详情]

2018年6月英语四级翻译真题答案解析
2018年6月英语四级翻译真题答案解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译详解: 第一套 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速有了显著的提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 Buses used to be the most significant means of transport in China。In recent years,the continuous increase of private cars has led to the extremely serious traffic congestion。 Consequently,in order to encourage more people to travel by bus,an increasing number of cities are making great efforts to improve the quality of services of bus,including updating the facilities and accelerating the speed。 Meanwhile, the price of bus tickets is still low, some local elderly citizens are even allowed to get free rides in most cities。 第二套 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 Previously, it was difficult for most Chinese people to imagine to travel by air。 But Nowadays , with the development of economy and the improvement of living standards,an increasing number of Chinses people can travel by air,including farmers and migrant workers。 They can fly to most mega-cities in China, and there are still many airports which are under construction in other cities。 The air services have improved remarkably and some special tickets are always available 。 In recent years, there have been a sharp rise in the number of people choosing air travel during holidays。 今年的翻译主题为交通出行,可以归为中国社会发展方面的话题范畴。整体难度不大,短句较多,比如文章首句,“公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具”。整个句子中规中矩,主干和修饰成分明显,各位考生适当调整语序后直译即可。第二个句子“由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重”,和下一个句子“许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量,”可以处理成因果关系,进行句子整合。第三个句子属于课堂上重点讲到的四大状语之一,即目的状语。为了鼓励更多的人乘坐公交出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。第二篇文章与第一篇如出一撤,整体依然比较简单。而且中间出现了“生活水平、越来越多中国人”等四六级翻译高频词汇。所以只要大家应用课堂上的翻译方法,想必会对本次考题感到得心应手。 来源:新东方 作者:沈阳新东方张丽丽老师[详情]

2018年6月四级阅读考试第一套解析
2018年6月四级阅读考试第一套解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读详解: Passage One Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。 Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。 After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。 The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。 Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。 When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。 But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。 And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。 “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。 46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips? A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。 B) They occur only among certain groups of people。 C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。 D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。 47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage? A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。 B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。 C) Communication within our brain weakens。 D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。 48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously? A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。 B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。 C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。 D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。 49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up? A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。 C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。 50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss? A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。 B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。 C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。 D) Staying active both physically and mentally。 46。 A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia 题干关键词为memory slips,slip意思为小错误,可定位到原文第一段第二句和第三句。结合题干和原文可知,记忆的小错误并非全是痴呆的症状,而可能是由于年龄大。题干中symptoms意为症状和原文中的signs为同义替换。 47.C) Communication within our brain weakens 题干意思为随着年龄增大,将会发生什么变化。根据出题顺序,第二段没有提到变化,第三段第三句有changes,意思为,脑细胞的变化会影响大脑不同区域间的沟通。此和C选项为同义替换,C选项题干意思为大脑内部的沟通会弱化。 48。 A)Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines 题干意思为哪一些症状应该被认真对待。关键词为symptoms和take seriously。第四段有far more concerning,意为严正关切,可知答案在第五段。本段列举了两个例子,一个是忘记了一些日常的东西比如烤箱的操作,一个是忘记了如何开车去老友家。题干A意思为完全忘记了如何去操作平常的一些例行公事。符合例子的特点。因此选A。 49.A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve 题干意思为,当严重的记忆衰退出现的时候,应该做什么?可定位到第6段最后一句“defense against memory …by building up your brain’s cognitive reserve。”符合A选项描述。 50。 D) Staying active both physically and mentally 据advice可定位到最一段。根据最后两句话可知既有脑力的也有体力的建议。符合D选项的描述。 来源:新东方 作者:厦门新东方陈树通老师[详情]

2018年6月四级选词填空仔细阅读点评
2018年6月四级选词填空仔细阅读点评

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读解析: 选词填空 本篇选词源文The Economist , 关于空气质量的话题也是大家所熟悉的题材,总体来说难度偏低偏简单。如32空的outdoor,下句中出现also和inside,可推知前文在说outdoor。选项词汇基础,原文词性判断难度不大,整篇文章逻辑清晰,只要严格按照厦门新东方国内部四级强化班课堂中所教授的解题步骤和技巧,此题可轻易拿8-10分不是难事,是送分题。 仔细阅读 pPassage one 本篇文章是关于痴呆症和由于年龄老化导致记忆衰退的话题。文章介绍了记忆力衰退的成因、表现以及改善记忆力衰退的方法,并提出人们不应感到恐慌这一观点,文章整体难度不大,所涉及到的词汇及句子结构简单。5道考题全部都为细节题,定位及替换都较为简单,选项干扰性不强,相信上过四级强化班的同学都能轻松应对这一提题型。 来源:新东方 作者:厦门新东方景润润老师[详情]

2018年6月四级听力试卷第一套点评
2018年6月四级听力试卷第一套点评

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力详解: 今年6月新闻题整体难度和往年一致,7题3篇新闻共考查2道新闻中心题和5道细节题。 今年新闻听力的第1篇讲了一个女司机在开车时发现响尾蛇在车上的一篇社会新闻;第一题和第二题均为细节题; 答案句: 1。 But the woman says the snake she in carried firstly terrified her out of her wits。 She said the snake first slipped back under the seat, and she hoped it would stay there until she was able to get off the highway and stopped。 2。 She called for help and the Washington DC Animal Control Officers came and capture the snake 第二篇新闻以麦当劳为例,讲了快餐店出餐速度下降的社会新闻。第3题为新闻中心题(mainly about) ,第4题也是细节题。 答案句: 3。 Fast food turns out isn’t quite as fast as it used to be。 4.Among the reasons for the slower service, today there are more choices on the menu and the products themselves are more complex and take longer to prepare。 第三篇新闻讨论里由私人公司发起组成的旅游团到太空进行空间旅游的可能,并主要讲了moon express 这个公司有望派出第一支私人太空旅行团去月球的新闻。该篇新闻生词多,主题是大家比较不熟悉的。听的时候注意把握生词的读音,根据所听即所选的原则做题即可。 第5题新闻中心题, 6.7为细节题。 答案句: 5.The first private mission outside of the earth orbit is closed to many of our think。 6.Moon Express’s mission involves plans to land a suitcase size package of scientific equipment on the moon for on-going exploration on commercial development。 7.But noted that the company is very optimistic about it’s proposal。 长对话第一篇是生活场景。A在电话中和B分享去泰国旅行的见闻,词汇多是考生熟悉的词汇,听力文本难度较低。就像我们上课讲过的头尾原则。对话的开头结尾共出题3道,考生在听听力时若把握住重点位置,听的时候会更轻松。 答案句: 8。 I’m on holiday with my family in Thailand at the moment。 9。 Well,I met a guy from Germany yesterday。 He showed me around the office that he works at。 Then I met many volunteer teachers who are mainly young people from Europe。 10。 My phone battery is almost dead now。 11。 I like to collect bits and pieces from different parts of the world 篇章第一篇是说明建议类的文章,为求职者提供了利用excel, google等工具更好地管理自己求职申请的方法。这类文章通常格式严谨,考生在听的时候要关注每一个分点建议,像“firstly” “secondly” 往往一个分点会对应一道题目。 答案句: 12。 for job seekers to send applications for many positions。 13。 If you have a G-mail account, you can create a safe and send tables in addition to read a document like your cover letter and resume。 You can also link up with Google calendar to make sure you make top with the important dates。 14。 Nevertheless you should always focus on the quality not the quantity。 Only you apply the position you are qualified for, and make each application count, personalizing each cover letters and updating your resume。 篇章第2篇是议论文。谈论了孩子们不在学校不一定有害的观点,并提出了三个理由。 15。 Some people say if the kids didn’t happen to go to school they will be go out of street。 16。暂缺 17 we need the kids to get out of the school buildings 第3篇讲的是舞蹈,有一个舞蹈工作室的店长和舞蹈老师分享了他们对于舞蹈的热爱和看法。 答案: 22。 Dance in America is everywhere。 23。 Bridges runs dance classes for all ages。 24。 They arrive at the class in a bad mood and they leave with a smile。 Dancing seems to change their mood completely。 来源:新东方 作者:厦门新东方黄明馨老师[详情]

