2018年12月英语四级整体解析及答案
2018年12月英语四级整体解析及答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级整体解析及答案: 12月四级英语整体解析及答案 本次四级英语考试难度适中,各个板块难度基本与往年持平。翻译和听力难度略略下降,写作的题目比较传统,没有出现反押题的情况。下面是分单项的讲解。 一、写作 本次四级写作题目“The challenges of studying abroad/starting a career after graduation/living in a big city。”,是一道典型的现象分析型题目。题目内容与社会关注现象连接紧密,也是大家熟悉的话题,比较有话说。写作时,首段需要给出背景并引出题目相关的核心词; 第二段一句主旨句加上具体分析的点,即所面临的挑战,写两到三点即可,以字数为准;尾段做适当的总结,并简要给出应对挑战的对策即可。总的来说,本次四级写作题目难度适中,结构清晰。但最后得分和考生的语言质量关系非常密切,注意写作时词汇和句式的准确性和丰富性。 The challenges of living in a big city。 These days, the issue of living in a big city has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public。 People in mounting numbers choose to live in big cities nourishing the hope of having better opportunities, broadening their views and gaining new insights and outlook。 However this hot phenomenon contains not only those positive and beneficial aspects but foreseeable challenges as well。 And it is not difficult to put forward several factors responsible for the above mentioned challenge。 First and foremost, with the quickening pace and the fierce competition of modern life, people living in big cities find that they are under constant pressure from work and living, making it impossible for them to slow down and truly enjoy life。 Furthermore, even though cities are equipped with highly developed and sophisticated traffic system, people in urban areas are confronted with outrageous traffic rush, twice a day, which largely contributes to their discontent and increases the commuting time and thus time cost。 As discussed above, only those who get well prepared physically and mentally can benefit most from living in a big city。 二、听力 就目前拿到的原文材料来看,题材和文本难度均与往年保持一致水平,短文题难度略有下降。各section解析如下: 新闻: 卷一的新闻题一,科技新闻。介绍了科学家将在月球上实现4G信号的覆盖。考点题一为新闻主旨题,符合新闻开头出题的原则。第二题新闻细节题考察新闻中“原因”的要素。答案均为原文原词,难度不大。 答案: 1。 C) Set up a mobile phone network on the moon。 2。 A) It is stable。 新闻题二为社会新闻,讲述了发生在好莱坞密歇根大道上一家废弃旧商场发生的火灾。。考点题一仍然为新闻主旨题,符合新闻开头出题的原则。第二题新闻细节题。符合我们听力课上课时提到的时间/数字等信息集中处出题的规律。 答案: 3。 B) No injuries were yet reported。 4。 B) Pull down the deserted shopping mall。 新闻题三为社会新闻,讲述日本由于自然灾害土豆产量下降和进口管制,导致土豆价格升高的事件。。考点题一仍然为新闻主旨题,但要求考生听懂“shortage(短缺) ”一词,有一定难度。第二/三题新闻细节题。 答案: 5。 D) Insufficient potato supply。 6。 C) It is afraid of the spread of disease。 长对话 对于考生而言,长对话一向是听懂难度较低的文本。此次两篇长对话,就文本和听力音频难度来看,难度适中。如果大家有好好掌握课上所说的长对话出题原则,找到答案的可能性还是非常大的,关注开头结尾处,以及中间负责答者的回答。长对话第一篇讨论的话题是近年来高频话题,学习,说话人讲解了学习保持专注度的一些方法和技巧。第8/9题选项和原文存在同义词替换(boring-dull),近义表达替换(writing=take notes)的情况,但第10-11题选项均为原文原词。 答案: 8。 C) Dull。 9。 D) She takes notes。 10。 A) It keeps her mind active。 11。 B) It helps her better remember what she learns。 第二篇长对话则为讨论泰姬陵,难度较上一篇而言较低,应是考生在长对话部分的主要得分点。听题时注意重复出现的信息(princess/crowded) 答案: 12。 A) To spend her honeymoon。 13。 A) In memory of a princess。 14。 D) It has walls decorated with jewels。 15。 B) They are mostly crowded。 短文: 听力考试中难度较大的题型,短文。第一篇是一篇报告,关于美国人对于公共图书馆的观点和使用情况。文章出自PEW研究中心。话题相对比较严肃,部分考生可能存在听不懂的困难,但答案给出方式较为直接,基本为原文原词直接对应。 题源文章链接:http://www.pewinternet.org/2016/09/09/libraries-2016/ 答案: 16。 C) They provide residents with the resources needed。 17。 B) By inspiring their creativity。 18。 D) Their number increased modestly。 第二篇为说明文,介绍了热带草原猫,出题点遵照了说文的出题套路:说明对象介绍,特点,人们对于说明对象的观点或发现。文本难度是三篇中较为简单的一篇,文本改编自维基百科, 这并不是维基百科的文章第一次出现在四六级考试中。2017年6月六级听力中说明文也来自维基百科。 题源文章链接:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savannah_cat Passage Two 19。 C) It is an unusual cross breed。 20。 A) They are as loyal as dogs。 21。 C) They shower with them。 第三篇文章为议论文,介绍了父母对于孩子教育的重要性。 出题方式也遵循了我们听力课堂上总结的规律,大家做题时应关注开头结尾处,转折(although, but, however等),因果(because, so,等),强调(especially等)。答案和选项多为同根词的对应方式,这也是我们上课讲过的特征,熟练掌握做题技巧的同学应该会得心应手。24题难度较大,需要考生大意概括理解 Passage Three 22。 D) Excited but somewhat sad。 23。 A) It starts the moment they are born。 24。 D) Set a good example for them to follow。 25。 B) Their home life。 三、翻译: 整体难度没有变化,但词汇的难度,应该说,照以往稍有下降,主要是没有很生僻的单词,而且其中有许多词汇都是考过很多遍的,如快速发展、增长、影响、大量、稳步增长等等。唯一需要注意的词汇就是报刊,这是两个英语单词构成的并列结构。句式方面,也并没有特别难,只有最后一句是一个句号三个片段的句子,其它都是一个句号一个或两个片段,句间逻辑非常好处理。从单个句子的翻译来看,只要掌握了成份对应翻译法,就可以得到相当好的分数。相信今年考试的同学,都会取得非常不错的分数。 1。第一篇真题及范文: 由于通信网络的快速发展,中国智能手机用户数量近年来以惊人度增长。这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式。他们现在经常在智能手机上 看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊。 大量移动应用程序的开发使人们 能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。因此,纸质书籍的销售受到了影响。但调查显示,尽管能手机阅读市场稳步增长,超半数成年人 仍喜欢读纸质书。 Due to the fast development of communication networks, the number of smartphone users grows at an amazing rate in recent years in China。 This has changed many people’s ways of reading dramatically。 Today, they often read news and articles on their smartphones instead of buying traditional newspapers and periodicals。 The development of many mobile apps enables people to read novels and other forms of literary works on their smartphones。 Therefore, the sales of paper books are affected。 However, according to some surveys, more than half of adults still like to read paper books, despite the steady growth of the smartphone reading market。 2。手机支付 过去几年里,移动支付市场在中国蓬勃发展。随着移动互联网的出现,手机购物逐渐成为一种趋势。18到30岁的年轻人构成了移动支付市场的最大群体。由于现在用手机付款极容易,许多消费者在购物时宁愿用手机付款,而不愿用现金和信用卡。为了鼓励人们多消费,许多商店给使用移动支付的顾客打折。专家预测,中国移动支付市场未来仍有很大发展潜力。 The past few years have witnessed the rapid development of mobile payment market in China。 With the appearance of mobile internet, shopping on cellphones has become a trend。 The young from 18 to 30 make up the biggest group of users of the mobile payment market。 As it is very easy to pay by cellphone, many consumers prefer to use phones to pay for shopping, rather than use cash or credit cards。 To encourage consumption, many shops offer discounts to those who use mobile payment。 According to the prediction of some experts, there are great potential of development in China‘s mobile payment market in the future。 3。越来越多的中国人现在的确离不开手机了。他们中的许多人,包括老年人都使用手机应用程序保持联系并拓宽朋友圈。他们也用手机购物,查找信息,因为手机便于携带。此外,使用手机应用程序通信比传统电话便宜。然而,这种新趋势导致人们在社交时过度依赖手机。事实上,一些年轻人已经变得十分上瘾,以至于忽略了与家人和朋友面对面的交流。 Today, more and more Chinese cannot live without mobile phones indeed。 Many of them, including the elderly, keep in touch with others and broaden their circle of friends with mobile apps。 They also use their cell phones for online shopping and searching for information as cellphones are easy to carry。 In addition, the communication by mobile applications is cheaper than that by traditional phones。 However, this new trend makes people over-reliant on mobile phones for social interaction。 In fact, some young people have become so addicted that they ignored the face-to-face communication with their family and friends。 四、阅读 选词填空 第一套 26 F Damage 27 B associated 28 M sources 29 D constant 30 G described 31 E control 32 H equals 33 K regularly 34 I exclusively 35 O vehicles 第二套 26。 I remedies 27.D inconvenience (这里作动词:“使……不方便”) 28.H recommended 29.C hesitant 30.O worse 31。 B experiences 32。 J scared 33。 M pressured 34。 L sink 35。 E lessen 第三套 26。 I warning 27。 B convenience 28。 F particularly 29。 L surveyed 30。 C effectively 31。 E intimate 32。 J unfriendly 33。 K specific 34。 G primary 35。 A avoid (一)匹配阅读 第一套题 36。 More than half of the food Americans eat is factory-produced 37。 There is a special program that assigns doctors to give advice to shoppers in food stores。 38。 There is growing evidence from research that food helps patients recover from various illnesses。 39。 A healthy breakfast can be prepared quickly and easily。 40。 Training a patient to prepare healthy food can change their life。 41。 One food-as-medicine program not only prescribes food for treatment but teaches patient show to cook it。 42。 Scott is not keen on cooking food herself thinking it would simply be a waste of time。 43。 Diabetes patients are advised to eat more plant-based food 44。 Using food as medicine is no novel idea but the movement is making headway these days。 45。 Americans high rates of various illnesses result from the way they eat。 第二套题 36。 a research project found bacteria made their way to the food on the floor in five seconds。 37。 Whether food is contaminated depends much on the number of bacteria that get onto it。 38。 Food contamination may result from various factors other than food dropping on the floor。 39。 Males are less likely than females to eat food that may have been contaminated。 40。 The author’s research centers around how food gets contaminated。 41.Keeping everything clean is the best way to stay healthy 42。 Chances are you will not fall sick because of eating food picked up from the floor 43。 For a long time people have had the experience of deciding whether or not to eat food picked up from the floor 44。 Some trains of bacteria are so harmful that a tiny few can have deadly consequences。 45。 Researchers found how any bacteria got into the food did not have much to do with how long the food stayed on a contaminated floor 第三套题 36。 Careme was among the first chefs who stressed both the appearance and flavor of dishes。(有争议) 37。 Careme wanted to show to later generations that French chefs of his time were most world。 38。 Careme benefited greatly from serving a French diplomat and his connections。 39。 Careme learned his trade from a famous dessert chef in Paris。 40。 Careme‘s creative works were exhibited in the shop windows by his master。 41。 Careme‘s knowledge of art and architecture helped him create extraordinary desserts extraordinary ingredient。 42。 Many people in Paris were eager to have a look at the latest sweet food made by Care。 43。 Careme became extremely wealthy by cooking for rich and socially ambitious families。 44。 Careme‘s writing dealt with fundamental cooking principles in a systematic way。 45。 Careme‘s contribution to French cooking was revolutionary。 (二)仔细阅读 第一套 美国加州发明了新的钻井技术来获得地下水 46。 How could California’s drought crisis be solved according to some researchers? 答案: B—by drawing water from the depths of the earth 47。 What can be inferred about extracting water from deep aquifers? 答案:B-It was not considered worth the expense。 48。 What is mentioned as consequence of extracting water from deep underground? 答案:A-The sinking of land surface 49。 What does the author say about deep wells? 答案:D-They provide a steady supply of freshwater 50。 What may happen when deep aquifers are used as water sources? 答案:C- The cost may go up due to desalination。 第二篇 AI稚嫩是否可以在运转时符合人类的道德规范? 51。 What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo’s victory? 答案:D-Computers can become highly intelligence 52。 What does the author mean by AI machines acting ethically? 答案:C-They make sensible decisions when facing moral dilemmas。 53。 What is said to be the bigger challenges facing humans in the AI age? 答案:B-How to ensure that super-intelligent AI machines act ethically 54。 What do we learn about Microsoft’s ‘chatbot’ Taylor? 答案:A-She could not distinguish good from bad。 55。 What does Eric Schmidt think of artificial intelligence? 答案:D-It will be here to stay whatever the outcome。 第二套 46。 What do we learn from a newly published study about cats? C - They have a natural ability to locate animals they hunt。 47。 What may account for the cats‘ response to the noise from the containers? D - Their mastery of cause and effect(有争议) 48。 What is characteristic of the way cats hunt, according to the Japanese researchers? B - They rely mainly on their hearing。 49。 In what way do babies behave like cats? A - They focus on what appears odd。 50。 What can we conclude about cats from the passage? B - They interact with the physical world much like humans。 51。 What would be the impact of the extensive use of driveress cars? A - People would be driving in a more civilized way。 52。 How would the elderly and the disabled benefit from driverless cars? A - They could enjoy greater mobility 53。 What would be the negative impact of driverless cars? D - Numerous professional drivers would have to find new ways of earning a living。 54。 What is the result of the introduction of new technologies in energy industries? B - Retaining of employees。 55。 What does the author suggest businesses and the government do? C - Enable everyone to benefit from new technologies。 第三套 46。 For what reason may your friends feel reluctant to visit your home? A - The security camera installed may intrude into their privacy 47。 What does Lizzie Post say is new territory? D - Etiquette around home security cameras。 48。 What is Lizzie Post mainly discussing with regard to the use of home security cameras? C - Likes and dislikes of individuals。 49。 What is a host‘s responsibility regarding security cameras, according to Lizzie Post? A - Making their guests feel at ease。 50。 In what way can the home security camera benefit visitors to your home? B - It can prove their innocence。 51。 Why is PepsiCo making a policy change? C - to satisfy the growing needs for healthy foods。 52。 What does PepsiCo think it will have to do in the future? D - Keep on improving its products。 53。 Why does PepsiCo plan to alter its products。 according to Indra Nooyi? A - To ensure the company‘s future development 54。 What does Indra Nooyi say about the obesity epidemic? C - it is attributable to people‘s changed lifestyles。 55。 What has PepsiCo been doing to achieve its objective? B - Increasing its research funding 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 20:04
2018年12月英语四级考试第一套整体评述
2018年12月英语四级考试第一套整体评述

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级考试第一套整体评述: 第一部分 写作 写作试题是最能体现学生综合运用语言能力和知识的题型。本次四级英语写作考察的类型是话题作文中的议论文写作,属于四级写作中的传统题型。在写作题材方面,本次写作题目分别为出国留学的挑战、住在大城市的挑战以及初入职场的挑战。乍看之下,本次作文题材立意与往年常见的考察某一事物重要性或其影响一类的作文题材有出入,然而本次作文题目仍属议论文,因此在谋篇布局、遣词造句方面仍可沿用课上讲过的文章框架及模版句。此外,题目的主题词是“挑战”,因此在围绕写有哪些“挑战”的基础上,可套用课上讲过的相对应的模板句,体现出面对挑战时需要解决的问题,并相应套用课上的模板句提出应对挑战的建议即可。 第二部分 听力 四级听力主要考察考生对新闻、对话及篇章三类题型的主旨和细节信息的把握。本次四级听力考试的题目难度适中。其中,三篇新闻听力的题材主要涉及科技、灾害和农业经济,具体为4G网络覆盖月球,火灾救援和日本马铃薯短缺问题。本次三则新闻话题为往年四级新闻中的常见话题,且题目和背景词汇都是四级听力考试当中的常见词汇。两篇长对话涉及校园和旅游,属于考生较为熟悉的话题场景。然而,本次长对话均为交谈式对话,因此谈话两人的具体说话内容均有可能出答案,需要考生集中精力匹配选项,并听出谈话人的话外音。三篇听力篇章的难度和往年四级听力的难度持平。题材分别涉及对美国图书馆的调查,萨凡纳猫的介绍及幼儿家庭教育。体裁方面主要还是以说明文为主,调查类篇章听力考察考生对调查结果的细节信息的捕捉,介绍类篇章考察考生把握该物种特点的细节信息。考试过程中,考生应把握四级听力考试的做题原则,以课上讲过的匹配关键词为主,并结合逻辑标志词选出答案。 第三部分 阅读 2018年12月四级考试阅读部分难度适中,和上半年相比而言难度持平,没有太大的起伏,就文章题材而言,题材广泛,涉及环境,健康,经济等话题。就选词填空而言,具备一定的单词和语法基础,“先词性后语义”一步一步缩小选择范围。就段落匹配题而言,按照“三点一线”的方法,拿词定位,用句子信息作匹配。就仔细阅读而言,先题后文选关键词,回到原文定位,时刻牵着问题分析定位句,左手原文右手选项,尊重原文,注意不能机械对比,关注同义近义词的替换,这也是近几年来四级考试变化的趋势,原词复现越来越少,同义近义改写和替换越来越多,所以大家要注意平时词汇的积累。 第四部分 写作 写作试题是最能体现学生综合运用语言能力和知识的题型。本次四级英语写作考察的类型是话题作文中的议论文写作,属于四级写作中的传统题型。在写作题材方面,本次写作题目分别为出国留学的挑战、住在大城市的挑战以及初入职场的挑战。乍看之下,本次作文题材立意与往年常见的考察某一事物重要性或其影响一类的作文题材有出入,然而本次作文题目仍属议论文,因此在谋篇布局、遣词造句方面仍可沿用课上讲过的文章框架及模版句。此外,题目的主题词是“挑战“,因此在围绕写有哪些“挑战”的基础上,可套用课上讲过的相对应的模板句,体现出面对挑战时需要解决的问题,并相应套用课上的模板句提出应对挑战的建议即可。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 19:56
2018年12月英语六级考试听力答案及原文
2018年12月英语六级考试听力答案及原文

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力答案及原文: 六级听力 ABCDD ABCAC BCDAB ADCDA BDACB 1。 A) It can benefit professionals and non-professionals alike。 2。 B) Stories about some female physicists。 3。 C) By including lots of fascinating knowledge。 4。 D) It provides experiments they can do themselves。 5。 D)He has not idea how to proceed with his dissertation。 6。 A) It is too broad。 7。 B) Nature。 8。 C) List the parameters first。 9。 A) The unprecedented high temperature in Greenland。 10。 C) It typiaclly appears about once every ten years。 11。 B) Iceless summers in the Arctic。 12。 C) A strong determination。 13。 D) It is most important to have confidence in one`s willpower。 14。 A) They could keep on working longer。 15。 B) They are subject to change。 16。 A) About half of current jobs might be automated。 17。 D) They could grade high-school essays just like human teachers。 18。 C) It has to rely on huge amounts of previous data。 19。 D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy。 20。 A) Drive trains with solar energy。 21。 B) Find a new material for storing energy。 22。 D) The poor relation between national health and social care services。 23。 A) It was mainly provided by voluntary services。 24。 C) Their preference for private services。 25。 B) They have long been discriminated against。 conversation 1 Hey I just read a great book about physics。 I think you‘d like it。 It’s called the physics of the world。 It‘s written by a scientist named Sylvia Mendez。 Oh I read that book。 It was great。 The writer is a warm and competent guide to the mysteries of physics。 I think it promises enrichment for any reader from those who know little about science to the career physicist。 And it‘s refreshing to see a strong curious clever woman adding her voice to the scientific discourse and a field that has been traditionally dominated by men。 I think she has to be commended for making an effort to include anecdotes about little known female scientists。 You know they were often victims of a generation firmly convinced that the woman’s place was in the home。 I like how the book is clearly written with each chapter brought to life by pieces of fascinating knowledge。 youdaokaoshen For example in one chapter she exposes a myth that I‘ve heard taught by university physics professors。 I’ve often heard that medieval glass windows are thicker at the bottom because glass flows like a fluid。 This, she shows, is not true。 The distortion is actually thanks to a peculiarity of the glassmakers process。 Yeah I like how she cultivates scientific engagement by providing a host of Do It Yourself experiments that bring the same foundational principles of classical physics that govern everything from the solar system to your kitchen table。 From using complex laws of physics to test whether a spinning egg is cooked to measuring atmospheric pressure by lifting a piece of cardboard。 Her hands-on examples make her book a truly interactive read。 Yes I must say this a equation-free book is an ideal read for scientists of all stripes, anyone teaching science and even people who dislike physics。 Question 1: what does the woman say about the book the man recommended? A) It can benefit professionals and non-professionals alike。 Question 2: what can we find in the book the man recommended? B) Stories about some female physicists。 Question 3: How does the author bring her book to life? C) By including lots of fascinating knowledge。 Question 4: How does the book cultivate readers interest in physics。 D) It provides experiments they can do themselves。 conversation 2 A:Hi professor。 I was hoping I could have a moment of your time if you‘re not too busy。 I’m having some problems getting started on my dissertation and I was hoping you could give me some advice on how to begin。 B:Sure。 I have quite a few students though.So can you remind me what your topic is? A:the general topic I chose is aesthetics, but that‘s as far as I’ve got I don‘t really know where to go from there。 B:Yeah,that‘s much too large a topic。 You really need to narrow it down in order to make it more accessible。 Otherwise you’ll be writing a book。 A:Exactly。 That‘s what I wanted to ask you about。 I was hoping it would be possible for me to change topics。 I’m really more interested in nature than beauty。 B:I‘m afraid you have to adhere to the assigned topic。 Still, If you’re interested in nature, then that certainly can be worked into your dissertation。 We‘ve talked about Hume before in class right。 A:Oh yeah, he‘s the philosopher who wrote about where our ideas of beauty come from。 B:Exactly。 I suggest you go to the library and get a copy of his biography。 Start from there。 youdaokaoshen But remember to stick to the parameters of the assignment。 This paper is a large part of your cumulative grade。 So make sure to follow the instructions。 If you take a look at his biography。 You can get a good idea of how his life experiences manifest themselves in his theories of beauty。 specifically the way he looked towards nature as the origin of what we find beautiful。 A:Great。 Thanks for taking the time to answer my questions, Professor。 I‘ll let you get back to class now。 B:If there‘s anything else you need, please come see me in my office any time。 Question 5: What is the man‘s problem? D)He has not idea how to proceed with his dissertation。 Question 6 What does the professor think of the man‘s topic? A) It is too broad。 Question 7 What’s the man really more interested in? B) Nature。 Question 8 what does the professor say the man has to do? C) List the parameters first。 passage 1 During the arctic winter from October to March, the average temperature in the frozen north typically hovers around minus 20 degrees Celsius。 But this year the Arctic is experiencing much higher temperatures。 On February the 20th the temperature in Greenland climbed above freezing or zero degrees Celsius and it stayed there for over 24 hours。 Then on February the 24th the temperature on Greenland‘s northern tip reached six degrees Celsius。 Climate scientists describe the phenomenon as stunning。 Weather conditions that drive this bizarre temperature surge have visited the Arctic before。 They typically appear about once in a decade。 youdaokaoshen However, the last such increase in temperature took place two years ago。 This is troubling as climbing arctic temperatures combined with rapid sea ice loss are creating a new type of climate feedback loop which could accelerate Arctic warming。 Indeed, sea ice cover in the Arctic is melting faster than expected。 Without those masses of cooling sea ice, warm air brought to the Arctic can penetrate further inland than it ever did before。 The air can stay warmer longer too。 This drives additional melting。 Overall earth is warming at a rapid pace。 2014 through 2017 rank as the hottest years on record and the Arctic is warming twice as fast as any place else on earth。 This raises unique challenges for Arctic wildlife and indigenous people who depend on Arctic ecosystems to survive。 Previously climate forecasts predicted that Arctic summer ice would disappear entirely by around 2060, but based on what scientists are seeing now the Arctic may be facing summers without ice within 20 years。 Question 9。 What did climate scientists describe as stunning? A) The unprecedented high temperature in Greenland。 Question 10。 What does the passage say about that temperature surge in the Arctic? C) It typiaclly appears about once every ten years。 Question 11。 what may occur in 20 years according to scientists’ recent observations? B)Iceless summers in the Arctic。 Passage2 A good dose of willpower is often necessary to see any task through whether it‘s sticking to a spending plan or finishing a great novel。 And if you want to increase that willpower。 A new study suggests you just simply have to believe you have it。 According to this study, what matters most is what we think about our willpower。 If we believe it’s a finite resource, we act that way, we feel exhausted and need breaks between demanding mental tasks。 However, people who view their willpower as a limitless resource get energized instead。 The researchers used a psychological assessment tool to test the validity of the study。 They asked 1100 Americans and 1600 Europeans to grade different statements such as after a challenging mental activity, my energy is depleted and I must rest to get it refueled again or I can focus on a mental task for long periods without feeling tired。 Although there was little difference between men and women overall。 youdaokaoshen Americans were more likely to admit to needing breaks after completing mentally challenging tasks European participants on the other hand claimed they were able to keep going。 Based on the findings, the researchers suggest that the key to boosting your willpower is to believe that you have an abundant supply of it。 Your feelings about your willpower affect the way you behave。 But these feelings are changeable, they said。 Changing your beliefs about the nature of your self-control can have positive effects on character development。 This leads to healthier behaviors and perceptions of other people。 Question 12 What is often necessary for carrying through a task? C) A strong determination。 Question 13 What is the finding of the new study? D) It is most important to have confidence in one`s willpower。 Question 14 What do we learn about European participants as compared with their American counterparts? A) They could keep on working longer。 Question 15 What do the research say concerning people‘s feelings about willpower? B)They are subject to change。 lecture 1 Here is my baby niece Sarah。 Her mum is a doctor and her dad is a lawyer。 By the time Sarah goes to college the jobs her parents do are going to look dramatically different。 In 2013,researchers at Oxford University did a study on the future of work。 They concluded that almost one in every two jobs has a high risk of being automated by machines。 Machine learning is the technology that‘s responsible for most of this disruption。 It’s the most powerful branch of artificial intelligence。 It allows machines to learn from data and copy some of the things that humans can do。 My company, Kaggle, operates on the cutting edge of machine learning。 We bring together hundreds of thousands of experts to solve important problems for industry and academia。 This gives us an unique perspective on what machines can do, what they can‘t do and what jobs they might automate or threaten。 Machine learning started making its way into industry in the early 90s。 youdaokaoshen It started with relatively simple tasks。 It started with things like assessing credit risk from loan applications, sorting the mail by reading handwritten zip codes。 Over the past few years, we have made dramatic breakthroughs。 Machine learning is now capable of far, far more complex tasks。 In 2012, Kaggle challenged its community to build a program that could grade high school essays。 The winning programs were able to match the grades given by human teachers。 Now given the right data, machines are going to outperform humans at tasks like this。 A teacher might read 10000 essays over a 40-year career。 A machine can read millions of essays within minutes。 We have no chance of competing against machines on frequent high-volume tasks, but there are things we can do that machines cannot。 Where machines have made very little progress is in tackling novel situations。 Machines can’t handle things they haven‘t seen many times before。 The fundamental limitation of machine learning is that it needs to learn from large volumes of past data。 But humans don’t。 We have the ability to connect seemingly different threads to solve problems we‘ve never seen before。 Question 16 what did the researchers at Oxford University conclude? A) About half of current jobs might be automated。 Question 17。 What do we learn about Kaggle companies winning programs? D) They could grade high-school essays just like human teachers。 Question 18。 What is the fundamental limitation on machine learning? C) It has to rely on huge amounts of previous data。 lecture 2 we‘ve talked recently about the importance of sustainable energy。 We’ve also talked about the different theories on how that can be done。 So far, our discussions have all been theoretical。 Now I have a practical question for you all。 Can you run a 140,000 kilogram train on just the steam generated by solar power? Well, one engineer, Tim Casselman, believes it‘s possible。 And his home city of Sacramento, California should see the technology’s first test as part of the upgrading of its rail yard。 Casselman, who is an inventor and self-proclaimed steam visionary, is campaigning for a new steam train that runs without any fire and could run on an existing 10 kilometer line drawing tourists and perhaps offering city commuters a green alternative to their cars。 Casselman wants to build an array of solar magnifying mirrors at one end of the line to collect and focus heat onto water filled tubes。 This would generate steam that could be used to fill tanks on a small steam train without the use of fire。 Supplying power to trains in this way would offer the shortest distance from well to wheels he says with the least amount of energy lost。 youdaokaoshen According to Harry Valentijn, a Canadian engineer who is researching modern steam technology, a special tank measuring 2 by 10 metres could store over 750 kilowatt hours of energy as high pressure steam enough to pull a two car train for an hour or so。 Energy to drive a steam locomotive can be stored in other materials besides water for example a team at Tohoku University in Japan has studied materials that can store large amounts of heat when heated。 These materials turn from a solid into a liquid absorbing energy as they change phase。 The liquid is maintained above its melting point until steam is required at which point the liquid is allowed to turn back into a solid releasing its stored energy another team at Nagoya University in Japan has tested calcium compound as an energy storage material。 Heating this chemical compound drives off carbon dioxide gas leaving calcium oxide the gas can be stored under pressure and attain to recover the energy the gas is fed back over the calcium oxide。 In theory says Valentijn this can create a high enough temperature to generate superheated steam。 Question 19: What has the speaker previously talked about? D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy。 Question 20: What is Tim Casselman trying to do in Sacramento? A) Drive trains with solar energy。 Question 21: what has a Japanese research team tried to do? B) Find a new material for storing energy。 Lecture 3 Today‘s crisis in care for older people in England has two main causes。 First,people are living longer with a lot more complex needs。 Second, they rely on a system that has long been marked by a poor relation between national health and social-care services。 Current services originate in two key measures。 They are the National Health Service and the 1948 National Assistance Act。 This required local government to provide residential accommodation for older people and supervise care homes run by independent organizations。 They also provided home and community services including meals, day centers and home helpers and other subsidized services。 The National Health Service was free and wholly publicly provided。 It delivered the best health-care for all。 No such vision guided residential and community care though。 The care was substantially provided by voluntary services which worked together with local authorities as they long had with eligibility based on income。 Today, life expectancy has risen from 66 for a male at birth in 1948 to around 80 now。 In addition, there is better overall health and improved medical knowledge and care。 youdaokaoshen This means an unprecedented number of people are surviving longer in conditions requiring expert support。 Families provide at least as much care as they ever did。 Even so, they can rarely without subsidised support address serious personal needs。 Care for older people faced persistent criticism as these trends became apparent。 From the early 1960s, local authorities were required to plan health and welfare services。 The aim was to enable older people to remain in their own homes for as long as possible, but this increased concern about the lack of coordination between free health and paid-for social care。 Through the 1970s, a number of measures sought to improve matter。 However at a time of financial crisis, funding diminished and little changed。 In the 1980s, the government cut spending。 Meanwhile, preference for private over public services made management even more difficult。 Simultaneously, the number of sick older people grew。 Governments emphasized the need to improve services。 They did so though while doing little to stop the erosion of available aid。 Services were irregular across authorities。 Unless you were prepared to pay, they were increasingly difficult to obtain for any but the most severely disabled。 Why has 60 years of criticism produced so little change。 Discrimination against older people has a long history。 Additionally, those affected by inadequate health and social care are too vulnerable to launch the protests that have addressed other forms of discrimination。 Question 22 what is one cause of the current crisis in care for the elderly in England? D) The poor relation between national health and social care services。 Question 23。 What does the speaker say about residential and community care? A) It was mainly provided by voluntary services。 Question 24。 What made management of care for the elderly more difficult in the 1980s? C) Their preference for private services。 Question 25。 What does the speaker say about older people in England? B) They have long been discriminated against。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 19:40
四六级考试话题连上热搜 网友神吐槽大盘点
四六级考试话题连上热搜 网友神吐槽大盘点