2018年6月四级试卷解析
2018年6月四级试卷解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级解析: Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 整体评述: 今年的写作题目总体较为简单,试题沿袭2017年12月考的开放式题型,题意理解上没有设置障碍,直接在题干中出现了主题词,一套为阅读的重要性,一套为语言表达能力,一套为写作能力。这些话题都是和大学生平时生活学习息息相关的话题,所以很容易发散思路。三篇写作考查学生对正面现象/话题的分析能力。其实这次的考题在近十年的写作考题中是有迹可循的,2013年6月考的图画作文第二套就考查到了阅读文学的重要性。此外,有了2017年12月刚考过的考题基础,谈论措施的话术考生也不陌生,总的来说,本次写作难度不大,第一段点出主题,说明主题词的重要性,第二段分析原因,为什么重要,第三段写建议措施,如何培养这些能力,按照总分总的三段式展开即可。 第一套 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of reading ability and how to develop it。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 College life opens a new chapter for students。 As we enter the new stage, it is impossible for us to ignore some basic abilities needed in college。 Reading ability, from where I stand, is the most significant one among them。 Why, you may wonder, should we attach great importance to reading ability? For one thing, in order to make outstanding achievements in the field of our study, students have to read hosts of books, papers and documents related to professional knowledge。 For this reason, extensive and efficient reading becomes particularly important。 For another, reading broadens our horizon and enriches our campus life, which will exert profound influence on our future。 Therefore, we, especially youngsters, cannot emphasize reading ability too much。 Since reading ability plays a pivotal role in our daily life, it is high time that colleges should provide students with relative courses to enhance their reading skills。 Meanwhile, it is imperative that we actively pay frequent visit to the libraries or bookstores to cultivate our reading competence。 As Francis Bacon once said, reading makes a full man。 Only through reading can we acquire more knowledge and live up to the precious time of youth。 PartⅡ Listening Comprehension (25 minutes) 这样的听力解析还不如不解析,都是些零散的信息点 解析 News Report1: 漂流瓶被发现并归还 Q1:新闻主要内容; Q2:为什么给reward?信守承诺 News Report2:蜜蜂死了 Q3:spring operation的原因?寨卡病毒 Q4:关于Flower Town Bee Farm说了什么?被毁,损失巨大(2.5M bees) News Report3: 世界最大的飞机首航 Q5:关于第一次飞行?大约2小时,卡灵顿起飞,高度3000feet,一系列gentle turns Q6:为什么US government不用飞机做spy?预算砍了 Q7:优势over huge jet planes?可以装heavier loads Long Conversation1: 出门活动:1。看电影,气候变化的电影,女的不喜欢;2。西班牙dance,时间来不及;3.comedy 评论家觉得好看/4。最终决定明天去看dance Q8:女的关于climate change什么看法 Q9:为什么不去西班牙dance Q10:评论家觉得comedy怎么样 Q11:明天干嘛 Long Conversation2: 女生对于转学焦虑,因为比其他人年轻,课后活动能改善,说可以帮助她,室友:三人,其中一人是新来的 Q12:为什么焦虑 Q13:鼓励女生做什么 Q14:男士承诺会做什么 Q15:室友Bree如何 Passage1: Hunger的动力,远超恐惧,口渴,社交需求;mice的实验饥饿比渴哪个影响大;饿的时候会去危险的地方,吃饱了就呆笼子里;饿的时候离开同伴去找吃的; Q16:mice实验目的 Q17:什么情况会让mice去不安全的地方 Q18:最后关于mice说了什么 Passage2: 美国的highway system,one of the best in the world,early1920s;national defence,move troops;1944国会通过升级提案但没给钱;1950s开始建;要足够高能让trailer携带飞弹通过;1974大部分完成 Q19:作者说highway system如何 Q20:建highway system最初目的是什么 Q21:什么时候完成的 Passage3: 开车发短信,美国年轻人,major cause of death;smart wheel;检查是否始终双手握方向盘,有声音和灯提示两手未握方向盘,恢复后停止;APP家长可以知道孩子的开车情况 Q22:年轻人road death 的主要原因 Q23:什么是smart wheel Q24:如果司机只用一只手握方向盘会怎样 Q25:家长怎么track孩子的开车情况 Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes) 整体评述: 2018年6月的四级考试中,就阅读这个单项,难度与以往基本持平。就选词填空这一部分而言,与我们在课上所讲解的解题技巧相一致。第一步将选项根据词性分类,第一套题今年名词7个,动词5个,形容词2个,副词1个。因此将单词分类之后,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,名词通过简单判断单复数形式,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。同样,仔细阅读解题的关键仍然与我们强调的一致,找准定位,选项与原文内容一一比对,排除各类干扰选项后,做对题目并不是很难。 Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。 Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。 All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。 To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。 26。 M pollutants 27。 N restricted 28。 C consequence 29。 J innovation 30。 F detail 31。 K intended 32。 L outdoor 33。 B collaborating 34。 I inhabitants 35。 E creating 26。 答案M 解析:介词of后填名词,根据上下文语义,该空后为pollutants,污染物。 27。 答案N 解析:固定搭配be restricted to,表示“仅限于…,限制在…”。 28。 答案C 解析:空前不定冠词,空格填名词,固定搭配as a consequence,表示“因此”。 29。 答案J 解析:空前形容词,空格填名词,结合语义,为innovation,创新。 30。 答案F 解析:空前介词,空格填名词,固定搭配in detail,表示“详细地”。 31。 答案K 解析:固定搭配be intended to,表示“打算,意图”。 32。 答案L 解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填形容词,结合语义选择outdoor,表示户外的。 33。 答案B 解析:结合时态和固定搭配collaborate with,表示“合作”。 34。 答案I 解析:空前所有格,空格填名词,结合语义,I选项inhabitants居民为正确选项。 35。 答案E 解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填动词ing,结合语义,E选项正确。 Section C 第一套 Directions: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements。 For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D)。 You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2with a single line through the centre。 Passage One Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。 46.A Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。 解析:找到关键词 memory slips。对应到文章第一段But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。结合题干和原文可知,记忆的小错误并非全是痴呆的症状,而可能是由于年龄大。symptoms和signs为同义替换。顾答案选择A。 47。 C Communication within our brain weakens。 解析:根据顺序原则对应文章定位句是Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 答案与定位句同义,顾答案C。 48。 A Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。 解析:题干关键词,memory-related symptom以及take seriously。定位到But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。关键点在far more concerning故答案选择A。 49。 A Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 解析:题干关键词为signs of memory loss。定位到倒数第二段第一句话Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。故答案为A。 50。 D Staying active both physically and mentally。 解析:题干关键词Dr Daffner’s advice ,memory loss。定位到文章最后一句。Dr Daffner’s adviceIn other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。 第二套 Passage One Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。 46。 B) Add to their sustained happiness。 解析:根据关键词“one study”定位到第一段 ,“Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people’s mental well-being, a study has suggested, UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect,” 选项B中的 sustained 原文重现,happiness是“well-being”的同义转化。 47。 A) Earn more money。 解析: 根据关键词“Dr。 White”和“happier”定位第一段,以及代词“he”代指Dr。 White,“There could be a number of reasons。” he said, “for example, people do many things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married。” 选项“earn money”是对原文“pay rises”是同义转换。 48。 C) How long its positive effect lasts。 解析:根据关键词“Dr。 White”和“find out”定位第二段 “Dr。 White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time。 ” 选项“positive effect lasts。” 是对原文中的lasting positive effect的同义转化。 49。 D) Their communication with others improved。 解析:根据关键词“Dr。 White”和“reveal about ”定位第三段,“Explaining what the data revealed, ……He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated better。”选项D即对最后communicated better的同义转化。 50。 A) Find financial support。 解析:根据关键词“government”定位最后一段“Dr。 White said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the trouble is who funds it。 ”强调的“fund”即指“financial support”,A项正确。 Passage Two Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。 51。 C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。 解析:题干关键词the three Olympic class ships。根据顺序原则回原文定位到第一段最后一句话 “All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。”重点在but转折后,文意这三艘船似乎都被诅咒遭遇遭遇灾难性的命运。顾答案选择C.terrible misfortunes是 disastrous fates的同义转换。 52。 B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。 解析:题干大意白星航运公司在购买三艘船时考虑到了什么?定位句:“White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。”想要他们成为水上最奢华的船。据此答案选择B。 53。 A) It was a mere piece of decoration。 解析:根据关键词 the fourth stack of the ships。定位到“but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 ”文意第四个栈有艺术感但是没有任何功能性的用途。顾答案选择A。 54。 A) Theirunscientific designs。 解析:题干大意是什么可能导致了Titanic和Britannic的悲剧。定位到原文 “they were all designed with double hulls (船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic‘s and the Britannic’s tragic end。”顾选择A 55。 D) She was retired after her naval service。 解析:问题奥林匹克船最后发生了什么。定位句“Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935。”taken out of service和retired 同义词转换,故此选择D。 Part Ⅲ Translation (30 minutes) 整体评述: 与最近几年的四级翻译真题相比,这次的翻译真题难度较低,主要表现在两方面:第一,翻译原题中词汇难度较小;第二,翻译原题中句式较为简单。据此,对于备考四级的同学来说,了解汉语和英语在句式、标点等方面的基本异同,是学习汉译英、成功应对四级翻译的基本步骤。当然,如果希望在四级翻译中拿到高分,则需要不断积累和丰富英语词汇,特别是积累一些极具中国特色的词汇的英译方法,如“外来务工人员”(migrant workers),“生活水平的提高”(the improvement of living standards)等等。 第一套 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 It was unimaginable for most Chinese people to travel by plane in the past。 However, at present, with the development in economy and the improvement in living standards, an increasing number of Chinese people, including farmers and migrant workers, choose to travel by plane because they can fly to all the major cities in China。 In the meanwhile, many other cities tend to prepare to build airports。 The service of airlines has been constantly improved, and air tickets are often available at a special discount。 As a result, there has been a constant rise in the number of tourists who travel by plane during holidays in recent years。 逐句解析如下: 第一句: 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。 首先,注意时态。 这句可用句型… was hard to imagine 或者 It was unimaginable for sb to do “乘飞机出行”可地道地译为travel by aeroplane, 当然,by plane也是没问题的。 因此,这句可以译为: (1)Traveling by aeroplane was hard to imagine for most Chinese in the past。 (2)It was unimaginable for most Chinese to travel by aeroplane in the past。 鉴于形式主语It is adj。 for sb to do的句型更高级,所以推荐译文(2)。 第二句: 如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。 词汇:生活水平:living standards 农民:farmers 注:不能译为peasants(peasant指未受过教育的、粗俗的农民) 外出务工人员:migrant workers “随着…”可用伴随状语“with…”处理; “包括 A and B”用介词短语“including A and B”处理。 “越来越多的”第一种简单译法:more and more; 第二种表达“an increasing number of”,推荐用第二种。 因此,这句可以译为: At present, with the development in economy and the improvement in living standards, an increasing number of Chinese people, including farmers and migrant workers, choose to travel by plane。 若不会词汇“外出务工人员”,可灵活处理为后置定语,”外出务工的”解释为“在外面工作的”,处理成定语从句,该短语译成“people who work outside/ in other cities” 第三句: 他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。 从逻辑来看,第三句与第二句存在着因果关系,所以从文章的整体衔接角度来看,可灵活的添上逻辑连接词。 词汇: 大城市 major cities 筹建(筹备建设):prepare to build “乘飞机到达”可译为take the plane to reach… 或者 reach… by plane 正在筹建机场的“城市”相对于已经有机场的“大城市”而言,是相对较小的城市,翻译时可具体化,译为:minor cities 考生需要注意,两个分句的衔接需要最基本的连接词。 因此,这句可以译为: They can take the plane to reach all the major cities in China。 In the meanwhile, many minor cities tend to prepare to build airports。 第四句: 航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。 词汇: 航空服务 the service of airlines 特价机票 air tickets at a discount The service of airlines has been constantly improved, and air tickets are often available at a discount。 翻译时需注意,“航空服务”与“改进”是被动关系。 “会有特价机票”也可处理为被动句:air tickets at a discount are offered。 第五句: 近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 主干:人数不断增加。 可以用主谓句型 或者 there be句型。 “节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的”译为定语从句。 词汇: 不断增加: constantly rise[v。] 或者 a constant rise[n。] 因此,这句可以译为: (1)The number of tourists who travel by plane during the holidays has been constantly rising in recent years。 (2) There has been a constant rise in the number of tourists who travel by plane during the holidays in recent years。 鉴于there be的句型在此处更加灵活,所以推荐译文(2)。 鉴于翻译满分为15分(试卷按照满分100分计算),成绩分为六个档次:13-15分、10-12分、7-9分、4-6分、1-3分和0分。各档次的评分标准具体如下: 分数段分布 具体翻译表现 13-15分 译文准确表达了原文的意思。用词贴切,行文流畅,基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错。 10-12分 译文基本上表达了原文的意思。文字通顺、连贯,无重大语言错误。 7-9分 译文勉强表达了原文的意思。用词欠准确,语言错误相当多,其中有些是严重语言错误。 4-6分 译文仅表达了一小部分原文的意思。用词不准确,有相当多的严重语言错误。 1-3分 译文支离破碎。除个别词语或句子,绝大部分文字没有表达原文意思。 0分 未作答,或只有几个孤立的词,或译文与原文毫不相关。 由于该篇翻译难度中等偏低, 据此,以下翻译得分基本在9—10分之间: Traveling by plane was hard to imagine for most Chinese in the past。 At present, more and more Chinese people, including farmers and workers, choose to travel by plane。 They can take the plane to go to all large cities in China, and many other cities are preparing to build airports。 The service has been improved, and discounted tickets are offered。 In recent years, the number of people who travel by plane during the holidays has been increasing。 这一评分标准细则和基本及格翻译范文的展示说明,为了在最短的时间得到最为有效的分数,四级考生们务必在最短时间内,抓住最为重要的信息进行有效翻译。换言之,对于基础较弱、翻译时间有限的考生来说,则完全可以放弃翻译细枝末节的繁杂信息。 第二套 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 For Chinese people, the bus used to be the major means of transport。 Owing to the constant rise in the number of private cars in recent years, traffic problems in cities have accordingly become more and more severe。 Many cities have been making efforts to improve the service of public transport so as to encourage more people to travel by bus。 Thanks to the updating of facilities in the vehicle, its speed has been obviously increased。 However, the fare of the public transport is relatively low。 At present, in most cities, many senior citizens in local areas can take the bus for free。 (第二版) Taking bus used to be the primary choice to travel for most Chinese people。 In recent years, the problem of traffic in cities is getting serious with the constantly-increasing number of private vehicles。 In many cities, services on buses have been improved with effort to get more people encouraged to take buses。 The facilities are continuously updated and the speed of buses has also been increased greatly。 However, by contrast, the ticket price is quite low。 Now, in most big cities, most of local senior citizens are allowed to take buses for free。 逐句解析如下: 第一句: 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。 这句话是典型的主系表结构,主干为公交车是交通工具。要注意时态,“曾”表明是一般过去时。“中国人出行”表示对象,用介词结构表达。 词汇:主要交通工具:the major means of transport 此句词汇部分比较难,交通工具也可以写成vehicle,能拿到基本分。 全句翻译:For Chinese people, the bus used to be the major means of transport。 第二句: 近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。 这句话“由于”两个字,为原因状语,用A of B的结构翻译;主句“城市的交通问题越来越严重”用more and more结构。此句“近年来”作为时间状语,放到句子主干最后,如果放在句首一定要用逗号隔开。 词汇:私家车:private cars 词汇:不断增多:constant rise 全句翻译:Owing to the constant rise in the number of private cars in recent years, traffic problems in cities have accordingly become more and more severe。 第三句: 许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。 这句话中“为了”一句表示目的状语,主句中有两个动词“努力”和“改善”,可以处理成不定式表目的状语的形式。要注意此句时态,“一直”二字用现在完成进行时比较合适。 词汇:服务质量:service 质量一词没有必要翻出 词汇:努力:try to/make efforts 全句翻译:Many cities have been making efforts to improve the service of public transport so as to encourage more people to travel by bus。 第四句: 车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。 这句话要注意两句简单句的串联,两句呈因果关系。“车辆的设施不断更新”用A of B结构表达。 词汇:设施:facility 词汇:更新:update 词汇:显著:obviously 全句翻译:Thanks to the updating of facilities in the vehicle, its speed has been obviously increased。 第五句: 然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。 这句话注意补词,“依然”后面少了个“是”,所以此句依然是常考的主系表结构。此句要注意,这是一个比较结构,省略了后面比较的对象,句子补充完整应该为“和私家车相比,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。” 词汇:票价:fare 词汇:相当:relatively 全句翻译:However, the fare of the public transport is relatively low compared with that of private cars。 第六句: 现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 这句话中时间状语和地点状语都放在最前面,翻译成英文时如果放在句子最前面一定要用逗号隔开。 词汇:当地老年市民:senior/old/elderly citizens in the local areas 词汇:免费:free of charge/free 全句翻译:At present, in most of the cities, many senior citizens in the local areas can take the bus free of charge。 鉴于翻译满分为15分(试卷按照满分100分计算),成绩分为六个档次:13-15分、10-12分、7-9分、4-6分、1-3分和0分。各档次的评分标准具体如下: 分数段分布 具体翻译表现 13-15分 译文准确表达了原文的意思。用词贴切,行文流畅,基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错。 10-12分 译文基本上表达了原文的意思。文字通顺、连贯,无重大语言错误。 7-9分 译文勉强表达了原文的意思。用词欠准确,语言错误相当多,其中有些是严重语言错误。 4-6分 译文仅表达了一小部分原文的意思。用词不准确,有相当多的严重语言错误。 1-3分 译文支离破碎。除个别词语或句子,绝大部分文字没有表达原文意思。 0分 未作答,或只有几个孤立的词,或译文与原文毫不相关。 据此,以下翻译得分基本在7—10分之间: Buses used to be the main vehicle for Chinese people。 In recent years, due to the increasing number of private cars, the traffic problems in cities have become more and more serious。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have tried to improve the service quality of buses。 The vehicles are increasingly updated and the speed of the vehicles is also increased。 However, the price is still quite low。 Nowadays, in most cities, many old people can take buses for free。 这一评分标准细则和基本及格翻译范文的展示说明,为了在最短的时间得到最为有效的分数,四级考生们务必在最短时间内,抓住最为重要的信息进行有效翻译。换言之,对于基础较弱、翻译时间有限的考生来说,则完全可以放弃翻译细枝末节的繁杂信息。 来源:新东方 作者:南京新东方 写作组:王雅洁,印含洋 听力组:马迅,陈瑾,管丽君 阅读组:姜颖,孙悦,吴紫芯 翻译组:雷彤,黄紫晶,王玲燕老师[详情]

大学英语四级整体评述
大学英语四级整体评述

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级整体详解: 总述 本次试卷整体难度有所下降,写作和翻译题材非常生活化,阅读与听力较以往考试也更容易理解。选材方面,本次试卷源于英美主流媒体报刊,如The Economist、BBC News等,这依旧遵循了以往的出题模式。试卷题材仍然集中在社科,即社会、经济、环境方面,内容涉及健康、环境、交通、心理、生活、轶事、餐饮等方面。 第一部分 写作 孙晓宇 四级写作部分再次延续了近几年真题复现的命题规律,虽然形式多样,但考查的本质万变不离其宗。通过仔细审题,我们会发现今年的四级作文难度正常,且题目词汇为初中词汇,审题时不存在词汇障碍,所考查的是学生如何将之前积累的词组、句型、模板运用到这类文章当中。 第一套:Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of speaking ability and how to develop it。 120-180words。 第二套:Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of writing ability and how to develop it。 120-180words。 第三套:Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of reading ability and how to develop it。 120-180words。 通过审题,我们可以知道,题目包含两个方面的内容:第一,论证口语/写作/阅读能力的重要性;第二,给出适当的的建议,如何提高这种能力。 审题之后,先不要急于动笔,要在头脑中形成清晰的解题框架,那么这个框架从哪里来,我们只要查阅一下历年的考过的四级真题,将写作真题按照所考的题材进行分类,四级作文分布的题型包括论文,说明文,还有记叙文。将其拆分来看,可分为解决问题类/选择类/引言类/现象类/利弊类/图画类/图表类,然后参照范文,分析写作思路。 我们可以看出命题人所出题目开始关注社会热点现象,考生不妨多多积累相关表达,体现在这道题上,我们要多多积累一些提意见的句式。纵观历年四级作文真题,how to 类型的作文已经考过了7次,仅近十年中也就出现了5次。这道题的难度不大,而且今年的题目直接沿袭了去年的考法,我们可以看出命题人是想要考查学生分析问题、解决问题的能力,而我们把重点放在how to上,即我们要提出几条可行性的方法(methods)或者建议(suggestions)。我们可以按照这样的写作思路来进行谋篇布局。 第一段:说明主题+主旨(即培养口语/写作/阅读能力显得尤为重要)。 第二段:根据主旨进行展开,分两点展开,也可以结合实例,给出充足的论据,来论证为什么培养口语/写作/阅读能力如此重要。 第三段:文章的核心部分,如何培养口语/写作/阅读能力,大概写两到三点,然后总结全文。 第二部分 听力 吴曦婷 今年的四级听力难度较往年来说比较简单。 1。 在新闻听力部分,从选材来看,今年的新闻部分没有涉及到以往会出现的政治经济类话题,考的是社会民生类新闻,以及最后一篇的与登月相关的题材。其中,前两篇新闻难度较小,讲的分别是一位开车遇到蛇的女性的新闻,以及快餐行业效率降低的报道。第三篇新闻是关于航空公司的登月任务报道,虽然在题材上来讲较前两篇难,但是内容上没有过多难词、偏词,问题也非常直接,因此也较容易把握。 2。 长对话部分,两篇长对话都是打电话场景的日常闲聊。第一篇的主题与度假有关,第二篇长对话为一同参观开业的新体育馆。两篇长对话难词较少,内容与生活较贴切,比较“接地气”,较容易理解。 3。 短文部分也没有复杂和生僻的话题,文章都与生活文化相关,三篇分别是与找工作、孩子上学以及舞蹈有关。 综合来看,本次四级听力难度适中,各部分材料基本都与日常社会生活相关,整体较容易把握。 第三部分 阅读理解 韩楚翔 1。 选词填空 选词填空部分主要考查对于词汇、搭配、短语以及上下句的灵活运用,此次三套题三篇选词填空无论从文章难度还是备选词难度的设置上,与之前相比,并没有太大出入。在三种阅读当中,选词填空分值最低,每道题仅占约3.6分。所以从策略角度出发,同学们应该将此部分放到最后做,即先做完长篇阅读、经典阅读和翻译后,再做选词填空。当然对于冲高分的同学来说,攻克选词填空也并非难事,只要在平常的学习中,多留意词汇、短语的搭配应用,再结合经典阅读上下句联系的思路,即可完成。此次选词填空选材是Pollution in California(加州的污染问题),文章选自The Economist(《经济学人》2016年2月),备选词汇中,collaborating合作、inhabitants定居者、innovation创新、restricted限制为四级类词汇,其余为高中程度的词汇范围。题材中规中矩,贴近生活。 2。 长篇阅读 长篇阅读的考查目的是测试学生摘要式阅读能力,即快速筛选信息、定位相似语句。此部分是同学们拿分的关键,每道题约7.1分,其特点在于:一、有的段落不出题;二、有的段落出两道题;三、题文乱序,结合以上三个出题特点不难发现,该题就是考查考生能够在规定时间内浏览跳读找到10道题对应的出处。 3。 经典阅读 经典阅读今年延续以往的出题思路、题源,并且从整体来看难度适中,此部分总分142分,是所有阅读题中的拿分关键,占总分的20%,每道题占据了约14.2的分值,此次文章题材方面考查有memory loss(遗忘症),讲述了记忆力衰退的原因以及如何训练记忆力;urban green spaces(城市绿色空间),选自《BBC News》,讲述了城市当中洁净环境对人的身心健康非常重要;Olympic class ships(奥林匹克级游轮),讲述了世界三大邮轮之一,与泰坦尼克号齐名的奥林匹克号游轮的故事等。内容上贴近生活,题型设置为常规难度,题目紧扣主旨,内容客观真实、积极向上的的原则,没有很刁钻或者特别生僻的题。 第四部分 翻译 吴诺敏 本次四级翻译总体难度不大。 1。 从选材上讲,本次翻译题选材是与日常生活紧密相关的交通工具,话题分别为“飞机”和“公交车”。 2。 从句法上讲,句式上以简单句为主,偶有并列句和多动句。比如“车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高”, “他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。” “航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。” 可以用连词连接简单句,也可用非谓语动词处理。 3。 从词汇上讲,词汇难度不大,像“公交车”、“飞机”均为日常用的简单词汇,不过有些名词像“外出务工人员”对学生们来说较难,也需注意“设施”等英文单词的拼写。 来源:新东方 作者:呼和浩特新东方吴曦婷 吴诺敏 孙晓宇 韩楚翔老师[详情]

2018年6月英语四级写作解析
2018年6月英语四级写作解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级写作详解: Directions: for this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of reading/speaking/writing ability and how to develop it。 整体评述:作文题目难度适中,题材贴近大学生生活,这样就保证了每个人都有话可说。只要大家有认真复习写作课上讲解过的行文思路和话题词汇,这篇文章就不成问题。第一段引入话题。第二段从不同角度论述阅读的重要性。第三段为建议措施段。尽管近几年大学英语四级考试作文单项考查形式变幻莫测,但是万变不离其宗。只要大家前期准备充分,遵循我们课堂上讲解过的每个段落的写作思路,不管出题形式是什么,那对大家来说,都不是问题。 本次作文解析以“reading”为例。 Whether in history or in the present-day society, reading has always been a hot topic among we human beings。 No one could deny the fact that reading is of great importance to the comprehensive development of children and teenagers。 Firstly, reading has become an indispensable part of our lives。 We gain new knowledge, directly or indirectly through reading, which will exert profound influence on the way we live, work, play and learn。 Secondly, reading can enable many youngsters to get a clear perspective of their career plans and life plans。 Knowing exactly what they want to achieve in the future can be beneficial to them to a large extent。 So how do we develop our ability of reading? To begin with, the whole society should encourage teenagers to reading more books of great value to broaden their horizons and increase their knowledge。 What’s more, we teenagers should cultivate the habit of long-term and regular reading。 Only in this way can we be an effective reader。 来源:新东方[详情]

2018年6月大学英语四级翻译解析
2018年6月大学英语四级翻译解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译解析: [飞机] 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 In the past, it was unimaginable for most Chinese people to travel by air。 With the development of economy and the improvement of living standards, nowadays, more and more Chinese, including many farmers and migrant workers, can take plane to travel。 They can reach all big cities by plane, and many cities are preparing to build new airports。 The air service is constantly improved and the discounted tickets are often provided。 In recent years, more and more people have chosen the airplane to travel during holidays。 翻译考查了考生中译英的能力,要求考生在忠于原文的基础上,对文字内容以英文思维进行重新表达。考生在准确理解中文原文的基础之上,通过相应的翻译技巧,如增词、减词等,实现文字的英文重现,要求考生的英文措辞能够用词准确、表述完整和行文流畅。 本篇翻译难度适中,文章内容贴近生活,没有生僻词汇。表述过程中,用词上需要注意用词准确规范,避免不必要的错误,同时,需要考生能够准确理解句意,熟练地在不同词性之间进行相互转换。本篇翻译中”乘飞机”是出现频率较高的词汇,可以通过不同的表达,避免其在译文中的单调重复。句子层面上,需要考生能够借助相关介词、连词等对句子进行连接,确保译文表达准确,语法正确,行文规范。 译文解析: 1。 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。 英译文应当避免头重脚轻,若根据中文直接翻译,主语部分显得太长而且拖沓,在这种情况下,我们通常考虑采用”it”作为形式主语的方式进行表达。此外,本句还应该注意时态采用一般过去时。 2。 如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。 本句难度不大,可以通过with对”随着”进行替换,形成背景,对”包括许多农民和外出务工人员” 可以通过including进行连接,外出务工人员的翻译可以使用”migrant worker”,注意单复数。 3。 他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。 本句需要注意的是对”筹建机场”的翻译,可以通过两个动词以不定式形式进行连接,如”plan to build”,也可以通过形容词对”建”进行一个替换,译为”prepare for new airports”。 4。 航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。 本句关键在于对”特价机票”的准确理解,即”discounted tickets”, 此外”有特价机票”实为推出特价机票,故而对”有”的翻译应该避免使用have,可以采用introduce这个动词表示推出的概念。 5。 近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 本句的翻译可以对”不断增加”这一个动词性概念进行转换,以形容词中”more and more”的概念进行替换,从而在保证忠于原文的基础之上,降低英文句子的难度。此外本句注意时态采用现在完成时。 [公交车] 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 The main vehicle for Chinese used to be buses。 In recent years, an increasing number of private cars make the urban traffic problems more serious。 Many cities have been committed to the improvement of the quality of bus service to encourage more people to take bus。 The facilities of buses are constantly updated, and the speed of buses is significantly increased, while the price of bus tickets stays quite low。 Now, in most cities, many local elderly citizens can take the buses for free。 来源:新东方[详情]

2018年6月四级阅读整体评述
2018年6月四级阅读整体评述

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读解析: 此次四级考试试卷二的仔细阅读部分难度不是很大,第一篇文章节选自BBC NEWS网站Science & Environment板块中一篇名为Green spaces have lasting positive effect on well-being的文章。文章主要讲居住在环境更为绿色健康的社区对人有持续的积极作用。这涉及环境,幸福感这两个热点话题。第二篇文章是讲泰坦尼克号及其姊妹船的命运。虽第二文章已船舶为话题,会出现deck 甲板这样的单词,有些同学会感到陌生,但题目设置上,10道题目均属于细节题,在定位上难度不是很大,同学们可以迅速定位。 以上两篇文章的核心考点词难度不是很大,但干扰项项的设置极具迷惑性,例如通过positive等常见的考点词的原词重现而增强迷惑性。两篇文章的行文逻辑也比较简单,我们可以很明显地找到逻辑关系词,例如:for example 、but等课堂上老生常谈的重点表达来确定答案。只要我们抓住选项通常对原文进行同义替换的方法,答题的准确率势必不会太差。 来源:新东方 作者:大连新东方李国焱 荣翔宇老师  [详情]