  新浪教育讯 2018下半年英语四六级考试结束,考生交卷后开始了新一轮的四六级吐槽,“四级考试翻车”“裸考太冷了”“英语水平的巅峰是什么时候”“六级听力是天书”等有关四六级的话题,也全天接连上了热搜榜,占据了实时热搜前几位。 四六级一直以来都是大学生参与度最高的考试,即使有其要被其他英语等级能力考试取代的消息,如今看来热度也是依然不减。有人一次通过但一直在刷分,有人多次参加还是迟迟不过,每次都想要达到425分。 有考生幽默吐槽,这一次的四六级考试结束了,下一次的还会远吗?当然了,也不只是考生,四六级作为一个“国民级”话题,每次都能催生不少网友们的神级吐槽,各种画风交替出现,让人不得不叹服“高手在民间”。 1、追忆型: 不少考生都认为四六级是大学时代的一个坎儿,但有的同学却考出了感情,表示即使还要考四六级也想再上一次学。学生时代的一切都是美好的回忆啊。 有网友追忆过去考四六级的奇葩经历,听力调错频道,差一分过线,从考生到监考的奇妙经历,一直陪伴自己的考试文具袋……大家与四六级的故事还真的是奇葩中带着点情怀。 还有已经工作了的“过来人”表示,四六级证书的确是找工作的敲门砖,但工作中还是更看重实操能力。当然也不乏有很久之前考过四六级的人表示对新的四六级考试模式比较陌生,严重与学生时代脱节。 当然了,有为学弟学妹们传递幸运的,也有结合着昨天双子座流星雨热点,表示考试开挂寓意的。 2、翻车型: 要说今天微博上哪条热搜最吸睛?“四级考试翻车”当仁不让!很多考生都开始吐槽自己的奇葩考试经历,传得最火的一条当属这位翻车界的翘楚了!这位同学的动态甚至刷爆了朋友圈和微博热门。小编还是想说,看作文题目一定要仔细认真啊,不然就是一步错步步错…… 关于作文翻车的案例还有很多,把abroad的意思记错成道路、理解成甲板的,这届网友都是什么人才。 其实作文也还好,每次四六级考试荣登最难榜首的,总是听力部分。很多考生感觉听力对话太长;还有考生吐槽六级听力简直是天书! 新浪教育对本次四级考试难度进行了调查统计,结果明确表示:超过71%的考生认为听力最难。究其原因,除了我们身处的语言环境很少有练习听力的机会以外,考生的畏难心理和平日练习量不够等主观因素,更是关键。 “裸考太冷了”,这五个字一度登上了微博热搜第一。大家纷纷表示,每次四六级都裸考出战,答卷就像填彩票,中不了明年再战!还有大V吐槽,四六级裸考应该注意什么?……天冷了,多穿点衣服,别冻着。身体重要,考试明年还能再来过。 还有考完心疼自己的报名费的。没关系,反正也不算贵。报名费已去,四六级再来…… 3、转发锦鲤型: 在考试前一天,微博祈求神秘力量保佑的人就已经大批出现了。考生转发各种锦鲤祈求四六级通过。各类锦鲤甚至比那些必背作文模板干货转发量都高。有人质疑当下这种锦鲤现象风气不好,一到重要考试大家就换上锦鲤头像,转发锦鲤信息,淹没了朋友圈,也有一点不得不转发的意味。 当然了,锦鲤可不止这一种。还有人另辟蹊径,转发六级双满分者简介和图片,祈求高分的。 除此之外,追星族们纷纷发出自己爱豆的美照,配上“爱豆保佑我四六级通过”的文案,也是一种新时代锦鲤了。小编在这里还是要说,打铁还需自身硬,有硬核的实力才能真正稳过四六级! 4、高光时刻型: 另一个占据热搜榜的话题,是“英语水平的巅峰是什么时候”。大多数人都说高三才是自己英语水平的巅峰,后来的语感简直是直线下滑。还有考生表示,大学以后忙于专业课和课外实践,根本没精力腾出来学英语,只能吃老本。还有吐槽学校制度的,部分学校大二才让报四六级,让很多学生错过了英语知识储量最丰厚的时间段。 还有网友表示,高三时期的自己上知天文下知地理,单手解的了函数,双手画的出洋流。现在?就只会玩手机吐槽了。 5、相约2019型: 有些同学就比较看得开了,不转发锦鲤也不吐槽自己,开始为明年蓄势待发……让我们相约201919,考得好就继续努力,考不好就来年再战!这样的同学可以说是很佛系了。 无论如何,多做准备才能信心翻倍。距下次四六级考试还有半年,双旦就在眼前,可以先解放一下啦!(文/王熹妍) [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 19:37
2018年12月英语六级听力讲座原文及解析(1、2)
2018年12月英语六级听力讲座原文及解析(1、2)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力答案及原文: 六级听力讲座1、2 原文及解析 Recording One Today I‘m going to talk about a very special kind of person。 Psychologists call them masters of deception。 Those rare individuals with a natural ability to tell with complete confidence, when someone is telling a lie。 (16) For decades, researchers and law enforcement agencies have tried to build a machine that will do the same thing。 Now, a company in Massachusetts says that by using magnetic brain scans, they can determine with 97% accuracy whether someone is telling the truth。 They hope that the technology will be cleared for use in American courts by early next year。 (17)But is this really the ultimate tool for you? The lawyers of tomorrow? You will not find many brain scientists celebrating this breakthrough。 The company might be very optimistic, but the ability of their machine to detect deception has not provided credible proof。 That‘s because the technology has not been properly tested in real world situations。 In life, there are different kinds of lies and diverse contexts in which they’re told。 These differences may elicit different brain responses。 Does their hypothesis behind the test apply in every case? We don‘t know the answer, because studies done on how reliable this machine is have not yet been duplicated。 Much more research is badly needed。 Whether the technology is eventually deemed reliable enough for the courts will ultimately be decided by the judges。 Let’s hope they‘re wise enough not to be fooled by a machine that claims to determine truthfulness at the flip of a switch。 They should also be skeptical of the growing tendency to try to reduce all human traits and actions to the level of brain activity。 Often, they do not map that easily。 Moreover, understanding the brain is not the same as understanding the mind。 Some researchers have suggested that thoughts cannot properly be seen as purely internal。 Instead, thoughts make sense only in reference to the individuals external world。 So while there may be insights to be gained from matching behavior to brain activity, those insights will not necessarily lead to justice in a court of law。 Problems surround the use of machines to spot deception, at least until it has been rigorously tested。 (18)A high tech test that can tell when a person is not telling the truth。 Sounds too good to be true。 And when something sounds too good to be true, it usually is。 Question 16。 What have researchers and law enforcement agencies tried to do? Questions17。 How do many brain scientists respond to the Massachusetts companies so called technological breakthrough? Question 18。 What does the speaker think of using a high tech test to determine whether a person is telling the truth? 讲座1解析 如同上课时我们讲到的,讲座题一定要听好开头,开头往往揭示主题。本篇开头即提到一类人,masters of deception。对于生僻名词必然给出解释: Those rare individuals with a natural ability to tell with complete confidence, when someone is telling a lie。 当我们听到But is this really the ultimate tool for you? The lawyers of tomorrow? You will not find many brain scientists celebrating this breakthrough。 时,我们得知很多科学家持反对意见。 我们在设问后的问题之处得知but之后便是17题的答案,has not provided credible proof。 本篇难点在于16,17题离得比较近,符合我们所讲的连续出题原则,考生须在确定一题答案后马上开始对下一题的判断。后面大段不出题,知道最后给出最后一题的答案。 18题作者对于使用高科技仪器测谎的想法是too good to be true,所以需要选择和负面色彩相关的选项。 Recording Two Last week, I attended a research workshop on an island in the South Pacific。 Thirty people were present, and all except me came from the island called Mcclure in the nation of Vanuatu。 They live in sixteen different communities and speak sixteen distinct languages。 In many cases, you could stand at the edge of one village and see the outskirts of the next community。 (19)Yet the residents of each village speak a completely different language。 According to recent work by my colleagues at the Max Plank Institute for the science of human history, this island, just one hundred kilometers long and twenty kilometers wide, is home to speakers of perhaps forty different indigenous languages。 (20)Why so many? We could ask the same question of the entire globe。 People don‘t speak one universal language or even a handful。 Instead, today, our species collectively speaks over seven thousand distinct languages, and these languages are not spread randomly across the planet。 For example, far more languages are found in tropical regions that in the milestones。 the tropical island of new guinea is home to over nine hundred languages, Russia, twenty times larger, has 105 indigenous languages。 Even within the tropics, language diversity varies widely。 For example, the two hundred and fifty thousand people who live on Vanuatu’s eighty islands speak 110 different languages。 But in Bangladesh, a population six hundred times greater speaks only 41 languages。 How come humans speak so many languages? And why are they so unevenly spread across the planet? As it turns out, we have few clear answers to these fundamental questions about how humanity communicates。 Most people can easily brainstorm possible answers to these intriguing questions。 They hypothesized that language diversity must be about history, cultural differences, mountains or oceans dividing populations。 But when our diverse team of researchers from six different disciplines and eight different countries began to review what was known, we were shocked that only a dozen previous studies had been done, including one we ourselves completed on language diversity in the Pacific。 These prior efforts all examine the degree to which different environmental, social, and geographic variables correlated with a number of languages found in a given location。 The results varied a lot from one study to another, and no clear patterns emerged。 The studies also ran up against many methodological challenges, the biggest of which centered on the old statistical saying, “Correlation does not equal causation”。 Question19。 What does the speaker say about the island of Mcclure? Question 20。 What do we learn from the talk about languages in the world? (缺21题) 讲座2解析 本篇听好开头an island in the South Pacific,即知道内容说的和岛屿相关,当听到the island called Mcclure in the nation of Vanuatu,便需认真听后面的内容,They live in sixteen different communities and speak sixteen distinct languages。 知道本文确切内容为语言。 19题为转折后出题:the residents of each village speak a completely different language。 20题符合问句后出题。答案为转折处instead之后的内容: today, our species collectively speaks over seven thousand distinct languages, and these languages are not spread randomly across the planet。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 19:23
2018年12月英语六级考试听力长对话答案及原文
2018年12月英语六级考试听力长对话答案及原文

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力长对话答案及原文: 六级听力长对话答案及原文 Conversation one。 M:(1)Do you mind taking my photo with the statue over there? I think it will make a great shot。 W:Sure。 No worries。 You‘re always taking photos。 What do you do with all the photos you take? M:Well, don‘t laugh。 My dream is to become an online celebrity of sorts。 W:You‘re not serious, are you? M:I am completely I just got the idea a few months ago after posting some holiday photos on my social media accounts, a lot of people like my photos and started asking me for travel tips。 So I figured i‘d give it a go。 I post a lot on social media anyway。 So i’ve got nothing to 。 W: I guess that‘s true。 So what you have to do to become internet famous 。 M:Surprisingly, a lot more than I did as a hobby recently。 I‘ve been spending a lot more time editing photos, posting online and clearing storage on my phone。 It’s always full。 Now that doesn‘t sound like too much work。 W:Well, there‘s more to it。 M:I spent all last weekend researching what topics are popular, what words to use in captions and similar accounts to follow really was a lot to take。 And I was up well past midnight。 I‘d say it’s paying off, though I increased the number of people following my accounts by fifteen percent already。 W:That is impressive。 I guess I never thought much about all the effort behind the scene。 Now that I think about it, there‘s always something wrong with my photos。 As it is, half smiles, closed eyes, messy hair。 I hope you have better luck than I do。 Then。 Again, I think the only person interested in my photos is my mum。 Question 1。 What does the man asked the woman to do? 解析:根据问题,问男人让女人做什么,可定位到,对话开篇Do you mind taking my photo with the statue over there? Question 2。 What does the man dream of? 解析:根据问题,问男人梦想什么,可定位到,对话中上篇可得,My dream is to become an online celebrity of sorts。 Question 3。 What has the man been busy doing recently? 解析:根据问题,问男人近期忙于做些什么,可定位中间对话可得,Surprisingly, a lot more than I did as a hobby recently。 I‘ve been spending a lot more time editing photos, posting online and clearing storage on my phone。 Question 4, what does the woman say about her photos? 解析:根据问题,问女人关于她的照片说了什么,可定位至对话结尾处,Now that I think about it, there‘s always something wrong with my photos。 As it is, half smiles, closed eyes, messy hair。 Conversation two M:(5)Good evening and welcome to physics today。 Here we interview some of the greatest minds in physics as they help us to understand some of the most complicated theories。 Today。 I‘m very pleased to welcome doctor melissa phillips, professor of theoretical physics。 She’s here to tell us a little about what it is。(6) She studies doctor phillips。 You seem to study everything。 W:(6)I guess that would be fair to say I spend most of my time studying the big bang theory and where our universe came from。 M:Can you tell us a little about that? W:Well,(7) i‘m very interested in why the universe exists at all。 That may sound odd, but the fact is at the moment of the big bang, both matter and antimatter were created for a short time, and I mean just a fraction of a second。 The whole universe was a super hot soup of radiation filled with these particles。 So what baffled scientists for so long is why is there a universe at all? M:That‘s because matter and anti matter are basically opposites of each other。 They are exactly alike, except that they have opposite electrical charges。 So when they collide, they destroy each other。 W: Exactly。 So during the first few moments of the big bang, the universe was extremely hot and very small matter。 And the now more exotic anti matter would have had little space to avoid each other。 This means that they should have totally wiped each other out, leaving the universe complete。 De baron。 M:(8)But a recent study seems to point to the fact that would matter。 And anti matter were first created。 There were slightly more particles of matter which allowed the universe we all live in to form W:exactly because there was slightly more matter。 The collisions quickly depleted all the anti matter and left just enough matter to create stars, planets, and eventually us。 Question 5。 What does the man say is physics today? 根据问题,问男人说“今日物理学”是怎样的,可定位至对话开篇Good evening and welcome to physics today。 Here we interview some of the greatest minds in physics as they help us to understand some of the most complicated theories Question 6。 What is the woman physicists? Main research area? 根据问题,问女人主要研究的领域是什么,可定位至文章开篇对话处,She studies doctor phillips。 You seem to study everything。 I guess that would be fair to say I spend most of my time studying the big bang theory and where our universe came from。 Questions 7。 What is the woman interested in? 根据问题,问女人的兴趣所在,可得i‘m very interested in why the universe exists at all。 Question 8。 What seems to be the finding of the recent study? 根据问题,问近期研究的发现,可定位至对话结尾处But后,But a recent study seems to point to the fact that would matter。 And anti matter were first created。 There were slightly more particles of matter which allowed the universe we all live in to form 。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 19:15
2018年12月英语六级考试听力篇章真题及答案
2018年12月英语六级考试听力篇章真题及答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力真题及答案: 六级听力篇章及答案 Passage 1 In this week‘s edition of special series on bizarre medical conditions。 There’s a report of the case of Michelle Myers。 Myers is an American woman who woke up one day speaking with a British accent, even though she‘s lived in the united states all her life in two thousand fifteen, Myers went to bed with[9] a terrible headache。 She woke up sounding like someone from England。 Her British accent has remained for the past two years previously, [9]Meyers had woken up speaking in Irish and Australian accents。 However, on both of those occasions, the accents lasted for only a week。 Myers has been diagnosed with foreign accent syndrome。 [10]It‘s a disorder in which a person experiences a setting change to their speech so that they sound like they are speaking in a foreign accent。 The condition is most often [10]caused by a stroke or traumatic brain injury。 Although people with the syndrome have intelligible speech, their manner of speaking is altered in terms of timing and tongue placement, which may distort their pronunciation。 The result is that they may sound foreign when speaking their native language。 It‘s not clear whether Myers has experienced a stroke or other brain damage, but she also has a separate medical condition which can result and loose joints easily bruised skin and other problems。 Foreign accent syndrome is rare, with only about sixty cases reported within the past century。 [11]However, a different American woman reportedly spoke with the Russian accent in two thousand ten after she fell down the stairs and hit her head。 Question 9。 What happened to Michelle Myers One day? 解析:根据故事线索定位答案,Michelle Myers一天晚上头疼,醒来后发现自己说澳大利亚口音和爱尔兰口音的英语。 Question 10。 What does the passage say about foreign accent syndrome? 解析:通过however和cause定位答案位置,外国语音的症状主要由于中风和头痛引起的语音失调的症状。 Question 11。 What accent did another American woman speak with after a head injury? 解析:通过however和文章结尾一个美国女人视听一致定位答案位置,这个美国女人从楼梯上摔下来后说俄语口音的英语。 Passage 2 There is something about water that makes it a good metaphor for life。 That may be one reason why so many people find relief in swimming when life seized get rough。 And [12]it goes some way towards explaining why books about swimming, in which people tackle icy legs, race and rivers, and overcome oceans while reflecting on their lives have recently become so popular。 These books reflect a trend particularly strong in Britain, where swimming in pools is declining, but more and more folks are opting for open water。 While swimming seems to be especially popular among women。 [13]Jenny landreth recently published a guide to the best swimming spots in London。 Her new book swell into weaves her own story with a history of female pioneers who accomplished remarkable feats paved the way for future generations。 [14]Notions of modesty restricted women in the Victorian era, but they still swam。 A bathing machine was rolled down to the sea shore, so women would not be seen in swim wear in 1892,[14] the gentle woman‘s book of sport described a woman swimming in a heavy dress, boots, hat, gloves and carrying an umbrella。 Eventually swimming became freer。 Mixed bathing was permitted on British beaches。 In 1901, women won the right to swim in public pools, learn to swim properly, created appropriate swimwear, and in time even competed against men。 [15]The first woman to cross the English channel was Gertrude Elderly。 In 1926, she beat the record by almost two hours and her father rewarded her with a red sports car。 Question 12。 What has become so popular recently? 解析:根据问题最近比较流行定位文章第第二句,有原因词why提示游泳成为人们遇到困难时排解的方式,所以关于游泳的书籍最近非常受欢迎。 Question 13。 What did Jenny Landreth do recently? 解析:根据人名和best定位答案位置,Jenny Landreth最近出版了一本书,关于指导人们发现最好的游泳地点。 Question 14。 What do we learn about women in the Victorian era? 解析:通过转换词but和时间词1892及维多利亚女性话题可以定位答案位置,在保守的维多利亚时期,女性在游泳时依然穿着厚着的衣服,坚持游泳。 Question 15。 What does the passage say about Gertrude? 解析;通过first和文章结尾定位答案位置,Gertrude是第一位穿过英吉利海峡的女性,并且打破了2小时的记录,因此她父亲奖励一辆跑车给她。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 18:42
2018年12月英语四级阅读试题点评第一套
2018年12月英语四级阅读试题点评第一套

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读试题点评: 四级阅读试题点评-第一套 本次四级考试阅读理解部分总体难度适中,整体符合四级考试的能力要求。 选词填空的话题是空气污染。该部分考察的知识点主要涉及到:考生对词性的判断;对常用短语、固定搭配的考察;以及文章的逻辑衔接。其中,34题的单词exclusively,考生可能不太认识,对句意理解可能造成一定的影响。可见,各位考生要做好该题型,平时踏实背单词是基础。 长篇阅读的题目是:Food-as-Medicine Movement Is Witnessing Progress,话题涉及食疗问题。答案与原文大多呈现同义替换的特点,如:food store与grocery store的同义替换;当然还有一部分答案呈现原词复现的特点,比较简单,符合四级考试的难度。在此,我们提醒各位考生:在掌握解题技巧的同时,还要注意词汇量的一定积累,这样才能轻松应对各类“同义替换”,不至于在这类题型上浪费太多时间,影响整场考试。 仔细阅读两篇文章,在话题方面,第一篇是关于美国加州发明了新的钻井技术来获得地下水;第二篇是关于AI智能是否可以在运转时符合人类的道德规范。在题型设置方面,第一篇涉及观点题(文中人和作者) 、细节题以及推理题;第二篇涉及除上述三种题型外,还设置了一道例证题,该题型可能会成为考生的难点之一。整体而言,两篇文章都要求考生具备“精准定位”的能力,同时能够运用一定的词汇、语法基础读懂答案句,选出正确选项。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 18:32
2018年12月英语四级阅读试题点评第三套
2018年12月英语四级阅读试题点评第三套

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读试题点评: 四级阅读试题点评-第三套 本次四级考试阅读理解部分总体难度适中,整体符合四级考试的能力要求。 选词填空部分考察的知识点主要涉及到:考生对词性的判断;对常用短语、固定搭配的考察;以及文章的逻辑衔接。该篇文章考察的单词难度不算大,warning, unfriendly, avoid等都是比较简单的基本词汇,而intimate(adj。亲密的),effectively(adv。有效的)都是往年整体中反复考察过的重点词汇。可见,加强词汇和短语的积累是解决该题型的基础。 长篇阅读的题目是:How a Poor Abandoned Parisian Boy Became a Top Chef ? 话题涉及一个穷困潦倒的巴黎男孩是如何成为主厨的?答案与原文呈现同义替换的特点,如:39题famous与well-known形成同义替换;当然还有一部分答案呈现原词复现的特点,比较简单,符合四级考试的难度。可见,在掌握解题技巧的同时,考生还要注意词汇量的一定积累,这样才能轻松应对各类“同义替换”。 仔细阅读两篇文章,在话题方面,第一篇是关于家庭摄像头带来的道德问题;第二篇是关于百事公司的新产品计划。在题型设置方面,第一、二篇主要涉及细节题以及观点题。两篇文章的关键词较为明确,在文章中都可以找到答案来源,因此,阅读文章时,对考生“精准定位“的能力要求较高。单词方面,如:etiquette(n。礼仪),intrude(v。侵入)可能对考生而言,有一定难度;但privacy(n。隐私),attribute…to…(把……归因于……)是上课反复讲过的重点词汇,考生应当比较熟悉。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 18:28
2018年12月英语四级选词填空真题及解析
2018年12月英语四级选词填空真题及解析

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级选词填空真题及解析: 四级选词填空(空气污染篇) Millions die early from air pollution each year。 Air pollution costs the global economy more than $5 trillion annually in welfare costs, with the most serious [26] damage occurring in the developing world。 The figures include a number of costs [27] associated with air pollution。 Only considering lost income alone amounts to $225 billion a year。 The report includes both indoor and outdoor air pollution。 Indoor pollution, which includes [28] sources like home heating and cooking, has remained [29] constant over the past several decades despite advances in the area。 Levels of outdoor pollution have grown rapidly along with rapid growth in industry and transportation。 Director of Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Chris Murray [30] described it as an “urgent call to action。”“ One of the risk factors for premature deaths is the air we breathe, over which individuals have little [31] control,” he said。 The effects of air pollution are worst in the developing world, where in some places lost labor income [32] equals nearly 1% of GDP。 Around 9 and 10 people in low and middle income countries live in places where they [33] regularly experience dangerous levels of outdoor air pollution。 But the problem is not limited [34] exclusively to the developing world。 Thousands die prematurely in the U.S。 as a result of related ailments。 In many European countries, where diesel [35] vehicles have become more common in recent years, that number reaches in the tens of thousands。 26。[答案] F damage [解题思路]空格前为most serious为形容词,可判断此空格处为名词,前半句讲空气污染每年给全球经济造成超过5万亿美元的福利成本,对于发展中国家带来最大的伤害。因此选择 damage 27。[答案]B associated [解题思路]The figures include a number of costs [27]_____ with air pollution空格前主谓宾齐全,可判断空格处和后面的with构成短语做后置定语来修饰前面的cost。 Associate with 与……想联系,相关。这个数字包括了与空气污染相关的很多花费。 28。 [答案]M sources [解题思路]Indoor pollution, which includes [28]_____空格前为动词,可知空格处为名词来做动词的宾语。第二段首句表示据报道污染有室内和室外污染,室内污染包括像home heating(居家取暖) and cooking(烹饪)的这些来源 29。[答案]D constant [解题思路]has remained 29_____ over the past several decades despite advances in the area.remain 作为系动词,可判断空格处为形容词,但像家庭取暖和做饭这样的室内污染在过去的数十年仍在继续。 30。[答案]G described [解题思路]Director of Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Chris Murray [30]_____it as an “urgent call to action。” 空格前为名词,空格后为代词,可判断空格出为动词,后面有as作为补语,可判断词动词可与as作为搭配,describe。。。as“把 ……描述为”。 31。[答案]E control [解题思路]One of the risk factors for premature deaths is the air we breathe, over which individuals have little [31] ______,空格前为限定词,可判断空格出为名词,过早死亡的危险因素之一就是我们呼吸额空气,个人对其几乎没有控制权。 32。[答案]H equals [解题思路]The effects of air pollution are worst in the developing world, where in some places lost labor income [32] nearly 1% of GDP。 空格前为lost labor income 作为定语从句主语,空格后为名词,可判断此空格为谓语,空气污染对发展中国家的影响最为严重,在一些地方,劳动收入的损失相当于GDP的近1%。 33。[答案]K regularly [解题思路]Around 9 and 10 people in low and middle income countries live in places where they [33]_____ experience dangerous levels of outdoor air pollution。空格前为名词,空格后为动词及宾语,句子成分完整,可判断空格出为副词。在低收入和中等收入国家,大约有9到10人生活在经常遭受严重室外空气污染的地方。 34。[答案]I exclusively [解题思路]But the problem is not limited [34]_____to the developing world。 空格前主语和谓语齐全,空格后有宾语,句子成分完整,可判断空格处为副词。但是这个问题并不仅仅局限于发展中国家。 35。[答案]O vehicles [解题思路]In many European countries, where diesel 35vehicles have become more common in recent years, that number reaches in the tens of thousands。 空格后为动词,可判断空格出为主语,且前有diesel限定词空格处为名词,表示以柴油为动力的车辆。在许多欧洲国家,柴油汽车近年来变得越来越普遍,这个数字达到了数万辆。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年12月15日 18:19
2018年12月英语四级整体解析及答案
2018年12月英语四级整体解析及答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级整体解析及答案: 12月四级英语整体解析及答案 本次四级英语考试难度适中,各个板块难度基本与往年持平。翻译和听力难度略略下降,写作的题目比较传统,没有出现反押题的情况。下面是分单项的讲解。 一、写作 本次四级写作题目“The challenges of studying abroad/starting a career after graduation/living in a big city。”,是一道典型的现象分析型题目。题目内容与社会关注现象连接紧密,也是大家熟悉的话题,比较有话说。写作时,首段需要给出背景并引出题目相关的核心词; 第二段一句主旨句加上具体分析的点,即所面临的挑战,写两到三点即可,以字数为准;尾段做适当的总结,并简要给出应对挑战的对策即可。总的来说,本次四级写作题目难度适中,结构清晰。但最后得分和考生的语言质量关系非常密切,注意写作时词汇和句式的准确性和丰富性。 The challenges of living in a big city。 These days, the issue of living in a big city has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public。 People in mounting numbers choose to live in big cities nourishing the hope of having better opportunities, broadening their views and gaining new insights and outlook。 However this hot phenomenon contains not only those positive and beneficial aspects but foreseeable challenges as well。 And it is not difficult to put forward several factors responsible for the above mentioned challenge。 First and foremost, with the quickening pace and the fierce competition of modern life, people living in big cities find that they are under constant pressure from work and living, making it impossible for them to slow down and truly enjoy life。 Furthermore, even though cities are equipped with highly developed and sophisticated traffic system, people in urban areas are confronted with outrageous traffic rush, twice a day, which largely contributes to their discontent and increases the commuting time and thus time cost。 As discussed above, only those who get well prepared physically and mentally can benefit most from living in a big city。 二、听力 就目前拿到的原文材料来看,题材和文本难度均与往年保持一致水平,短文题难度略有下降。各section解析如下: 新闻: 卷一的新闻题一,科技新闻。介绍了科学家将在月球上实现4G信号的覆盖。考点题一为新闻主旨题,符合新闻开头出题的原则。第二题新闻细节题考察新闻中“原因”的要素。答案均为原文原词,难度不大。 答案: 1。 C) Set up a mobile phone network on the moon。 2。 A) It is stable。 新闻题二为社会新闻,讲述了发生在好莱坞密歇根大道上一家废弃旧商场发生的火灾。。考点题一仍然为新闻主旨题,符合新闻开头出题的原则。第二题新闻细节题。符合我们听力课上课时提到的时间/数字等信息集中处出题的规律。 答案: 3。 B) No injuries were yet reported。 4。 B) Pull down the deserted shopping mall。 新闻题三为社会新闻,讲述日本由于自然灾害土豆产量下降和进口管制,导致土豆价格升高的事件。。考点题一仍然为新闻主旨题,但要求考生听懂“shortage(短缺) ”一词,有一定难度。第二/三题新闻细节题。 答案: 5。 D) Insufficient potato supply。 6。 C) It is afraid of the spread of disease。 长对话 对于考生而言,长对话一向是听懂难度较低的文本。此次两篇长对话,就文本和听力音频难度来看,难度适中。如果大家有好好掌握课上所说的长对话出题原则,找到答案的可能性还是非常大的,关注开头结尾处,以及中间负责答者的回答。长对话第一篇讨论的话题是近年来高频话题,学习,说话人讲解了学习保持专注度的一些方法和技巧。第8/9题选项和原文存在同义词替换(boring-dull),近义表达替换(writing=take notes)的情况,但第10-11题选项均为原文原词。 答案: 8。 C) Dull。 9。 D) She takes notes。 10。 A) It keeps her mind active。 11。 B) It helps her better remember what she learns。 第二篇长对话则为讨论泰姬陵,难度较上一篇而言较低,应是考生在长对话部分的主要得分点。听题时注意重复出现的信息(princess/crowded) 答案: 12。 A) To spend her honeymoon。 13。 A) In memory of a princess。 14。 D) It has walls decorated with jewels。 15。 B) They are mostly crowded。 短文: 听力考试中难度较大的题型,短文。第一篇是一篇报告,关于美国人对于公共图书馆的观点和使用情况。文章出自PEW研究中心。话题相对比较严肃,部分考生可能存在听不懂的困难,但答案给出方式较为直接,基本为原文原词直接对应。 题源文章链接:http://www.pewinternet.org/2016/09/09/libraries-2016/ 答案: 16。 C) They provide residents with the resources needed。 17。 B) By inspiring their creativity。 18。 D) Their number increased modestly。 第二篇为说明文,介绍了热带草原猫,出题点遵照了说文的出题套路:说明对象介绍,特点,人们对于说明对象的观点或发现。文本难度是三篇中较为简单的一篇,文本改编自维基百科, 这并不是维基百科的文章第一次出现在四六级考试中。2017年6月六级听力中说明文也来自维基百科。 题源文章链接:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savannah_cat Passage Two 19。 C) It is an unusual cross breed。 20。 A) They are as loyal as dogs。 21。 C) They shower with them。 第三篇文章为议论文,介绍了父母对于孩子教育的重要性。 出题方式也遵循了我们听力课堂上总结的规律,大家做题时应关注开头结尾处,转折(although, but, however等),因果(because, so,等),强调(especially等)。答案和选项多为同根词的对应方式,这也是我们上课讲过的特征,熟练掌握做题技巧的同学应该会得心应手。24题难度较大,需要考生大意概括理解 Passage Three 22。 D) Excited but somewhat sad。 23。 A) It starts the moment they are born。 24。 D) Set a good example for them to follow。 25。 B) Their home life。 三、翻译: 整体难度没有变化,但词汇的难度,应该说,照以往稍有下降,主要是没有很生僻的单词,而且其中有许多词汇都是考过很多遍的,如快速发展、增长、影响、大量、稳步增长等等。唯一需要注意的词汇就是报刊,这是两个英语单词构成的并列结构。句式方面,也并没有特别难,只有最后一句是一个句号三个片段的句子,其它都是一个句号一个或两个片段,句间逻辑非常好处理。从单个句子的翻译来看,只要掌握了成份对应翻译法,就可以得到相当好的分数。相信今年考试的同学,都会取得非常不错的分数。 1。第一篇真题及范文: 由于通信网络的快速发展,中国智能手机用户数量近年来以惊人度增长。这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式。他们现在经常在智能手机上 看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊。 大量移动应用程序的开发使人们 能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。因此,纸质书籍的销售受到了影响。但调查显示,尽管能手机阅读市场稳步增长,超半数成年人 仍喜欢读纸质书。 Due to the fast development of communication networks, the number of smartphone users grows at an amazing rate in recent years in China。 This has changed many people’s ways of reading dramatically。 Today, they often read news and articles on their smartphones instead of buying traditional newspapers and periodicals。 The development of many mobile apps enables people to read novels and other forms of literary works on their smartphones。 Therefore, the sales of paper books are affected。 However, according to some surveys, more than half of adults still like to read paper books, despite the steady growth of the smartphone reading market。 2。手机支付 过去几年里,移动支付市场在中国蓬勃发展。随着移动互联网的出现,手机购物逐渐成为一种趋势。18到30岁的年轻人构成了移动支付市场的最大群体。由于现在用手机付款极容易,许多消费者在购物时宁愿用手机付款,而不愿用现金和信用卡。为了鼓励人们多消费,许多商店给使用移动支付的顾客打折。专家预测,中国移动支付市场未来仍有很大发展潜力。 The past few years have witnessed the rapid development of mobile payment market in China。 With the appearance of mobile internet, shopping on cellphones has become a trend。 The young from 18 to 30 make up the biggest group of users of the mobile payment market。 As it is very easy to pay by cellphone, many consumers prefer to use phones to pay for shopping, rather than use cash or credit cards。 To encourage consumption, many shops offer discounts to those who use mobile payment。 According to the prediction of some experts, there are great potential of development in China‘s mobile payment market in the future。 3。越来越多的中国人现在的确离不开手机了。他们中的许多人,包括老年人都使用手机应用程序保持联系并拓宽朋友圈。他们也用手机购物,查找信息,因为手机便于携带。此外,使用手机应用程序通信比传统电话便宜。然而,这种新趋势导致人们在社交时过度依赖手机。事实上,一些年轻人已经变得十分上瘾,以至于忽略了与家人和朋友面对面的交流。 Today, more and more Chinese cannot live without mobile phones indeed。 Many of them, including the elderly, keep in touch with others and broaden their circle of friends with mobile apps。 They also use their cell phones for online shopping and searching for information as cellphones are easy to carry。 In addition, the communication by mobile applications is cheaper than that by traditional phones。 However, this new trend makes people over-reliant on mobile phones for social interaction。 In fact, some young people have become so addicted that they ignored the face-to-face communication with their family and friends。 四、阅读 选词填空 第一套 26 F Damage 27 B associated 28 M sources 29 D constant 30 G described 31 E control 32 H equals 33 K regularly 34 I exclusively 35 O vehicles 第二套 26。 I remedies 27.D inconvenience (这里作动词:“使……不方便”) 28.H recommended 29.C hesitant 30.O worse 31。 B experiences 32。 J scared 33。 M pressured 34。 L sink 35。 E lessen 第三套 26。 I warning 27。 B convenience 28。 F particularly 29。 L surveyed 30。 C effectively 31。 E intimate 32。 J unfriendly 33。 K specific 34。 G primary 35。 A avoid (一)匹配阅读 第一套题 36。 More than half of the food Americans eat is factory-produced 37。 There is a special program that assigns doctors to give advice to shoppers in food stores。 38。 There is growing evidence from research that food helps patients recover from various illnesses。 39。 A healthy breakfast can be prepared quickly and easily。 40。 Training a patient to prepare healthy food can change their life。 41。 One food-as-medicine program not only prescribes food for treatment but teaches patient show to cook it。 42。 Scott is not keen on cooking food herself thinking it would simply be a waste of time。 43。 Diabetes patients are advised to eat more plant-based food 44。 Using food as medicine is no novel idea but the movement is making headway these days。 45。 Americans high rates of various illnesses result from the way they eat。 第二套题 36。 a research project found bacteria made their way to the food on the floor in five seconds。 37。 Whether food is contaminated depends much on the number of bacteria that get onto it。 38。 Food contamination may result from various factors other than food dropping on the floor。 39。 Males are less likely than females to eat food that may have been contaminated。 40。 The author’s research centers around how food gets contaminated。 41.Keeping everything clean is the best way to stay healthy 42。 Chances are you will not fall sick because of eating food picked up from the floor 43。 For a long time people have had the experience of deciding whether or not to eat food picked up from the floor 44。 Some trains of bacteria are so harmful that a tiny few can have deadly consequences。 45。 Researchers found how any bacteria got into the food did not have much to do with how long the food stayed on a contaminated floor 第三套题 36。 Careme was among the first chefs who stressed both the appearance and flavor of dishes。(有争议) 37。 Careme wanted to show to later generations that French chefs of his time were most world。 38。 Careme benefited greatly from serving a French diplomat and his connections。 39。 Careme learned his trade from a famous dessert chef in Paris。 40。 Careme‘s creative works were exhibited in the shop windows by his master。 41。 Careme‘s knowledge of art and architecture helped him create extraordinary desserts extraordinary ingredient。 42。 Many people in Paris were eager to have a look at the latest sweet food made by Care。 43。 Careme became extremely wealthy by cooking for rich and socially ambitious families。 44。 Careme‘s writing dealt with fundamental cooking principles in a systematic way。 45。 Careme‘s contribution to French cooking was revolutionary。 (二)仔细阅读 第一套 美国加州发明了新的钻井技术来获得地下水 46。 How could California’s drought crisis be solved according to some researchers? 答案: B—by drawing water from the depths of the earth 47。 What can be inferred about extracting water from deep aquifers? 答案:B-It was not considered worth the expense。 48。 What is mentioned as consequence of extracting water from deep underground? 答案:A-The sinking of land surface 49。 What does the author say about deep wells? 答案:D-They provide a steady supply of freshwater 50。 What may happen when deep aquifers are used as water sources? 答案:C- The cost may go up due to desalination。 第二篇 AI稚嫩是否可以在运转时符合人类的道德规范? 51。 What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo’s victory? 答案:D-Computers can become highly intelligence 52。 What does the author mean by AI machines acting ethically? 答案:C-They make sensible decisions when facing moral dilemmas。 53。 What is said to be the bigger challenges facing humans in the AI age? 答案:B-How to ensure that super-intelligent AI machines act ethically 54。 What do we learn about Microsoft’s ‘chatbot’ Taylor? 答案:A-She could not distinguish good from bad。 55。 What does Eric Schmidt think of artificial intelligence? 答案:D-It will be here to stay whatever the outcome。 第二套 46。 What do we learn from a newly published study about cats? C - They have a natural ability to locate animals they hunt。 47。 What may account for the cats‘ response to the noise from the containers? D - Their mastery of cause and effect(有争议) 48。 What is characteristic of the way cats hunt, according to the Japanese researchers? B - They rely mainly on their hearing。 49。 In what way do babies behave like cats? A - They focus on what appears odd。 50。 What can we conclude about cats from the passage? B - They interact with the physical world much like humans。 51。 What would be the impact of the extensive use of driveress cars? A - People would be driving in a more civilized way。 52。 How would the elderly and the disabled benefit from driverless cars? A - They could enjoy greater mobility 53。 What would be the negative impact of driverless cars? D - Numerous professional drivers would have to find new ways of earning a living。 54。 What is the result of the introduction of new technologies in energy industries? B - Retaining of employees。 55。 What does the author suggest businesses and the government do? C - Enable everyone to benefit from new technologies。 第三套 46。 For what reason may your friends feel reluctant to visit your home? A - The security camera installed may intrude into their privacy 47。 What does Lizzie Post say is new territory? D - Etiquette around home security cameras。 48。 What is Lizzie Post mainly discussing with regard to the use of home security cameras? C - Likes and dislikes of individuals。 49。 What is a host‘s responsibility regarding security cameras, according to Lizzie Post? A - Making their guests feel at ease。 50。 In what way can the home security camera benefit visitors to your home? B - It can prove their innocence。 51。 Why is PepsiCo making a policy change? C - to satisfy the growing needs for healthy foods。 52。 What does PepsiCo think it will have to do in the future? D - Keep on improving its products。 53。 Why does PepsiCo plan to alter its products。 according to Indra Nooyi? A - To ensure the company‘s future development 54。 What does Indra Nooyi say about the obesity epidemic? C - it is attributable to people‘s changed lifestyles。 55。 What has PepsiCo been doing to achieve its objective? B - Increasing its research funding 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试第一套整体评述
2018年12月英语四级考试第一套整体评述

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级考试第一套整体评述: 第一部分 写作 写作试题是最能体现学生综合运用语言能力和知识的题型。本次四级英语写作考察的类型是话题作文中的议论文写作,属于四级写作中的传统题型。在写作题材方面,本次写作题目分别为出国留学的挑战、住在大城市的挑战以及初入职场的挑战。乍看之下,本次作文题材立意与往年常见的考察某一事物重要性或其影响一类的作文题材有出入,然而本次作文题目仍属议论文,因此在谋篇布局、遣词造句方面仍可沿用课上讲过的文章框架及模版句。此外,题目的主题词是“挑战”,因此在围绕写有哪些“挑战”的基础上,可套用课上讲过的相对应的模板句,体现出面对挑战时需要解决的问题,并相应套用课上的模板句提出应对挑战的建议即可。 第二部分 听力 四级听力主要考察考生对新闻、对话及篇章三类题型的主旨和细节信息的把握。本次四级听力考试的题目难度适中。其中,三篇新闻听力的题材主要涉及科技、灾害和农业经济,具体为4G网络覆盖月球,火灾救援和日本马铃薯短缺问题。本次三则新闻话题为往年四级新闻中的常见话题,且题目和背景词汇都是四级听力考试当中的常见词汇。两篇长对话涉及校园和旅游,属于考生较为熟悉的话题场景。然而,本次长对话均为交谈式对话,因此谈话两人的具体说话内容均有可能出答案,需要考生集中精力匹配选项,并听出谈话人的话外音。三篇听力篇章的难度和往年四级听力的难度持平。题材分别涉及对美国图书馆的调查,萨凡纳猫的介绍及幼儿家庭教育。体裁方面主要还是以说明文为主,调查类篇章听力考察考生对调查结果的细节信息的捕捉,介绍类篇章考察考生把握该物种特点的细节信息。考试过程中,考生应把握四级听力考试的做题原则,以课上讲过的匹配关键词为主,并结合逻辑标志词选出答案。 第三部分 阅读 2018年12月四级考试阅读部分难度适中,和上半年相比而言难度持平,没有太大的起伏,就文章题材而言,题材广泛,涉及环境,健康,经济等话题。就选词填空而言,具备一定的单词和语法基础,“先词性后语义”一步一步缩小选择范围。就段落匹配题而言,按照“三点一线”的方法,拿词定位,用句子信息作匹配。就仔细阅读而言,先题后文选关键词,回到原文定位,时刻牵着问题分析定位句,左手原文右手选项,尊重原文,注意不能机械对比,关注同义近义词的替换,这也是近几年来四级考试变化的趋势,原词复现越来越少,同义近义改写和替换越来越多,所以大家要注意平时词汇的积累。 第四部分 写作 写作试题是最能体现学生综合运用语言能力和知识的题型。本次四级英语写作考察的类型是话题作文中的议论文写作,属于四级写作中的传统题型。在写作题材方面,本次写作题目分别为出国留学的挑战、住在大城市的挑战以及初入职场的挑战。乍看之下,本次作文题材立意与往年常见的考察某一事物重要性或其影响一类的作文题材有出入,然而本次作文题目仍属议论文,因此在谋篇布局、遣词造句方面仍可沿用课上讲过的文章框架及模版句。此外,题目的主题词是“挑战“,因此在围绕写有哪些“挑战”的基础上,可套用课上讲过的相对应的模板句,体现出面对挑战时需要解决的问题,并相应套用课上的模板句提出应对挑战的建议即可。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级考试听力答案及原文
2018年12月英语六级考试听力答案及原文

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力答案及原文: 六级听力 ABCDD ABCAC BCDAB ADCDA BDACB 1。 A) It can benefit professionals and non-professionals alike。 2。 B) Stories about some female physicists。 3。 C) By including lots of fascinating knowledge。 4。 D) It provides experiments they can do themselves。 5。 D)He has not idea how to proceed with his dissertation。 6。 A) It is too broad。 7。 B) Nature。 8。 C) List the parameters first。 9。 A) The unprecedented high temperature in Greenland。 10。 C) It typiaclly appears about once every ten years。 11。 B) Iceless summers in the Arctic。 12。 C) A strong determination。 13。 D) It is most important to have confidence in one`s willpower。 14。 A) They could keep on working longer。 15。 B) They are subject to change。 16。 A) About half of current jobs might be automated。 17。 D) They could grade high-school essays just like human teachers。 18。 C) It has to rely on huge amounts of previous data。 19。 D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy。 20。 A) Drive trains with solar energy。 21。 B) Find a new material for storing energy。 22。 D) The poor relation between national health and social care services。 23。 A) It was mainly provided by voluntary services。 24。 C) Their preference for private services。 25。 B) They have long been discriminated against。 conversation 1 Hey I just read a great book about physics。 I think you‘d like it。 It’s called the physics of the world。 It‘s written by a scientist named Sylvia Mendez。 Oh I read that book。 It was great。 The writer is a warm and competent guide to the mysteries of physics。 I think it promises enrichment for any reader from those who know little about science to the career physicist。 And it‘s refreshing to see a strong curious clever woman adding her voice to the scientific discourse and a field that has been traditionally dominated by men。 I think she has to be commended for making an effort to include anecdotes about little known female scientists。 You know they were often victims of a generation firmly convinced that the woman’s place was in the home。 I like how the book is clearly written with each chapter brought to life by pieces of fascinating knowledge。 youdaokaoshen For example in one chapter she exposes a myth that I‘ve heard taught by university physics professors。 I’ve often heard that medieval glass windows are thicker at the bottom because glass flows like a fluid。 This, she shows, is not true。 The distortion is actually thanks to a peculiarity of the glassmakers process。 Yeah I like how she cultivates scientific engagement by providing a host of Do It Yourself experiments that bring the same foundational principles of classical physics that govern everything from the solar system to your kitchen table。 From using complex laws of physics to test whether a spinning egg is cooked to measuring atmospheric pressure by lifting a piece of cardboard。 Her hands-on examples make her book a truly interactive read。 Yes I must say this a equation-free book is an ideal read for scientists of all stripes, anyone teaching science and even people who dislike physics。 Question 1: what does the woman say about the book the man recommended? A) It can benefit professionals and non-professionals alike。 Question 2: what can we find in the book the man recommended? B) Stories about some female physicists。 Question 3: How does the author bring her book to life? C) By including lots of fascinating knowledge。 Question 4: How does the book cultivate readers interest in physics。 D) It provides experiments they can do themselves。 conversation 2 A:Hi professor。 I was hoping I could have a moment of your time if you‘re not too busy。 I’m having some problems getting started on my dissertation and I was hoping you could give me some advice on how to begin。 B:Sure。 I have quite a few students though.So can you remind me what your topic is? A:the general topic I chose is aesthetics, but that‘s as far as I’ve got I don‘t really know where to go from there。 B:Yeah,that‘s much too large a topic。 You really need to narrow it down in order to make it more accessible。 Otherwise you’ll be writing a book。 A:Exactly。 That‘s what I wanted to ask you about。 I was hoping it would be possible for me to change topics。 I’m really more interested in nature than beauty。 B:I‘m afraid you have to adhere to the assigned topic。 Still, If you’re interested in nature, then that certainly can be worked into your dissertation。 We‘ve talked about Hume before in class right。 A:Oh yeah, he‘s the philosopher who wrote about where our ideas of beauty come from。 B:Exactly。 I suggest you go to the library and get a copy of his biography。 Start from there。 youdaokaoshen But remember to stick to the parameters of the assignment。 This paper is a large part of your cumulative grade。 So make sure to follow the instructions。 If you take a look at his biography。 You can get a good idea of how his life experiences manifest themselves in his theories of beauty。 specifically the way he looked towards nature as the origin of what we find beautiful。 A:Great。 Thanks for taking the time to answer my questions, Professor。 I‘ll let you get back to class now。 B:If there‘s anything else you need, please come see me in my office any time。 Question 5: What is the man‘s problem? D)He has not idea how to proceed with his dissertation。 Question 6 What does the professor think of the man‘s topic? A) It is too broad。 Question 7 What’s the man really more interested in? B) Nature。 Question 8 what does the professor say the man has to do? C) List the parameters first。 passage 1 During the arctic winter from October to March, the average temperature in the frozen north typically hovers around minus 20 degrees Celsius。 But this year the Arctic is experiencing much higher temperatures。 On February the 20th the temperature in Greenland climbed above freezing or zero degrees Celsius and it stayed there for over 24 hours。 Then on February the 24th the temperature on Greenland‘s northern tip reached six degrees Celsius。 Climate scientists describe the phenomenon as stunning。 Weather conditions that drive this bizarre temperature surge have visited the Arctic before。 They typically appear about once in a decade。 youdaokaoshen However, the last such increase in temperature took place two years ago。 This is troubling as climbing arctic temperatures combined with rapid sea ice loss are creating a new type of climate feedback loop which could accelerate Arctic warming。 Indeed, sea ice cover in the Arctic is melting faster than expected。 Without those masses of cooling sea ice, warm air brought to the Arctic can penetrate further inland than it ever did before。 The air can stay warmer longer too。 This drives additional melting。 Overall earth is warming at a rapid pace。 2014 through 2017 rank as the hottest years on record and the Arctic is warming twice as fast as any place else on earth。 This raises unique challenges for Arctic wildlife and indigenous people who depend on Arctic ecosystems to survive。 Previously climate forecasts predicted that Arctic summer ice would disappear entirely by around 2060, but based on what scientists are seeing now the Arctic may be facing summers without ice within 20 years。 Question 9。 What did climate scientists describe as stunning? A) The unprecedented high temperature in Greenland。 Question 10。 What does the passage say about that temperature surge in the Arctic? C) It typiaclly appears about once every ten years。 Question 11。 what may occur in 20 years according to scientists’ recent observations? B)Iceless summers in the Arctic。 Passage2 A good dose of willpower is often necessary to see any task through whether it‘s sticking to a spending plan or finishing a great novel。 And if you want to increase that willpower。 A new study suggests you just simply have to believe you have it。 According to this study, what matters most is what we think about our willpower。 If we believe it’s a finite resource, we act that way, we feel exhausted and need breaks between demanding mental tasks。 However, people who view their willpower as a limitless resource get energized instead。 The researchers used a psychological assessment tool to test the validity of the study。 They asked 1100 Americans and 1600 Europeans to grade different statements such as after a challenging mental activity, my energy is depleted and I must rest to get it refueled again or I can focus on a mental task for long periods without feeling tired。 Although there was little difference between men and women overall。 youdaokaoshen Americans were more likely to admit to needing breaks after completing mentally challenging tasks European participants on the other hand claimed they were able to keep going。 Based on the findings, the researchers suggest that the key to boosting your willpower is to believe that you have an abundant supply of it。 Your feelings about your willpower affect the way you behave。 But these feelings are changeable, they said。 Changing your beliefs about the nature of your self-control can have positive effects on character development。 This leads to healthier behaviors and perceptions of other people。 Question 12 What is often necessary for carrying through a task? C) A strong determination。 Question 13 What is the finding of the new study? D) It is most important to have confidence in one`s willpower。 Question 14 What do we learn about European participants as compared with their American counterparts? A) They could keep on working longer。 Question 15 What do the research say concerning people‘s feelings about willpower? B)They are subject to change。 lecture 1 Here is my baby niece Sarah。 Her mum is a doctor and her dad is a lawyer。 By the time Sarah goes to college the jobs her parents do are going to look dramatically different。 In 2013,researchers at Oxford University did a study on the future of work。 They concluded that almost one in every two jobs has a high risk of being automated by machines。 Machine learning is the technology that‘s responsible for most of this disruption。 It’s the most powerful branch of artificial intelligence。 It allows machines to learn from data and copy some of the things that humans can do。 My company, Kaggle, operates on the cutting edge of machine learning。 We bring together hundreds of thousands of experts to solve important problems for industry and academia。 This gives us an unique perspective on what machines can do, what they can‘t do and what jobs they might automate or threaten。 Machine learning started making its way into industry in the early 90s。 youdaokaoshen It started with relatively simple tasks。 It started with things like assessing credit risk from loan applications, sorting the mail by reading handwritten zip codes。 Over the past few years, we have made dramatic breakthroughs。 Machine learning is now capable of far, far more complex tasks。 In 2012, Kaggle challenged its community to build a program that could grade high school essays。 The winning programs were able to match the grades given by human teachers。 Now given the right data, machines are going to outperform humans at tasks like this。 A teacher might read 10000 essays over a 40-year career。 A machine can read millions of essays within minutes。 We have no chance of competing against machines on frequent high-volume tasks, but there are things we can do that machines cannot。 Where machines have made very little progress is in tackling novel situations。 Machines can’t handle things they haven‘t seen many times before。 The fundamental limitation of machine learning is that it needs to learn from large volumes of past data。 But humans don’t。 We have the ability to connect seemingly different threads to solve problems we‘ve never seen before。 Question 16 what did the researchers at Oxford University conclude? A) About half of current jobs might be automated。 Question 17。 What do we learn about Kaggle companies winning programs? D) They could grade high-school essays just like human teachers。 Question 18。 What is the fundamental limitation on machine learning? C) It has to rely on huge amounts of previous data。 lecture 2 we‘ve talked recently about the importance of sustainable energy。 We’ve also talked about the different theories on how that can be done。 So far, our discussions have all been theoretical。 Now I have a practical question for you all。 Can you run a 140,000 kilogram train on just the steam generated by solar power? Well, one engineer, Tim Casselman, believes it‘s possible。 And his home city of Sacramento, California should see the technology’s first test as part of the upgrading of its rail yard。 Casselman, who is an inventor and self-proclaimed steam visionary, is campaigning for a new steam train that runs without any fire and could run on an existing 10 kilometer line drawing tourists and perhaps offering city commuters a green alternative to their cars。 Casselman wants to build an array of solar magnifying mirrors at one end of the line to collect and focus heat onto water filled tubes。 This would generate steam that could be used to fill tanks on a small steam train without the use of fire。 Supplying power to trains in this way would offer the shortest distance from well to wheels he says with the least amount of energy lost。 youdaokaoshen According to Harry Valentijn, a Canadian engineer who is researching modern steam technology, a special tank measuring 2 by 10 metres could store over 750 kilowatt hours of energy as high pressure steam enough to pull a two car train for an hour or so。 Energy to drive a steam locomotive can be stored in other materials besides water for example a team at Tohoku University in Japan has studied materials that can store large amounts of heat when heated。 These materials turn from a solid into a liquid absorbing energy as they change phase。 The liquid is maintained above its melting point until steam is required at which point the liquid is allowed to turn back into a solid releasing its stored energy another team at Nagoya University in Japan has tested calcium compound as an energy storage material。 Heating this chemical compound drives off carbon dioxide gas leaving calcium oxide the gas can be stored under pressure and attain to recover the energy the gas is fed back over the calcium oxide。 In theory says Valentijn this can create a high enough temperature to generate superheated steam。 Question 19: What has the speaker previously talked about? D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy。 Question 20: What is Tim Casselman trying to do in Sacramento? A) Drive trains with solar energy。 Question 21: what has a Japanese research team tried to do? B) Find a new material for storing energy。 Lecture 3 Today‘s crisis in care for older people in England has two main causes。 First,people are living longer with a lot more complex needs。 Second, they rely on a system that has long been marked by a poor relation between national health and social-care services。 Current services originate in two key measures。 They are the National Health Service and the 1948 National Assistance Act。 This required local government to provide residential accommodation for older people and supervise care homes run by independent organizations。 They also provided home and community services including meals, day centers and home helpers and other subsidized services。 The National Health Service was free and wholly publicly provided。 It delivered the best health-care for all。 No such vision guided residential and community care though。 The care was substantially provided by voluntary services which worked together with local authorities as they long had with eligibility based on income。 Today, life expectancy has risen from 66 for a male at birth in 1948 to around 80 now。 In addition, there is better overall health and improved medical knowledge and care。 youdaokaoshen This means an unprecedented number of people are surviving longer in conditions requiring expert support。 Families provide at least as much care as they ever did。 Even so, they can rarely without subsidised support address serious personal needs。 Care for older people faced persistent criticism as these trends became apparent。 From the early 1960s, local authorities were required to plan health and welfare services。 The aim was to enable older people to remain in their own homes for as long as possible, but this increased concern about the lack of coordination between free health and paid-for social care。 Through the 1970s, a number of measures sought to improve matter。 However at a time of financial crisis, funding diminished and little changed。 In the 1980s, the government cut spending。 Meanwhile, preference for private over public services made management even more difficult。 Simultaneously, the number of sick older people grew。 Governments emphasized the need to improve services。 They did so though while doing little to stop the erosion of available aid。 Services were irregular across authorities。 Unless you were prepared to pay, they were increasingly difficult to obtain for any but the most severely disabled。 Why has 60 years of criticism produced so little change。 Discrimination against older people has a long history。 Additionally, those affected by inadequate health and social care are too vulnerable to launch the protests that have addressed other forms of discrimination。 Question 22 what is one cause of the current crisis in care for the elderly in England? D) The poor relation between national health and social care services。 Question 23。 What does the speaker say about residential and community care? A) It was mainly provided by voluntary services。 Question 24。 What made management of care for the elderly more difficult in the 1980s? C) Their preference for private services。 Question 25。 What does the speaker say about older people in England? B) They have long been discriminated against。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

四六级考试话题连上热搜 网友神吐槽大盘点
四六级考试话题连上热搜 网友神吐槽大盘点

  新浪教育讯 2018下半年英语四六级考试结束,考生交卷后开始了新一轮的四六级吐槽,“四级考试翻车”“裸考太冷了”“英语水平的巅峰是什么时候”“六级听力是天书”等有关四六级的话题,也全天接连上了热搜榜,占据了实时热搜前几位。 四六级一直以来都是大学生参与度最高的考试,即使有其要被其他英语等级能力考试取代的消息,如今看来热度也是依然不减。有人一次通过但一直在刷分,有人多次参加还是迟迟不过,每次都想要达到425分。 有考生幽默吐槽,这一次的四六级考试结束了,下一次的还会远吗?当然了,也不只是考生,四六级作为一个“国民级”话题,每次都能催生不少网友们的神级吐槽,各种画风交替出现,让人不得不叹服“高手在民间”。 1、追忆型: 不少考生都认为四六级是大学时代的一个坎儿,但有的同学却考出了感情,表示即使还要考四六级也想再上一次学。学生时代的一切都是美好的回忆啊。 有网友追忆过去考四六级的奇葩经历,听力调错频道,差一分过线,从考生到监考的奇妙经历,一直陪伴自己的考试文具袋……大家与四六级的故事还真的是奇葩中带着点情怀。 还有已经工作了的“过来人”表示,四六级证书的确是找工作的敲门砖,但工作中还是更看重实操能力。当然也不乏有很久之前考过四六级的人表示对新的四六级考试模式比较陌生,严重与学生时代脱节。 当然了,有为学弟学妹们传递幸运的,也有结合着昨天双子座流星雨热点,表示考试开挂寓意的。 2、翻车型: 要说今天微博上哪条热搜最吸睛?“四级考试翻车”当仁不让!很多考生都开始吐槽自己的奇葩考试经历,传得最火的一条当属这位翻车界的翘楚了!这位同学的动态甚至刷爆了朋友圈和微博热门。小编还是想说,看作文题目一定要仔细认真啊,不然就是一步错步步错…… 关于作文翻车的案例还有很多,把abroad的意思记错成道路、理解成甲板的,这届网友都是什么人才。 其实作文也还好,每次四六级考试荣登最难榜首的,总是听力部分。很多考生感觉听力对话太长;还有考生吐槽六级听力简直是天书! 新浪教育对本次四级考试难度进行了调查统计,结果明确表示:超过71%的考生认为听力最难。究其原因,除了我们身处的语言环境很少有练习听力的机会以外,考生的畏难心理和平日练习量不够等主观因素,更是关键。 “裸考太冷了”,这五个字一度登上了微博热搜第一。大家纷纷表示,每次四六级都裸考出战,答卷就像填彩票,中不了明年再战!还有大V吐槽,四六级裸考应该注意什么?……天冷了,多穿点衣服,别冻着。身体重要,考试明年还能再来过。 还有考完心疼自己的报名费的。没关系,反正也不算贵。报名费已去,四六级再来…… 3、转发锦鲤型: 在考试前一天,微博祈求神秘力量保佑的人就已经大批出现了。考生转发各种锦鲤祈求四六级通过。各类锦鲤甚至比那些必背作文模板干货转发量都高。有人质疑当下这种锦鲤现象风气不好,一到重要考试大家就换上锦鲤头像,转发锦鲤信息,淹没了朋友圈,也有一点不得不转发的意味。 当然了,锦鲤可不止这一种。还有人另辟蹊径,转发六级双满分者简介和图片,祈求高分的。 除此之外,追星族们纷纷发出自己爱豆的美照,配上“爱豆保佑我四六级通过”的文案,也是一种新时代锦鲤了。小编在这里还是要说,打铁还需自身硬,有硬核的实力才能真正稳过四六级! 4、高光时刻型: 另一个占据热搜榜的话题,是“英语水平的巅峰是什么时候”。大多数人都说高三才是自己英语水平的巅峰,后来的语感简直是直线下滑。还有考生表示,大学以后忙于专业课和课外实践,根本没精力腾出来学英语,只能吃老本。还有吐槽学校制度的,部分学校大二才让报四六级,让很多学生错过了英语知识储量最丰厚的时间段。 还有网友表示,高三时期的自己上知天文下知地理,单手解的了函数,双手画的出洋流。现在?就只会玩手机吐槽了。 5、相约2019型: 有些同学就比较看得开了,不转发锦鲤也不吐槽自己,开始为明年蓄势待发……让我们相约201919,考得好就继续努力,考不好就来年再战!这样的同学可以说是很佛系了。 无论如何,多做准备才能信心翻倍。距下次四六级考试还有半年,双旦就在眼前,可以先解放一下啦!(文/王熹妍) [详情]

2018年12月英语六级听力讲座原文及解析(1、2)
2018年12月英语六级听力讲座原文及解析(1、2)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力答案及原文: 六级听力讲座1、2 原文及解析 Recording One Today I‘m going to talk about a very special kind of person。 Psychologists call them masters of deception。 Those rare individuals with a natural ability to tell with complete confidence, when someone is telling a lie。 (16) For decades, researchers and law enforcement agencies have tried to build a machine that will do the same thing。 Now, a company in Massachusetts says that by using magnetic brain scans, they can determine with 97% accuracy whether someone is telling the truth。 They hope that the technology will be cleared for use in American courts by early next year。 (17)But is this really the ultimate tool for you? The lawyers of tomorrow? You will not find many brain scientists celebrating this breakthrough。 The company might be very optimistic, but the ability of their machine to detect deception has not provided credible proof。 That‘s because the technology has not been properly tested in real world situations。 In life, there are different kinds of lies and diverse contexts in which they’re told。 These differences may elicit different brain responses。 Does their hypothesis behind the test apply in every case? We don‘t know the answer, because studies done on how reliable this machine is have not yet been duplicated。 Much more research is badly needed。 Whether the technology is eventually deemed reliable enough for the courts will ultimately be decided by the judges。 Let’s hope they‘re wise enough not to be fooled by a machine that claims to determine truthfulness at the flip of a switch。 They should also be skeptical of the growing tendency to try to reduce all human traits and actions to the level of brain activity。 Often, they do not map that easily。 Moreover, understanding the brain is not the same as understanding the mind。 Some researchers have suggested that thoughts cannot properly be seen as purely internal。 Instead, thoughts make sense only in reference to the individuals external world。 So while there may be insights to be gained from matching behavior to brain activity, those insights will not necessarily lead to justice in a court of law。 Problems surround the use of machines to spot deception, at least until it has been rigorously tested。 (18)A high tech test that can tell when a person is not telling the truth。 Sounds too good to be true。 And when something sounds too good to be true, it usually is。 Question 16。 What have researchers and law enforcement agencies tried to do? Questions17。 How do many brain scientists respond to the Massachusetts companies so called technological breakthrough? Question 18。 What does the speaker think of using a high tech test to determine whether a person is telling the truth? 讲座1解析 如同上课时我们讲到的,讲座题一定要听好开头,开头往往揭示主题。本篇开头即提到一类人,masters of deception。对于生僻名词必然给出解释: Those rare individuals with a natural ability to tell with complete confidence, when someone is telling a lie。 当我们听到But is this really the ultimate tool for you? The lawyers of tomorrow? You will not find many brain scientists celebrating this breakthrough。 时,我们得知很多科学家持反对意见。 我们在设问后的问题之处得知but之后便是17题的答案,has not provided credible proof。 本篇难点在于16,17题离得比较近,符合我们所讲的连续出题原则,考生须在确定一题答案后马上开始对下一题的判断。后面大段不出题,知道最后给出最后一题的答案。 18题作者对于使用高科技仪器测谎的想法是too good to be true,所以需要选择和负面色彩相关的选项。 Recording Two Last week, I attended a research workshop on an island in the South Pacific。 Thirty people were present, and all except me came from the island called Mcclure in the nation of Vanuatu。 They live in sixteen different communities and speak sixteen distinct languages。 In many cases, you could stand at the edge of one village and see the outskirts of the next community。 (19)Yet the residents of each village speak a completely different language。 According to recent work by my colleagues at the Max Plank Institute for the science of human history, this island, just one hundred kilometers long and twenty kilometers wide, is home to speakers of perhaps forty different indigenous languages。 (20)Why so many? We could ask the same question of the entire globe。 People don‘t speak one universal language or even a handful。 Instead, today, our species collectively speaks over seven thousand distinct languages, and these languages are not spread randomly across the planet。 For example, far more languages are found in tropical regions that in the milestones。 the tropical island of new guinea is home to over nine hundred languages, Russia, twenty times larger, has 105 indigenous languages。 Even within the tropics, language diversity varies widely。 For example, the two hundred and fifty thousand people who live on Vanuatu’s eighty islands speak 110 different languages。 But in Bangladesh, a population six hundred times greater speaks only 41 languages。 How come humans speak so many languages? And why are they so unevenly spread across the planet? As it turns out, we have few clear answers to these fundamental questions about how humanity communicates。 Most people can easily brainstorm possible answers to these intriguing questions。 They hypothesized that language diversity must be about history, cultural differences, mountains or oceans dividing populations。 But when our diverse team of researchers from six different disciplines and eight different countries began to review what was known, we were shocked that only a dozen previous studies had been done, including one we ourselves completed on language diversity in the Pacific。 These prior efforts all examine the degree to which different environmental, social, and geographic variables correlated with a number of languages found in a given location。 The results varied a lot from one study to another, and no clear patterns emerged。 The studies also ran up against many methodological challenges, the biggest of which centered on the old statistical saying, “Correlation does not equal causation”。 Question19。 What does the speaker say about the island of Mcclure? Question 20。 What do we learn from the talk about languages in the world? (缺21题) 讲座2解析 本篇听好开头an island in the South Pacific,即知道内容说的和岛屿相关,当听到the island called Mcclure in the nation of Vanuatu,便需认真听后面的内容,They live in sixteen different communities and speak sixteen distinct languages。 知道本文确切内容为语言。 19题为转折后出题:the residents of each village speak a completely different language。 20题符合问句后出题。答案为转折处instead之后的内容: today, our species collectively speaks over seven thousand distinct languages, and these languages are not spread randomly across the planet。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级考试听力长对话答案及原文
2018年12月英语六级考试听力长对话答案及原文