2018年6月四级第一套题阅读整体评述
2018年6月四级第一套题阅读整体评述

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读解析: 本次四级阅读部分所涵盖的文章主题均为当前社会热点问题,与以往四级考试相比难度中等,没有出现过难或超纲词汇。 在选材方面,主要来自英美主流报刊杂志,如:The Economist、 Newsweek、Nature、Scientific American、The Guardian、The New York Times、Time 等。 本次完形填空主题是环境问题,阅读理解主题是认知科学。 选词填空 选词填空选材2016/02/13期The Economist中的“Air Quality:Something in the Air Tonight”一文。选材为近些年来的一个热点问题:环境问题。雾霾作为空气污染不仅因为严重影响着我国人们生活质量而一直以来受到媒体和大众的广泛关注,也影响着世界上许多其他国家。PM2.5作为衡量空气质量的一个指标已被大众所熟知。作为考生应把握社会热点,对这些信息有一个了解,像smog这样的词有必要认识,会写,能听出来。因为在做翻译、听力、写作的时候,也有很大的可能性会遇到,而用mist这样的词来表达“雾霾”就会显得不专业,不地道。文章整体难度适中,但对于词义的辨析、语法知识细节的把握和上下文信息的捕捉这些能力都影响着阅读理解的正确率。 仔细阅读 仔细阅读在阅读中所占比重最大,一共10道题,一道题分值是段落匹配的两倍,是选词填空的四倍,因此往往一道仔细阅读题就决定着考生能不能四级过线。考生需要加倍重视。 第一篇选材当下的热点学科:脑与神经认知。随着人工智能(AI)的发展,科学家们对人类大脑的探索的兴趣也水涨船高,相关研究和论文也逐年增长。探索人类大脑这个“黑盒子”的活动一直在蓬勃发展。通过探索大脑的认知能力,不仅可以有助于预防老年痴呆等类似脑疾病,还可以提高脑工作效率,更有效、更科学地用脑,保护大脑。对于相关知识的了解应该是考生的常识性知识。相关词汇dementia、Alzheimer‘s disease考生应做到看见认知,看见后心里有相关概念。内容相似的文章出现在2016年6月的四级仔细阅读中,所考查的也是人类变老与记忆力和心理功能的关系,不得不说四六级虽然现在题目文本的难度在不断上升,但是文章的类型还是限制在一定的范围内,考生还是应该以历年真题为复习的主要材料! 仔细阅读需要准确的定位能力,准确画出题干中定位词的能力。在做题的时候一定要读懂题目再去文章中定位。这样能大大增加做题准确率。而文章中较强干扰选项的出题思路还是老套路,即:用文章中出现过的一个词或一个概念作为基础,与另一个文章中从未出现的概念,或文章中出现但与题干不相关的概念来作为干扰项。所以考生应时刻记住:过度引申的答案不是答案。 来源:新东方 作者:大连新东方赵熙龙 荣翔宇老师[详情]

2018年6月四级写作第三套整体评述
2018年6月四级写作第三套整体评述

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级写作评述: 四级作文卷三没有延续以往六月的“话题冷门”风格,而是要求考生就阅读能力的重要性以及如何培养这种能力写一篇传统型的议论文。题目要求写阅读的重要性,信息非常明确,也是大家经常接触到的话题,所以考题难度不大。这类阐明重要性的文章在之前的四级真题中也考查过,比如2013年6月份考查了学习基本技能的重要性,做大事之前做小事的重要性以及读文学作品的重要性。2015年12月份哲理类作文-倾听的重要性,终身学习的重要性,做参与者的重要性。因此,历年的四级真题都有很强的参考性,所以考生还是要深入研究历年真题的形式和侧重点,以更好地备考。 来源:新东方 作者:大连新东方马萍遥老师[详情]

2018年6月四级写作第二套整体评述
2018年6月四级写作第二套整体评述

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级作文评述: 四级写作部分要求考生能够正确表达思想,意义连贯,无重大语法错误。写作的内容多为考生熟知的话题。 本次2018年6月四级写作第2套的试卷话题为如何提高写作能力。其难度与历年写作试题相比,难度持平,并无明显的变化。四级写作的整体框架为总-分-总结构,即点明要点-解决问题-归纳总结的三段式。考生在读题之后,可以快速找到 the importance of writing ability 和 how to develop it两个要点。考生结合写作三段式的结构,可很快明确该篇作文的谋篇布局。即第一段:陈述写作能力的重要性;第二段:如何提高写作能力;第三段:对写作能力极为重要这一观点再一次进行陈述并说明作为学生的我们如何去做。考生在作答的时候,除需注意字体、字数、格式等问题之外。还需尽量多使用一些从句或特殊句式,丰富文章内容的表达,进而增加文章亮点,提高分数。 总而言之,本次四级写作无论在试卷难度上还是在作文结构上都较以往论说性文章无明显的变化。 来源:新东方 作者:大连新东方徐梦羽老师[详情]

2018年6月四级写作第一套整体评述
2018年6月四级写作第一套整体评述

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级写作评述: 2018年6月的四级考试考查的三个话题分别为“写作”、“阅读”和“口语”三种能力的重要性以及如何培养这种能力。近年来,四级作文考查的出题方式多样,目的在于检测出学生真正的写作水平,而不是应用考前死记硬背的模版来应对四级写作考试。这次考试的三个题目都是生活类话题,与大家的学习生活息息相关。考生可以在第一段引出话题,并表明自己的观点,即某种能力很重要。第二段可以具体阐述某种能力之所以重要的原因,还可以举例子来证明自己的论点。第三段可以总结上文再次说明该能力很重要并且解释如何培养这种能力的具体措施。其实,类似于这种“重要性”的题目在2013年6月的时候就有所考查,当时出题的模式虽是漫画作文,但是考查的主题是“学习基本技能的重要性”“做大事之前做小事的重要性”和“读文学作品的重要性”。因此,大家在准备四级考试的时候,真题是最有价值的参考,大家一定要好好研究真题并进行仿写,这样在之后遇到类似的题目的时候,便更能轻松应对。 来源:新东方 作者:大连新东方张玲老师[详情]

2018年6月四级翻译第三套整体评述
2018年6月四级翻译第三套整体评述

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译述评: 翻译要求大家具备两种能力:首先需要能准确理解文字呈现出来的含义,其次需要将文章翻译的准确、完整和逻辑通顺。此次四级卷三考查的是地铁这一交通运输工具,这篇文章浅显易懂,逻辑清晰,而且非常生活化,文中几乎不包含生僻的词汇。文章考查难点为首先是 “越来越多”这样的“越来越……”的表达;其次是动名词的翻译,考查学生是否能准确理解句子主干结构并转换为正确的译文。如“乘坐地铁正变得越来越方便”的主语是“乘坐地铁”,主语中包含了动词,所以要将句子变成动名词,对很多学生来说这是一个难点。整体来说,本试题难度中等,相比去年,考查的词汇和句型难度均有所下降。 来源:新东方 作者:大连新东方马萍瑶老师[详情]

2018年6月四级翻译第二套整体评述
2018年6月四级翻译第二套整体评述

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译述评: 在翻译时,要做到“信”、“达”、“雅”三原则。而四级考试翻译板块对于考生的要求并不是很高,所以考生只需要做到“信”、“达”两部分即可。2018年6月四级第2套翻译试题内容关于“飞机”,与以往翻译试题相比,难度持平且在词汇层面的难度有所下降。 从词汇上讲,无专有名词的翻译,且绝大多数词汇考生都有所了解。但如何将词语做到多样化,对于考生来讲,则是一大难点。除此之外,“外出务工人员”、“特价机票”等词汇的翻译,对于考生来说,也是一大重点。 从时态上讲,本次144字的段落翻译中,涉及了过去时、将来时以及现在完成等多种时态。 从句型上讲,该篇翻译除涉及考生常知道的简单句、并列句之外,还涉及到主语从句、there be 等多种句型。 总而言之,本次翻译试题难度不大,但需要考生对时态以及特殊句型等方面加以重视。 来源:新东方 作者:大连新东方徐梦羽老师[详情]

2018年6月四级翻译第一套整体评述
2018年6月四级翻译第一套整体评述

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译述评: 四级翻译考查的方式为段落汉译英,翻译段落的字数为140-160。每一年会有话题相关、难度相近的三个考题出现。2018年6月四级考试的三个考题分别为:公交车;飞机;地铁。对于翻译这个题型,想要取得高分需要注意以下两个方面:一是单词的积累和运用;二是句型的理解和把握。四级翻译考查的题材多样,主要包括经济、文化、教育、历史、生活、地理等话题,因此考生需要在平时的练习中有意识地去积累相关词汇的表达,并在语法和翻译技巧上进行有效地练习。2018年6月四级考试第一套卷为“公交车”,该段落和生活息息相关,所涉及到的词汇与以往的传统文化类词汇相比,难度有所下降。该段落考查的句型有简单句,并列句和一些常见的固定结构。除此之外,要特别注意时态的转换和选择,比如段落第一句就是过去时态或者采用used to do的形式表达过去动作。相信同学们只要平时认真积累单词,在考场上注意检查自己的语法错误,问题不大。 来源:新东方 作者:大连新东方张玲老师[详情]

2018年6月英语四级翻译点评
2018年6月英语四级翻译点评

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译点评: 整体来说,今年的四级翻译难度与往年保持一致,但题材却体现了出题老师的独到视角,能真正做到考试成绩的“差异化”。基础稍好的同学,会轻松达到10-12分档;而稍弱的同学也可达到7-9分档,不会出现完全答不上来或胡乱写的情况,出题老师这一次并未在题目理解上为难大家。四级翻译题目,一篇关于飞机,一篇关于公交车一篇是关于地铁,字数分别为148、144和147,字数把控体现一贯标准。题材可以说相当接地气,都是日常生活中随处可见的内容。单词对于四级的学生来说也非常熟悉:不断,越来越,鼓励,改善,质量,设施,显著,票价;难以想象,生活水平,机场,低廉,免费,节假日等,都是常见的考试高频词汇,难度不大、便于表达,也是上课时的重要知识点。在句式方面,举这两篇中一个稍难的例子来说:“过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的”可采用“it is unimaginable for sb。 to do sth。”当然同学们也可以用分词充当主语的方式来翻译。而在句子连接方面,更是一招并列就干掉了大部分句子,如“航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票”和“车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。”以及“他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。”;除并列外,有时间状语从句(随着……),原因状语从句(许多城市为了……),均是课堂上一般会反复强调的内容,而稍难的非限定性定语从句今年却比较少见,让不大熟练语法的同学松了一口气。而对于时态的考核,都给出了明确的时间状语,“过去”“如今”“近年来”,可以说一目了然。更详细的内容详见真题逐句解析,新东方六级班欢迎你! 来源:新东方 作者:厦门新东方李玉晓老师[详情]

2018年6月四级听力真题解析
2018年6月四级听力真题解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力解析: 半年一度的全国性大规模运动——四级考试已华丽落幕。不出意外的话,听力题又会成为学生的老大难,想要在听力理解部分取得高分,凭借的可不是脑洞大开而是实力。 言归正传,我们回到最能检验出英语能力的听力部分。四级考试中,同学们可谓小鹿乱撞、小手慌乱。头脑风暴起来,眼、耳、脑、手全运动,是不是自己认真厉害起来自己都敬佩。 四级听力一般都关乎大学生活、新研究发现、求学求职、社会现象等等不一而足。有一双洞察社会、关注生活的眼睛会让你做起四级听力做起来游刃有余。 对素材的熟知会大大降低听力的难度,也能减少考生们在考试过程中的焦虑情绪。正如第二篇新闻听力中的提到的快餐文化,当你们听到麦当劳、汉堡王时是不是很惊喜。以及在第一篇篇章听力中,涉及到求职问题,当听到google, word, excel 时,是否觉得这就是生活。建议考生不妨在平时多阅读BBC新闻,这样会对听力大有裨益。 当然,对于很多考生来说,抓不住重点也是他们的痛处。新闻听力中的一大提醒是询问该新闻的主要内容是什么。新闻言简意赅,撰稿人也惜字如金,通常会开门见山,直奔主题。在news item 2 中,第一句话便揭示一个社会现象:Fast food turns out…isn’t quite as fast as it used to be。 在这种语境之下,同学们会很警觉接下来录音中会出现的该现象背后的原因阐释。像Among the reasons for the slower surveys 中的reason 就是在提醒考生,接下来的内容需要仔细听。 今年四级的最后一篇听力篇章则比较有诗意,文中将舞蹈看成是一种语言、一种心跳、一种生活。但听材料时切勿思路纷飞,畅想四方,请集中注意力。文章所涉及的词汇比较简单,但出现了一系列地名和人名,这可能会让学生有些慌乱。例如,当出现人名Lester Bridges和Andrea Hillier时,同学们肯定就要提高注意了。“I adore dancing,” says Lester Bridges, the owner of a dance studio in a small town in Iowa。 Andrea Hillier, a dance teacher says, “Dance, like the pattern of a beating heart, is life。” 即使你不知道Lester Bridges和Andrea Hillier是人名,但听到says你也就明白了。名字记不住不要紧,记住首字母就好,当然,提到人名肯定就是要“搞事情”了,此时要注意提及人名后所涉及的事件和观点,切勿听不懂人名就对后面出现的内容随之任之。 做个小结,要考试,也要爱生活,一切听力素材都源自我们的生活,我们身边的故事。祝大家考个好成绩! 来源:新东方 作者:上海新东方奚娟老师[详情]