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力长对话答案及原文: 六级听力长对话答案及原文 Conversation one。 M:(1)Do you mind taking my photo with the statue over there? I think it will make a great shot。 W:Sure。 No worries。 You‘re always taking photos。 What do you do with all the photos you take? M:Well, don‘t laugh。 My dream is to become an online celebrity of sorts。 W:You‘re not serious, are you? M:I am completely I just got the idea a few months ago after posting some holiday photos on my social media accounts, a lot of people like my photos and started asking me for travel tips。 So I figured i‘d give it a go。 I post a lot on social media anyway。 So i’ve got nothing to 。 W: I guess that‘s true。 So what you have to do to become internet famous 。 M:Surprisingly, a lot more than I did as a hobby recently。 I‘ve been spending a lot more time editing photos, posting online and clearing storage on my phone。 It’s always full。 Now that doesn‘t sound like too much work。 W:Well, there‘s more to it。 M:I spent all last weekend researching what topics are popular, what words to use in captions and similar accounts to follow really was a lot to take。 And I was up well past midnight。 I‘d say it’s paying off, though I increased the number of people following my accounts by fifteen percent already。 W:That is impressive。 I guess I never thought much about all the effort behind the scene。 Now that I think about it, there‘s always something wrong with my photos。 As it is, half smiles, closed eyes, messy hair。 I hope you have better luck than I do。 Then。 Again, I think the only person interested in my photos is my mum。 Question 1。 What does the man asked the woman to do? 解析:根据问题,问男人让女人做什么,可定位到,对话开篇Do you mind taking my photo with the statue over there? Question 2。 What does the man dream of? 解析:根据问题,问男人梦想什么,可定位到,对话中上篇可得,My dream is to become an online celebrity of sorts。 Question 3。 What has the man been busy doing recently? 解析:根据问题,问男人近期忙于做些什么,可定位中间对话可得,Surprisingly, a lot more than I did as a hobby recently。 I‘ve been spending a lot more time editing photos, posting online and clearing storage on my phone。 Question 4, what does the woman say about her photos? 解析:根据问题,问女人关于她的照片说了什么,可定位至对话结尾处,Now that I think about it, there‘s always something wrong with my photos。 As it is, half smiles, closed eyes, messy hair。 Conversation two M:(5)Good evening and welcome to physics today。 Here we interview some of the greatest minds in physics as they help us to understand some of the most complicated theories。 Today。 I‘m very pleased to welcome doctor melissa phillips, professor of theoretical physics。 She’s here to tell us a little about what it is。(6) She studies doctor phillips。 You seem to study everything。 W:(6)I guess that would be fair to say I spend most of my time studying the big bang theory and where our universe came from。 M:Can you tell us a little about that? W:Well,(7) i‘m very interested in why the universe exists at all。 That may sound odd, but the fact is at the moment of the big bang, both matter and antimatter were created for a short time, and I mean just a fraction of a second。 The whole universe was a super hot soup of radiation filled with these particles。 So what baffled scientists for so long is why is there a universe at all? M:That‘s because matter and anti matter are basically opposites of each other。 They are exactly alike, except that they have opposite electrical charges。 So when they collide, they destroy each other。 W: Exactly。 So during the first few moments of the big bang, the universe was extremely hot and very small matter。 And the now more exotic anti matter would have had little space to avoid each other。 This means that they should have totally wiped each other out, leaving the universe complete。 De baron。 M:(8)But a recent study seems to point to the fact that would matter。 And anti matter were first created。 There were slightly more particles of matter which allowed the universe we all live in to form W:exactly because there was slightly more matter。 The collisions quickly depleted all the anti matter and left just enough matter to create stars, planets, and eventually us。 Question 5。 What does the man say is physics today? 根据问题,问男人说“今日物理学”是怎样的,可定位至对话开篇Good evening and welcome to physics today。 Here we interview some of the greatest minds in physics as they help us to understand some of the most complicated theories Question 6。 What is the woman physicists? Main research area? 根据问题,问女人主要研究的领域是什么,可定位至文章开篇对话处,She studies doctor phillips。 You seem to study everything。 I guess that would be fair to say I spend most of my time studying the big bang theory and where our universe came from。 Questions 7。 What is the woman interested in? 根据问题,问女人的兴趣所在,可得i‘m very interested in why the universe exists at all。 Question 8。 What seems to be the finding of the recent study? 根据问题,问近期研究的发现,可定位至对话结尾处But后,But a recent study seems to point to the fact that would matter。 And anti matter were first created。 There were slightly more particles of matter which allowed the universe we all live in to form 。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级考试听力篇章真题及答案
2018年12月英语六级考试听力篇章真题及答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力真题及答案: 六级听力篇章及答案 Passage 1 In this week‘s edition of special series on bizarre medical conditions。 There’s a report of the case of Michelle Myers。 Myers is an American woman who woke up one day speaking with a British accent, even though she‘s lived in the united states all her life in two thousand fifteen, Myers went to bed with[9] a terrible headache。 She woke up sounding like someone from England。 Her British accent has remained for the past two years previously, [9]Meyers had woken up speaking in Irish and Australian accents。 However, on both of those occasions, the accents lasted for only a week。 Myers has been diagnosed with foreign accent syndrome。 [10]It‘s a disorder in which a person experiences a setting change to their speech so that they sound like they are speaking in a foreign accent。 The condition is most often [10]caused by a stroke or traumatic brain injury。 Although people with the syndrome have intelligible speech, their manner of speaking is altered in terms of timing and tongue placement, which may distort their pronunciation。 The result is that they may sound foreign when speaking their native language。 It‘s not clear whether Myers has experienced a stroke or other brain damage, but she also has a separate medical condition which can result and loose joints easily bruised skin and other problems。 Foreign accent syndrome is rare, with only about sixty cases reported within the past century。 [11]However, a different American woman reportedly spoke with the Russian accent in two thousand ten after she fell down the stairs and hit her head。 Question 9。 What happened to Michelle Myers One day? 解析:根据故事线索定位答案,Michelle Myers一天晚上头疼,醒来后发现自己说澳大利亚口音和爱尔兰口音的英语。 Question 10。 What does the passage say about foreign accent syndrome? 解析:通过however和cause定位答案位置,外国语音的症状主要由于中风和头痛引起的语音失调的症状。 Question 11。 What accent did another American woman speak with after a head injury? 解析:通过however和文章结尾一个美国女人视听一致定位答案位置,这个美国女人从楼梯上摔下来后说俄语口音的英语。 Passage 2 There is something about water that makes it a good metaphor for life。 That may be one reason why so many people find relief in swimming when life seized get rough。 And [12]it goes some way towards explaining why books about swimming, in which people tackle icy legs, race and rivers, and overcome oceans while reflecting on their lives have recently become so popular。 These books reflect a trend particularly strong in Britain, where swimming in pools is declining, but more and more folks are opting for open water。 While swimming seems to be especially popular among women。 [13]Jenny landreth recently published a guide to the best swimming spots in London。 Her new book swell into weaves her own story with a history of female pioneers who accomplished remarkable feats paved the way for future generations。 [14]Notions of modesty restricted women in the Victorian era, but they still swam。 A bathing machine was rolled down to the sea shore, so women would not be seen in swim wear in 1892,[14] the gentle woman‘s book of sport described a woman swimming in a heavy dress, boots, hat, gloves and carrying an umbrella。 Eventually swimming became freer。 Mixed bathing was permitted on British beaches。 In 1901, women won the right to swim in public pools, learn to swim properly, created appropriate swimwear, and in time even competed against men。 [15]The first woman to cross the English channel was Gertrude Elderly。 In 1926, she beat the record by almost two hours and her father rewarded her with a red sports car。 Question 12。 What has become so popular recently? 解析:根据问题最近比较流行定位文章第第二句,有原因词why提示游泳成为人们遇到困难时排解的方式,所以关于游泳的书籍最近非常受欢迎。 Question 13。 What did Jenny Landreth do recently? 解析:根据人名和best定位答案位置,Jenny Landreth最近出版了一本书,关于指导人们发现最好的游泳地点。 Question 14。 What do we learn about women in the Victorian era? 解析:通过转换词but和时间词1892及维多利亚女性话题可以定位答案位置,在保守的维多利亚时期,女性在游泳时依然穿着厚着的衣服,坚持游泳。 Question 15。 What does the passage say about Gertrude? 解析;通过first和文章结尾定位答案位置,Gertrude是第一位穿过英吉利海峡的女性,并且打破了2小时的记录,因此她父亲奖励一辆跑车给她。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级阅读试题点评第一套
2018年12月英语四级阅读试题点评第一套

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读试题点评: 四级阅读试题点评-第一套 本次四级考试阅读理解部分总体难度适中,整体符合四级考试的能力要求。 选词填空的话题是空气污染。该部分考察的知识点主要涉及到:考生对词性的判断;对常用短语、固定搭配的考察;以及文章的逻辑衔接。其中,34题的单词exclusively,考生可能不太认识,对句意理解可能造成一定的影响。可见,各位考生要做好该题型,平时踏实背单词是基础。 长篇阅读的题目是:Food-as-Medicine Movement Is Witnessing Progress,话题涉及食疗问题。答案与原文大多呈现同义替换的特点,如:food store与grocery store的同义替换;当然还有一部分答案呈现原词复现的特点,比较简单,符合四级考试的难度。在此,我们提醒各位考生:在掌握解题技巧的同时,还要注意词汇量的一定积累,这样才能轻松应对各类“同义替换”,不至于在这类题型上浪费太多时间,影响整场考试。 仔细阅读两篇文章,在话题方面,第一篇是关于美国加州发明了新的钻井技术来获得地下水;第二篇是关于AI智能是否可以在运转时符合人类的道德规范。在题型设置方面,第一篇涉及观点题(文中人和作者) 、细节题以及推理题;第二篇涉及除上述三种题型外,还设置了一道例证题,该题型可能会成为考生的难点之一。整体而言,两篇文章都要求考生具备“精准定位”的能力,同时能够运用一定的词汇、语法基础读懂答案句,选出正确选项。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级阅读试题点评第三套
2018年12月英语四级阅读试题点评第三套

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读试题点评: 四级阅读试题点评-第三套 本次四级考试阅读理解部分总体难度适中,整体符合四级考试的能力要求。 选词填空部分考察的知识点主要涉及到:考生对词性的判断;对常用短语、固定搭配的考察;以及文章的逻辑衔接。该篇文章考察的单词难度不算大,warning, unfriendly, avoid等都是比较简单的基本词汇,而intimate(adj。亲密的),effectively(adv。有效的)都是往年整体中反复考察过的重点词汇。可见,加强词汇和短语的积累是解决该题型的基础。 长篇阅读的题目是:How a Poor Abandoned Parisian Boy Became a Top Chef ? 话题涉及一个穷困潦倒的巴黎男孩是如何成为主厨的?答案与原文呈现同义替换的特点,如:39题famous与well-known形成同义替换;当然还有一部分答案呈现原词复现的特点,比较简单,符合四级考试的难度。可见,在掌握解题技巧的同时,考生还要注意词汇量的一定积累,这样才能轻松应对各类“同义替换”。 仔细阅读两篇文章,在话题方面,第一篇是关于家庭摄像头带来的道德问题;第二篇是关于百事公司的新产品计划。在题型设置方面,第一、二篇主要涉及细节题以及观点题。两篇文章的关键词较为明确,在文章中都可以找到答案来源,因此,阅读文章时,对考生“精准定位“的能力要求较高。单词方面,如:etiquette(n。礼仪),intrude(v。侵入)可能对考生而言,有一定难度;但privacy(n。隐私),attribute…to…(把……归因于……)是上课反复讲过的重点词汇,考生应当比较熟悉。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级选词填空真题及解析
2018年12月英语四级选词填空真题及解析

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级选词填空真题及解析: 四级选词填空(空气污染篇) Millions die early from air pollution each year。 Air pollution costs the global economy more than $5 trillion annually in welfare costs, with the most serious [26] damage occurring in the developing world。 The figures include a number of costs [27] associated with air pollution。 Only considering lost income alone amounts to $225 billion a year。 The report includes both indoor and outdoor air pollution。 Indoor pollution, which includes [28] sources like home heating and cooking, has remained [29] constant over the past several decades despite advances in the area。 Levels of outdoor pollution have grown rapidly along with rapid growth in industry and transportation。 Director of Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Chris Murray [30] described it as an “urgent call to action。”“ One of the risk factors for premature deaths is the air we breathe, over which individuals have little [31] control,” he said。 The effects of air pollution are worst in the developing world, where in some places lost labor income [32] equals nearly 1% of GDP。 Around 9 and 10 people in low and middle income countries live in places where they [33] regularly experience dangerous levels of outdoor air pollution。 But the problem is not limited [34] exclusively to the developing world。 Thousands die prematurely in the U.S。 as a result of related ailments。 In many European countries, where diesel [35] vehicles have become more common in recent years, that number reaches in the tens of thousands。 26。[答案] F damage [解题思路]空格前为most serious为形容词,可判断此空格处为名词,前半句讲空气污染每年给全球经济造成超过5万亿美元的福利成本,对于发展中国家带来最大的伤害。因此选择 damage 27。[答案]B associated [解题思路]The figures include a number of costs [27]_____ with air pollution空格前主谓宾齐全,可判断空格处和后面的with构成短语做后置定语来修饰前面的cost。 Associate with 与……想联系,相关。这个数字包括了与空气污染相关的很多花费。 28。 [答案]M sources [解题思路]Indoor pollution, which includes [28]_____空格前为动词,可知空格处为名词来做动词的宾语。第二段首句表示据报道污染有室内和室外污染,室内污染包括像home heating(居家取暖) and cooking(烹饪)的这些来源 29。[答案]D constant [解题思路]has remained 29_____ over the past several decades despite advances in the area.remain 作为系动词,可判断空格处为形容词,但像家庭取暖和做饭这样的室内污染在过去的数十年仍在继续。 30。[答案]G described [解题思路]Director of Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Chris Murray [30]_____it as an “urgent call to action。” 空格前为名词,空格后为代词,可判断空格出为动词,后面有as作为补语,可判断词动词可与as作为搭配,describe。。。as“把 ……描述为”。 31。[答案]E control [解题思路]One of the risk factors for premature deaths is the air we breathe, over which individuals have little [31] ______,空格前为限定词,可判断空格出为名词,过早死亡的危险因素之一就是我们呼吸额空气,个人对其几乎没有控制权。 32。[答案]H equals [解题思路]The effects of air pollution are worst in the developing world, where in some places lost labor income [32] nearly 1% of GDP。 空格前为lost labor income 作为定语从句主语,空格后为名词,可判断此空格为谓语,空气污染对发展中国家的影响最为严重,在一些地方,劳动收入的损失相当于GDP的近1%。 33。[答案]K regularly [解题思路]Around 9 and 10 people in low and middle income countries live in places where they [33]_____ experience dangerous levels of outdoor air pollution。空格前为名词,空格后为动词及宾语,句子成分完整,可判断空格出为副词。在低收入和中等收入国家,大约有9到10人生活在经常遭受严重室外空气污染的地方。 34。[答案]I exclusively [解题思路]But the problem is not limited [34]_____to the developing world。 空格前主语和谓语齐全,空格后有宾语,句子成分完整,可判断空格处为副词。但是这个问题并不仅仅局限于发展中国家。 35。[答案]O vehicles [解题思路]In many European countries, where diesel 35vehicles have become more common in recent years, that number reaches in the tens of thousands。 空格后为动词,可判断空格出为主语,且前有diesel限定词空格处为名词,表示以柴油为动力的车辆。在许多欧洲国家,柴油汽车近年来变得越来越普遍,这个数字达到了数万辆。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级阅读第二套卷答案
2018年12月英语六级阅读第二套卷答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级阅读真题及答案: 六级阅读第二套 选词填空 26。 F) grasp 27。 C) evaluated 28。 A) aptitude 29。 E) filtering 30。 M) significant 31。 K) raising 32。 O) typical 33。 N) suffer 34。 H) minimize 35。 L) resist 仔细阅读 CABDD BCCAD 46。 What does the author say about ordinary Americans? A) They struggle to solve math problems。 B )They think math is a complex subject。 C)They find high-level math of little use。 D) They work hard to learn high- level math。 47。 What is the general complaint about America‘s math education according to Hacker? A)America is not doing as well as China。 B)Math professors are not doing a good job。 C)It doesn‘t help students develop their literacy。 D) There has hardly been any innovation for years。 48。 What does Andrew Hacker’s Numeracy 101 aim to do? A)Allow students to learn high-level math step by step。 B)Enable students to make practical use of basic math。 C)Lay a solid foundation for advanced math studies。 D)Help students to develop their analytical abilities。 49。 What does Maria Droujkova suggest math teachers do in class? A)Make complex concepts easy to understand。 B)Start teaching children math at an early age。 C)Help children work wonders with calculus。 D)Try to arouse students‘ curiosity in math。 50。 What does Pamela Harris think should be the goal of math education? A)To enable learners to understand the world better。 B)To help learners to tell fake math from real math。 C)To broaden Americans’ perspectives on math。 D)To exert influence on world development。 51。 What does the author say about Japan? A)It delivers the best medications for the elderly B)It takes the lead in providing robotic care。 C)It provides retraining for registered nurses。 D)It sets the trend in future robotics technology。 52。 What do we learn about the robot Terapio? A)It has been put to use in many Japanese hospitals。 B)It provides specific individualized care to patients。 C)It does not have much direct contact with patients。 D) It has not revolutionized medical service in Japan。 53。 What are telepresence robots designed to do? A)Directly interact with patients to prevent them from feeling lonely。 B)Cater to the needs of patients for recovering their cognitive capacity。 C)Closely monitor the patients‘ movements and conditions around the clock。 D)Facilitate communication between patients and doctors or family members。 54。 What is one special feature of the robot Actroid F? A)It interacts with patients just like a human companion。 B)It operates quietly without patients realizing its presence。 C)It likes to engage in everyday conversations with patients。 D)It uses body language even more effectively than words。 55.What can we infer from the last paragraph? A)Doctors and surgeons will soon be laid off。 B)The robotics industry will soon take off。 C)Robots will not make nurses redundant。 D)Collaboration will not replace competition。 匹配 KIEMG OCLFD K 36.Merian was the first scientist to study a type of American ant。 I 37.The European audience was more interested in Merian’s drawings than her gender。 E 38。 Merian‘s masterpiece came under attack a century after its publication。 M 39。 Merian‘s mistakes in her drawings may be attributed to her shortened stay in South America。 G 40.Merian often sat up the whole night through to observe and draw insects。 O 41.Merian acknowledged the help she got from natives of South America。 C 42.Merian contributed greatly to people’s better understanding of medicine and science。 L 43.Merian occasionally made mistakes in her drawings of insects and birds。 F 44 Now, Menian‘s role as a female forerunner in sciences has been re-established。 D 45.Merian made a long voyage to South America to study jungle insects over three centurie ago。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月六级真题、解析及参考答案汇总
2018年12月六级真题、解析及参考答案汇总

  2018年上半年全国大学英语六级考试已经结束,新浪教育全程关注,为大家带来了第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为本次考试英语六级部分真题、解析及答案汇总,供各位考生对比分析自己的考试情况,也为后续要参加四六级考试的考生提供参考和帮助。(持续更新中) 六级真题 2018年12月英语六级听力真题 2018年12月英语六级考试翻译真题及答案(一) 2018年12月英语六级考试翻译真题及答案(二) 2018年12月英语六级考试作文真题及解析 2018年12月英语六级考试听力真题及答案 2018年12月英语六级阅读第一套卷答案 2018年12月英语六级考试听力篇章真题及答案 2018年12月英语六级考试听力长对话答案及原文 2018年12月英语六级听力讲座原文及解析(1、2) 2018年12月英语六级考试听力答案及原文 六级真题解析及参考答案 2018年12月英语六级考试翻译真题及答案(一) 2018年12月英语六级考试翻译真题及答案(二) 2018年12月英语六级考试作文真题及解析 2018年12月英语六级考试听力真题及答案 2018年12月英语六级阅读第一套卷答案 2018年12月英语六级阅读第二套卷答案 2018年12月英语六级考试听力篇章真题及答案 2018年12月英语六级考试听力长对话答案及原文 2018年12月英语六级听力讲座原文及解析(1、2) 2018年12月英语六级考试听力答案及原文 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试听力解析
2018年12月英语四级考试听力解析

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级考试听力解析 News 1 Question 1:What are scientists planning to do? Question 2:Why did scientists hoose to set up a 4G network in their mission? [主旨内容] 一个不超过一千克的小型设备将能帮助科学家们实现在2019年前在月球上覆盖4G网络。该举措一旦成功,将实现在月球上初次覆盖手机移动网络的任务,支持地月之间高清视频直播和数据传递。2019年,科学家们将从美国的卡纳维拉尔角发射一枚X猎鹰9号太空火箭以实现4G任务,此举意在建立月球上的测试通信网络。从事该项目的科学家选择在月球上建立4G网络而非5G网络,因为5G网络仍在测试阶段,这意味着 5G网络可能还不够稳定,无法在月球表面上运营。 [参考答案句] 1.A device that weighs less than one kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019。 2.This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases。 This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon’s surface。 [解析] 本题考查社会热点话题,在月球上覆盖4G网络,考查题型为主旨题加细节题。第一题针对新闻主旨,答案出现在新闻第一句的导语处。第二题考查原因,答案出现在新闻文末,把握关键词“because”, 再根据最后一句对5G网络不稳定的描述,得出答案。 News 2 Question 3:What does the news item say about the fire? Question4:What had City Hall planned to do? [主旨内容] 星期三晚上在黑伍德的一个废弃商场发生火灾。据报道,晚上九点半左右,位于圣玛丽教堂附近的密歇根大道的一个旧购物中心发生了一场火灾事故。此次火灾出动了六辆消防车,两辆卡车和两名官员。大约45分钟后,工作人员控制了大火。火灾发生时,大楼内有人,但没有任何伤亡报告。消防调查人员已赶到现场,但尚未确定着火原因。消防员将留在现场,确保无再燃火迹象。该购物中心自2002年以来就处于荒废状态。2014年,市政厅制定计划拆除该建筑,并将其替换为经济适用房。但由于缺乏资金,该计划被取消。 [参考答案句] 1.It’s responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood。 The fire was reported at 9: 26 pm at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St。 Mary’s Church。 2.In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing。 [解析] 该题为新闻常考话题,事故题,描述了商场发生火灾即工作人员的消防措施。考查题型皆为细节题,第一题答案出现在新闻的前两句,根据关键词选定答案。第二题考察市政厅2014年的计划,答案出现在新闻的倒数第二句,根据关键词“plan”定位到该句,并选出正确选项。 News 3 Question 5:What problem is Japan facing? Question 6:Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes? Question 7:What might affect Japanese domestic produce? [主旨内容] 日本的薯片正以正常价格的6倍出售。马铃薯短缺导致该国主要制造商停止销售。去年,风暴和洪水导致其主要马铃薯种植区受灾,产量降至三十年来最低。当地媒体报道称,Calbee及其主要竞争对手Koike-ya停止生产几乎50种土豆产品。小吃爱好者们正在抢购这些产品,超市货架也被一抢而空。由于担心进口马铃薯带来疾病,日本法律限制用于生产其它食品的进口马铃薯数量。日本仍然只从美国的部分州进口马铃薯。然而,全球变暖使得日本国内产品更可能受到罕见天气的严重影响。 [参考答案句] 5.Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6X their normal price。 This is after the country’s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage。 Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades。 6.Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports。 7.But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often。 [解析] 本篇新闻从日本的薯片价格异常高涨入手,讲述了日本去年遭遇洪水和风暴等自然灾害,及其限制马铃薯进口的原因,最后阐明全球变暖可能带来的严重影响。第一题考查日本所面临的问题,考生可根据关键词定位到新闻的前两句,并得出答案。第二题考查日本限制进口马铃薯的原因,根据关键词“reason”定位到答案句。最后一题考查可能影响到日本国内产品的因素,答案出现在文末,即“global warming”。 Conversation 1 Question 8: What does the man think of Mr。 Brown’s lectures? Question 9: What does the woman do during Mr。 Brown’s lectures? Question 10: Why does the woman draw in class? Question 11: What does the woman say about reading out loud? [对话主旨] 对话中的男士表示布朗先生的讲座非常无聊,他即使认真听讲也无法集中注意力,并向女士询问上课不走神的方法。女士表示不停得做笔记能帮助自己集中注意力,并且更有效得学习。她表示做笔记确保自己能跟上教授的讲座。有时候为了不走神,她也涂涂画画,让自己的大脑保持活跃。最后,女士提到大声朗读和做笔记一样,能有效帮助记忆信息。 [参考答案句] 8.Mr。 Brown’s lectures are so boring。 9.What I do is keep my pen moving。 10.You draw in class and that helps me pay attention。 It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate 11.It has a similar effect to writing by hand。 It helps memorize information in a physical way。 [解析] 该对话难度较低,内容简单。这段对话中,女士只要负责回答如何在课上集中注意力,因此,重点因落在女士的回答上。第一题考查男士对讲座的感受,出现在对话的第一句。第二题考查女士集中注意力的方式,是保持做笔记。第三题考查在课上做笔记的益处,即帮助女士保持大脑活跃,集中注意力等。最后一题考查大声朗读的益处,答案出现在对话最后一句,即帮助记忆信息。 Conversation 2 Question 12: For what purpose did the woman go to India? Question 13: Why was the Taj Mahal built? Question 14: What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal? Question 15:What is the woman’s impression of Indian cities? [主旨内容] 对话中的女士去印度的泰姬陵度蜜月,男士询问其假期后对印度的印象。女士表示泰姬陵的背后有个非常浪漫的爱情故事,印度的一位国王为纪念其难产而死的爱妻而建造了泰姬陵。泰姬陵是个美丽的旅游胜地,建筑物高耸入云,白墙环绕,有些城墙甚至还镶嵌着珠宝。对话后半段,女士提到印度十分拥挤,交通不便,但是当地的居民十分友好,文化灿烂,食物多样且美味。 [参考答案句] 12.We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon。 13.The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor。 14。 Yes it’s gorgeous。 It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos。 The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all。 It’s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels。 15。 Very crowded in many cities。/Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly。/The culture is amazing。/ The Indian food is great。 [解析] 该对话属于常考话题,旅游类话题,难易度适中。与上个对话相似,对话重点落在女士的回答上。对话的前两题考查原因,第一题考查女士去泰姬陵旅游的原因,即度蜜月。第二题考查泰姬陵建造的原因,即印度国王为纪念其爱妻而建。三四题考查对印度及泰姬陵的描述。第三题考查泰姬陵的特点,第四题考查印度的特点,考生只需紧紧围绕关键词,定位到关键句,即可得出答案。 Passage 1 Question 16:What do most Americans say about local public libraries? Question 17:How can local public libraries benefit young people? Question 18:What does the 2016 survey show about adult library users? [主旨内容] 皮尤研究中心在2016年4月对超过1000名美国人进行的一项调查发现,美国人对当地公共图书馆的现状表达了积极的看法。例如,大约四分之三的人说公共图书馆为他们提供了所需的资源。 66%的受访者表示,关闭当地的公共图书馆将对他们的社区产生重大影响。虽然只有33%的受访者表示,该举措将对他们的个人或家庭产生重大影响。大多数美国人认为图书馆为人们提供一个安全的地方,让他们闲逛或消磨时间,也为所有年龄段的人提供教育机会。大约一半人认为图书馆帮助激发年轻人的创造力,让人们放心得学习新科技。皮尤研究中心对图书馆使用的调查还衡量了美国人对图书馆的使用和参与情况。总体而言,在过去一年中,53%的16岁及以上的美国人亲自访问或使用图书馆网站。大约48%的成年人在过去的十二个月中特意访问过图书馆,与2015年底的44%相比,略有增加。 [参考答案句] 16.Americans continue to express largely positive views about the current state of their local public libraries。 17.Roughly half think their libraries contribute a lot to their communities in terms of helping spark creativity among young people。 18.As in past Pew Research Center surveys of library use the April 2016 survey also measured Americans usage of and engagement with libraries。 53 percent of Americans ages 16 and older have had some interaction with the puppet library in the past year either through an in person visit or using a library Web site some 48 percent of adults specifically visited a library in the past 12 months。 A modest increase from the 44 percent who said that in late 2015。 [解析] 该篇章考查美国图书馆的使用情况,内容较为简单,但涉及大量数字,考生们应做好笔记,在选项中的数字后标清其所代表的内容,笔记应当简洁,不影响对后续内容的理解。第一题为主旨大意题,答案在开头处。第二题考查重要的事实细节题,根据关键词“young people”可定位到关键句。第三题考查数字,考生务必做好笔记,否则容易混淆数据及相关内容,掉入陷阱。 Passage 2 Question 19: What do we learn about the savannah cat? Question 20: What is characteristic of Savannah cats? Question 21:What do some people do with their Savannah cats? [主旨内容] 萨凡纳猫是由中型野生非洲猫和家养猫杂交的产物。萨凡纳猫又高又瘦,体重达九点一公斤,成为最大的家养猫之一。它们的身上有着与其他野生猫科动物相似的斑点,耳朵也很大。萨凡纳猫的忠诚度可与狗相媲美,受训后可投掷取物,最瞩目的特点就是它们的跳跃能力。萨凡纳猫和其它猫一样,能打开门和橱柜。有些主人甚至与萨凡纳猫一同沐浴。由于萨凡纳猫会用前爪拍打水,直到碗中的水全部洒落,因此为它们准备喝水的碗也是一大挑战。 [参考答案句] 19.A Savannah cat is a crossbreed between a domestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval。 20.The savannahs are tall and slim and can weigh up to nine point one kilograms, making them one of the largest breeds of cats that people can own。 /Often noted characteristic of the Savannah is its jumping ability。 21.Some owners even shower with their Savannah Cats。 [解析] 历年的篇章都爱考查动物习性,今年也不例外。该篇介绍了萨凡纳猫的特点和习性,难易度适中。第一题考查主旨题,答案在篇章首句。第二题考查重要的事实细节,考生只需紧紧围绕关键词去听,即可听到答案句。第三题考查养萨凡纳猫的主人会如何“吸猫”,答案在倒数第二句。 Passage 3 Question 22: How do parents feel when their children start going to school? Question 23: What does the passage say about children’s education? Question 24: What should parents do for the success of their children’s education? Question 25: What does the passage say is the key factor of loinbo’s academic success? [主旨内容] 孩子刚上学时,家长们的兴奋中往往掺杂着一丝丝难过。对孩子来说,这是一场新的冒险,他们要和新的小伙伴们玩耍互动,开启全新的征程。但是,上学并非孩子最早的教育。自孩子出生以来,父母就是影响力最大的启蒙老师。孩子们在家中所学的一切都将超过之后任何时期的任何教育。孩子们自然而然会模仿大人的行为举止,这将影响到他们在学校的学习行为。优秀的教育应该是家校结合。除了学校教育,孩子的家庭生活也非常重要,成为其学业成功的决定性因素。也许孩子开始新的旅程,但大人们的工作远未结束。 [参考答案句] 22.When children start school for the very 1st time parents often feel a sense of excitement coupled with a touch of sadness。 23.But of course, this is not the start of your child’s education which in fact began at birth。 Back then, u would have been your child’s most influential teachers。 24.Ultimately an excellent education should be a close partnership between parents and teachers。 25.Irrespective of the quality of a school a child’s home life is of key importance。 It is the determining factor of their academic success。 [解析] 该篇章属于教育话题,也是听力常考话题之一,从篇章的词汇和句子分析,难度较大。第一题考查孩子上学时,父母的感受,答案出现在篇章首句。第二题考查篇章如何阐述对孩子们的教育,根据关键词即对录音的理解,可以得出教育始于家庭。第三题考查父母应该如何帮助孩子实现学术成功,与第二题紧密相关,即家长应成为学校的亲密搭档,共同教育孩子,最后引出家庭教育是决定性因素,即最后一题的答案。篇章往往在开头结尾处、逻辑关系词后出题,考生应把握该规律,再结合关键词解答。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级阅读第一套卷答案
2018年12月英语六级阅读第一套卷答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级阅读真题及答案: 六级阅读第一套 选词填空 AIFJB GKMDE In what is probably the craziest headline I have ever written, actual advances in livestock protection are happening by scientists painting eyes on the butts of cows。 The experiment is based upon the idea that farmers who are protecting their herd from lions, would shoot and kill lions in the efforts to protect their livestock。 While this makes a lot of sense, it resulting in many lion deaths that otherwise would have been unnecessary。 Researchers in Australia have been devising and testing a method of trickery to make lions think they are being watched by stamping eyes on cow butts。 This idea is based on the principle that lions and other predators are far less likely to attack when they feel they are being watched。 As conservation areas become smaller, lions are increasingly coming into contact with human populations, which are expanding to the boundaries of these protected areas。 Efforts like painting eyes on cow butts may seem crazy at first, but they could make actual headway in the fight for conservation。 “If the method works, it could provide farmers in Botswana – and elsewhere – with a low-cost, sustainable tool to protect their livestock, and a way to keep lions safe from being killed。” Lions are primarily ambush hunters, so when they feel their prey has spotted them, they usually give up on the hunt。 Researchers are currently testing their idea on a select herd of cattle。 They have painted half of the cows with eyes and left others as normal。 Through satellite tracking of both the herd and the lions in the area, they will be able to determine if their psychological trickery will work to help keep farmers from shooting lions。 26。 A advances 27。 I otherwise 28。 F devising 29。 J predators 30。 B boundaries 31。 G elsewhere 32。 K primarily 33。 M spotted 34。 D currently 35。 E determine 匹配 DJLAE KIBGC D 36。 It has been found that inadequate recovery often leads to poor health and accidents。 J 37。 Mental relaxation is much needed, just as physical relaxation is。 L 38。 Adequate rest not only helps one recover, but also increases one‘s work efficiency。 A 39。 The author always has a hectic time before taking a flight。 E 40。 Recovery may not take place even if one seems to have stopped working。 K 41。 It is advised that technology be used to prevent people from overworking。 I 42。 Contrary to popular belief, rest does not equal recovery。 B 43。 The author has come to see that his problem results from a misunderstanding of the meaning of resilience。 G 44。 People’s distorted view about resilience may have developed from their upbringing。 C 45。 People’s tend to think the more determined they are,the greater their success will be。 仔细阅读 BADAC CDBAB 46。 What is the focus of the new study from Duke University? B)The predictors of children’s academic success。 47。 How did the researchers ensure that their findings are valid? A) By attaching equal importance to all possible variables examined。 48。 What do we learn from the findings of the Duke study? D) Children’s academic performance may suffer from even slight inattention。 49。 What does the Duke study find about children better accepted by peers? A)They do better academically。 50。 What can we conclude from the Duke study? C) Social skills are playing a key role in children’s development。 51。 What does the author say about the negative impact of smartphones? C) It is not so obvious but has caused some concern。 52。 What is considered a less obvious advantage of smartphone technology? D) It greatly improves research on human behavior。 53。 What characterizes traditional psychological research? B) It relies on lab observations and participants’ reports。 54。 How will future psychological studies benefit individuals? A) By helping them pin down their unusual behaviors。 55。 What do we learn about current psychological studies? B) They are increasingly focused on real-life situations。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级考试听力真题及答案
2018年12月英语六级考试听力真题及答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级作文真题及答案: 六级听力 ABCDD ABCAC BCDAB ADCDA BDACB 1。 A) It can benefit professionals and non-professionals alike。 2。 B) Stories about some female physicists。 3。 C) By including lots of fascinating knowledge。 4。 D) It provides experiments they can do themselves。 5。 D)He has not idea how to proceed with his dissertation。 6。 A) It is too broad。 7。 B) Nature。 8。 C) List the parameters first。 9。 A) The unprecedented high temperature in Greenland。 10。 C) It typiaclly appears about once every ten years。 11。 B) Iceless summers in the Arctic。 12。 C) A strong determination。 13。 D) It is most important to have confidence in one`s willpower。 14。 A) They could keep on working longer。 15。 B) They are subject to change。 16。 A) About half of current jobs might be automated。 17。 D) They could grade high-school essays just like human teachers。 18。 C) It has to rely on huge amounts of previous data。 19。 D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy。 20。 A) Drive trains with solar energy。 21。 B) Find a new material for storing energy。 22。 D) The poor relation between national health and social care services。 23。 A) It was mainly provided by voluntary services。 24。 C) Their preference for private services。 25。 B) They have long been discriminated against。 conversation 1 Hey I just read a great book about physics。 I think you‘d like it。 It’s called the physics of the world。 It‘s written by a scientist named Sylvia Mendez。 Oh I read that book。 It was great。 The writer is a warm and competent guide to the mysteries of physics。 I think it promises enrichment for any reader from those who know little about science to the career physicist。 And it‘s refreshing to see a strong curious clever woman adding her voice to the scientific discourse and a field that has been traditionally dominated by men。 I think she has to be commended for making an effort to include anecdotes about little known female scientists。 You know they were often victims of a generation firmly convinced that the woman’s place was in the home。 I like how the book is clearly written with each chapter brought to life by pieces of fascinating knowledge。 youdaokaoshen For example in one chapter she exposes a myth that I‘ve heard taught by university physics professors。 I’ve often heard that medieval glass windows are thicker at the bottom because glass flows like a fluid。 This, she shows, is not true。 The distortion is actually thanks to a peculiarity of the glassmakers process。 Yeah I like how she cultivates scientific engagement by providing a host of Do It Yourself experiments that bring the same foundational principles of classical physics that govern everything from the solar system to your kitchen table。 From using complex laws of physics to test whether a spinning egg is cooked to measuring atmospheric pressure by lifting a piece of cardboard。 Her hands-on examples make her book a truly interactive read。 Yes I must say this a equation-free book is an ideal read for scientists of all stripes, anyone teaching science and even people who dislike physics。 Question 1: what does the woman say about the book the man recommended? A) It can benefit professionals and non-professionals alike。 Question 2: what can we find in the book the man recommended? B) Stories about some female physicists。 Question 3: How does the author bring her book to life? C) By including lots of fascinating knowledge。 Question 4: How does the book cultivate readers interest in physics。 D) It provides experiments they can do themselves。 conversation 2 A:Hi professor。 I was hoping I could have a moment of your time if you‘re not too busy。 I’m having some problems getting started on my dissertation and I was hoping you could give me some advice on how to begin。 B:Sure。 I have quite a few students though.So can you remind me what your topic is? A:the general topic I chose is aesthetics, but that‘s as far as I’ve got I don‘t really know where to go from there。 B:Yeah,that‘s much too large a topic。 You really need to narrow it down in order to make it more accessible。 Otherwise you’ll be writing a book。 A:Exactly。 That‘s what I wanted to ask you about。 I was hoping it would be possible for me to change topics。 I’m really more interested in nature than beauty。 B:I‘m afraid you have to adhere to the assigned topic。 Still, If you’re interested in nature, then that certainly can be worked into your dissertation。 We‘ve talked about Hume before in class right。 A:Oh yeah, he‘s the philosopher who wrote about where our ideas of beauty come from。 B:Exactly。 I suggest you go to the library and get a copy of his biography。 Start from there。 youdaokaoshen But remember to stick to the parameters of the assignment。 This paper is a large part of your cumulative grade。 So make sure to follow the instructions。 If you take a look at his biography。 You can get a good idea of how his life experiences manifest themselves in his theories of beauty。 specifically the way he looked towards nature as the origin of what we find beautiful。 A:Great。 Thanks for taking the time to answer my questions, Professor。 I‘ll let you get back to class now。 B:If there‘s anything else you need, please come see me in my office any time。 Question 5: What is the man‘s problem? D)He has not idea how to proceed with his dissertation。 Question 6 What does the professor think of the man‘s topic? A) It is too broad。 Question 7 What’s the man really more interested in? B) Nature。 Question 8 what does the professor say the man has to do? C) List the parameters first。 passage 1 During the arctic winter from October to March, the average temperature in the frozen north typically hovers around minus 20 degrees Celsius。 But this year the Arctic is experiencing much higher temperatures。 On February the 20th the temperature in Greenland climbed above freezing or zero degrees Celsius and it stayed there for over 24 hours。 Then on February the 24th the temperature on Greenland‘s northern tip reached six degrees Celsius。 Climate scientists describe the phenomenon as stunning。 Weather conditions that drive this bizarre temperature surge have visited the Arctic before。 They typically appear about once in a decade。 youdaokaoshen However, the last such increase in temperature took place two years ago。 This is troubling as climbing arctic temperatures combined with rapid sea ice loss are creating a new type of climate feedback loop which could accelerate Arctic warming。 Indeed, sea ice cover in the Arctic is melting faster than expected。 Without those masses of cooling sea ice, warm air brought to the Arctic can penetrate further inland than it ever did before。 The air can stay warmer longer too。 This drives additional melting。 Overall earth is warming at a rapid pace。 2014 through 2017 rank as the hottest years on record and the Arctic is warming twice as fast as any place else on earth。 This raises unique challenges for Arctic wildlife and indigenous people who depend on Arctic ecosystems to survive。 Previously climate forecasts predicted that Arctic summer ice would disappear entirely by around 2060, but based on what scientists are seeing now the Arctic may be facing summers without ice within 20 years。 Question 9。 What did climate scientists describe as stunning? A) The unprecedented high temperature in Greenland。 Question 10。 What does the passage say about that temperature surge in the Arctic? C) It typiaclly appears about once every ten years。 Question 11。 what may occur in 20 years according to scientists’ recent observations? B)Iceless summers in the Arctic。 Passage2 A good dose of willpower is often necessary to see any task through whether it‘s sticking to a spending plan or finishing a great novel。 And if you want to increase that willpower。 A new study suggests you just simply have to believe you have it。 According to this study, what matters most is what we think about our willpower。 If we believe it’s a finite resource, we act that way, we feel exhausted and need breaks between demanding mental tasks。 However, people who view their willpower as a limitless resource get energized instead。 The researchers used a psychological assessment tool to test the validity of the study。 They asked 1100 Americans and 1600 Europeans to grade different statements such as after a challenging mental activity, my energy is depleted and I must rest to get it refueled again or I can focus on a mental task for long periods without feeling tired。 Although there was little difference between men and women overall。 youdaokaoshen Americans were more likely to admit to needing breaks after completing mentally challenging tasks European participants on the other hand claimed they were able to keep going。 Based on the findings, the researchers suggest that the key to boosting your willpower is to believe that you have an abundant supply of it。 Your feelings about your willpower affect the way you behave。 But these feelings are changeable, they said。 Changing your beliefs about the nature of your self-control can have positive effects on character development。 This leads to healthier behaviors and perceptions of other people。 Question 12 What is often necessary for carrying through a task? C) A strong determination。 Question 13 What is the finding of the new study? D) It is most important to have confidence in one`s willpower。 Question 14 What do we learn about European participants as compared with their American counterparts? A) They could keep on working longer。 Question 15 What do the research say concerning people‘s feelings about willpower? B)They are subject to change。 lecture 1 Here is my baby niece Sarah。 Her mum is a doctor and her dad is a lawyer。 By the time Sarah goes to college the jobs her parents do are going to look dramatically different。 In 2013,researchers at Oxford University did a study on the future of work。 They concluded that almost one in every two jobs has a high risk of being automated by machines。 Machine learning is the technology that‘s responsible for most of this disruption。 It’s the most powerful branch of artificial intelligence。 It allows machines to learn from data and copy some of the things that humans can do。 My company, Kaggle, operates on the cutting edge of machine learning。 We bring together hundreds of thousands of experts to solve important problems for industry and academia。 This gives us an unique perspective on what machines can do, what they can‘t do and what jobs they might automate or threaten。 Machine learning started making its way into industry in the early 90s。 youdaokaoshen It started with relatively simple tasks。 It started with things like assessing credit risk from loan applications, sorting the mail by reading handwritten zip codes。 Over the past few years, we have made dramatic breakthroughs。 Machine learning is now capable of far, far more complex tasks。 In 2012, Kaggle challenged its community to build a program that could grade high school essays。 The winning programs were able to match the grades given by human teachers。 Now given the right data, machines are going to outperform humans at tasks like this。 A teacher might read 10000 essays over a 40-year career。 A machine can read millions of essays within minutes。 We have no chance of competing against machines on frequent high-volume tasks, but there are things we can do that machines cannot。 Where machines have made very little progress is in tackling novel situations。 Machines can’t handle things they haven‘t seen many times before。 The fundamental limitation of machine learning is that it needs to learn from large volumes of past data。 But humans don’t。 We have the ability to connect seemingly different threads to solve problems we‘ve never seen before。 Question 16 what did the researchers at Oxford University conclude? A) About half of current jobs might be automated。 Question 17。 What do we learn about Kaggle companies winning programs? D) They could grade high-school essays just like human teachers。 Question 18。 What is the fundamental limitation on machine learning? C) It has to rely on huge amounts of previous data。 lecture 2 we‘ve talked recently about the importance of sustainable energy。 We’ve also talked about the different theories on how that can be done。 So far, our discussions have all been theoretical。 Now I have a practical question for you all。 Can you run a 140,000 kilogram train on just the steam generated by solar power? Well, one engineer, Tim Casselman, believes it‘s possible。 And his home city of Sacramento, California should see the technology’s first test as part of the upgrading of its rail yard。 Casselman, who is an inventor and self-proclaimed steam visionary, is campaigning for a new steam train that runs without any fire and could run on an existing 10 kilometer line drawing tourists and perhaps offering city commuters a green alternative to their cars。 Casselman wants to build an array of solar magnifying mirrors at one end of the line to collect and focus heat onto water filled tubes。 This would generate steam that could be used to fill tanks on a small steam train without the use of fire。 Supplying power to trains in this way would offer the shortest distance from well to wheels he says with the least amount of energy lost。 youdaokaoshen According to Harry Valentijn, a Canadian engineer who is researching modern steam technology, a special tank measuring 2 by 10 metres could store over 750 kilowatt hours of energy as high pressure steam enough to pull a two car train for an hour or so。 Energy to drive a steam locomotive can be stored in other materials besides water for example a team at Tohoku University in Japan has studied materials that can store large amounts of heat when heated。 These materials turn from a solid into a liquid absorbing energy as they change phase。 The liquid is maintained above its melting point until steam is required at which point the liquid is allowed to turn back into a solid releasing its stored energy another team at Nagoya University in Japan has tested calcium compound as an energy storage material。 Heating this chemical compound drives off carbon dioxide gas leaving calcium oxide the gas can be stored under pressure and attain to recover the energy the gas is fed back over the calcium oxide。 In theory says Valentijn this can create a high enough temperature to generate superheated steam。 Question 19: What has the speaker previously talked about? D) The theoretical aspects of sustainable energy。 Question 20: What is Tim Casselman trying to do in Sacramento? A) Drive trains with solar energy。 Question 21: what has a Japanese research team tried to do? B) Find a new material for storing energy。 Lecture 3 Today‘s crisis in care for older people in England has two main causes。 First,people are living longer with a lot more complex needs。 Second, they rely on a system that has long been marked by a poor relation between national health and social-care services。 Current services originate in two key measures。 They are the National Health Service and the 1948 National Assistance Act。 This required local government to provide residential accommodation for older people and supervise care homes run by independent organizations。 They also provided home and community services including meals, day centers and home helpers and other subsidized services。 The National Health Service was free and wholly publicly provided。 It delivered the best health-care for all。 No such vision guided residential and community care though。 The care was substantially provided by voluntary services which worked together with local authorities as they long had with eligibility based on income。 Today, life expectancy has risen from 66 for a male at birth in 1948 to around 80 now。 In addition, there is better overall health and improved medical knowledge and care。 youdaokaoshen This means an unprecedented number of people are surviving longer in conditions requiring expert support。 Families provide at least as much care as they ever did。 Even so, they can rarely without subsidised support address serious personal needs。 Care for older people faced persistent criticism as these trends became apparent。 From the early 1960s, local authorities were required to plan health and welfare services。 The aim was to enable older people to remain in their own homes for as long as possible, but this increased concern about the lack of coordination between free health and paid-for social care。 Through the 1970s, a number of measures sought to improve matter。 However at a time of financial crisis, funding diminished and little changed。 In the 1980s, the government cut spending。 Meanwhile, preference for private over public services made management even more difficult。 Simultaneously, the number of sick older people grew。 Governments emphasized the need to improve services。 They did so though while doing little to stop the erosion of available aid。 Services were irregular across authorities。 Unless you were prepared to pay, they were increasingly difficult to obtain for any but the most severely disabled。 Why has 60 years of criticism produced so little change。 Discrimination against older people has a long history。 Additionally, those affected by inadequate health and social care are too vulnerable to launch the protests that have addressed other forms of discrimination。 Question 22 what is one cause of the current crisis in care for the elderly in England? D) The poor relation between national health and social care services。 Question 23。 What does the speaker say about residential and community care? A) It was mainly provided by voluntary services。 Question 24。 What made management of care for the elderly more difficult in the 1980s? C) Their preference for private services。 Question 25。 What does the speaker say about older people in England? B) They have long been discriminated against。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级考试作文真题及解析
2018年12月英语六级考试作文真题及解析

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级作文真题及解析: 18年12月15日六级写作第一套 (标记内容为王菲写作“三八大盖”内容) For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on how to balance academic study and extracurricular activities。 You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words。 第一段:学术学习和课外活动同等重要(套用王菲“三八大盖”之描述现象功能段。) 第二段:分析重要性的原因。 (套用王菲“三八大盖”之分析原因功能段。) 第三段:得出结论。 (套用王菲“三八大盖”之未来展望功能段说明平衡好两者关系会怎样?) It is generally agreed that academic study has been playing a crucial role in students’ life。 Nevertheless, we should not neglect the equal importance of extracurricular activities which can help us to build confidence and enhance overall abilities。 A number of factors might account for participating in both academic study and extracurricular activities。 With respect to academic study, one of the most common factors is to facilitate our academic competence。 There’s no doubt that study is the priority to students, and the academic performance, to a large extent, determines whether we can enter a prestigious school and get a decent job。 As for extracurricular activities, it is worth mentioning that it can supplement what we cannot learn from schools, such as the ability of critical thinking, problem-solving and addressing interpersonal relationship。 In view of how to balance academic study and extracurricular activities, effective measures should be taken into consideration。 In my perspective, the most useful technique is to promote our efficiency。 Only if can we manage our time well, we can have more time to do the both things。 To be more specific, a to-do list is highly recommended so that we can draw a clear picture of what we are going to do and distribute time to academic study and extracurricular activities in a more effective and balanced way。 With the efforts concerned, the imbalance will no longer be a problem。 18年12月15日六级写作第二套 (标记内容为王菲写作“三八大盖”内容) For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on how to balance work and leisure。 You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words。 第一段:描述工作和业余很难平衡的一个社会现象。(套用王菲“三八大盖”之描述现象功能段。) 第二段:进行观点的阐述。 (套用王菲“三八大盖”之观点阐述功能段。) 第三段:得出结论。 (套用王菲“三八大盖”之未来展望功能段说明平衡好两者关系会怎样?) Along with the development of society, more and more problems are brought to our attention; one of the most serious problems is how to reach the balance between work and leisure。 People have different attitudes towards the problem。 It is generally agreed that work has been playing an increasingly important role in our life, because we need to work to earn money for life。 But if people put too much time on work, their health conditions will be damaged and suffer from kinds of diseases。 The sub health among workers has attracted extensive attention of the society, which can be found in TV programs, newspapers, university classes and many aspect of our everyday life。 Thus, when people has a completed the work responsibility, they should spend some time on personal leisure。 Then, they could get some rest both physically and mentally, and have better conditions for tomorrow’s work。 However, if people invest too much time on leisure, their career developments may be affected and lost opportunities for a better life。 From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusions that people should ensure their leisure time after work。 18年12月15日六级写作第三套 (标记内容为王菲写作“三八大盖”内容) For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on how to balance job responsibilities and personal interests。 You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words。 第一段:描述工作责任和个人兴趣很难平衡的一个社会现象。(套用王菲“三八大盖”之描述现象功能段。) 第二段:进行观点的阐述。 (套用王菲“三八大盖”之观点阐述功能段。) 第三段:得出结论。 (套用王菲“三八大盖”之未来展望功能段说明平衡好两者关系会怎样?) Along with the development of society, more and more problems are brought to our attention; one of the most serious problems is how to reach the balance between job responsibilities and personal interests。 People have different attitudes towards the problem。 It is generally agreed that job responsibilities has been playing an increasingly important role in our life, because we need to complete them to earn money for life。 But if people put too much time on work, their mental conditions will be damaged and suffer from kinds of diseases。 The sub health of workers has attracted extensive attention of the society, which can be found in TV programs, newspapers, university classes and many aspect of our everyday life。 Thus, in addition to work responsibility, people should develop personal interests using spare time。 Then, they could enjoy the life and get rest both physically and mentally。 However, if people invest too much time on personal interests, their career developments may be affected and lost opportunities for a better life。 From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusions that people should focus on work responsibility during work time and develop personal interests on spare time。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级翻译整体述评
2018年12月英语四级翻译整体述评

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译整体述评 英语四级翻译考查段落翻译,140-160个汉字,内容涉及中国的文化、历史经济及社会发展。要求考生的译文基本准确地表达原文的意思,语言流畅,句式运用恰当,用词贴切,能较好地运用翻译策略。 本次四级翻译的内容涉及经济方面且与贴近考生的日常生活,考查移动手机的三大重要功能——支付、阅读和应用。 三套卷的主题虽不同,但考查词汇、表达和考点基本一致。三篇段落翻译中都涉及到与智能手机相关的词汇和表达,如:“移动互联网(mobile network)”、“”趋势(trend)”、“市场(market)”、“应用程序(apps)”、“调查(survey)”等;同时,也考查到历年四级翻译的高频词汇,如:“快速发展(rapid development)”、“惊人的速度(at a surprising speed)”、“极大地(greatly)”、“”越来越多(an increasing number of)”等。值得注意的是,三套题都有考查到“宁愿……而不愿”“而不”“比……便宜”这些比较结构的表达。 三篇段落翻译都涉及到的考点有:(1)“一主多谓语”的翻译,如“他们也用手机购物,查找信息”、“他们现在经常在智能手机上看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊”;(2)定语的翻译,如“18到30岁的年轻人构成了移动支付市场的最大群体”;(3)表达时间/速度/方式等的状语翻译,如“过去几年里”、“以惊人的速度”;(4)状语从句的翻译,尤其是对因果/让步/结果关系的状语从句的考查,如“一些年轻人已经变得十分上瘾,以至于忽略了与家人和朋友面对面的交流”、“由于通信网络的快速发展”、“因为手机便于携带”;(5)时态的翻译,各篇中均出现2-3种时态的翻译。 整体来说,本试题难度适中,相比去年,考考查的词汇难度增大,考查的翻译技巧难度有所下降。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级阅读C部分真题解析
2018年12月英语四级阅读C部分真题解析