2018年6月英语四级翻译答案及解析
2018年6月英语四级翻译答案及解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译答案及解析: [真题] 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 [译文] The public bus was a major means of transportation for Chinese people。 In recent years, the urban transportation problems have become more serious due to the increasing number of the private cars。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have made efforts to improve the service quality of the bus。 The vehicle facilities have been constantly updated and the vehicle speed has been greatly improved。 However, the ticket price of the bus is still rather cheap。 Nowadays, many local elderly citizens can take bus for free in most cities。 [解析] (1) 公交车曾是(中国人出行的)主要交通工具。 解析:出现“曾”字表明该句应该用一般过去时态;“交通工具” meastransportation vehicle;“出行”,译文“travel”更为恰当,当然译为“go out”也是对的。 参考答案:The public bus was a major means of transportation for Chinese people。 (2)[近年来],[由于私家车数量不断增多],城市交通问题越来越严重。 解析: “近年来” over / in the recent years;“私家车” private car;“问题”译为“issue”和“problem”都可;“严重”serious;“越来越”more and more。 参考答案:In recent years, the urban transportation problems have become more serious due to the increasing number of the private cars。 (3)许多城市[为了鼓励更多人乘公交车出行],一直在努力改善(公交车的)服务质量。 解析:“一直”表明用现在完成时态;“为了”表目的,用“in order to”;“鼓励” encourage sb。 to do;“努力” 译为“try to do 或者 “make efforts to do”都可;“改善” improve;“服务质量” service quality。 参考答案:In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have made efforts to improve the service quality of the bus。 (4)车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。 解析:两句考察被动句的翻译。“车辆设施”被“更新”;“车速”被“提高”;“车辆设施” vehicle facilities;“车速”vehicle speed; “显著” greatly / significantly;“不断” constantly两句都用现在完成时时态。 参考答案:The vehicle facilities have been constantly updated and the vehicle speed has been greatly improved。 (5)然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。 解析:“票价” the ticket price;“相当” rather / very。 参考答案:However, the ticket price of the bus is still rather cheap。 (6)现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 解析:“乘坐公交车” take bus;“当地市民”the local citizens。 参考答案:Nowadays, many local elderly citizens can take bus for free in most cities。 [真题] 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 [译文] In the past, it was unimaginable for most Chinese people to travel by air。 Nowadays, with the economic development and the improvement of living standard, an increasing number of Chinese including many farmers and migrant workers can take plane to travel。 They can fly to all big cities。 Besides, many cities are preparing to build airports。 The air service is constantly improved and the special air-tickets are often offered。 In recent years, the number of people choosing to travel by air has constantly increased during holidays。 [解析] (1)过去,乘飞机出行[对大多数中国人来说]是难以想象的。 解析:本句考查动名词做主语,可以用动名词作主语,也可以用“it”做形式主语;难点在“难以想象”的翻译上,可以译为“unimaginable,也可以翻译为“can not be imaged”。 参考答案:In the past, it was unimaginable for most Chinese people to travel by air。 (2)[如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高],越来越多的中国人(包括许多农民和外出务工人员)都能乘飞机出行。 解析:“随着”译为“with”介词短语;“农民” farmers;“外出务工人员”migrant workers。 参考答案:Nowadays, with the economic development and the improvement of living standard, an increasing number of Chinese including many farmers and migrant workers can take plane to travel。 (3)他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。 解析:后一句“也在”表明应翻译为正在进行时态,“筹建”一词的翻译是难点, “筹建”即“准备建造”,可以译为“be prepare to build ”;“机场” airport。 参考答案:They can arrive in all the big cities by plane。 Besides, many cities are preparing to build airports。 (4)航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。 解析:两句考察被动句的翻译。“航空服务”被“改进”;“航空服务” air service;后一句的“有”译为“there be”句型或者也可以理解为“特价机票经常被提供”;“特价机票” special air-ticket。 参考答案:The air service is constantly improved and the special air-tickets are often offered。 (5)近年来,[节假日期间](选择乘飞机外出旅游的)人不断增加。 解析:“近年来” in recent years,表明句子应该用现在完成时态;“节假日期间” during holidays;本句考察定语的翻译,“人”与“选择”是主动关系,选择用现在分词形式放在“人”的后面做修饰。 参考答案:In recent years, the number of people choosing to travel by air has constantly increased during holidays。 来源:新东方 作者:广州新东方杨梦迪老师[详情]

2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析
2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级仔细阅读解析: Section C Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。 Passage One Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。 46。 Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people’s mental well-being, a study has suggested, UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or promotions, which only provided a short –term boost。 Co-author Mathew White, from the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs of depression or anxiety。 “There could be a number of reasons。” he said, “for example, 47。 people do many things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married。 But the trouble with those things is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original baseline levels of well-being。 So, these things are not sustainable; they don’t make us happy in the long term。 We found that for some lottery  winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to the baseline。” 48。 Dr。 White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time。 To do this, the team used data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by University of Essex。 Explaining what the data revealed, he said: “what you see is that even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike many other things that we think will make us happy。” 49。 He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated better。 With a growing body of evidence establishing a link between urban green spaces and a positive impact on human well-being。 Dr。 White said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the trouble is who funds it。 50。 what we really need at a policy level is to decide where the money will come from to help support good quality local green spaces。” 46。 According to one study, what do green spaces do to people? A) Improve their work efficiency。 B) Add to their sustained happiness。 C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life。 D) Lesson their concerns about material well-being。 47。 What does Dr。 White say people usually do to make themselves happier? A) Earn more money。 C) Gain fame and popularity。 B) Settle in an urban area。 D) Live in a green environment。 48。 What does Dr。 White try to find out about living in a greener urban area? A) How it affects different people。 C) How long its positive effect lasts。 B) How strong its positive effect is。 D) How it benefits people physically。 49。 What did Dr。 White research reveal about people living in a green environment? A) Their stress was more apparent than real。 B) Their decisions required less deliberation。 C) Their memories were greatly strengthened。 D) Their communication with others improved。 50。 According to Dr。 White, what should the government do to build more green spaces in cities? A) Find financial support。 B) Improve urban planning。 C) Involve local residents in the effort。 D) Raise public awareness of the issue。 答案: 46。 B 47。 A 48。 C 49。 D 50。 A Passage Two Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。 You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, 51.but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。 The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in 1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks, and 52.White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。 Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。 The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in 1916 and subsequently sank as well。 Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, 53.but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of these ship sank, 54。 they were all designed with double hulls (船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic‘s and the Britannic’s tragic end。 The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。 55。 Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners。 51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships? A) They performed marvelously on the sea。 B) They could all break the ice in their way。 C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。 D) They were models of modern engineering。 52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the three ships? A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。 B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。 C) Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。 D) The long voyages they were able to undertake。 53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships? A) It was a mere piece of decoration。 B) It was the work of a famous artist。 C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。 D) It was easily identifiable from afar。 54。 What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the Britannic? A) Their unscientific designs。 B) Their captains’ misjudgment。 C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology。 D) The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body。 55。 What happened to the ship Olympic in the end? A) She was used to carry troops。 B) She was sunk in World War I。 C) She was converted in to a hospital ship。 D) She was retired after her naval service。 答案: 51。 C 52。 B 53。 A 54。 D 55。 D 来源:新东方 作者:兰州学校 新东方李逸飞老师[详情]

2018年6月大学英语四级选词填空解析
2018年6月大学英语四级选词填空解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级选词填空解析: Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。 Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。 All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。 To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。 A) assisted I) inhabitants B) collaborating J) innovation C) consequence K) intended D) consumers L) outdoor E) creating M) pollutants F) detail N) restricted G) domestic O) sum H) frequently 答案: 26 pollutants 27 restricted 28 consequence 29 innovation 30 detail 31 intended 32 outdoor 33 collaborating 34 inhabitants 35 creating 来源:新东方 作者:兰州学校新东方李逸飞老师[详情]

2018年6月大学英语四级考试翻译解析
2018年6月大学英语四级考试翻译解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译解析: Part IV Translation (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English。 You should write your answer on Answer sheet 2。 In the past, it was unimaginable for most Chinese to travel by air。 Nowadays, with the development of economy and the improvement of living standards, an increasing number of Chinese people, including many farmers and migrant workers, can travel by air。 They can fly to all the big cities, and many other cities are also planning to build airports。 Air services are constantly improving, and there often are special tickets with lower prices。 In recent years, the number of people who choose to travel by air during holidays is continually increasing。 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 [解析] 整体点评:本次英语四级考试难度较低,题材是我们比较熟悉的事物,没有太难的句式和词汇,其中考到过的部分动词我们在课堂上已经进行过了重点讲解。 Buses used to be the main means of transportation for Chinese people。 In recent years, urban traffic problems are becoming increasingly serious due to the growing number of private cars。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have been striving to improve the service quality of buses。 The facilities of vehicles have been constantly updated, and the speed has also been improved significantly。 However, the bus fare is still quite low。 Nowadays, in most cities, many elderly citizens can take the bus for free。 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 [解析] 整体点评:本次英语四级考试难度较低,题材是我们比较熟悉的事物,没有太难的句式和词汇,其中很多动词我们在课堂上已经进行过了重点讲解。 来源:新东方 作者:兰州学校新东方李志涛老师[详情]

2018年6月英语四级第一套卷写作解析
2018年6月英语四级第一套卷写作解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级写作解析: On the background of international economic integration and educational internationalization,language learning has been turned into a public act ,in which the ability of speaking has emerged as the first priority。 There may be a combination of factors that can be summarized to explain this phenomenon。 On the one hand, students with the equipment of speaking possess more chances to come out on top among all the candidates hunting for a job。 On the other hand, what we should realize is that oral language serves as an activator to promote further cultural international trade and cultural exchange。 Thus, undoubtedly, it has a positive effect in accelerating and facilitating the cooperation and communication。 While the ability cannot be cultivated overnight,it is high time that we should be aware of the significance of it and take effective measures to better the situation。 If schooling and parenting lay more emphasis on speaking, the desired goal can be achieved in the shorter run。 解析 近年来四级写作题型考查偏向于多元化发展,应用文和议论文交叉出题现象比较明显。但从2017年12月份开始,传统议论文重新占据了主导地位。四级写作“换汤不换药”的特点决定了观点对比类,现象分析类,问题解决类作文的写作模式和写作结构一直以来是四级写作课程上的重点。此次写作题目整体难度不大,属于现象分析和问题解决类综合出题模式,第一段主要引出现象,第二段分析原因,第三段给出建议措施即可。具体内容上,考生可以从个人微观发展需求和社会宏观发展需求上展开分析speaking的重要性,其他两套卷子难度一致,分别讨论reading 和 writing的重要性,大家举一反三即可。 来源:新东方 作者:长春学校新东方张聪老师[详情]

2018年6月英语四级翻译解析
2018年6月英语四级翻译解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译解析: 四级翻译一 公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。 Buses used to be the main tool of transportation for Chinese people。 In recent years, due to the increasing number of private cars, traffic problems in cities are becoming more and more serious。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have been striving to improve the service quality of buses。 The facilities of the vehicles have been constantly updated, and the speed has also improved obviously。 However, the price of bus ticket is still quite low。 Nowadays, in most cities, many elderly citizens can take the bus free。 点评:此题是当下社会发展类话题,出现了两处较为复杂的状语形式,如文中绿色部分。大部分的语句使用简单句即可流畅地表达出来,有些副词的拼写需要注意准确。整体来说,此套题较为简单,包括常用重点表达、句型在内的知识点皆是我们上课所讲的内容。 四级翻译二 过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。 2018年6月四级第二套卷 翻译解析 杨嘉睿 长春学校 In the past, it could not be believed for most Chinese people to travel by air。 While nowadays, with the development of economy and the improvement of living standards, more and more Chinese people , including many farmers and migrant workers can travel by air。 They can fly to all the big cities, and many other cities are also building airports now。 Air services improve constantly, and there are often many cheap tickets for people。 In recent years, people choosing to travel by air during holidays are increasing continuously。 点评:本道题,有一些表达处可采用非谓语动词形式让句子结构变得简单、紧凑。整体来讲,难度适中。 来源:新东方 作者:长春学校新东方杨嘉睿老师[详情]