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读真题解析: 四级阅读C部分真题解析 一、考试回顾 屏幕前的各位同学,中午好,目前距离四级考试结束过了一段时间,稍微平复一下我们的心情,我们解析主要的目的还是给大家回顾一下,我们整个考试当中的题目考点,以及我们非常重要的四级考试需要注意到的学习方法。毕竟考试已经结束了,结果已经成为了历史,我们需要用发展的眼光看问题。考试本身是帮助我们检测自己最近学习状况,为未来刷分或者进入到六级,甚至考研考试做一个很好的铺垫,一个打基础的工作。 我们先来回顾一下,四级考试的三套题。我们拿到三套题,把题目进行梳理。仔细阅读,再次强调拿到文章的时候,淡定一点,方向比阅读更重要,先看题目你就大概了解文章所讲的内容,或者蛛丝马迹。 二、真题解析——加州 这篇文章是关于加州如何解决自己的水资源比较紧缺危机的话题。题干可以看到,第一题加州干旱,根据这篇文章当中提到如何解决,这典型的叫做问题解决型。问题解决型重点找答案,找方案,方案有没有,其实你通过接下来二题、三题、四题所讲的这个内容就会发现,二题谈的是什么,我们能够推测出提取深层次地下水,能推测出什么问题,解决干旱很重要的方法就是抽地下水。第三题说当我们谈到抽地下水的时候会导致什么样的结果,是不是对我们方案进行一个评价,你这个方案好还是不好,到了第四题,目前谈到关于比较深的井,会谈到什么问题,作为我们一个定位点。最后一题,目前对于深层次地下水资源被用到的时候,会导致什么样的结果。 我们串联完题干以后,这篇文章思路就很清楚了。我们今天给出了一些选项,网站上面已经给了很多答案,其中有一些具有争议。我们大概梳理一下。新东方给出相对比较靠谱的参考答案。 第一题,如何解决,他是通过提取地下水。这道题比较靠谱,答案本身是在课程当中反复提到,串联提纲的时候,某些题目答案在题干和题干之间给你传递了信息。我们的题目答案就是第二题梳理出来的,给出题目标题的内容,这就是我们在课程当中反复给大家传递的考试技巧。如果我们在考前仔细通过学习,通过新东方培训的同学,这道题轻车熟路,水到渠成。 第二题,提取地下水的时候得出一个结论,我们没有考虑到成本的问题,你在考试现场如何检验你的答案是否符合文章,是否是对的,你的答案与答案彼此之间不能互相矛盾,或者我们的答案和答案之间彼此存在一些联系。这个联系来自哪里?我们其实看到最后一题,我们谈到水资源需要考虑的是它的成本问题,成本问题是不是能够很好对应我们第二题。一方面你去串联题干,另一方面,你还可以串联你所做出的那些选项,从而验证一下,我们考试当中彼此之间不能互为矛盾,这样解题的时候,走出考场的时候会比较淡定。 第三题,你抽取地下水会是什么样的,这是一个常识,地表还会不断下沉。 第四题,谈到深的水井怎么样,可以提供相对比较稳定的水资源供应。第四题答案本身就是我们全文的中心主题,也是我们一再强调的,文章中心思想其实是对我们问题的一个回答,而我们讲过这是典型的问题解决型。第四题和第一题合在一起,就是整个文章要讨论的核心。合在一起,我们用六个字,就是课程当中谈到的,细节服从中心主旨,这样一个阅读理解解题王道。屏幕前有些同学下一个礼拜就进入到研究生考试环节当中,大家一定要记得,四级也帮你再次预警,在我们接下来下周考试当中,你记得拿到试卷的时候,第一件事情就是每篇阅读理解的旁边写上细节服从主旨。 三、真题解析——人工智能 第二篇文章,关于人工智能,这是近年来高频热点,这篇文章有一些争议。我们看它的题干信息,串联题干。 第一,日常案例,Alphgo的胜利,就是人工智能AI。 第二,道德,机器人,前两年我们四六级考试考过这样的话题,当时引入到电影《我和机器人》,机器人挽救两个落水的人,判断谁挽救概率更高,完全忽略了人的情感。 第三,这就是道德。我们现在在AI时代面临更大的问题是什么,这个问题还是和道德密切挂钩。 最四,微软,它应该是针对文章当中某个单词的定位点。这个机器人,chat是聊天,和机器人对话,现实当中有很多这样场景,你跟机器人说话,他可以放音乐。这个大环境里面等于AI,最后也点题了,就是人工智能,以及人工智能面临道德问题,我们作为人如何看待人工智能AI在道德方面所做的选择。整个文章方向就很清楚了。 我们看一下答案,我们第一题给出了答案叫Computers can become highly intelligent。说我们现在电脑会变得更加人工智能,几乎把我们题目重述一遍。题目说的是人工智能,人机对战,它获得了胜利,人工智能更厉害了,题干传递什么内容?我们的答案,我们的电脑变得更加人工智能,回答的完美,天衣无缝。 第二题,有一点争议,网上有不同版本答案,我们给出一个参考答案,如何看待人工智能在道德方面进行行动,如何判断一件事情,他如何做出选择,它是按照理性还是按照人类的感性,道德是很简单的感性和理性综合结果。They weigh the gains and losses before reaching a decision。这是一个典型的机器人思维方式,他们在做出决定的时候,先要权衡的是利弊。当时看韩寒那部电影,永远不能忘记一句话,成人世界里面永远只有利与弊。 第三题,人工智能确实非常聪明,能够大大降低人的劳动,让你过的很舒服,但是但凡出现了一个解决方案,这个方案往往是不完美的,所以告诉你,会面临问题,这个问题就是顺承的展开,尽管它很聪明,但是处理道德问题成为是权衡利与弊,而不是道德,这个问题网上有争议,所以我们给了建议选择。How to ensure that super-intelligent AI machines act ethically。 第四题,谈到机器人,它叫chatbot,区别不同,区别利弊、好坏,第四题和第二题很好的呼应,刚刚又回应了之前唐叔在新东方谈到的阅读技巧,考试现场自然而然能够梳理出题目与题目之间的关系。只要你是正确答案,一定是依照原文设计的,原文彼此和彼此的信息不能矛盾,必须统一围绕中心展开。 倒回来看一下第三题,你非常清楚,我们AI时代面临的问题,How to ensure that super-intelligent AI machines act ethically。这个答案本身仍然在回复第二题题干的信息,我们真心想要告诉大家,我们四六级考试,尤其是四级考试,单词过关,四级一定过关,如果你一定要谈技巧,其实都在唐叔刚刚解析范围里面。真题当中,我们反复强调,我们复习资料以真题为主。这些内容不是唐叔告诉你的,是我们总结过去成百套四六级题目,老四级、新四级,加在一起,可以发现基本规律,这些内容给大家课上做了详细系统阐述,果不其然就在考试当中做了很好的验证。 我相信在秋季,包括暑假,上了新东方在线西游战队课程,对这次四级考试非常有信心,尤其在考场做答完毕以后,稍微做一个梳理,就应该知道你的这篇文章是十拿九稳。 最后,他说目前如何看待人工智能,It will be here to stay whatever the outcome。这也是有争议的,我们会谈到。整个文章谈我们的人工智能,它是有利,也有弊,网上给出一个参考答案,它将成为人类一种财富,一种资产。这个答案过于强调这是一件好事儿。纵观整个题目,包括参考选项,都在谈它既有利,又有弊,无论好坏,它毕竟存在。这个事情出现的时候,很难作为错误选项直接排除。 四、真题解析——猫如何快速捕猎食物 第二套,串联一下提纲,这个考的是猫如何快速捕猎食物,它的方案大同小异。 第一,最新研究当中,关于猫怎么样。 第二,account for,这个词组考的特别多,解释说明,如果它后面跟着一个百分比,指的是占据百分比比重,猫对容器噪音做出的反应。 第三,characteristic of the way cats hunt,猫捕食方法是什么,according to the Japanese researchers根据日本研究,定位点有了。 第四,某种程度上婴儿的行为和猫相同。 第五,通过这文章我们得出什么样的结论,第四和第五产生了很多化学反应。 第一题,我给了一个参考答案,They have a natural ability to locate animals they hunt。 他们本能上能够定位这些捕猎捕食对象。 第二题,Their mastery of cause and effect。 他们非常精通或者掌控,以及造成的影响。 第三题,They rely mainly on their hearing。 特点是什么呢?主要是通过听觉。 第四题,They focus on what appears odd。他们会关注特别奇怪的东西。 第五题,They interact with the physical world much like humans。重点的做记号,他们和物理世界、现实世界发生交集互动的时候特别像人类,这是回应倒数第二题的题干,In what way do babies behave like cats?反过来人和动物相同,动物和人也一样。 五、真题解析——无人驾驶 第二篇给了一个参考信息,每次四级出题的时候,往往换汤不换药。这篇讲的是无人驾驶汽车,类似第一套试卷当中人工智能AI,讨论什么呢?还是讨论无人驾驶汽车利弊,普遍使用 the impact,无人驾驶汽车会造成什么影响。 第二题,How would the elderly and the disabled benefit from driverless cars?那些老年人和残障人士,能够从无人驾驶当中获得什么好处。影响包括两方面,有好处,有坏处。 第三题,有坏处,What would be the negative impact of driverless cars?一切在掌握之中。 第四题,What is the result of the introduction of new technologies in energy industries?能源行业引入新技术导致什么样的结果,以及作者建议公司以及政府,他们应该做出什么事情。给出建议,一件事物造成影响,我们往往不会对好的事物给出建议,一定是不好的影响提出建议和解决方案,这个和第一篇文章很类似。 同样使用能够带来什么样的好处?他们开车方式变得更加文明、守规矩,残障人士会变得更加方便。这是非常符合我们文章基本思路的一种选项。这两个题并不难,这些话题其实很贴近我们的生活,也很好理解。大家可以理解。带来了一些不好的方式是什么呢?有太多的专业司机就得找一些新的谋生职务。这是一个问题,既然有了问题我们要解决,有人失业,所以我们要保留这些员工,employees,有没有一种感觉,我们正确答案逻辑性非常强,出现问题,下一道题马上对应文章,上面的问题,下面就是解决问题本身。最后,政府给出的建议是什么呢?Enable everyone to benefit from new technologies。尽量让所有人都能从中获益,而不是受到损害。 这是第二篇试卷回顾。 六、真题解析——家装摄像头 最后一篇,这篇文章当中讲的是在家庭当中安装摄像头会造成什么影响。 第一题,For what reason may your friends feel reluctant to visit your home?到底什么样的原因造成让你的朋友不愿意来造访你家,这道题回答就是把全文中心理一遍。 第二题,心里害怕的是什么呢?恐惧让你不愿意做一件事情,这两道题本质上保持一致,答案非常一致。 第三题,What is Lizzie Post mainly discussing with regard to the use of home security cameras?我们讨论一件事情,security 是安全,cameras是摄像头。家里如果有老人,平时不在家,放一个监控器,老人有什么问题,你可以及时看到,还有报警功能。 第四题,你要在家里负责任,你安装了监控器。 a host’s responsibility regarding security cameras是文章里面翻来覆去说的内容。朋友为什么不愿意到你家来,因为你安装了摄像头,一再强调,我们家庭摄像头到底哪些方面能够让来访人获利,首先谈不利的一面,一个事物要讲客观,不利,有利。万法归宗,换汤不换药。 第一,特别好理解,朋友不愿意来,因为摄像头侵犯你的privacy,侵入人家的领地,privacy强调的是隐私,前两天还有报安装针孔摄像头。 第二,抓住问题的核心,Etiquette around home security cameras。全文中心,昨天给大家做最后考前预测,反复提到,如果你实在不会做一道题,怎么猜,就数文章当中最高频出现的词,这里面最高频出现词的就是家庭摄像头,Etiquette around home security cameras。,你选这个正确的概率更高。 第三,谈到关于家庭摄像头的使用怎么看,喜欢、不喜欢。一开始朋友不愿意来,不高兴,Likes and dislikes of individuals。两者又结合起来,决定了这道题。 第四,我再强调一点,我们在这儿给的是一个方法,大家听课的时候也是如此,你掌握了方法,和你会用这个方法是有区别的,这是知和行,认识和实践,这两者之间连接他们的桥梁是自己不断的练习,熟能生巧。大家叫师父领进门,我们课堂没有保留,非常系统产生方法论,最后教给各位同学,你要背单词,熟悉长短语,你阅读完文章,所有方法是辅助作用,归根结底是通过你读文章,阅读理解就看你读不读得懂,读得懂就拿分,怎么知道你读懂了,我们答案设计的时候和中心有关的,你选择出这个方案,就是抓住了文章的中心。这个方法不是唐老师的方法,是经过真题检验。 我们主要责任,安装了家庭安全摄像头家中,你需要负什么责任,怎么解释这个问题?问题是侵犯了隐私,怎么办呢?让他们觉得自己没有被侵犯,保护好自己隐私。在家非常自然,没有感觉到自己受到监控。 最后,某种方式可以让来访者有好处,能有什么好处?有规则就有意外,有利有弊。有缺点,有优点,我们会技巧,可能忽略背单词,缺点就是你优点,他虽然侵犯你的隐私,但是往往证明你是无辜的,摄像头很重要。社会当中如果有人跌倒了,你扶不扶,如果有摄像头就清楚了。 七、真题解析——百事 百事为什么会进行政策的变化,他谈到目前如何应对未来,给出一个计划,为什么对产品进行改变,我们题干都是相互重复的,做出了政策改变,它的计划要改变产品。 相关的人会谈到一个问题,什么问题?谈到obesity ,这个题在四级当中考的太多了,肥胖,以前还会给出中文,这个词反复练习之后是认识的。这个词是一词多义,这个词是做计划,题目与题目有非常清楚的联系。 它做出了改变,为了满足目前的健康,obesity 是肥胖,解决不健康的问题就是关注健康,满足健康的需求,百事关于未来不断完善产品,不断完善产品,是不是第三题,我们给出的题干信息,他要改变自己的产品,不断完善,朝着好的方向,肯定不能朝着差的方向。 为什么要做出这样的改变?To ensure the company’s future development。是为了确保这个公司未来不断的发展,很好理解,公司产品的改变。第二题的答案告诉你,对于未来的思考。 最后,关于我们肥胖目前普遍流行叫 obesity epidemic,我们参考答案,主要取决于It is attributable to people’s changed lifestyles。人类生活方式的改变,典型的细节定位,你根据Indra Nooyi 回到文章中找那个词。定位好的句子就是结题重要的依据。 这家公司如何达到目标,它的手段,不断积累资金投入。 这就是今年四级考试当中三套试卷,我们给出了相应参考答案,并且给出这些答案彼此间的来龙去脉,大家真的体会到四级阅读考的是什么,建立在你的单词,长短句,辅以方法技巧,从而在四级考试当中,我们目标绝对不是过线,我们的目标是取得一个非常优秀的成绩。 这是唐叔对于四级深度阅读的解析,大家有任何问题,可以通过我的新浪微博和微信公众号发现大量的干货和互动,尤其在下周准备考研的同学特别关注一下,我会在近期公众号关注词汇,我给你抓住最核心今年考试最高频的单词,以及我们相应的预测。对于四六级没有考研压力的同学,仍然在公众号当中给大家摘选,我们在最新学术期刊当中给大家摘出,提高实实在在英语硬势力长难句的事情,老师带领大家一起前行。 我解析板块就到这儿。 来源:新东方在线 作者:唐迟老师 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级考试翻译真题及答案(二)
2018年12月英语六级考试翻译真题及答案(二)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级翻译真题及答案: 六级翻译第二篇原文 近年来,中国越来越多的博物馆免费向公众开放。博物馆展览次数和参观人数都明显增长。在一些广受欢迎的博物馆门前,排长队已很常见。这些博物馆必须采取措施限制参观人数。如今,展览形式越来越多样。一些大型博物馆利用多媒体和虚拟现实等先进技术,使展览更具吸引力。不少博物馆还举办在线展览,人们可在网上观赏珍稀展品。然而,现场观看展品的体验对大多数参观者还是更具吸引力。 精简结构 ①近年来,。。。博物馆。。。开放。 ②。。。次数和。。。人数。。。增长。 ③在。。。门前,排长队。。。很常见。 ④。。。博物馆。。。采取措施限制。。。人数。 ⑤如今,。。。形式越来越多样。 ⑥。。。博物馆利用。。。技术,使展览。。。。 ⑦。。。博物馆。。。举办。。。展览,人们可在。。。观赏。。。展品。 ⑧然而,。。。的体验。。。更具吸引力。 参考译文 In recent years, more and more museums in China have been opened to the public for free。 The number of museum exhibitions and visitors have increased significantly。 Queuing up in front of some popular museums is very common, and these museums must take measures to restrict the number of visitors。 Today, the form of exhibitions is becoming more diverse。 Some large museums use advanced technologies such as multimedia and virtual reality to make exhibitions more attractive。 Many museums also hold online exhibitions where people can view rare exhibits on the internet 。 However, the experience of viewing exhibits on site is still more attractive to most visitors。 精简结构 ①In recent years, more and more museums in China have been opened to the public for free。 ②The number of museum exhibitions and visitors have increased significantly。 ③Queuing up in front of some popular museums is very common。 ④These museums must take measures to restrict the number of visitors。 ⑤Today, the form of exhibitions is becoming more diverse。 ⑥Some large museums use advanced technologies such as multimedia and virtual reality to make exhibitions more attractive。 ⑦Many museums also hold online exhibitions where people can view rare exhibits on the internet ⑧However, the experience of viewing exhibits on site is still more attractive to most visitors。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级考试翻译真题及答案(一)
2018年12月英语六级考试翻译真题及答案(一)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级翻译真题及答案: 六级翻译第一篇原文 中国越来越重视公共图书馆,并鼓励人们充分加以利用。新近公布的统计数字表明,中国的公共图书馆数量在逐年增长。许多图书馆通过翻新和扩建,为读者创造了更为安静、舒适的环境。大型公共图书馆不仅提供种类繁多的参考资料,而且定期举办讲座、展览等活动。近年来,也出现了许多数字图书馆,从而节省了存放图书所需的空间。一些图书馆还推出了自助服务系统,使读者借书还书更加方便,进一步满足了读者的需求。 精简结构 ①中国。。。重视。。。图书馆,并鼓励人们。。。利用。 ②。。。数字表明,。。。数量在。。。增长。 ③。。。图书馆通过。。。,为。。。创造了。。。的环境。 ④。。。图书馆不仅提供。。。,而且。。。举办。。。活动。 ⑤近年来,也出现了。。。图书馆,从而节省了。。。空间。 ⑥。。。图书馆。。。推出了。。。系统,使读者。。。方便,。。。满足了。。。需求。 参考译文 China is paying more and more attention to public libraries, and people are encouraged to make full use of them。 The newly published statistics show that the number of public libraries in China is increasing year by year。 Many libraries have created a quieter and more comfortable environment for readers through refurbishment and expansion。 Large public libraries not only provide a wide variety of reference materials, but also regularly hold activities such as lectures, exhibitions and so on。 In recent years, there have also been many digital libraries which can save the space to store books。 Some libraries have also introduced self-service systems, making it more convenient for readers to borrow and return books, which further meets the needs of readers。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语六级听力真题
2018年12月英语六级听力真题

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语六级听力真题: 六级听力 conversation 1 Hey I just read a great book about physics。 I think you‘d like it。 It’s called the physics of the world。 It‘s written by a scientist named Sylvia Mendez。 Oh I read that book。 It was great。 The writer is a warm and competent guide to the mysteries of physics。 I think it promises enrichment for any reader from those who know little about science to the career physicist。 And it‘s refreshing to see a strong curious clever woman adding her voice to the scientific discourse and a field that has been traditionally dominated by men。 I think she has to be commended for making an effort to include anecdotes about little known female scientists。 You know they were often victims of a generation firmly convinced that the woman’s place was in the home。 I like how the book is clearly written with each chapter brought to life by pieces of fascinating knowledge。 For example in one chapter she exposes a myth that I‘ve heard taught by university physics professors。 I’ve often heard that medieval glass windows are thicker at the bottom because glass flows like a fluid。 This, she shows, is not true。 The distortion is actually thanks to a peculiarity of the glassmakers process。 Yeah I like how she cultivates scientific engagement by providing a host of Do It Yourself experiments that bring the same foundational principles of classical physics that govern everything from the solar system to your kitchen table。 From using complex laws of physics to test whether a spinning egg is cooked to measuring atmospheric pressure by lifting a piece of cardboard。 Her hands-on examples make her book a truly interactive read。 Yes I must say this a equation-free book is an ideal read for scientists of all stripes, anyone teaching science and even people who dislike physics。 Question 1: what does the woman say about the book the man recommended? Question 2: what can we find in the book the man recommended。? Question 3: How does the author bring her book to life? Question 4: How does the book cultivate readers interest in physics。 conversation 2 A:Hi professor。 I was hoping I could have a moment of your time if you‘re not too busy。 I’m having some problems getting started on my dissertation and I was hoping you could give me some advice on how to begin。 B:Sure。 I have quite a few students though.So can you remind me what your topic is? A:the general topic I chose is aesthetics, but that‘s as far as I’ve got I don‘t really know where to go from there。 B:Yeah,that‘s much too large a topic。 You really need to narrow it down in order to make it more accessible。 Otherwise you’ll be writing a book。 A:Exactly。 That‘s what I wanted to ask you about。 I was hoping it would be possible for me to change topics。 I’m really more interested in nature than beauty。 B:I‘m afraid you have to adhere to the assigned topic。 Still, If you’re interested in nature, then that certainly can be worked into your dissertation。 We‘ve talked about Hume before in class right。 A:Oh yeah, he‘s the philosopher who wrote about where our ideas of beauty come from。 B:Exactly。 I suggest you go to the library and get a copy of his biography。 Start from there。 But remember to stick to the parameters of the assignment。 This paper is a large part of your cumulative grade。 So make sure to follow the instructions。 If you take a look at his biography。 You can get a good idea of how his life experiences manifest themselves in his theories of beauty。 specifically the way he looked towards nature as the origin of what we find beautiful。 A:Great。 Thanks for taking the time to answer my questions, Professor。 I‘ll let you get back to class now。 B:If there‘s anything else you need, please come see me in my office any time。 Question 5: What is the man‘s problem? Question 6 What does the professor think of the man‘s topic? Question 7 What’s the man really more interested in? Question 8 what does the professor say the man has to do? passage 1 During the arctic winter from October to March, the average temperature in the frozen north typically hovers around minus 20 degrees Celsius。 But this year the Arctic is experiencing much higher temperatures。 On February the 20th the temperature in Greenland climbed above freezing or zero degrees Celsius and it stayed there for over 24 hours。 Then on February the 24th the temperature on Greenland‘s northern tip reached six degrees Celsius。 Climate scientists describe the phenomenon as stunning。 Weather conditions that drive this bizarre temperature surge have visited the Arctic before。 They typically appear about once in a decade。 However, the last such increase in temperature took place two years ago。 This is troubling as climbing arctic temperatures combined with rapid sea ice loss are creating a new type of climate feedback loop which could accelerate Arctic warming。 Indeed, sea ice cover in the Arctic is melting faster than expected。 Without those masses of cooling sea ice, warm air brought to the Arctic can penetrate further inland than it ever did before。 The air can stay warmer longer too。 This drives additional melting。 Overall earth is warming at a rapid pace。 2014 through 2017 rank as the hottest years on record and the Arctic is warming twice as fast as any place else on earth。 This raises unique challenges for Arctic wildlife and indigenous people who depend on Arctic ecosystems to survive。 Previously climate forecasts predicted that Arctic summer ice would disappear entirely by around 2060, but based on what scientists are seeing now the Arctic may be facing summers without ice within 20 years。 Question 9。 What did climate scientists describe as stunning? A) The unprecedented high temperature in Greenland。 Question 10。 What does the passage say about that temperature surge in the Arctic? Question 11。 what may occur in 20 years according to scientists’ recent observations? Passage2 A good dose of willpower is often necessary to see any task through whether it‘s sticking to a spending plan or finishing a great novel。 And if you want to increase that willpower。 A new study suggests you just simply have to believe you have it。 According to this study, what matters most is what we think about our willpower。 If we believe it’s a finite resource, we act that way, we feel exhausted and need breaks between demanding mental tasks。 However, people who view their willpower as a limitless resource get energized instead。 The researchers used a psychological assessment tool to test the validity of the study。 They asked 1100 Americans and 1600 Europeans to grade different statements such as after a challenging mental activity, my energy is depleted and I must rest to get it refueled again or I can focus on a mental task for long periods without feeling tired。 [00:01:08] Although there was little difference between men and women overall。 Americans were more likely to admit to needing breaks after completing mentally challenging tasks European participants on the other hand claimed they were able to keep going。 Based on the findings, the researchers suggest that the key to boosting your willpower is to believe that you have an abundant supply of it。 Your feelings about your willpower affect the way you behave。 But these feelings are changeable, they said。 Changing your beliefs about the nature of your self-control can have positive effects on character development。 This leads to healthier behaviors and perceptions of other people。 Question 12 What is often necessary for carrying through a task? Question 13 What is the finding of the new study? Question 14 What do we learn about European participants as compared with their American counterparts? Question 15 What do the research say concerning people‘s feelings about willpower? lecture 1 Here is my baby niece Sarah。 Her mum is a doctor and her dad is a lawyer。 By the time Sarah goes to college the jobs her parents do are going to look dramatically different。 In 2013,researchers at Oxford University did a study on the future of work。 They concluded that almost one in every two jobs has a high risk of being automated by machines。 Machine learning is the technology that‘s responsible for most of this disruption。 It’s the most powerful branch of artificial intelligence。 It allows machines to learn from data and copy some of the things that humans can do。 My company, Kaggle, operates on the cutting edge of machine learning。 We bring together hundreds of thousands of experts to solve important problems for industry and academia。 This gives us an unique perspective on what machines can do, what they can‘t do and what jobs they might automate or threaten。 Machine learning started making its way into industry in the early 90s。 It started with relatively simple tasks。 It started with things like assessing credit risk from loan applications, sorting the mail by reading handwritten zip codes。 Over the past few years, we have made dramatic breakthroughs。 Machine learning is now capable of far, far more complex tasks。 In 2012, Kaggle challenged its community to build a program that could grade high school essays。 The winning programs were able to match the grades given by human teachers。 Now given the right data, machines are going to outperform humans at tasks like this。 A teacher might read 10000 essays over a 40-year career。 A machine can read millions of essays within minutes。 We have no chance of competing against machines on frequent high-volume tasks, but there are things we can do that machines cannot。 Where machines have made very little progress is in tackling novel situations。 Machines can’t handle things they haven‘t seen many times before。 The fundamental limitation of machine learning is that it needs to learn from large volumes of past data。 But humans don’t。 We have the ability to connect seemingly different threads to solve problems we‘ve never seen before。 Question 16 what did the researchers at Oxford University conclude? Question 17。 What do we learn about Kaggle companies winning programs? Question 18。 What is the fundamental limitation on machine learning? lecture 2 we‘ve talked recently about the importance of sustainable energy。 We’ve also talked about the different theories on how that can be done。 So far, our discussions have all been theoretical。 Now I have a practical question for you all。 Can you run a 140,000 kilogram train on just the steam generated by solar power? Well, one engineer, Tim Casselman, believes it‘s possible。 And his home city of Sacramento, California should see the technology’s first test as part of the upgrading of its rail yard。 Casselman, who is an inventor and self-proclaimed steam visionary, is campaigning for a new steam train that runs without any fire and could run on an existing 10 kilometer line drawing tourists and perhaps offering city commuters a green alternative to their cars。 Casselman wants to build an array of solar magnifying mirrors at one end of the line to collect and focus heat onto water filled tubes。 This would generate steam that could be used to fill tanks on a small steam train without the use of fire。 Supplying power to trains in this way would offer the shortest distance from well to wheels he says with the least amount of energy lost。 According to Harry Valentijn, a Canadian engineer who is researching modern steam technology, a special tank measuring 2 by 10 metres could store over 750 kilowatt hours of energy as high pressure steam enough to pull a two car train for an hour or so。 Energy to drive a steam locomotive can be stored in other materials besides water for example a team at Tohoku University in Japan has studied materials that can store large amounts of heat when heated。 These materials turn from a solid into a liquid absorbing energy as they change phase。 The liquid is maintained above its melting point until steam is required at which point the liquid is allowed to turn back into a solid releasing its stored energy another team at Nagoya University in Japan has tested calcium compound as an energy storage material。 Heating this chemical compound drives off carbon dioxide gas leaving calcium oxide the gas can be stored under pressure and attain to recover the energy the gas is fed back over the calcium oxide。 In theory says Valentijn this can create a high enough temperature to generate superheated steam。 Question 19: What has the speaker previously talked about? Question 20: What is Tim Casselman trying to do in Sacramento? Question 21: what has a Japanese research team tried to do? Lecture 3 Today‘s crisis in care for older people in England has two main causes。 First,people are living longer with a lot more complex needs。 Second, they rely on a system that has long been marked by a poor relation between national health and social-care services。 Current services originate in two key measures。 They are the National Health Service and the 1948 National Assistance Act。 This required local government to provide residential accommodation for older people and supervise care homes run by independent organizations。 They also provided home and community services including meals, day centers and home helpers and other subsidized services。 The National Health Service was free and wholly publicly provided。 It delivered the best health-care for all。 No such vision guided residential and community care though。 The care was substantially provided by voluntary services which worked together with local authorities as they long had with eligibility based on income。 Today, life expectancy has risen from 66 for a male at birth in 1948 to around 80 now。 In addition, there is better overall health and improved medical knowledge and care。 This means an unprecedented number of people are surviving longer in conditions requiring expert support。 Families provide at least as much care as they ever did。 Even so, they can rarely without subsidised support address serious personal needs。 Care for older people faced persistent criticism as these trends became apparent。 From the early 1960s, local authorities were required to plan health and welfare services。 The aim was to enable older people to remain in their own homes for as long as possible, but this increased concern about the lack of coordination between free health and paid-for social care。 Through the 1970s, a number of measures sought to improve matter。 However at a time of financial crisis, funding diminished and little changed。 In the 1980s, the government cut spending。 Meanwhile, preference for private over public services made management even more difficult。 Simultaneously, the number of sick older people grew。 Governments emphasized the need to improve services。 They did so though while doing little to stop the erosion of available aid。 Services were irregular across authorities。 Unless you were prepared to pay, they were increasingly difficult to obtain for any but the most severely disabled。 Why has 60 years of criticism produced so little change。 Discrimination against older people has a long history。 Additionally, those affected by inadequate health and social care are too vulnerable to launch the protests that have addressed other forms of discrimination。 Question 22 what is one cause of the current crisis in care for the elderly in England? Question 23。 What does the speaker say about residential and community care? Question 24。 What made management of care for the elderly more difficult in the 1980s? Question 25。 What does the speaker say about older people in England? 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级阅读第三套卷答案
2018年12月英语四级阅读第三套卷答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读答案: 四级阅读第三套 选词 INHCO BJGLE 26 I remedies 27 N tremble 28 H recommended 29 C hesitant 30 O worse 31 B experience 32 J scared 33 G pressured 34 L sink 35 E lessen 匹配 GMFCE DAHKB G 36.Carême was among the first chefs who stressed both the appearance and flavor of dishes。 M 37.Carême wanted to show to later generation that French chefs of his time were most outstanding in the word。 F 38.Caême benefited greatly from serving a French diplomat and his connections。 C 39.Carême learned his tread from a famous dessert chef in Paris。 E 40.Carême‘s creative works were exhibited in the shop windows by his master。 D 41.Carême‘s knowledge of art and architecture helped him create extraordinary desserts out of ordinary ingredients。 A 42.Many people in Paris were eager to have a look at the latest sweet food made by Carême。 H 43.Carême became extremely wealthy by cooking for rich and socially ambitious families。 K 44.Carême’s writing dealt with fundernental cooking principles in a systematic way。 B 45.Carême’s contribution to French cooking was revolutionary。 仔细阅读 ACCAB CDACB 46。 A。 The security camera installed may into their privacy。 47。 C。 The interesting use of home security devices。 48。 C。 Likes and dislikes of individuals。 49。 A。 indicating where they are。 50。 B。 It can prove their innocence。 51。 C To satisfy the growing needs for healthy foods。 52。 D。 Keep on improving its products。 53。 A。 To ensure the company‘s future development 54。 C。 It is attributable to people‘s changed lifestyles。 55。 B。 Increasing its research funding。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级阅读第二套卷答案
2018年12月英语四级阅读第二套卷答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读答案: 四级阅读第二套 选词 NBFOC EJKGA 26 N warning 27 B convenience 28 F particularly 29 O witnessed 30 C effectively 31 E intimate 32 J silent 33 K specific 34 G primary 35 A avoid 匹配 FCLEA NMDKH F 36。 A research project found bacteria made their way to the food on the floor in five seconds。 C 37。 Whether food is contaminated depends much on the number of bacteria that get onto it。 L 38。 Food contamination may result from various factors other than food dropping on the floor。 E 39。 Males are less likely than females to eat food that may have been contaminated。 A 40.The author‘s research centers around how food gets contaminated。 N 41。 Keeping everything clean is the best way to stay healthy。 M 42。 Chances are you will not fall sick because of eating food picked up from the floor。 D 43。 For a long time people have had the experience of deciding whether or not to eat food picked up from the floor。 K 44.Some strains of bacteria are so harmful that a tiny few can have deadly consequences。 H 45.Researchers found how many bacteria got onto the food did not have much to do with how long the food stayed on a contaminated floor。 仔细阅读 CCBAB BADAC 46。 C) They have a natural ability to locate animals they hunt。 47。 C) Their special ability to perceive。 48。 B) They rely mainly on their hearing。 49。 A) Their focus on what appears odd。 50。 B) They interact with the physical word much like humans。 51。 B) It would save local governments a lot of money。 52。 A) They could enjoy greater mobility。 53。 D) Numerous professional drivers would have to find new ways of earning a living。 54。 A) political dissatisfaction。 55。 C) Enable everyone to benefit from new technologies。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级选词填空、长篇阅读真题解析
2018年12月英语四级选词填空、长篇阅读真题解析

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读解析: 四级阅读Section A&B真题解析 一、选词填空真题解析 我今天主要给大家解析的部分是四级A部分和B部分,就是第一个拿分率高的长篇阅读,第二个就是选词填空。选词填空是整篇题当中最难的,占分比最低,也是同学们不需要担心的题,如果只求过,或者分数不要求到600,只需要对一个就够了,怎么对一个?它考察的侧重在于大纲内难度较低的熟词。三套题当中,其中一套题的答案里面,到底都认识哪些单词?非常简单,Damage,还有control,还有Sources,并且你会发现它其实考察到了两个副词。两个副词在历年考试真题当中同时出现的概率比较低。我们有名词和形容词,基本上考察词概率是同质化的。大家注意到词性需要分类,你说这单词不认识,怎么进行词性分类?后缀是一个很好的帮助方法。单词词性知道,还要知道词义,这个题只要对一个,就不会影响你过线,大头还应该放在仔细阅读阅读,还有长篇阅读。 二、长篇阅读真题解析 长篇阅读也叫快速阅读,考察同学快速寻找信息的能力,我说的不是翻译的能力,也不是理解的能力,而是快速找取相关信息的能力。这种题型,你做完题之后有这样一种感觉,这个题做出来了,但是文章讲的什么东西根本没看明白,这是可以的。整篇文章说什么,你可以看不懂,但是给出10个句子,一定能找出非常特殊的地方,比较重要就是关键词查询能力。 大家看三个标题,Is it really OK to eat food that’s fallen on the floor; How a poor abandoned Parisian boy became a top chef; Food-as Medicine Movement is witnessing progress,这三个题目都比较亲民,全都是说食物相关的。第三篇文章当中G段落说到38和40,这个段落已经被选过了,不要不看,大家回忆一下,G段落有没有选择两次。 第三道题出现一个句子,有一个什么特点?大家选取关键词的时候,题干当中出现的词,绝对不可以作为关键词来进行查找。并且你需要先理一遍文章和十个句子,看有没有简单的词帮助你迅速定位,以及解题。 第三篇当中出现比较简单的句子,More than half of the food Americans eat is factory-produced。当中发现More than half ,factory-produced之前考试中曾经出现过一次,你要复习到位,这块不可以没发现。还有一个连字符,这道题必须要对。它有两个明显的点,有连字符连到两个单词,整篇文章当中非常明显。再就是句子里面出现的数字不一定是阿拉伯数字,有可能是英文,很多人说10,但是变成ten就不认识了,More than half更蒙了,这是你日常复习当中应该注意到的文字表达。你要注意整篇文章当中这句话在哪里出现,出现大写人名Scott,第三句当中出现plant-based,带有明显连字符的特征,这篇难度和以往相比是比较低的,简单题部分占到两到三个题。 第二篇文章,从句子开始分析,很多同学有些害怕,发现十个句子当中,每个当中都有一个甜品店Careme,这家店每个句子都有。长篇阅读定位的时候,划一个单独单词定位是不行的,我们需要划一些搭配的东西,比如说名词所属格的形式,这里面有一个’s,Careme’s;比如说需要划一些介词短语做定位,还需要划一些形容词修饰名词,或者名词修饰名词的搭配,才能帮助你精准定位。你找到Careme,你发现第一篇到最后都是Careme没有用的,我们看后面跟了什么。三句都是跟了’s,你要找到三个题在整篇当中哪个当中出现了creative works,以及后面的搭配组合才能精准定位。 这篇题当中还出现了French,后边跟了一个cooking,所以只划French 是不够的。 这两篇文章难度持平,你抽到这两个,很幸运,如果你抽到第三个,它考到了are less likely than,比较级,男性与女性比较,好的和坏的比较,过去和现在比较,这是过去考试经常出现的,三篇题当中两篇和往年一样,一篇题难度比较大,长篇阅读出题思维没有大的变化,原文原词比例比较大,首末句复现关键词的概率与往年持平,你刷完题可以发现,有40%到60%在首末句可以体现。你找原词并不是能够决定答案的点,除了找相同的点,一定要比对不同的点,不论是仔细阅读,还是长篇阅读,归纳替换、同义替换是老师要考的关键点。 总而言之,A与B当中,A部分只需要对一个,就不用担心这次考试不能过,B需要拿到8到9个的分数,历年考试当中,10个题里面80%到90%都是有原文原词,最后一道题虽然很难,我们可以优先选择剩余段落当中还没有出答案的段里面,长的比较像的蒙一个,正确率也比较大。 来源:新东方在线 作者:于抒冉老师 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试听力真题及解析
2018年12月英语四级考试听力真题及解析