周雷:英语量表引变革 四六级考试进入终末期
周雷:英语量表引变革 四六级考试进入终末期

   2018年4月,经国家语委语言文字规范标准审定委员会审定通过,《中国英语能力等级量表》由教育部、国家语言文字工作委员会正式发布,并作为国家语委语言文字规范自2018年6月1日正式实施。 不少民众都有疑虑,现有这么多英语考试,此次发布的《中国英语能力等级量表》会不会增加考试负担?量表和现有的英语考试又有何区别?量表的实施到底会为大学英语考试带来哪些影响?学生们如何应对?对教育多元化需求的时代,面对新改革,教育机构又会做些什么? 为了解答大家的疑惑,新浪教育特别邀请新东方国内大学项目事业部总经理周雷、新东方国内大学项目事业部教学教研高级主管高林显做客新浪,为大家解读《中国英语能力等级量表》对大学英语考试的影响,并提出应对方法。 周雷(左二) 高林显(左一) 以下为直播实录: 主持人:各位新浪的网友大家好,欢迎关注新浪教育“大学无忧《中国英语能力等级量表》实施与未来大学英语考试”直播节目,我是主持人闫国杏。 2018年上半年的大学英语四六级考试刚刚结束,与往年不同的是,今年这场考试,是在《中国英语能力等级量表》正式实施后进行的。那么,《中国英语能力等级量表》的实施到底会为大学英语考试带来哪些影响?学生们又该如何来应对呢?今天我们演播间请到了两位专业老师来给我们进行专业解读。第一位是来自新东方国内大学项目事业部的总经理周雷老师,先请周老师跟我们的网友打个招呼。 周雷:好的,主持人好,新浪教育的各位网友,大家早上好。 主持人:欢迎周老师。接下来还有一位是新东方国内大学项目事业部教学教研高级主管高林显老师,欢迎高老师,高老师先跟我们网友打个招呼。 高林显:主持人好,各位网友好。 主持人:再次欢迎两位的到来。我们知道新东方是业界最早来开设大学英语四六级辅导以及专业解读的机构,首先想问一下两位老师,面对大学英语考试的改革,两位老师觉得四六级考试和现在的英语能力等级考试它的区别在哪里?最大的一个变化是什么?先请周老师来给我们讲一讲。 周雷:刚刚在过去的端午节之前的周六、周日,大学英语四六级考试结束了。这次参加考试的人数依然很多,大概有七八百万人左右,大学英语四六级考试是中国到目前为止参加人数最多、考量最大的一个考试,它也受到了社会各界的关注。我们知道,到今年为止大学英语四六级考试已经有31年的历史,新东方是从1998年开始做四六级的考试培训,到今年也20年了。四六级考试,从第一次考试大概只有10万名左右的大学生参加,到现在全国每一年大概有几百万人参加的这样一个大型考试。 主持人:900万左右。 一、从兴起到“没落”  英语四六级考试的31年和三个阶段  1987-2005四六级考试逐渐受重视 周雷:对,它也走过很多历程。这个历程从我个人来讲基本上分成三个阶段的考试。第一个阶段,可以叫做兴起或者是越来越受到社会重视的阶段,这个时间是从第一次考试1987年开始,大概到2005年左右,在这个时间段由于中国大学生数量的提高,由于扩招,由于社会对于英语需求量的增加,对于人才选拔的需要,大学英语四六级考试受到越来越多的重视,考量也在增加,社会各界的重视程度也在提高,比如那个时候就有这种说法叫学位证跟四六级考试成绩挂钩。 我稍微解释一下为什么叫四六级?有人说为什么不叫三五级,为什么不叫四七级呢?它是一个源自于大学英语教学的一个概念。我们知道一个大学新生进入大学以后开始学大学公共英语的课程,从最开始上,到上完大二的下半学期,总共是四个学期,他最开始设计这个考试的时候就认为一个学期能够过一级,从一级、二级、三级最后到四级,所以大二下半学期是四级考试。如果四级成绩比较优秀的话,你如果还想选修英语课,大三的时候再学两个学期的英语课,这个时候正好再加两个学期,就是第六个学期的时候考六级。所以我们从命名的角度就可以看到这个考试是和大学英语教学,和公共英语教学的教学实践密不可分的,我刚才说的这是第一个阶段。 到2004、2005年的时候,四六级考试每一年都会成为社会的热点,比如说漏题,因为很多人会抱怨说,我在大学学的是一个跟将来工作生活一点没有关系的专业,我还非得要过四级,过不了四级拿不到毕业证。具体的时间我不太记得,应该是在04、05年的时候,有一个教育部发言人的讲话,一个答记者问,就是说教育部从来没有规定过大学的毕业证,不管是学位证还是毕业证跟四六级考试挂钩。这个在史上就是一个很著名的事件,就是所谓的四六级和学位证书脱钩的事件。这个事件它的大背景,也是我们大学英语教学的改革以及英语这个学科在大学教育过程中,比如公共课的教育过程中它的地位问题,因为增加也有人质疑有大学英语课,但是我们没有大学语文,为什么语文没有四六级,英语要出四六级,这就是我称之为四六级考试的第一个阶段。 [详情]

2018年6月英语六级听力详解
2018年6月英语六级听力详解

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力详解: 新东方在线姚瑶老师认为今年音频的节奏是非常非常稳的。长对话的两篇是热身款,7%的题目是给考试做一个过渡,重点板块是讲座讲话 23、24、25,题里有好多大写的地方,还有1984这样的数字。在听力当中不要求每个词都听懂,要求的是抓住题目要问的地方。 这篇题目,讲的是他们两个都是独生子女,结合主题也可以选出正确的答案。 第23题是比较概括的难一点的题目。这样的题目已经偏主旨题了,在中间部分给大家出一个概括的题目,就是想让大家整合整篇文章的信息。 24题,作者对于家庭中年纪最长的孩子说了什么。只要大家听了这个问题,有时候结合听力的内容,如果是多子女的家庭,最大的孩子会怎么样呢?会不会也是比较有包容心的,比较照顾弟弟妹妹的。 所以第25题,说话人对于独生子女又说了什么,在结尾的部分是最典型的送分位置,这道送分题要求大家都能够写出来。跟他对比的另外一套这样的六级听力题目,我个人觉得,这样来看的话给人的信号不要太明显。上来1984这样的数字,所以看到1984旁边就是答案。 然后再接着Reader’s Digest,这个人又死掉了,他提出给这样的数字和专有名词的线索更加明显。听的时候把这篇文章分成好几段,大家在开头和结尾都可以找到答案,中间告诉大家人名就可以选出来。 下面看19题,问道What does the speaker find especially strange?这个说话人觉得什么特别奇怪?听到不清楚是什么的时候,跟刚才讲的题目一样,是跟主旨相关的。第20题,Why did the speaker go (and) see Dr。 G? 这个作者为什么要见Dr。 G呢?再来看21题,What accounts for the growing popularity of acupuncture in the US according to the speaker? accounts for在这里是导致,所以在这里依然是问原因。而这篇也是强调过的,在一篇当中突出的问大家关于原因的部分。所以只有19题难一点,20、21题的答案非常的明显,只要抓到信号就可以做出来。 最后看一下第一篇recoding,我们先看18题,For what purpose was the paved road built?你看到这个,有没有想到印度,他说对于世界上最古老的专门维修过的专门铺出来的道路在埃及的话,我们了解到什么,非常明显在篇首说的,可以在前面找到。 第17题,What did the researchers discover in the stone pit? 所以这样的研究者在石洞里找到了什么。没有提示词,很多人沦陷在其中,这是细节题,在中间会有一个小句子告诉大家答案,这是考场,这解决涉及到大家的听力能力,大家必须通过六级听写才能抓到这样细节。 第16题,What do we learn from the lecture about the world’s oldest paved road in the Egypt? 虽然没有典型的信号词,但是最后一道题,在最后说到目的的时候就可以找到这个答案。 (来源:新东方在线) [详情]

2018年6月英语四级翻译真题:公交车
2018年6月英语四级翻译真题:公交车

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译真题: 试题来源:新东方 [详情]

2018年6月英语四级翻译真题:飞机
2018年6月英语四级翻译真题:飞机

  2018年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译真题: 试题来源:新东方 [详情]

2018年6月英语六级翻译真题及答案
2018年6月英语六级翻译真题及答案

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译真题及答案: 过去,拥有一辆私家车对大部分中国人而言是件奢侈的事。如今,私家车在中国随处可见。汽车成了人们生活中不可或缺的一部分,他们不仅开车上下班,还经常驾车出游。有些城市的汽车增长速度过快,以至于交通拥堵和停车位不足的问题日益严峻,这些城市的市政府不得不出台新规,限制上路汽车的数量。由于空气污染日益严重,现在越来越多的人选择购买新能源汽车,中国政府也采取了一些措施,支持新能源汽车的发展。(190) Private cars used to be a luxury for most Chinese people, while today they can be seen everywhere in China as an indispensable part of life。 Not only do people drive to and from work, but they often travel by car。 In some cities, the growth of cars is so fast that the problems of traffic jams and lack of parking space become more severe。 The municipal governments of these cities therefore have to introduce new rules to limit the number of cars on the road。 Also, the increasingly serious air pollution has driven more consumers to choose new energy vehicles, so the Chinese government has taken some measures to support the development of new energy vehicles。 (117) 中国目前拥有世界上最大最快的高速铁路网。高铁列车的运行速度还将继续提升,更多的城市将修建高铁站。高铁大大缩短了人们出行的时间。相对飞机而言,高铁列车的突出优势在于准时,因为基本不受天气或交通管制的影响。高铁极大地改变了中国人的生活方式。如今,它已经成为很多人商务旅行的首选交通工具。越来越多的人也在假日乘高铁外出旅游。还有不少年轻人选择在一个城市工作而在邻近城市居住,每天乘高铁上下班。(193) China currently has the world’s largest and fastest high-speed railway network。 The speed of high-speed trains will continue to increase, and more cities will build high-speed railway stations。 High-speed rail greatly reduces travel time。 Compared with aircraft, high-speed trains boast the outstanding advantage of punctuality, because they are hardly affected by weather or traffic control。 The high-speed train has greatly changed Chinese people’s way of life。 Today, it has become the preferred means of transport for many people on business trips。 Also, a growing number of people travel by high-speed trains during holidays。 Many young people even choose to work in a city and live in a nearby city, commuting by them。 (112) 自行车曾经是中国城乡最主要的交通工具,中国一度被称为“自行车王国”。如今,随着城市交通拥堵和空气污染日益严重,骑自行车又开始流行起来。近来中国企业家将移动互联网技术与传统自行车结合在一起,发明了一种称为共享单车的商业模式。共享单车的出现使骑车出行更加方便,人们仅需用一部手机就可以随时使用共享单车。为了鼓励人们骑车出行,很多城市修建了自行车道。现在,越来越多的中国人也喜欢通过骑车健身。(193) Bicycles were once the most important means of transport in China‘s urban and rural areas, which made China “the kingdom of bike。” Nowadays, as urban traffic congestion and air pollution become more serious, cycling has gained popularity again。 Recently, Chinese entrepreneurs, combining mobile Internet technology with traditional bicycles, invented a business model called shared bicycles。 The advent of shared bicycles makes cycling more convenient, for a shared bicycle can be used anytime with one mobile phone alone。 In order to encourage people to travel by bike, many cities have built bicycle lanes。 Now, more Chinese people also like to exercise by cycling。 (102) (来源:新东方在线) [详情]

2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案
2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为部分英语四级第一套试题、答案及解析整理(待完整): Part I Writing (30 minutes) (请于正式开考后半小时内完成该部分,之后将进行听力考试) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of speaking/writing/reading ability and how to develop it。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 [参考范文] It cannot be denied that reading plays a key role in people’s growth and development in any era。 The 21th century is a time of knowledge explosion and reading ability becomes increasingly important。 How to develop reading ability? Based on this concrete and meaningful question, some steps should be taken。 First and foremost, the main growth in your reading skill and ability will come from reading as much as you can do。 Try to make a book list that you take interest in and make a practical plan。 Just as the proverb goes that, “Don’t bite off more than one can chew。” Furthermore, a mastery of some reading skills is not only significant, but also indispensable。 Some books are fit to do extensive reading while some others are suitable to do intensive reading。 Meanwhile, other reading skills like skipping and skimming are also necessary。 To conclude, reading is to humans’ spiritual world what water is to fish。 Only through persistent reading can we enjoy the improvement of reading ability and learning ability。 [评析] 本次四级考试作文难度适中,看得出来四级考试作文越来越和考研作文话题接轨。例如本次考试的话题reading ability 就和2015年考研写作一的大作文读书话题不谋而合。按照惯例,仍然是“三段论”,最多不要超过四段,除非提纲中有点明“entitled”字眼,否则标题可写可不写,但是写错一定会扣分。写标题时,要遵循写作格式,标题首字母和实词首字母大写,而标题中的虚词字母是小写的。第一段仍然是引出话题,阐明读书能力的重要性;第二段可以着重分析提升读书能力的措施;结尾段可以来个对观点的总结概括。 [详情]

2018年6月英语六级写作详解
2018年6月英语六级写作详解

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级写作详解: 新东方在线的老师王兆飞认为今年的写作题目比较难,但是仔细看,还是有破解方法的。 以写作真题一为例:the importance of building trust between businesses and consumers,写公司和消费者,基本上就是卖家和买家他们建立信任的重要性。没有给别的多余信息,这样反倒好写。 看到这种题目,有可能想到的有五类范文,简单说,前四类是坏事、好事,不好不坏的事,有好有坏的事。这里就需要判断这篇作文反映的是好事、坏事还是有好有坏。文章既然让你写两者之间建立信任,那肯定是之前缺乏信任,缺乏信任肯定不是好事。所以这个基本上用我们所说的坏事的套路去写,基本上是写提出问题、解决问题、分析问题三步。 先来看范文。 Build Trust between Businesses and Consumers (提出问题)The past few years have witnessed a mounting number of cases resulting from the conflict between businesses and consumers。 Taking a look around, one can find examples too many to enumerate。 All these cases result in the loss of trust between the two sides。 (分析问题)A number of factors can account for the problem, but the leading reason is the cheating behavior of either the business or the consumer。 On the one hand, some stores may have sold substandard commodities to the customer, which caused the latter to lose trust in the former。 On the other hand, some customers might be too picky, which ruined their image in the seller’s mind。 Whatever the reason is, if the situation is allowed to continue, the consequence will be worrisome。 (解决问题)In view of the seriousness of the problem, effective measures must be taken before the situation deteriorates。 First, it is imperative that laws and regulations be worked out and enforced to punish those who cheat in the market。 Secondly, both businesses and consumers should enhance the awareness of mutual understanding and mutual respect。 With these measures taken, we have every reason to believe that the problem will be remedied in the near future。 可以看到范文与2017年12月四级的题很相似,相对容易,统一的都可以用提出问题、分析问题、解决问题的思路解决。 第一个,提出问题。 范文字面的意思是过去几年见证了越来越多的案件,由什么导致的案件呢?由买家和卖家矛盾所导致的案件。可以看到最后一句,所有的案件都会造成双方之间信任的缺失。但是要再深化一下原因,到底是什么东西造成了信任的缺失呢?因为你只有把原因找到了,后面再提建议,建议信任才能对症下药。 接下来我们来看一下第二步:分析问题。很多因素都可以解释这个问题,但是主要原因是,卖家或者是买家,商家或者是消费者一方的欺骗性行为,无非是骗人了,详细说一下,可以举例子——一方面有些商店包括网店,可能卖一些次品给消费者,这就让顾客失去了对前者的信任;而另一方面,有一些消费者或者是顾客,准确说是顾客,可能太挑剔了,因为一点点毛病就把货给退了,甚至没有毛病,人家卖家说无理由退货,没有什么他真退货了,这就是破坏了卖家的形象。 当然整篇文章围绕建立信任的重要性,我们可以从另外一个角度来写:如果没有信任会导致不好的结果,所以必须建立信任。所以范文中写了Whatever the reason is, if the situation is allowed to continue, the consequence will be worrisome。不管谁骗谁,如果这个趋势继续下去后果是令人担忧的,所以那就建立信任吧。 最后一个环节:解决问题。范文写的:鉴于问题的严重性,有效措施必须采取。重点是继续不信任对方肯定就不好了,后面分两个方面,首先很有必要,First, it is imperative that laws and regulations be worked out and enforced to punish those who cheat in the market就是制订并实施法律和规范,来惩罚那些在市场上骗人的人;另外就是Secondly, both businesses and consumers should enhance the awareness of mutual understanding and mutual respect。卖家和买家,公司和消费者都应该提高相互理解、相互尊敬的意识,最后With these measures taken, we have every reason to believe that the problem will be remedied in the near future。相信这个问题在不久的将来得到解决。 (来源:新东方在线) [详情]

2018年6月英语六级翻译详解
2018年6月英语六级翻译详解

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级翻译详解: 今年六级翻译三个主题分别是私家车、高铁、私家车,新东方在线老师董仲蠡认为今年的题相对比较简单。并以私家车为例讲翻译题。 文章中涉及到的有三大知识点:修饰后置、多动句和无主句。 我们先看修饰后置,“过去,拥有一辆私家车对大部分中国人而言是件奢侈的事”,我们应该先调整语序,语序调整为,“拥有私家车是件奢侈的事,对于大多数的中国人而言”,所以应该的翻译应该是:In the past, owning a private car was a luxurious thing for most Chinese people。“奢侈”luxurious这个词有同学不会,如果大家不会可以用简单的词替代,比如是一个昂贵的事expensive,或者是不可能的事情impossible。另外一个需要注意的点就是用一个介词把需要修饰的部分放到后面,“对于大多数的中国人而言”,一定要加一个介词, for most Chinese people 下一个句子“有些城市的汽车增长速度过快,以至于交通拥堵和停车位不足的问题日益严峻”,多少同学看到“严峻”这个词就闹心,说老师这个词我怎么可能会写,你用会写吗?你应该先调整语序。交通拥堵和停车位不足的问题,核心是问题,所以交通拥堵和停车位不足应该修饰这个问题,因此应该把交通拥堵和停车位不足放到问题的后面,the problems of…。“增长速度过快”,我们可以说…increasing so fast。“以至于”so…that,这个短语同学应该要掌握。“交通拥堵”,“交通”能说traffic,拥堵jam不知道怎么说,没关系,可以直接写traffic,and“停车位不足”,insufficient parking spaces,“停车”不会写,可以换成stopping the car,所以单词不一定需要很精确。“日益严峻”,越来越严峻,more and more serious就行了。所以完整的翻译应该是Cars in some cities are increasing so fast that the problems of traffic jam and insufficient parking spaces are becoming more and more serious。 第二个考察的是多动句。这篇文章一共一百多个字,考察了两个多动句。“这些城市的市政府不得不出台新规,限制上路汽车的数量”,先把语序调整好,“出台”不会写,简单点用开始begin或start也可以;“新规”,“新”会写new,“规”又不会了,rules也可以使用,实在不行,就用法律low这个词代替。政府干了两个事,一个是出台新规,一个是限制。出台新规的目的是限制上路汽车的数量,所以加一个to就可以了。然后再看中国政府也采取了一些措施,支持新能源的汽车的发展,这里先说新能源的发展,再说支持。采取措施的目的不就是为了支持吗,加一个to又可以了。这是最简单的多动句的情况。一般情况下表示目的的来、去、以、为了,在这里,加一个“来”在句子里试试,或者加一个去,加一个以,加一个为了。中国政府采取一个措施,来支持,是不是通顺?去支持,是不是通顺?以支持,是不是通顺?为了支持,一样很通顺。 第三个考察的点是无主句。“如今,私家车在中国随处可见”,这个句中,私家车是被人们在中国看见,Now, private cars can be seen everywhere in China。这里要讲一下单词不会的难题,“他们不仅开车上下班,还经常驾车出游”,“上班”不会怎么表达地道,简单说成go to work就行了,同理,“下班”,可以写go home也可以,其实不写也可以,你开车上班不就自然开车上下班了。 (来源:新东方在线) [详情]

2018年6月英语六级选词填空详解
2018年6月英语六级选词填空详解

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级选词填空的试题解析: 新东方在线的舒洋老师针对六级选词填空的解析如下——选词填空,是关于女诗人的,叫人文科学,难度适中。 很多同学拿到选词填空的时候,按照以往的经验,第一个步骤是把每个词汇进行通读,通读完以后,第一件事是要知道这些单词什么意思,还有知道词性。但是在考场上,把所有的词汇先写意思再写词性,密密麻麻放在一个框里给人的感觉非常的不爽,后面的题做的时候必然感觉不好。 还有很多同学对这些单词进行分析的时候及发现一件事,很多同学有的叫不准,比如A(campaign)是一个六级词汇,翻译为运动的意思,但是有的同学突然在考场上卡住了,再看BCD的时候信心不足。 除此之外大家在浏览的过程中,你会发现整个框当中有很多动词发生了一些变化,比如说像F选项,很多选项都出现了这样的情况。当动词发生变形的时候,要么是动词,要么变成了形容词,在这样的情况下,填到横线中必然压力很大。 文章必须要简单进行分类,因为外国人写文章的时候,题材相对比较统一,如果发现了一篇文章当中比如说出现了写作,这里出现了考察作者的生活,一般还出现了女生的话,我们叫做人文文章中的性别歧视。性别歧视在六级当中出现的次数比较多。 如果出现这种情况,整个文章充满了黑暗的色彩,但是女生要怎么做呢?女生要奋起直追,要赶上男生。 很多同学做的时候,比如26题的时候不知道怎么填空,26题说the woman …… for writing,这个词本身同学们就有一个压力,但是后面出现了but却是非常清晰的,就是大伙儿都认可的事,什么事情呢?他说这个女人怎么样,关键要先判断词性。 所以总结一个非常重要的一点,以后大家做选词填空的时候,作题的顺序适当地做一些小变化。 第一件事迅速地扫描选项,然后把词性归类。扫描完以后,大概知道整个词当中有名词、动词,可能还有复词等等,然后在框的边上先把所有的框架列好,然后再分析,然后再填上刚才列的框架当中。 下面一个小步骤,以段落为中心,大体的扫描,也就说把这个段落简单地进行分析,进行通读。举例来说,我们看32小题,前面说的是,他发起了一个名字,这个名词想干什么呢,要一个全国性的假期,这个假期要干什么呢?他说在celebrating the festivals,那就是让家庭聚在一起。在这里本身有庆祝,庆祝什么样的节日呢,于是同学们在找的过程中,可以知道32题填的必然是形容词。于是可以发现,在这里要填N了。大家会看到,这个全国性的假期,是刚刚发起的。如果你填了traditional的话,这个假期之前就有的,所以不通读的话产生的就是这样的效果。这个就是选词填空,一定要记住,先做好了铺垫然后再作题,这个效果会非常好。 来源: 新东方在线 [详情]

2018年6月英语六级真题及答案集锦
2018年6月英语六级真题及答案集锦

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级真题及答案: 长对话1: A: 1.Tonight we have a special guest from the local establishment the Prage Café。 Welcome。 B: Hi, thanks for have a meal on your show。 A: Thank you for joining us。 So please tell us why do decide to open a café。 B: Well, we saw the opportunity to offer something a little special and different from other establishments。 Cafe certainly is a very competitive market sector。 2.There are more than plenty in our city, and we thought they are all rather similar to each other。 Wouldn’t you agree? A: Certainly yes。 So how is your establishment any different? B: Well, since people we have rabbits wandering freely on the place; our customers come in and enjoy their food and drinks, while a little rabbit playing on their legs。 There is no other place like it。 A: That’s amazing。 How do you come up with the idea? B: So we thought why not rabbit? People love the rabbits, they are very cute animals。 A: But it is safe? Do the rabbit ever bite people or do any customer ever hurt the rabbits? B: It is perfectly safe both for rabbits and our customers。 3.Rabbits are very peaceful and safe。 They don’t bite。 Our rabbits are regularly cleaned。 So there is no risks ever。 4.And as for our customers, they are all animals lovers。 We will never try to hurt the rabbits。 Sometimes some young child may get over excited and be a little too rough。 But is never a serious matter。 On the contrary, the café is a great experience for children。 A chance they learn how to take care of the animals。 A: Well it is certainly the first time I heard of a café like that。 1。 What do we learn about the woman? 2。 What does the woman say about the café in her city? 3。 How did Prage café guarantee the rabbit does not post a harmful threat? 4。 What did the woman say about their customers? (李琳娜) [详情]

2018年6月英语六级翻译原文及解析
2018年6月英语六级翻译原文及解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级翻译的三篇原文和解析: 翻译第一篇原文: 2018.6.16 六级翻译第1篇原文: ①中国目前拥有世界上最大最快的高速铁路网。 ②高铁列车的运行速度还将继续提升,更多的城市将修建高铁站。 ③高铁大大缩短了人们出行的时间。 ④相对飞机而言,高铁列车的突出优势在于准时,因为基本不受天气或交通管制的影响。 ⑤高铁极大地改变了中国人的生活方式。 ⑥如今,它已经成了很多人商务旅行的首选交通工具。 ⑦越来越多的人也在假日乘高铁外出旅游。 ⑧还有不少年轻人选择在一个城市工作而在邻近城市居住,每天乘高铁上下班。 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 精简结构: ①中国……有……铁路网。 ②……速度……将……提升,……城市将修建高铁站。 ③高铁……缩短了……时间。 ④相对……而言,……优势在于……,因为……不受……影响。 ⑤高铁……改变了……生活方式。 ⑥如今,它……成了……交通工具。 ⑦……人……乘高铁……旅游。 ⑧……年轻人选择在……工作……在……居住,……乘高铁上下班。 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 参考译文: ①China currently has the world’s largest and fastest high-speed railway network。 ②The speed of high-speed trains will continue to increase, and more cities will build high-speed rail stations。 ③High-speed rail greatly shortens people‘s travel time。 ④Comparing to airplanes, one outstanding advantages of high-speed rail trains is punctuality, because they are basically not affected by weather or traffic regulations。 ⑤High-speed rail has greatly changed the way of life of Chinese people。 ⑥Today, it has become the preferred means of transportation for many business travelers。 ⑦More and more people also travel by taking high-speed rail during holidays。 ⑧There are also many young people choosing to work in a city and live in a nearby city and commute by taking high-speed trains every day。 [详情]

2018年6月英语六级阅读第一套卷答案
2018年6月英语六级阅读第一套卷答案

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级阅读第一套题的答案: 第一套: 选词填空 26-30 KCMEH 31-35 ANIFL 26。 K reputed 27。 C characters 28。 M supposed 29。 E fierce 30。 H obsessed 31。 A campaign 32。 N traditional 33。 I proclamation 34。 F inspired 35。 L rest 段落匹配 36-40 CHAKE 41-45 IGBFD 36。 C There are a couple of plants tough and adaptable enough。。。 37。 H Farrant is trying to isolate genes in resurrection plants。。。 38。 A Farmers in South Africa are more at the mercy of nature。。。 39。 K Resurrection crops are most likely to be the choice of。。。 40。 E Even though many plants have developed various tactics。。。 41。 I Despite consumer resistance, researchers are pushing ahead。。。 42。 G Most seeds can pull through dry spells and begin growing。。。 43。 B Farrant is working hard to cultivate food crops that can。。。 44。 F By adjusting their metabolism,resurrection plants can。。。 45。 D Resurrection plants can come back to life in a short。。。 仔细阅读 46-50 CCDAB 51-55 BACCD Passage1 46。 C store an unlimited number of human faces。 47。 C To understand computers‘ problems with facial-recognition software。 48。 D It decreases as the database size increases。 49。 A They cannot easily tell apart people with near-identical appearances。 50。 B There do not exist public databases with sufficient face samples。 Passage2 51。 B They are acting in an irrational way。 52。 A impractical 53。 C Choose majors that will serve society‘s practical needs。 54。 C It is well reflected in their average starting salary。 55。 D College students should fund their own education。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年6月英语六级听力第一套答案
2018年6月英语六级听力第一套答案

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级第一套听力真题: 第一套: Conversation1 1。 A。 It is a Spanish soup 2。 C。 To make it thicker。 3。 B。 It is mainly made of vegetables。 4。 D。 It comes from a special kind of pig。 Conversation2 5。 C。 They do not make decent gifts。 6。 D。 $30-$40 7。 A。 They go well with different kinds of food。 8。 C。 It is Italy’s most famous type of red wine。 Passage1 9。 B。 Decoding secret message。 10。 D。 They helped the U.S。 army in World War Two。 11。 A。 A military code that was never broken。 Passage2 12。 C。 A lot of knowledge-intensive jobs will be replaced。 13。 D。 In the personal care sector。 14。 B。 They charge high prices。 15。 D。 The tremendous changes new technology will bring to people’s lives。 Lecture 1 16。 C。 it linked a stone pit to some waterways 17。 B。 saws used for cutting stone 18。 A。 to provide services for the stone pit。 Lecture 2 19。 B。 Dr。 Gong slipped in needles where he felt no pain 20。 D。 previous medical treatments failed to relieve his pain 21。 C。 more and more patients ask for the treatment Lecture 3 22。 B。 they quarreled a lot and never resolved their argument 23。 C。 Neither of them has any sisters and brothers 24。 A。 They tend to be self-assured and responsible 25。 D。 they tend to be well adjusted 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年6月英语六级写作真题及答案
2018年6月英语六级写作真题及答案