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力真题及解析: 四级听力真题解析 第一篇新闻文章如下: (1)A device that weighs less than one kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019。 If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network。 The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and earth。 The network is part of a mission to the moon。 This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon。 The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon 9 rocket in 2019。 Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon。 The scientists working on the project opted to build a 4G rather than a fifth generation or 5G network。 (2)This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases。 This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon’s surface。 第一句“2019年有一个不到一公斤重的设备,它可以使得科学家在月球使用4G网络。”这也就是新闻听力当中开篇的导语,也就是先说出重要的事儿。接下来,如果成功的话,月球上就有信号了,这个项目的目标就是落地私人登月任务。Cape Canaveral,这个词是卡拉维拉角,美国的一个空军基地,同时这个地方也是阿波罗发射的地方。 Falcon 9,是猎鹰9号,没听过没关系,文章继续往下走。注意rather than,转折,它说要用4G,而非5G,后面给了一个因果关系词,because,如果出现because,则为答案出处。因为5G依然在测试阶段,这就意味着5G信号在月表不太稳定,而4G稳定。 第二篇新闻文章如下: (3)Firefighters responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood。 The fire was reported at 9:26 pm at an old shopping center on Michen Avenue near St。 Mary’s Church。 Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene。 Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin。 There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries。 Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire。 Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn’t start up again。 The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002。 (4)In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing。 However the plan was dropped due to lack of funds。 新闻听力比较常见的就是发生了事故,原文说废弃的商场着火了。新闻听力把时间、地点、人物都交代清楚了。最后一句affordable housing,是保障性住房,政府把房子盖起来,低价租给民众,在2014年的时候计划把商场拆掉,做成公租房。 第三篇新闻文章如下: (5)Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6 times their normal price。 This is after the country’s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage。 Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades。 Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products。 “We don’t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said。 Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare。 (6)Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products。 Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports。 It still only allows potatoes from selected US states。 This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports。 (7)But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often。 这篇有关日本吃不起土豆,第一句日本薯片的价格是正常价格的6倍,due to,因果关系词,同时来自于文章的导语,是正确答案出处。再往下,fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports。,害怕疾病是阻止日本进口商品最主要原因。紧接着出现的reason符合因果关系处是答案的技巧。最后一句听见but,可以直接进行选择。 同学们半年前就做了今天的事情,“老师,我这回技巧不行了,我下回一定好好考,好好学。”大家可以把现在作为一个新的起点,把单音改好,连读学会,希望下次考试之后觉得自己全对,然后看过解析,发现果然全对,这是我们希望的结果。 最后祝大家就算考的不会,但蒙的全对。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级翻译真题及参考答案
2018年12月英语四级翻译真题及参考答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为四级英语翻译真题及参考答案: 四级翻译真题答案 四级翻译第二篇 过去几年里,移动支付市场在中国蓬勃发展。随着移动互联网的出现,手机购物逐渐成为了一种趋势。18岁到30岁的年轻人构成了移动支付市场的最大群体。由于现在用手机付款极为容易,许多消费者在购物时宁愿用手机付款,而不愿用现金或信用卡。为了鼓励人们多消费,许多商店给使用移动支付的顾客打折。专家预测,中国移动支付市场未来仍有很大的发展潜力。 In the past few years, mobile payment has been thriving in China。 With the advent of the mobile Internet, shopping through the phone has gradually become a tendency。 Youngsters aged 18 to 30 constitute the largest users group in the mobile payment market。 Since mobile phone payment is very easy, many consumers prefer to pay by mobile phones rather than pay by cash and credit cards。 To encourage people to buy more products, many stores give discounts to those who use mobile payment。 According to the experts’ prediction, Chinese mobile payment market still has a great potential for development in the future。 四级翻译第三篇 越来越多的中国人现在离不开手机了。他们中的许多人,包括老年人,都使用手机应用程序保持联系并拓宽朋友圈。他们也用手机购物,查找信息,因为手机便于携带。此外,使用手机应用程序通信比传统电话便宜。然而,这种新趋势导致人们在社交时过度依赖手机。事实上,一些年轻人已经变得十分上瘾,以至于忽略了与家人和朋友面对面的交流。 An increasing number of Chinese people are inseparable from mobile phones。 Many of them, including the elderly, use mobile applications to keep in touch with friends and broaden their circle of friends。 Because the mobile phone is easy to carry, they also shop and look for information with it。 In addition, communicating through mobile applications is cheaper than using traditional calls。 However, the new trend has led people to rely on the mobile phone excessively when socializing。 In fact, some youngsters have become so addicted to mobile phones that they neglect the face-to-face communication with their family and friends。 四级翻译解析: 今年的四级翻译整体来讲难度较为平均,翻译主题仍然与生活密切相关,三篇翻译全部与手机相关,是考生比较容易把握的主题。三篇翻译中有重复的语句结构,均为历年真题的高频考点。例如:“通信网络的快速发展”、“智能手机用户数量近年来以惊人度增长”、“许多消费者在购物时宁愿用手机付款,而不愿用现金或信用卡”等表达方式的处理在课堂上已经反复强调过。练习过历年翻译真题的小伙伴们对这个结构应该并不陌生,写起来应该比较顺手。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月四级考试听力真题及参考答案
2018年12月四级考试听力真题及参考答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力真题及参考答案: 四级听力解析(新闻2+短文2+对话2) 新闻2 [原文] Firefighters responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood。 [3]The fire was reported at 9:26 pm at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St Mary’s Church。 Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene。 Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin。 There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries。 Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire。 Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn‘t start up again。 The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002。 [4]In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing。 However, the plan was dropped due to lack of funds。 Question 3:What does the news item say about the fire? [问题3]新闻关于火灾的内容说了什么? [解析]本题通过浏览选项可以确定是意外事故新闻,确定第一题考察意外事故,定位文章前三句,火灾发生在教堂旁边的旧的超市中心,消防员在45分钟内控制了火灾和着火点。 Question4:What had City Hall planned to do? [问题4]City Hall计划干什么? [解析]答案定位在新闻结尾,比较容易解答定位词plan to do, knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing 计划拆掉建筑,新建房子。 对话2 Conversation 2 M: And where is this? F :These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India。 [12]We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon。 M: Was it romantic。 F: Yeah。 The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place。 The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school。 I think it was during the 1600s and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child。 [13]The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built for her in honor。 M: Wow ! That sounds very romantic。 It looks amazing。 F: Yes it‘s gorgeous。 It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos。 [14]The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all。 It‘s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels。 M :It must have been very crowded when you were there。 F: Yes it‘s a very famous tourist destination。 So there are thousands of visitors every day。 M: Was the rest of India crowded? F:Yes,[15]very crowded in many cities。 It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets。 And there are so many cars。 Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly。 The culture is amazing and we had a great time。 M:What about the food? F: the Indian food is great。 There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food。 Question 12: For what purpose did the woman go to India? [问题12]女人为什去印度: [解析]第一题答案定位在对话的前两回合,女人去印度度蜜月。 Question 13: Why was the Taj Mahal built? [问题13]泰姬陵建造的原因? [解析]第二题定位在对话的第三回合,女人描述泰姬陵的历史,提到公主生孩子的时候去世了,国王为了纪念公主。 Question 14: What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal? [问题14]女人描述泰姬陵说了什么? [解析]第三题定位在对话的第四回合,基本视听一致,女人描述建筑的墙壁镶嵌宝石的特点。 Question 15: what is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities? [问题15]女人对印度城市的特点? [解析]第五题定位在对话结尾,并且有转折词女人对印度的印象是拥挤,但是人很好。 短文2 A Savannah cat is a crossbreed between a domestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval。 The unusual cross became popular among breeders at the end of the 1990s。 And in 2001, the International Cat Association accepted it as a new registered breed。 [19]The savannahs are tall and slim and can weigh up to nine point one kilograms, making them one of the largest breeds of cats that people can own。 They have a spotted code similar to that of many types of wild cats and their ears are very large。 They are also commonly compared to dogs[20]in their loyalty and can be trained to walk on a lead and to fetch,and often noted characteristic of the Savannah is its jumping ability。 They are known to jump on top of doors and high cabinets.Some can leap about2.5 metres high from a standing position。 Cats are typically known for being very inquisitive and so are the Savannahs。 They often learn how to open doors and cupboards。 [21]Many Savannah cats do not fear water and will play with or even dive into water。 Some owners even shower with their Savannah Cats, presenting a water bowl to Savannah may also prove a challenge, as some will promptly begin to bat all the water out of the bowl until it is empty using their front paws。 Question 19:What do we learn about the savannah cat? [问题19]这种猫的特点是什么? [解析]本题定位在文章开头,出现最高级定位,这种猫体积大,身型高,是最大的宠物猫。 Question 20: What is characteristic of Savannah cats? [问题]这种猫的特点是什么? [解]本题节本视听一致,这种猫非常忠诚,可以接受训练,跳跃性强。 Question 21: What do some people do with their Savannah cats? [问题]:人们和他们的猫一起做什么? [解析]本题定位在文章结尾,描述因为这种猫不怕水,所以经常和主人一起洗澡。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月四级考试第一套听力真题及参考答案
2018年12月四级考试第一套听力真题及参考答案

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语听力参考答案: 四级听力第一套解析(带答案版本) 新闻: News Report One 参考答案: 1.Set up a mobile phone net work on the moon。 2.It is stable。 主旨内容: 科学家们想要在月球上安置一个设备,这样就是史上第一次在月球上可提供移动信号,且月球网络将支持月球和地球之间的高清视频和数据流。 参考原文: A device that weighs less than 1 kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019。 If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network。 The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and the earth。 The network is part of a mission to the moon。 This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon。 The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon Nine Rocket in 2019。 Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon。 The scientists working on the project opted to build 4G rather than the fifth generation or 5G work。 This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases。 This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon’s surface。 Question 1。 What are scientists planning to do? Question 2。 Why did scientists choose to set up a 4G network in their mission? 解析: 本篇新闻难度适中,第一题类似主旨题,问到了科学家的计划,在新闻导语第一句即给出了本篇新闻的主旨内容,即在月球上安置一个可支持4G的设备。第二题是一道问原因的题目,答案即在最后两句,关键词because听得十分清晰,听到后继续等待即是答案。 News Report Two 参考答案: 3.No injuries were yet reported。 4.Pull down the deserted shopping mall。 主旨内容: 在一个在圣玛丽亚教堂旁废弃的购物中心晚上发生了火灾事件。火灾发生时,大楼内有一些人,但是并没有发生伤亡时间。该购物中心自2002年以来一直没有投入使用。2014年,市政厅制定了拆除建筑物的计划,并将其替换为经济适用房。 然而,由于缺乏资金,该计划被取消。 参考原文: Firefighters responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood。 The fire was reported at 9:26 p.m。 at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St。 Mary’s Church。 Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene。 Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin。 There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries。 Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire。 Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn’t start up again。 The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002。 In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing。 However, the plan was dropped due to lack of funds。 Question 3。 What does the news item say about the fire? Question 4。 What had City Hall planned to do? 解析: 本篇新闻考查的是主旨题加细节题。第一题针对新闻主旨题,答案出现在新闻第一句导语部分,所听即所得即可。第二题考查市政厅之前的计划,本该拆除的大楼由于资金匮乏没有拆除,答案出现在最后两句话,且有关键词提示,难度不大。 News Report Three 参考答案: 5.Insufficient potato supply。 6.It is afraid of the spread of disease。 7.Global warming。 主旨内容: 去年风暴和洪水及其主要的马铃薯种植区造成了最严重的收成问题,使得日本在因马铃薯短缺后,薯片价格是正常价格的6倍。且因为对疾病的恐惧,日本法律限制马铃薯的进口数量,只允许来自美国选定州的马铃薯。 参考原文: Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6 times their normal price。 This is after the country’s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage。 Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades。 Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products。 “We don’t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said。 Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare。 Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products。 Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports。 It still only allows potatoes from selected US states。 This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports。 But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often。 Question 5。 What problem is Japan facing? Question 6。 Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes? Question 7。 What might affect Japanese domestic produce? 解析: 本篇首尾两题答案出自于新闻的首尾,答案位置清晰,因此难度并不大。且最后一题有提示词but,转折之后的答案出现是考生需要重点注意的。 长对话 Conversation One: 参考答案: 8.Dull 9.She takes notes。 10.It keeps her mind active。 11.It helps her better remember what she learns。 主旨内容: 两位学生就上课如何集中注意力进行了探讨。女生提出在听讲时要用手记笔记,才能够把老师讲解的内容记住,并且在必要情况甚至可以画无意义的线条来使自己集中注意力;在家学习时需要讲知识大声读出来,这些都是通过身体来记忆知识。 参考原文: M: Mr。 Brown’s lectures are so boring。 W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker。 But the subject is interesting。 M: During every one of his lectures, I try to listen。 I really try。 But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration。 But I see that you seem to be OK。 How do you stay focused through the entire hour? W: Well, what I do is keep my pen moving。 M: What do you mean? W: It’s a method of active concentration I read about。 One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down。 But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard。 You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way。 M: Do you review your notes afterwards then? W: Sometimes, but that’s not important。 My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr。 Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily。 In fact, sometimes I draw a little too。 M: You draw in class and that helps me pay attention? W: Yes, honestly it works for me。 I just draw little lines and nonsense really。 It was also in that article I read。 It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate。 Again the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving。 If I’m at home and I need to study what I do is read out loud。 It has a similar effect to writing by hand。 It helps memorize information in a physical way。 Question 8。 What does the man think of Mr。 Brown’s lectures? Question 9。 What does the woman do during Mr。 Brown’s lectures? Question 10。 Why does the woman draw in class? Question 11。 What does the woman say about reading out loud? 解析: 本段长对话是考生比较熟悉的学校学习场景和知识点。第一题类问男生对于老师课程的观点,在首回合第一句给出答案,所听即所得。后面就是问答类型,重点听回答者,也就是本篇中的女士给出答案。由于最后两题答案在同一回合给出,比较接近,因此需要考生迅速反应,有一定难度。 Conversation Two 参考答案: 12.To spend her honeymoon。 13.In memory of a princess。 14.It has walls decorated with jewels。 15.They are mostly crowded。 主旨内容: 两个人就印度旅游相关信息展开讨论,降到了泰姬陵的来源和对其印象,印度的交通情况已经印度食物。 参考原文: M: And where is this? W: These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India。 We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon。 M: Was it romantic。 W: Yeah。 The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place。 The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school。 I think it was during the 1600 and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child。 The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor。 M: Wow。 That sounds very romantic。 It looks amazing。 W: Yes, it’s gorgeous。 It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos。 The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all。 It’s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels。 M: It must have been very crowded when you were there。 W: Yes, it’s a very famous tourist destination。 So there are thousands of visitors every day。 M: Was the rest of India crowded? W: Yes, very crowded in many cities。 It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets。 And there are so many cars。 Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly。 The culture is amazing and we had a great time。 M: What about the food? W: The Indian food is great。 There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food。 Question 12。 For what purpose did the woman go to India? Question 13。 Why was the Taj Mahal built? Question 14。 What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal? Question 15。 what is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities? 解析: 本段对话是以问答形式展开,因此在听答案的过程中只需要重点关注女士所讲的即可。在这部分相对信息量比较大,但是有两道题目都考察到了有关原因,因此原因类型的题目在长对话中仍然是考生需要关注的重点。 篇章 Passage One 参考答案: 16.They provide residents with the resources they need。 17.By inspiring their creativity。 18.Their number increased modestly。 主旨内容: 一个研究中心就超过1000个美国人进行了有关公共图书馆的调查,调查结果显示,美国人继续对当地的公共图书馆表示支持态度。 参考原文: A Pew Research Center survey of more than 1000 Americans conducted in April 2016 finds that Americans continue to express largely positive views about the current state of their local public libraries。 For instance, around three quarters say that public libraries provide them with the resources they need and 66% say the closing of their local public library would have a major impact on their community。 Although notably just 33% say this would have a major impact on them personally or on their family。 A majority of Americans feel libraries are doing a good job of providing a safe place for people to hang out or spend time as well as opening up educational opportunities for people of all ages and roughly half think their libraries contribute a lot to their communities in terms of helping spark creativity among young people, and providing a trusted place for people to learn about new technologies。 As in past Pew Research Center surveys of library use the April 2016 survey also measured Americans usage of and engagement with libraries。 Overall, 53% of Americans ages 16 and older have had some interaction with the puppet library in the past year either through an in person visit or using a library website some 48% of adults specifically visited a library in the past 12 months。 A modest increase from the 44% who said that in late 2015。 Question 16。 What do most Americans say about local public libraries? Question 17。 How can local public libraries benefit young people? Question 18。 What does the 2016 survey show about adult library users? 解析: 本篇短文提到了较多的数字,这对于很多对数字不敏感的同学来说,有所难度,且因为这篇短文信息量比较大,所以部分内容甚至要求学生能记笔记,因此这篇短文难度较大。 Passage Two 参考答案: 19.It is an unusual cross breed。 20.They are as loyal as dogs。 21.They shower with them。 主旨内容: 一种新品种的猫是由中型野生非洲猫和家养猫杂交的产物,2001年国际猫协会承认了这种猫的品种,且允许人们拥有饲养。因为它们高且纤细,现在,这种猫已经成为人们所拥有的最多猫品种之一。 参考原文: A Savannah cat is a crossbreed between a domestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval。 The unusual cross became popular among breeders at the end of the 1990s。 And in 2001, the International Cat Association accepted it as a new registered breed。 The savannahs are tall and slim and can weigh up to nine point one kilograms, making them one of the largest breeds of cats that people can own。 They have a spotted code similar to that of many types of wild cats and their ears are very large。 They are also commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty and can be trained to walk on a lead and to fetch, and often noted characteristic of the Savannah is its jumping ability。 They are known to jump on top of doors and high cabinets。 Some can leap about2.5 meters high from a standing position。 Cats are typically known for being very inquisitive and so are the Savannahs。 They often learn how to open doors and cupboards。 Many Savannah cats do not fear water and will play with or even dive into water。 Some owners even shower with their Savannah Cats, presenting a water bowl to Savannah may also prove a challenge, as some will promptly begin to bat all the water out of the bowl until it is empty using their front paws。 Question 19。 What do we learn about the savannah cat? Question 20。 What is characteristic of Savannah cats? Question 21。 What do some people do with their Savannah cats? 解析: 本篇短文是一篇介绍型文章,也是大多数考生练习得较多和熟悉的考题形式。根据试听一致,找出关键名词,抓住出题点即可。难度不大,只需在提前读完选项之后能及时预判出题位置即可。 Passage Three 参考答案: 22.Excite but somewhat sad。 23.It depends on their parents to success。 24.Set a good example for them to follow。 25.Their home life。 主旨内容: 有关孩子的教育。孩子们第一次上学时,家长可能会兴奋,也会悲伤,有一种复杂的感情,但那并不是孩子们学习的开始。早在孩子出生时,家长对孩子的教育和孩子对家长的模仿就已经开始了。 参考原文: When children start school for the very first time parents often feel a sense of excitement coupled with a touch of sadness at the end of an era。 This is the start of a new adventure for children playing and interacting with new friends sharing, taking turns and settling into a new routine。 But of course, this is not the start of your child’s education which in fact began at birth。 Back then, you would have been your child’s most influential teachers。 During this time at home, your child would have learnt more than at any other period in their life。 During your child’s first year in school much time will be spent in learning to read and they need to know that this is fun and worthwhile。 Your child will naturally copy you so it is important that you are seen reading and enjoying books newspapers and magazines rather than just absorbed in screens。 Ultimately an excellent education should be a close partnership between parents and teachers。 A child’s year splits fairly neatly into thirds: a third at school, a third asleep and a third awake at home or on holiday。 Irrespective of the quality of a school a child’s home life is of key importance。 It is the determining factor of their academic success。 Your child may have started on a new journey but your work is far from finished。 Question 22。 How do parents feel when their children start going to school? Question 23。 What does the passage say about children’s education? Question 24。 What should parents do for the success of their children’s education? Question 25。 What does the passage say is the key factor of children’s academic success? 解析: 本篇短文前两题相对比较常规,第一题出现在文章开头第一句话部分,考察了考生对情感类词汇的了解程度;第二题出现在转折词but之后,也是一个重点提示的地方,需要考生迅速反应把握清出题点。最后两题需要根据选项内容来仔细听材料才可选出。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试听力长对话真题及解析
2018年12月英语四级考试听力长对话真题及解析

  2018年下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级听力参考答案: 四级听力长对话真题解析 一、Conversation One: 1。主旨内容: 两位学生就上课如何集中注意力进行了探讨。女生提出在听讲时要记笔记,才能够把老师讲解的内容记住,并且在必要情况甚至可以画无意义的线条来使自己集中注意力;在家学习时需要将知识大声读出来,这些都是通过肢体动作辅助作用来记忆知识。 2。参考原文: M:Mr.Brown’s lectures are so boring。 W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker。 But the subject is interesting。 M:During every one of his lectures, I try to listen。 I really try。 But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration。 But I see that you seem to be OK。 How do you stay focused through the entire hour? W: Well, what I do is keep my pen moving。 M: What do you mean? W: It’s a method of active concentration I read about。 One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down。 But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard.You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way。 M: Do you review your notes afterwards then? W: Sometimes, but that’s not important。 My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr。 Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily。 In fact, sometimes I draw a little too。 M:You draw in class and that helps me pay attention? W: Yes, honestly it works for me。 I just draw little lines and nonsense really。 It was also in that article I read。 It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate。 Again the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving。 If I’m at home and I need to study what I do is read out loud。 It has a similar effect to writing by hand。 It helps memorize information in a physical way。 Question 8.What does the man think of Mr。 Brown’s lectures? Question 9。 What does the woman do during Mr。 Brown’s lectures? Question 10。 Why does the woman draw in class? Question 11.What does the woman say about reading out loud? 3。解析: 本段长对话是考生比较熟悉的学校学习场景和知识点。第一题类问男生对于老师课程的观点,在首回合第一句给出答案,所听即所得。后面就是问答类型,重点听回答者,也就是本篇中的女士给出答案。由于最后两题答案在同一回合给出,比较接近,因此需要考生迅速反应,有一定难度。 二、Conversation Two 1。主旨内容: 两个人就印度旅游相关信息展开讨论,讲到了泰姬陵的来源和对其印象,印度的交通情况以及印度食物。 2。参考原文: M: And where is this? W: These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India。 We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon。 M: Was it romantic。 W: Yeah。 The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place。 The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school。 I think it was during the 1600 and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child。 The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor。 M: Wow。 That sounds very romantic。 It looks amazing。 W: Yes, it’s gorgeous。 It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos。 The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all。 It’s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels。 M: It must have been very crowded when you were there。 W: Yes, it’s a very famous tourist destination。 So there are thousands of visitors every day。 M: Was the rest of India crowded? W: Yes, very crowded in many cities。 It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets。 And there are so many cars.Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly。 The culture is amazing and we had a great time。 M: What about the food? W:The Indian food is great。 There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food。 Question 12.For what purpose did the woman go to India? Question 13。 Why was the Taj Mahal built? Question 14。 What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal? Question 15。 what is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities? 3。解析: 本段对话是以问答形式展开,因此在听答案的过程中只需要重点关注女士所讲的即可。在这部分相对信息量比较大,但是有两道题目都考察到了有关原因,因此原因类型的题目在长对话中仍然是考生需要关注的重点。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试阅读解析及参考答案
2018年12月英语四级考试阅读解析及参考答案

  2018年下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级阅读参考答案: 今年四级考试在阅读这个版块里,总体难度仍然呈较为平稳的发展态势。无论是选词填空、长篇阅读还是仔细阅读,与在四级课堂上讲到的解题技巧都有很高的契合度。 首先一起来谈谈选词填空这个题型。总的来说,考点仍然是课堂上反复跟大家强调的,用我们上课讲到的快速解题法则很快能得到正确答案。首先第一步分析选项词性。今年名词考2个,动词考5个,形容词考1个,副词2个。如此一来,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,请注意,名词通过单复数,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。选词填空答案如下: 26。 F Damage 27。 B associated 28 。M sources 29 。D constant 30 。G described 31 。E control 32 。H equals 33 。K regularly 34。 I exclusively 35 。O vehicles 长篇阅读难度持平,用定位法则快速找定位即可,特别要注意的是题干中只出现的大写专有名词、数字、时间、连词符和只出现过一次的表达。今年的匹配题比较难,少数题干出现了同义替换的现象,大多数还是按照我们说的用到的是类似的表达和词性的替换。匹配题答案如下: 36-40 DBGFI 41-45 FCJEG 36。 More than half of the food Americans eat is factory-produced 37.There is a special program that assigns doctors to give advice to shoppers in food stores。 38.There is growing evidence from research that food helps patients recover from various illnesses。 39。 A healthy breakfast can be prepared quickly and easily。 40.Training a patient to prepare healthy fod can change their life。 41。 One food-as-medicine program not only prescribes food for treatment but teaches patientshow to cook it。 42。 Scott is nat keen on cooking food herself thinking it would simply be a waste of time43。 Diabetes patients are advised to eat more plant-based food 44.Using food as medicine is no novel idea but the movement is making headway these days。 45。 Americans high rates of various illesses result from the way they eat。 再来谈谈仔细阅读部分。我们在课堂上跟大家反复强调过,四级仔细阅读的核心在于四个字“精准定位”,今年所涉及到的考点全部是我们之前课程中所涵盖到的。第一篇的题干中几乎没有大写专有名词出现,大家需要注意每道题题干中的名词短语和动宾搭配进行定位。第二篇定位难度不大,但是由于考到的文章主题为AI,定位简单的基础上,难点在于定位处和选项的对应。特别要注意的是,今年的51题考到了之前很少考的例证题。仔细阅读答案如下: 46。 How could california‘s drought crisis be solved according to some researchers? B- By drawing water from the depths of the earth 47。 What can be inferred about extracting water from deep aquifers? B - It was not considered worth the expense 48。 What is mentioned as a consequence of extracting water from deep underground? A- The sinking of land surface 49。 What does the author say about deep wells? D- They provide a steady supply of freshwater 50 What may happen when deep aquiters are used as water sources? C- The cost may go up due to desalination。 51。 What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo‘s victory? D- Computers can become highly inelilence 52。 What does the author ‘mean by Al machines acting ethically? C- They make sensible decisions when facing moral dilemmas。 53。 What is said to be the bigger challenges facing humans in the AI age? B- How to ensure that super- intllient AI machines act ethically。 54。 What do we learn about Microsoft‘s ’chatbot‘ Taylor? A- She could not distinguish good from bad。 55。 What does Eric Schmidt think of artificial intelligence? D- It will be here to stay whatever the outcome。 总而言之,只要大家在考试过程中熟练地运用了之前课堂上学到的解题方法,取得好成绩也是顺理成章的。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试作文解析及参考答案
2018年12月英语四级考试作文解析及参考答案

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为四级英语作文解析及参考答案: 四级写作 18年12月15日四级写作第一套参考范文 (完全独立写作参考范文) Direction : For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write a short essay on the challenges of living in a big city。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 第一段:城市打工的现象描述;(套用王菲“三八大盖”现象描述功能段。) 第二段:面对挑战的原因;(套用王菲“三八大盖”分析原因功能段。) 第三段:如果应对挑战。(套用王菲“三八大盖”解决问题功能段。) With the development of transportation system and information technology, many people choose to move to big cities for more opportunities, higher salaries, and a colorful life。 However, living in big cities also means facing greater challenges。 Firstly, the competition in big cities is much fiercer than the counterpart in small cities, because big cities gather hundreds and thousands of elites from the whole country, even worldwide。 This means you need to keep improving themselves to maintain their living conditions in big cities。 Otherwise, your place may be taken place by others quickly。 Secondly, big cities also mean higher living spend, including rent and food。 Therefore, people need to secure jobs with high salaries to pay for various expenses in big cities。 Thirdly, if young people move to big cities, it may cause that they have to leave their families, which may lead to homesickness and aloneness sometimes。 Thus, they have to either set up homes in the new cities or return their hometown after several years。 Due to the challenges mentioned above, although there are abundant opportunities in big cities, people should consider their own situations carefully, before making the decisions to move to big cities。 18年12月15日四级写作第二套 (完全使用“三八大盖” “王九押范文”素材参考范文;范文标记即为王菲提供学生背诵内容) Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenge of studying abroad。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words 。 第一段:描述在国外学习可能会遇到的挑战;(套用王菲“三八大盖”现象描述功能段。) 第二段:产生这种现象的原因;(套用王菲“三八大盖”分析原因功能段。) 第三段:解决挑战的方法。(套用王菲“三八大盖”解决问题功能段。) 第一段:八大功能段一:现象 / 问题描述功能段 Along with the development of globalization, more and more issues are brought to our attention, one of the most heatedly discussed issues is working abroad。 Undoubtedly, it poses not only chances but also challenges to the people。 第二段:八大功能段二:分析原因功能段 (精神压力&易放弃,不自信) There are a host of factors might contribute to the problem。 One of the most common factors is mental pressure。 Far away from families and friends, it is inevitable to feel a sense of solitary。 Another contributing cause is culture difference, which prevents us from communicating with foreigners to a large extent。 In other words, we are not confident enough to come out of our comfort zone to embrace the challenge and succumb to the difficulties。 第三段:八大功能段三:解决问题功能段(大学生心理健康)&(毅力,自信重要性) Confronted with such problems,we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation。 First and foremost, confronted with great pressure, the best method is to communicate with friends or family members to unburden the feelings。 Also, the universities and colleges should also pay more attention to graduates’ mental health and take effective actions such as providing psychological service for students helping them to deal with mental problems。 Furthermore, a little bravery can result in the possibility of success when confronted with something unknown。 Meanwhile, the sense of never giving up enhances one’s self-confidence。 This makes one more likely to try new things, opening up even more new opportunities。 With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly。 18年12月15日四级写作第三套 (完全使用“三八大盖” “王九押范文”素材参考范文;范文标记即为王菲提供学生背诵内容) Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenge of starting a career after graduate。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words 。 第一段:描述在毕业生工作可能会遇到的挑战;(套用王菲“三八大盖”现象描述功能段。) 第二段:产生这种现象的原因;(套用王菲“三八大盖”分析原因功能段。) 第三段:解决挑战的方法。(套用王菲“三八大盖”解决问题功能段。) The great challenges that newly graduates face have attracted extensive attention of the society, which can be found in TV programs, newspapers, university classes and many aspect of our everyday life。 These challenges include independence in life and work, cooperation among colleagues, and further improving abilities to meet the requirements of jobs。 According to a survey, some newly graduates lack of the ability to work independently。 They point out the factor that in workplaces, there were no teachers to support or direct their tasks。 Then, new graduates should learn to be independent and be willing to start their jobs from the basic level, so that they could understand the industry and self-learn related skills。 Meanwhile, newly graduates should learn to cooperate with colleagues。 Different from classmates at school, colleagues usually have their own responsibilities in work and personal lives。 Thus, newly graduates need to coordinate their own time with others’ plans to maximize the cooperation efficiency。 The most important thing for newly graduates is that they should keep learning, even leaving schools。 The knowledge learned from school may be different from the requirements in the workplaces。 Therefore, newly graduates should keep improving themselves to meet the requirements of jobs。 From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusions that independence, collaborations, and comprehending new abilities are most important things to do for newly graduates。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试阅读匹配答案(三)
2018年12月英语四级考试阅读匹配答案(三)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读参考答案: 四级阅读第三套 匹配 36.Carême was among the first chefs who stressed both the appearance and flavor of dishes。 37.Carême wanted to show to later generation that French chefs of his time were most outstanding in the word。 38.Caême benefited greatly from serving a French diplomat and his connections。 39.Carême learned his tread from a famous dessert chef in Paris。 40.Carême‘s creative works were exhibited in the shop windows by his master。 41.Carême‘s knowledge of art and architecture helped him create extraordinary desserts out of ordinary ingredients。 42.Many people in Paris were eager to have a look at the latest sweet food made by Carême。 43.Carême became extremely wealthy by cooking for rich and socially ambitious families。 44.Carême’s contribution to French cooking was revolutionary。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试阅读匹配答案(二)
2018年12月英语四级考试阅读匹配答案(二)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读参考答案: 四级阅读第二套 匹配 36。 A research project found bacteria made their way to the food on the floor in five seconds。 37。 Whether food is contaminated depends much on the number of bacteria that get onto it。 38。 Food contamination may result from various factors other than food dropping on the floor。 39。 Males are less likely than females to eat food that may have been contaminated。 40.The author‘s research centers around how food gets contaminated。 41。 Keeping everything clean is the best way to stay healthy。 42。 Chances are you will not fall sick because of eating food picked up from the floor。 43。 For a long time people have had the experience of deciding whether or not to eat food picked up from the floor。 44.Some strains of bacteria are so harmful that a tiny few can have deadly consequences。 45.Researchers found how many bacteria got onto the food did not have much to do with how long the food stayed on a contaminated floor。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试作文真题及解析
2018年12月英语四级考试作文真题及解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为四级英语作文真题及解析: 2018年12月四级写作解析 2018年12月四级写作题为the challenge of starting a career after graduation/ studying abroad/ living in a big city。这次作文的考察沿袭了近几次四级真题的考察风格,从多数考生的反应来看,本次作文题的难度并不是特别高,因为在考前多数考生已经做过类似话题的模拟。本文将从主题分析、正文内容和范文三个角度对本次四级写作进行解析。 一、主题分析 本次四级考试的主题比上次考试稍微难一点,但都是四级阅读的基本词汇,考生大体能看懂,不会因为审题遇到生词的原因卡在第一步。不同于2018年6月作文题(the importance of reading/ writing/speaking ability and how to develop it),本次考试有部分同学不认识单词graduation,但是题干中的审题关键词starting a career,studying abroad和living in a big city均为中学词汇,基本上认识这两个词组,作文就可以大体围绕这个主题展开。按照平时课下练习以及对四级历年真题的把握情况,四级话题作文基本上是正反观点或者热点话题式的考察,所以本次作文在把握关键词的前提下,基本可以按照模板写出来。 二、正文内容 在正文与主题方面,本次的考察点(starting a career after graduation/ studying abroad/ living in a big city)仍然保持了以往的传统考察点,并没有出现特别热门和新的话题。本次考题基本沿袭了2018年6月的考察风格——(the importance of reading/ writing/speaking ability and how to develop it),只将importance换成了challenges(挑战),但是在内容上并不影响,因为历年四级作文的写法,都可以从正面和负面,正方和反方两个角度同时切入。结合近几次四级考试的作文话题考察可以得出,本次四级考题的考察仍然回归传统趋势,没有出现应用文的考察。近三次四级作文考察都重新考察到了议论文文体,且话题非常传统。上过课的同学从原文中找出主题词,加上课下练过类似的真题和模拟题,基本直接替换掉主题词就可以操作。 三、行文构思 由starting a career,studying abroad和living in a big city可确定下来该话题属于“社会热点类”话题,所以本文的开篇句可用现象解释开头,也可以采用“格言警句”开篇。正文的第一段第二句为下文做铺垫。根据题中challenges一词,在第二段展开具体论述。这里论述部分可以采用四级写作最常采用论证手法,即分析原因、分析影响、举例论证。在分析原因和分析影响的过程中,分析影响的难度相对更低。在第三段中,可以适当使用课上讲过的一些表达措施和手段的句式,在构思措施时,可以从社会各界、学校、政府、外界媒体等很多角度简单书写即可。 四、范文 Nowadays there has been a wide concern over the issue of starting a career after graduation。 Many graduates have begun to start a career after graduation。 Some hold the opinion that this is beneficial to their future development, while others think there may be some risk。 As for my viewpoint, college graduates should seek a job and accumulate some experience。 First, they are not familiar with our society。 Second, they lack some experience for doing these things。 Third, not everybody has the financial support to go in for such a job。 Although some of them succeed, we do not advocate this。 It may do harm and bring risk to their life and we think they need a stable life first。 Based on the analyses above, it is imperative for us to take some measures。 First, our government should make up some laws and regulations to bring graduates more convenience。 Second, social media have the duty to lead them to a right direction。 Only in this way can graduates witness a promising future。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试作文真题及解析
2018年12月英语四级考试作文真题及解析

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为四级英语作文真题及解析: 四级写作真题解析 一、四级写作题目预览 首先大概评估一下今年四级考题,就写作而言,难度几乎跟以前持平,甚至可能没有那么难写。之前我们预测课程和点杀课程讲到过,近三年的题会反复重复,不能说完全一模一样的考题,但至少近似,非常近似。下面我们分析一下今年真题: 第一套题的作文题目是Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenges of living in a big city。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 这道题是我们考前预测课程中讲到的第一道题,当时我们预测的题目是Living in big city or small town?到底是住在大城市好,还是住在小城市(农村)。17年6月六级曾考过是类似话题:在国内上大学,还是去国外上大学。 第二套题的作文题目是Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenges of studying abroad。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 这道题也在我们的考前预测里,当时我们预测的题目是“出国潮与归国潮”。 第三套题的作文题目是Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenges of starting a career after graduation。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 这个话题我们之前也有讲过。有同学会有疑问,这是不是创业呢?创业只是其中一部分,starting a career是开启一个职业,意味着一毕业干什么。创业是其中一种,你可能去公司找工作。16年12月四级曾考过,毕业以后做什么,是去国企还是私有企业;是找工作还是创业;是工作还是读研。我们当时直播课讲到的开头、中间、结尾段功能句都是能用的。 其实,这三道题目更多的是强调前面的challenges这个词,即你做出这个选择以后面临的挑战。 写作的基本思路是常规套路,即,引出话题,然后阐明面临选择时你可能受到的挑战。第二段,进行论证。以住在大城市为例,很多人说,我不喜欢大城市,喜欢“采菊东篱下,悠然见南山”,我觉得这个田园生活太好了。这个题没有选择,就是住大城市。昨天新东方在线去另外一个直播平台给大家做考前预测时,我就感觉到在北京大城市居住的压力;我在海淀黄庄地铁排了半个小时,才挤到门口,这就是交通压力。以出国为例,到任何一个国家,都会面临文化差异与语言障碍。以工作为例,国家政策鼓励很多大学生去创业,当你创业的时候,可能经验不足;你去找工作的时候,可能突然发现校园环境和职场环境非常不同,需要你迅速进行身份转变。一句话概括,这次三套题都非常接地气。最后,结尾段,建议措施。更多迎接挑战,做好自己,充实自己。 二、写作分值评估标准 一般情况下,写作分为奖励分和基本分。只要没有出现试卷不干净,奖励分可以拿到手。基本分是通过语言结构进行判断。第一件事情,你有没有只写一句话就交卷的,如果没有,恭喜你,你跨越了0分;你有没有写了一段就交卷了,通篇有没有重复单词,如果没有,恭喜你在11分往上。 段落结构需要层次清晰,如果你想预判自己有没有在作11分以上,就看中间段、结尾段有没有层次清晰的词汇,比如说Firstly, Secondly, Finally, To begin with, In addition, Last but not least, For one thing, For another。内容方面要使用恰当的论证方式。 最新真题范文 [参考范文]就业挑战 Each year, numerous university graduates stand at the crossroads of life, hoping to put their four years’ knowledge and experience into application。 Views differ markedly when it comes to which career is suitable for one‘s development after graduation。 From my perspective, what college graduates should do is to have an overall consideration of the challenges of starting a career。 To begin with, if one choose to start a business after graduation, the lack of business experience would be an obstacle at the beginning of the venture。 As a result, self-employment would be tough for those who has been staying in the ivory tower for a long time。 Secondly, working in a company requires new employees to quickly adapt to the working environment。 In this situation, college graduates might find it hard to get familiar with the working process and regulations of the company。 Above all, the challenges of starting a career are inevitable。 In order to deal with this problem, youngsters should realize the limitations of themselves in advance and make full preparation before starting the challenge。 来源:新东方在线 作者:潘赟老师 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试翻译真题及解析
2018年12月英语四级考试翻译真题及解析

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译真题解析: 2018年12月四级考试翻译解析 由于通信网络的快速发展,中国智能手机用户数量近年来以惊人度增长。这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式。他们现在经常智能手机上看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊。大量移动应用程序的开发使人们能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。因此,纸质书籍的销售受到了影响。但调查显示,尽管能手机阅读市场稳步增长,超半数成年人仍喜欢读纸质书。 答案:Because of the rapid development of communication network,the number of smartphone users is increasing surprisingly in China,which has drastically changed the reading mode of many people。 Nowadays,they often read news and articles by cellphones rather than purchase traditional newspapers。 Meanwhile,amass of application programs make it possible for people to read novels or other works of literature on the mobilephones 。Consequently,the sales of printing books has been affected。 But according to the statistics,despite the steady growth of reading by smartphones market,over half of the adults still prefer to read printing books。 整体评述:今年的四级翻译考察的是社会热点类型题材文章-电子阅读。文中很多句型我们课堂上已经讲到并且多次练习过,比如第二句:这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式,两个句子连接处出现 个句这, 这样, 这些时‘’典型的简单连接方式,需要转换成 which引导的非限定性定语从句。再例如:他们现在经常智能手机上看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊。大量移动应用程序的开发使人们能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。我们课堂上讲解过,因为中文的“意合”特点,故而大多数中文连接词会被省略,但是在翻译成英文时,应视语境将其还原,根据实际情况,将两句话可以处理成并列或递进等逻辑关系。总之今年翻译整体并不难,相信认真上过翻译课的同学,本次的翻译应该会得心应手。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试听力解析(三)
2018年12月英语四级考试听力解析(三)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力真题解析: 四级考试听力部分(三) News 3 5。 Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6X their normal price。 This is after the country‘s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage。 Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades。 Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products。 “We don‘t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said。 Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare。 6。 Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products。 Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports。 It still only allows potatoes from selected US states。 This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports。 7。 But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often。 Question 5:What problem is Japan facing? 开头设题 设题点为专有名词Japan翻译: 薯片价格为正常水平的6倍 Question 6:Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes? 设题点:观点表达 Japan says 翻译: 日本认为, 出于对病患的恐惧, 禁止了土豆的进口 Question 7:What might affect Japanese domestic produce? 设题点:转折:全球变暖翻译: 然而国内生产可能会被更为频发的罕见其后所严重影响, 全球变暖正在加大这种可能性。 Passage3 22。 When children start school for the very first time, parents often feel a sense of excitement, couple with a touch of sadness at the end of an era.This is the start of a new adventure for the children, playing and interacting with new friends, sharing, taking turns and settling into a new routine。 23。 But of course, this is not the start of your child’s education, which in fact began at birth。 Back then you would have been your child’s most influential teachers。 During this time at home, your child would have learnt more than at any other period in their life。 During your child’s first year in school, much time will be spent in learning to read。 They need to know that this is fun and worthwhile。 24。 Your child will naturally copy you, so it is important that you are seen reading and enjoying books, newspapers and magazines rather than just absorbed in screens。 Ultimately, an excellent education should be a close partnership between parents and teachers。 A child’s year splits fairly neatly into thirds: a third at school, a third at sleep and a third awake at home or on holiday。 25。 In respect of quality of school, a child’s home life is of key importance。 It is the determining factor of their academic success。 Your child may have started on a new journey but your work is far from finished。 Questions 22-25 are based on the passage you have just heard。 22。 How do parents feel when their children started going to school? 段首出题, 很符合套路。翻译: 孩子刚上学时, 父母会感觉很激动,同时心底还有一丝难过。 23.What does the passage say about children’s education? 设题点: 转折but。 翻译: 上学并非起始于学校,而是出生的一刻, 在家中就已经开始了。 24.What should parents do for the success of their children’s education? 设题点: 高调表达importance, 点出父母应该以身作则, 为孩子树立良好模仿的榜样。 25。 What does the passage say is the key factor of children’s academic success? 设题点:高调表达 importance,点出家庭生活才是学业成功的关键。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月四级真题、解析及参考答案汇总
2018年12月四级真题、解析及参考答案汇总

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四级考试已经结束,新浪教育全程关注,为大家带来了第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为本次考试英语四级部分真题、解析及答案汇总,供各位考生对比分析自己的考试情况,也为后续要参加四六级考试的考生提供参考和帮助。(持续更新中) 四级真题 2018年12月英语四级考试听力真题 2018年12月英语四级考试翻译真题(一) 2018年12月英语四级考试写作真题(一) 2018年12月英语四级考试听力真题(二) 2018年12月英语四级考试听力真题及解析 2018年12月英语四级考试翻译真题及解析 2018年12月英语四级考试作文真题及解析 2018年12月英语四级考试作文解析及参考答案 2018年12月英语四级考试阅读解析及参考答案 2018年12月英语四级选词填空、长篇阅读真题解析 四级真题解析及参考答案 2018年12月英语四级考试听力解析(一) 2018年12月英语四级考试听力解析(三) 2018年12月英语四级考试翻译解析(一) 2018年12月英语四级考试翻译解析(二) 2018年12月英语四级考试翻译解析(三) 2018年12月英语四级考试写作范文(一) 2018年12月英语四级考试写作范文(二) 2018年12月英语四级考试写作范文(三) 2018年12月英语四级考试仔细阅读答案(二) 2018年12月英语四级考试仔细阅读答案(三) 2018年12月英语四级考试阅读第一套卷答案 2018年12月英语四级阅读第二套卷答案 2018年12月英语四级阅读第三套卷答案 2018年12月英语四级考试阅读匹配答案(二) 2018年12月英语四级考试阅读匹配答案(三) 2018年12月英语四级考试翻译解析 2018年12月英语四级考试阅读解析 2018年12月英语四级考试听力长对话解析 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试听力解析(一)
2018年12月英语四级考试听力解析(一)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力真题解析: 四级考试听力部分(一) 一、News Report One 1。主旨内容: 科学家们想要在月球上安置一个设备,这样就是史上第一次在月球上可提供移动信号,且月球网络将支持月球和地球之间的高清视频和数据流。 2。参考原文: A device that weighs less than 1 kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019。 If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network。 The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and the earth。 The network is part of a mission to the moon。 This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon。 The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon Nine Rocket in 2019。 Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon。 The scientists working on the project opted to build 4G rather than the fifth generation or 5G work。 This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases。 This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon’s surface。 Question 1。 What are scientists planning to do? Question 2。 Why did scientists choose to set up a 4G network in their mission? 3。解析: 本篇新闻难度适中,第一题类似主旨题,问到了科学家的计划,在新闻导语第一句即给出了本篇新闻的主旨内容,即在月球上安置一个可支持4G的设备。第二题是一道问原因的题目,答案即在最后两句,关键词because听得十分清晰,听到后继续等待即是答案。 二、News Report Two 1。主旨内容: 在一个在圣玛丽亚教堂旁废弃的购物中心晚上发生了火灾事件。火灾发生时,大楼内有一些人,但是并没有发生伤亡时间。该购物中心自2002年以来一直没有投入使用。2014年,市政厅制定了拆除建筑物的计划,并将其替换为经济适用房。 然而,由于缺乏资金,该计划被取消。 2。参考原文: Firefighters responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood.The fire was reported at 9:26 p.m。 at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St。 Mary’s Church。 Six fire engines,two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene。 Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin。 Therewere some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries。 Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire。 Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn’t start up again.The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002。 In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing。 However, the plan was dropped due to lack of funds。 Question 3。 What does the news item say about the fire? Question4.What had City Hall planned to do? 3。解析: 本篇新闻考查的是主旨题加细节题。第一题针对新闻主旨题,答案出现在新闻第一句导语部分,所听即所得即可。第二题考查市政厅之前的计划,本该拆除的大楼由于资金匮乏没有拆除,答案出现在最后两句话,且有关键词提示,难度不大。 三、News Report Three 1。主旨内容: 去年风暴和洪水及其主要的马铃薯种植区造成了最严重的收成问题,使得日本在因马铃薯短缺后,薯片价格是正常价格的6倍。且因为对疾病的恐惧,日本法律限制马铃薯的进口数量,只允许来自美国选定州的马铃薯。 2。参考原文: Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6 times their normal price.This is after the country’s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage。 Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades。 Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products。 “We don’t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said。 Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare。 Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products。 Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports.It still only allows potatoes from selected US states。 This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports.But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often。 Question 5。 What problem is Japan facing? Question 6。 Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes? Question 7。 What might affect Japanese domestic produce? 3。解析: 本篇首尾两题答案出自于新闻的首尾,答案位置清晰,因此难度并不大。且最后一题有提示词but,转折之后的答案出现是考生需要重点注意的。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试阅读第一套卷答案
2018年12月英语四级考试阅读第一套卷答案

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯,以下为英语四级阅读参考答案: 四级阅读第一套 选词填空 FBMDGEHKIO Millions die early from air pollution each year。 Air pollution costs the global economy more than $5 trillion annually in welfare costs, with the most serious damage occurring in the developing world。 The figures include a number of costs associated with air pollution。 Only considering lost income alone amounts to $225 billion a year。 The report includes both indoor and outdoor air pollution。 Indoor pollution, which includes sources like home heating and cooking, has remained constant over the past several decades despite advances in the area。 Levels of outdoor pollution have grown rapidly along with rapid growth in industry and transportation。 Director of Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Chris Murray described it as an “urgent call to action。” “One of the risk factors for premature deaths is the air we breathe, over which individuals have little control,” he said。 The effects of air pollution are worst in the developing world, where in some places lost labor income equals nearly 1% of GDP。 Around 9 in 10 people in low and middle income countries live in places where they regularly experience dangerous levels of outdoor air pollution。 But the problem is not limited exclusively to the developing world。 Thousands die prematurely in the U.S。 as a result of related ailments。 In many European countries, where diesel vehicles have become more common in recent years, that number reaches in the tens of thousands。 26。 F damage 27。 B associated 28。 M sources 29。 D constant 30。 G described 31。 E control 32。 H equals 33。 K regularly 34。 I exclusively 35。 O vehicles 匹配 DBGAI FCJEG D 36.More than half the food Americans eat is factory-produced。 B 37.There is a special program that assigns doctors to give advice to shoppers in food stores。 G 38.There is growing evidence from research that food helps patients recover from various illnesses。 A 39.Ahealthy breakfast can be prepared quickly and easily。 I 40.Training a patoent to prepare healthy food can change their life。 F 41.One food-as-medicine program not only prescribes food for treatment but teachers patients how to cook it。 C 42.Scott is not keen on cooking food herself, thinking it would simply be a waste of time。 J 43.Diabetes patients are advised to eat more plant-based food。 E 44.Using food as medicine is no novel idea, but the movement is making headway these days。 G 45.Amencans‘ high rates of various illnesses result from the way they eat。 仔细阅读 BBADC DBBAC 46。 How could California‘s drought crisis be solved according to some researchers? B) By drawing water from the depths of the earth。 47。 What can be inferred about extracting water from deep aquifers? B) It was not considered worth the expense。 48。 What is mentioned as a consequence of extracting water frome deep enderground? A) The sinking of land surface 。 49。 What does the author say about deep wells? D) They provide a steady supply of freshwater。 50。 What may happen when deep aquifers are used as water sources? C) The cost may go up due to desalination。 51。 What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo`s victory? D)Computers can become highly intelligent。 52。 What does the author mean by Al machines acting ethically? B)They weigh the gains and losses before reaching a decision。 53。 What is said to be the bigger challenge facing humans in the AI age? B)How to ensure that super-intelligent Al machines act ethically。 54。 What do we learn Microsoft‘s `chatbot`Taylor? A)She could not distinguish good from bad。 55。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试仔细阅读答案(三)
2018年12月英语四级考试仔细阅读答案(三)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读参考答案: 四级阅读第三套 仔细阅读 ACCAB CDACB 46。 A。 The security camera installed may into their privacy。 47。 C。 The interesting use of home security devices。 48。 C。 Likes and dislikes of individuals。 49。 A。 indicating where they are。 50。 B。 It can prove their innocence。 51。 C To satisfy the growing needs for healthy foods。 52。 D。 Keep on improving its products。 53。 A。 To ensure the company‘s future development 54。 C。 It is attributable to people‘s changed lifestyles。 55。 B。 Increasing its research funding。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试仔细阅读答案(二)
2018年12月英语四级考试仔细阅读答案(二)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读参考答案: 四级阅读第二套 仔细阅读 CCBAB BADAC 46。 C) They have a natural ability to locate animals they hunt。 47。 C) Their special ability to perceive。 48。 B) They rely mainly on their hearing。 49。 A) Their focus on what appears odd。 50。 B) They interact with the physical word much like humans。 51。 B) It would save local governments a lot of money。 52。 A) They could enjoy greater mobility。 53。 D) Numerous professional drivers would have to find new ways of earning a living。 54。 A) political dissatisfaction。 55。 C) Enable everyone to benefit from new technologies。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试翻译解析(三)
2018年12月英语四级考试翻译解析(三)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译原文及参考答案: 翻译第三篇原文 越来越多的中国人现在的确离不开手机了。他们中的许多人,包括老年人,都使用手机应用程序(apps)保持联系并拓宽朋友圈。他们也用手机购物、查找信息,因为手机便于携带。此外,使用手机应用程序通信比传统电话便宜。然而,这种新趋势导致人们在社交时过度依赖手机。事实上,一些年轻人己经变得十分上瘾,以至于忽视了与家人和朋友面对面的交流。 精简结构 ①。。。的。。。人。。。离不开。。。。 ②。。。的。。人,包括。。。人,都使用。。。。 ③他们也。。。,因为。。。。 ④此外,使用。。。比。。。便宜。 ⑤然而,。。。导致人们。。。。 ⑥事实上,。。。变得。。。,以至于。。。。 参考译文 More and more Chinese people are now inseparable from mobile phones。 Many of them, including the elderly, use mobile apps to stay in touch with others and widen their friend circles。 They also use their mobile phones to shop and search for information because they are easy to carry。 In addition, communicating by using mobile apps is cheaper than traditional phone calls。 However, this new trend has made people rely too much on mobile phones when they socialize。 In fact, some young people have become so addicted that they neglect face-to-face communication with their families and friends。 ①More and more Chinese people are now inseparable from mobile phones。 ②Many of them, including the elderly, use mobile apps to stay in touch with others and widen their friend circles。 ③They also use their mobile phones to shop and search for information because they are easy to carry。 ④ In addition, communicating by using mobile apps is cheaper than traditional phone calls。 ⑤However, this new trend has made people rely too much on mobile phones when they socialize。 ⑥In fact, some young people have become so addicted that they neglect face-to-face communication with their families and friends。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试翻译解析(二)
2018年12月英语四级考试翻译解析(二)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译原文及参考答案: 翻译第二篇原文 过去几年里,移动支付市场在中国蓬勃发展。随着移动互联网的出现,手机购物逐渐成为一种趋势。18到30岁的年轻人构成了移动支付市场的最大群体。由于现在用手机付款很容易,许多消费者在购物时宁愿用手机付款,而不愿用现金或信用卡。为了鼓励人们多消费,许多商店给使用移动支付的顾客打折。专家预测,中国移动支付市场未来仍有很大发展潜力。 精简结构 ①过去几年里,。。。。发展。 ②随着。。。。的出现,。。。成为。。。趋势。 ③。。。构成了。。。的。。。。 ④由于。。。,。。。宁愿。。。,而不愿。。。。 ⑤为了。。。,。。。给。。。打折。 ⑥。。。预测,。。。仍有。。。潜力。 参考译文 In the past few years, the mobile payment market has been growing vigorously in China。 With the advent of mobile Internet, mobile shopping has gradually become a trend。 Young people between the ages of 18 and 30 become the largest group in the mobile payment market。 Since it is easy to pay by mobile phone now, many consumers prefer to pay by mobile phone instead of cash or credit card when shopping。 In order to encourage people to consume more, many stores offer discounts to customers who use mobile payments。 Experts predict that China‘s mobile payment market still has great development potential in the future。 ①In the past few years, the mobile payment market has been growing vigorously in China。 ②With the advent of mobile Internet, mobile shopping has gradually become a trend。 ③Young people between the ages of 18 and 30 become the largest group in the mobile payment market。 ④Since it is easy to pay by mobile phone now, many consumers prefer to pay by mobile phone instead of cash or credit card when shopping。 ⑤In order to encourage people to consume more, many stores offer discounts to customers who use mobile payments。 ⑥Experts predict that China‘s mobile payment market still has great development potential in the future。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试写作范文(三)
2018年12月英语四级考试写作范文(三)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级写作范文第三篇: Direction:the challenge of starting a career after graduation Personally speaking, influenced by the inevitable result of social advancement, the phenomenon of starting a career after graduation has been a prevalent tendency in our society。 And it also has been a hot topic among the individuals。 As for me, I deem that starting a career after graduation has numerous challenges 。 When it comes to the challenges when we start a career after gradution, the driving challenges can be summarized as below。 For one thing , we have to solve the problem of money,because it is the base of a successful career。 For another, the firece competition which we confront with may be a kind of difficulty for every student。 I think starting a career after graduation has numerous challenges to be solved, and positive attitude and careful consideration are essential for students。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试写作范文(二)
2018年12月英语四级考试写作范文(二)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级写作范文第二篇: Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenges of studying abroad。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words。 With economic globalization and cultural integration go side by side, an increasing number of college students are inclined to study abroad, including senior middle school students。 The challenges of studying abroad can be listed as below。 Initially, different habits and customs can cast some unexpected effects on our life。 We are not used to living in a completely strange environment。 Similarly, teaching philosophy and methods among diverse countries are contradictory sometimes, which is not suitable for juveniles。 At last, studying abroad needs huge expense。 Not only should our parents take pressure, but also we do heavy part-time jobs after school。 By and large, were it left to me to comment, I would recommend that students are expected to fully consider whether studying abroad is the best choice for themselves and their family。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试写作范文(一)
2018年12月英语四级考试写作范文(一)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级写作范文第一篇: Directions: the challenge of starting a career after graduation Nowadays, more and more graduates are inclined to start a career after graduation, however, considering the current employment circumstance, it is undoubtedly that setting up a business of their own would be bound to meet quite a lot of challenges。 To be specific, there proves to be a cruel reality that we cannot ignore that entrepreneurship requires some basic qualifications, including appropriate opportunities, initial capital, social resources and management ability, the majority of which, unfortunately, happens to be the student entrepreneurs’ shortage。 In addition, the fiercer competition and mature market inevitably and correspondingly evolve into the emerging handicap to launch a business successfully, which present higher demand for students。 Therefore, as an undergraduate, in my own view, we should make a rational plan, accumulate related experience and build up a network before starting our own business。 来源:新东方在线 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试翻译真题及解析(一)
2018年12月英语四级考试翻译真题及解析(一)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级第一篇翻译原文及参考答案: 翻译第一篇原文 由于通信网络的快速发展,中国智能手机用户数量近年来以惊人速度增长。这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式。他们现在经常在智能手机上看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊。大量移动应用程序的开发使人们能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。因此,纸质书籍的销售受到了影响。但调查显示,尽管智能手机阅读市场稳步增长,超半数成年人仍喜欢读纸质书。 ①由于通信网络的快速发展,中国智能手机用户数量近年来以惊人速度增长。 ②这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式。 ③他们现在经常智能手机上看新闻和文章,而不买传统报刊。 ④大量移动应用程序的开发使人们能用手机读小说和其他形式的文学作品。 ⑤因此,纸质书籍的销售受到了影响。 ⑥但调查显示,尽管智能手机阅读市场稳步增长,超半数成年人仍喜欢读纸质书。 精简结构 ①由于。。。的。。。发展,。。。。数量。。。增长。 ②这。。。改变了。。。的。。。方式。 ③他们。。。,而不。。。。 ④。。。使人们能。。。 ⑤因此,。。。的。。。受到了影响。 ⑥但。。。,尽管。。。,。。。仍。。。。 参考译文 Due to the rapid development of communication networks, the number of Chinese smartphone users has grown at an alarming rate in recent years。 This has dramatically changed the ways of reading for many people.They now often read news and articles on their smartphones instead of buying traditional newspapers。 The development of a large number of mobile apps enables people to read novels and other forms of literature works on their mobile phones。 Therefore, the sale of paper books has been affected。 But the survey shows that despite the steady growth of the mobile phone reading market, more than half of adults still like to read paper books。 ①Due to the rapid development of communication networks, the number of Chinese smartphone users has grown at an alarming rate in recent years。 ②This has dramatically changed the ways of reading for many people。 ③They now often read news and articles on their smartphones instead of buying traditional newspapers。 ④The development of a large number of mobile apps enables people to read novels and other forms of literature works on their mobile phones。 ⑤Therefore, the sale of paper books has been affected。 ⑥But the survey shows that despite the steady growth of the mobile phone reading market, more than half of adults still like to read paper books。 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试听力真题(全)
2018年12月英语四级考试听力真题(全)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级听力真题(全): News 1 A device that weighs less than one kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019。 If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network。 The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and earth。 The network is part of a mission to the moon。 This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon。 youdaokaoshen The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon 9 rocket in 2019。 Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon。 The scientists working on the project opted to build a 4G rather than a fifth generation or 5G network。 This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases。 This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon‘s surface Question 1:What are scientists planning to do? Question 2:Why did scientists choose to set up a 4G network in their mission? News 2 It‘s responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood。 The fire was reported at 9:26 pm at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St。 Mary’s Church。 Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene。 Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin。 youdaokaoshen There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries。 Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire。 Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn‘t start up again。 The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002。 In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing。 However the plan was dropped due to lack of funds。 Question 3:What does the news item say about the fire? Question4:What had City Hall planned to do? News 3 Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6X their normal price。 This is after the country‘s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage。 Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades。 Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products。 “We don‘t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said。 Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare。 Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products。 youdaokaoshen Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports。 It still only allows potatoes from selected US states。 This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports。 But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often。 Question 5:What problem is Japan facing? Question 6:Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes? Question 7:What might affect Japanese domestic produce? Conversation 1 M: Mr。 Brown‘s lectures are so boring。 W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker。 But the subject is interesting。 M: During every one of his lectures, I try to listen I really try。 But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration。 But I see that you seem to be OK。 How do you stay focused through the entire hour? W: Well, what I do is keep my pen moving。 M: What do you mean? W: It‘s a method of active concentration I read about。 One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down。 But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard。 You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way。 M: Do you review your notes afterwards then? W: Sometimes but that‘s not important。 My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr。 Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily。 youdaokaoshen In fact, sometimes I draw a little too。 M: You draw in class and that helps me pay attention? W: Yes, honestly it works for me。 I just draw little lines and nonsense really。 It was also in that article I read。 It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate。 Again the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving。 If I‘m at home and I need to study what I do is read out loud。 It has a similar effect to writing by hand。 It helps memorize information in a physical way。 Question 8。 What does the man think of Mr。 Brown‘s lectures? Question 9。 What does the woman do during Mr。 Brown‘s lectures? Question 10。 Why does the woman draw in class? Question 11。 What does the woman say about reading out loud? Conversation 2 M: And where is this? F :These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India。 We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon。 M: Was it romantic。 F: Yeah。 The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place。 The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school。 I think it was during the 1600 and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child。 The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor。 M: Wow ! That sounds very romantic。 It looks amazing。 F: Yes it‘s gorgeous。 It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos。 youdaokaoshen The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all。 It‘s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels。 M :It must have been very crowded when you were there。 F: Yes it‘s a very famous tourist destination。 So there are thousands of visitors every day。 M: Was the rest of India crowded? F:Yes, very crowded in many cities。 It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets。 And there are so many cars。 Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly。 The culture is amazing and we had a great time。 M:What about the food? F: the Indian food is great。 There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food。 Question 12。 For what purpose did the woman go to India? Question 13。 Why was the Taj Mahal built? Question 14。 What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal? Question 15 what is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities? Passage 1 A Pew Research Center survey of more than 1000 Americans conducted in April 2016 finds that Americans continue to express largely positive views about the current state of their local public libraries。 For instance around three quarters say that public libraries provide them with the resources they need and 66 percent say the closing of their local public library would have a major impact on their community。 Although notably just 33 percent say this would have a major impact on them personally or on their family。 youdaokaoshen A majority of Americans feel libraries are doing a good job of providing a safe place for people to hang out or spend time as well as opening up educational opportunities for people of all ages and roughly half think their libraries contribute a lot to their communities in terms of helping spark creativity among young people and providing a trusted place for people to learn about new technologies。 As in past Pew Research Center surveys of library use the April 2016 survey also measured Americans usage of and engagement with libraries。 Overall, 53 percent of Americans ages 16 and older have had some interaction with the puppet library in the past year either through an in person visit or using a library Web site some 48 percent of adults specifically visited a library in the past 12 months。 A modest increase from the 44 percent who said that in late 2015。 Question 16:What do most Americans say about local public libraries? Question 17:how can local public libraries benefit young people? Question 18:what does the 2016 survey show about adult library users? Passage 2 A Savannah cat is a crossbreed between a domestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval。 The unusual cross became popular among breeders at the end of the 1990s。 And in 2001, the International Cat Association accepted it as a new registered breed。 The savannahs are tall and slim and can weigh up to nine point one kilograms, making them one of the largest breeds of cats that people can own。 They have a spotted code similar to that of many types of wild cats and their ears are very large。 They are also commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty and can be trained to walk on a lead and to fetch, and often noted characteristic of the Savannah is its jumping ability。 They are known to jump on top of doors and high cabinets。 Some can leap about2.5 metres high from a standing position。 youdaokaoshen Cats are typically known for being very inquisitive and so are the Savannahs。 They often learn how to open doors and cupboards。 Many Savannah cats do not fear water and will play with or even dive into water。 Some owners even shower with their Savannah Cats, presenting a water bowl to Savannah may also prove a challenge, as some will promptly begin to bat all the water out of the bowl until it is empty using their front paws。 Question 19。 What do we learn about the savannah cat? Question 20。 What is characteristic of Savannah cats? Question 21 What do some people do with their Savannah cats? Passage 3 When children start school for the very 1st time parents often feel a sense of excitement coupled with a touch of sadness at the end of an era。 This is the start of a new adventure for children playing and interacting with new friends sharing, taking turns and settling into a new routine。 But of course, this is not the start of your child‘s education which in fact began at birth。 Back then, u would have been your child’s most influential teachers。 During this time at home, ur child would have learnt more than at any other period in their life。 During your child‘s first year in school much time will be spent in learning to read and they need to know that this is fun and worthwhile。 youdaokaoshen Ur child will naturally copy u so it is important that u are seen reading and enjoying books newspapers and magazines rather than just absorbed in screens。 Ultimately an excellent education should be a close partnership between parents and teachers。 A child’s year splits fairly neatly into thirds: a 3rd at school, a 3rd asleep and a third awake at home or on holiday。 Irrespective of the quality of a school a child‘s home life is of key importance。 It is the determining factor of their academic success。 Ur child may have started on a new journey but ur work is far from finished。 Question 22 How do parents feel when their children start going to school? Question 23 What does the passage say about children‘s education? Question 24 What should parents do for the success of their children‘s education? Question 25。 What does the passage say is the key factor of loinbo’s academic success? 来源:有道考神 [详情]

2018年12月英语四级考试写作真题(一)
2018年12月英语四级考试写作真题(一)

  2018下半年全国大学英语四六级考试于12月15日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级写作真题: 四级写作(第一篇) Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the challenges of living in a big city 。 You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words 。 来源:有道考神  [详情]

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