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级写作真题及答案: 写作第一套 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of building trust between teachers and students。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 破题思路 第一段:描述信任的重要性引出话题。(此处套用王菲老师“三八大盖”现象阐述功能段。) 第二段:分析信任重要的原因。(此处套用王菲老师“三八大盖”现象阐述功能段。) 第二段:说明信任对我们的生活的意义。(此处套用王菲老师“三八大盖”未来展望功能段。) 老师王菲参考范文 Without a doubt, a mutually-trusted relation between a teacher and a student is important for both learning and teaching。 First of all, knowledge is objective, but learning is relatively subjective。 Only when a student believe in what his or her teacher is teaching, he or she could start to learn something from the teacher。 In reality, I have seen too many students like or dislike one subject only because they like or dislike the teacher who is in charge of that subject, especially for those who are young。 Secondly, when one teacher consider that one student trust him, he would feel honored and satisfied, thereby giving more attention to the student。 Naturally, when one teacher pay more attention to one student, the student is prone to learn better。 I was one example to illustrate that, for I did very well in physics in middle high school because my physics teacher believe that I was the most talented student who followed him。 Hence, both teachers and students should work together to form a reciprocal relation。 [编写:有道考神王菲] [详情]

2018年6月英语四级考试之作文解析
2018年6月英语四级考试之作文解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级写作详细解析: 在经历了2013年四六级的大规模变革之后,作文单项又于2016年12月和2017年6月进行了小规模的创新。考查形式为“书信”与“告示”,考题内容是“感谢信”与“出售二手书籍、自行车、电脑”。不论考查形式还是考查内容,均与全国硕士研究生录取考试英语单项的小作文类似,难度系数有所提高,考题形式更加多变。 新东方在线的老师们反复强调传统类考题的重要性,今年卷一题目是the importance of writing and how to improve writing skills,考查形式属于“现象类”,考查内容属于“大学生学习工作生活”,考查形式和内容均类似于2010年6月四级考题“Due Attention Should Be Given to Spelling”,具体解析如下: 第一段受制于考查形式,可以简明扼要指出现存社会现象。第二段属于原因分析段,从微观和宏观不同维度论证这个社会现象的起因或者重要性。第三段属于评论措施段,继续回应前文分析角度,提出改进现状的措施,而针对此题,第三段应该为写作的重点段落。 借此机会,再次提醒各位考生,尽管近几年大学英语四级考试作文单项考查形式变幻莫测,但是大家要学会透过现象看本质,找出个性中的共性,以不变应万变。 1。 注意前期基本功的夯实,包括基础词汇和基础语法。深知词汇是英语学习的基础构成单位,词汇的记忆贵在坚持,贵在重复;而语法是对于逻辑思维的培养和考查,语法的掌握贵在学以致用,贵在举一反三。 2。 注意后期单项技巧的掌握,包括写作,听力,阅读和翻译。 并加强课后练习,不断巩固,强化概念。这些技巧能够帮助考生在第一时间迅速切中要害,如同打游戏开的外挂,但也应该懂得技巧属于锦上添花,而不是雪中送炭。 附范文如下: Against the backdrop of economic globalization, never before has English learning aroused so much concern among the public, among which the learning of writing is always on the top of both students’ and teachers’ agenda。 There exist numerous necessities for this phenomenon spreading in colleges nowadays。 On the one hand, as for students, it is an important and indispensable quality for them to be competitive in the future job market, as writing is a process of output that needs a long time of accumulation。 Thus, to be excelled in writing is equal to painstaking efforts for English learning in universities。 On the other hand, enterprises and corporations nowadays are in the position of enrolling those who are equipped with excellent mastery of English writing, in that cross-national cooperation and collaboration does need formal written documentaries or contracts, which can be fully demonstrated in the format of writing。 To sum up, it is high time effective measures be taken to further improve this beneficial situation。 To start with, we each student should pay enough attention to every aspects of English learning, especially writing。 Apart from that, relevant courses or lectures are also supposed to be launched in colleges to highlight the significance of writing。 Only in this way can a bright and promising future beneficial to all be expected in the long run! (卷二和卷三分别考查reading和speaking的Importance和improve 的方式,作文展开维度类似) (来源:新东方在线) [详情]

2018年6月英语四级选词填空详细解析
2018年6月英语四级选词填空详细解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级选词填空详细解析: 今年四级考试在阅读这个板块里,总体难度仍然呈较为平稳的发展态势。首先第一步分析选项词性。今年名词考7个,动词考5个,形容词考2个,副词1个。如此一来,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,请注意,名词通过单复数,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。 Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。 All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。 To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。 A) assisted I) inhabitants B) collaborating J) innovation C) consequence K) intended D) consumers L) outdoor E) creating M) pollutants F) detail N) restricted G) domestic O) sum H) frequently 26。 M)pollutants [语法分析]根据空格前的the level of可知,of为介词,后面应该加名词,构成介词短语,同时与for构成原因状语。 [语义分析]根据开篇句中的“smog”雾霾可知,本文与环境有关。“pollutants”污染物,符合题意,“the level of pollutants”污染物等级,故选M。 27.N)restricted [语法分析]Nor放在句首倒装,正常语序应为The state’s bad air is not to its south。 因此需考虑存在be to 结构的单词。符合的有intended和restricted。 [语义分析]be intended to打算、旨在,be restricted to局限于。根据语义可知,该州的空气污染并非局限于其南部地区,故选N。 28。 C)consequence [语法分析]根据空前的a 可知,冠词后应加单数可数名词,同时又能与as a构成搭配。符合的有consequence。 [语义分析]as a consequence“结果”,相当于as a result,固定搭配。致使居民的心脏和肺部受到感染,语义通顺,故选C。 29。 J)innovation [语法分析]根据空前的technological “科技的”可知,形容词后应加名词。 [语义分析]文中提到加利福尼亚有技术 之乡的美誉,符合语义的只有innovation创新,科技创新,故选J。 30。 F)detail [语法分析]根据空格前的in可知,介词后应加名词。 [语义分析]detail细节,in detail固定搭配,详细地。本句译为:使得这个地方十分适用于研发及检测污染全面监测系统,故选F 31。 K)intended [语法分析]be to,与前文一样,此处需要填入能与之搭配的单词。 [语义分析]此处只有intended符合,be intended to,打算、旨在。旨在生成实时地图……,故选K。 32。 L)outdoor [语法分析]根据空格前的of 可知,其后应加名词。air pollution名词词组,因此此处应为形容词,起修饰作用。符合的有domestic、outdoor。 [语义分析]下文讲到,这种监控站也会关注着建筑物内部的污染情况, 所以根据inside “在……里面”可知,此空应填outdoor,“户外的、室外的”,室外空气污染,故选L。 33。 B)collaborating [语法分析]根据空前的have been可知,此空应填入分词。Aclima前文提到是一家公司,应表示主动,所以此处应填现在分词。符合的有collaborating和creating。 [语义分析]collaborate with与……合作,creat创造,故选B。 34。 I)inhabitants [语法分析]由空前的city’s 可知,此处应填名词。符合的有consumers和inhabitants。 [语义分析]inhabitants居民,consumers消费者。城市居民只好使用汽车,inhabitants符合语境,故选I。 35。 E)creating [语法分析]根据空前的by可知,介词后应加名词或动名词。符合的只有creating。 [语义分析]creating pollution lows 降低污染 (来源:新东方在线) [详情]

2018年6月英语四级仔细阅读源文
2018年6月英语四级仔细阅读源文

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级仔细阅读真题: Forgot Something Again? It‘s Probably Just Normal Aging January 4, 2016 Patti Neighmond Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia increases with age。 But if you have memory lapses, you probably needn‘t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。 After age 50, it‘s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and things quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner, chief of the division of cognitive and behavioral neurology at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston。 The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as arteries narrow。 Simply put, this exquisitely complex organ just isn‘t functioning like it used to。 Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don‘t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。 When you forget entire experiences, he says, that‘s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs something is wrong。 But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn‘t panic。 There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like sleep apnea, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。 You don‘t have to figure this out on your own。 Daffner suggests going to your doctor to check on medications, health problems and other issues that could be affecting memory。 And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain‘s cognitive reserve, Daffner says。 “Read books, go to movies that challenge, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And get physically active, Daffner says, because exercise is a known brain booster。 来源:新东方 [详情]

四六级考试神吐槽集锦:很满意 12月还会再来
四六级考试神吐槽集锦:很满意 12月还会再来

  新浪教育讯 2018上半年英语四六级考试结束,考生交卷后的第一件事就是拿回手机,开机发上一条微博,吐槽听力依然只分得清男女,翻译又生造出什么奇葩词汇,然后舒舒服服地开启端午小长假。 四六级已经成为大学生全民吐槽狂欢的超级话题。不少人一年逛两次考场,每次都是下次的真题模拟考。同考场学弟换了一茬又一茬,自己还在坚守阵地。 有同学考出感情,给了五星好评,并表示12月还会光临。下面我们来看看,考生对不同题型的好评差评,供下次参考。(别做梦啦!报名费买的是套餐,题型没得选。) 1、最高难度奖:听力 要说四六级什么题型最难?听力当仁不让!(点此吐槽:四级/六级)很多考生根本不明白听力在讲什么,只能分清男女;好不容易听懂一个词,就像抓住了救命稻草,赶紧选择带有这个词的选项——这往往是错的。 新浪教育四级考试难度调查结果:3/4考生认为听力最难 除了自身词汇量储备的不足,硬件条件也是妨碍大学生通过四六级的拦路虎。 耳机信号总是不太好,女声说话永远像是含着一口水,听不清不说,还容易条件反射跟着一起咽口水。还有一位同学表示,四级考试听力试听放了一首《凉凉》!学校是想让这批考生三生三世都与四级纠缠不清吗? 2、最具创造力奖:翻译 翻译是每年四六级的重头戏,侧重考察我国大学生的英语造词能力。 铁路、自行车、私家车、地铁、飞机……今年的四六级和交通工具杠上啦!大家普遍反映简单。可这些天之骄子考前只熟练背诵了abandon,早把 subway 和 airplane 还给了小学老师。 3、最扑朔迷离奖:作文 翻译编得那么起劲,作文反而提不起笔来。往年四六级作文题目都是给出一个道理让学生去论证,而今年的四级题目要求说明说/写/阅读能力的重要性,并且论述如何提高。 已经想象得到,肯定有同学会写:写作能力非常重要,如果不提高写作能力,就会像我一样写不出作文来。 我们回过头来看看大学生考前一天付出的努力,就理解他们为啥这么high了。 1、迷信派:在微博祈求神秘力量保佑 不知从何时开始,随时随地分享新鲜事的微博变成许愿圣地。俗话说,要想干成一件大事,七分靠打拼,剩下418分都靠锦鲤。考生四六级前夜在微博祈求的神秘力量,可谓五花八门,让人深深质疑他们二十年的唯物主义价值观教育白受了。 “锦鲤保佑!明天英语四级,一次性过过过!” 咳咳,同学,这锦鲤是人工养殖的。 “不知道明天四级裸考怎么样,发张学霸曾国藩来保佑自己。” 曾国藩他老人家的在天之灵表示爱莫能助,毕竟他的英语水平还没你高。 “希望小雪保佑我过,考试听力so easy~” 同学,你需要的是某某点读机。 “求爱豆保佑明天四级蒙的全对,做的也全对!” 行吧,心里想着爱豆,至少考试不犯困。 2、行动派:备好了下次考试的报名费 有些同学思想觉悟就比较高了,他们自觉地行动起来,为第二天的四六级考试做点什么。也许真正的行动派考前一天都在抓紧做考试准备,有闲情逸致发微博的比较少,才给了我们“大学生考前都在微博讲迷信”的错觉。 比如这位中国好舍友,中性笔、涂卡笔、电池都贴心地置办了好几份。 而这位行动力超强,昨天都已经准备报名下半年那场了。 无论如何,考完四六级的同学解放了,距下次四六级还有半年,端午小长假倒是已经开始了。(牛豆豆)[详情]

2018年6月英语六级真题及参考答案汇总
2018年6月英语六级真题及参考答案汇总

  2018年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级真题及参考答案汇总(持续更新中): 真题: 2018年6月英语六级翻译真题 2018年6月英语六级阅读真题 2018年6月英语六级选词填空源文 2018年6月英语六级翻译原文及解析(有道考神) 2018年6月英语六级真题及答案集锦(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级翻译真题及答案(新东方) 答案: 2018年6月英语六级听力第一套答案(有道考神) 2018年6月英语六级写作真题及答案(有道考神) 2018年6月英语六级阅读第一套卷答案(有道考神) 2018年6月英语六级翻译详解(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级真题及答案集锦(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级翻译真题及答案(新东方) 详解: 2018年6月英语六级写作详解(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级翻译详解 2018年6月英语六级选词填空详解(新东方) 2018年6月英语六级翻译原文及解析(有道考神) [详情]

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