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新浪首页 > 新浪教育 > 魔法英语--同步阅读 > Unit 15:What do people eat?

http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/09/24 21:14  新浪教育


Unit 15


 What do people eat?


Passage 1


  In the USA, there are many types of restaurants. Fast food restaurants are very famous. You can find McDonalds and Kentucky Fried Chicken in many countries around the world. You look at a menu above the counter, and say what youd like to eat. You pay the person who serves you. You take your food and sit down or take it away. Theres no need to leave a tip.

  In a coffee shop you sit at the counter or at a table. You dont wait for the waitress to show youswheresto sit. She usually brings you coffee when you sit down. You tell her what youd like to eat and she brings it to you. You pay the cashier as you leave. A dinner is like a coffee shop but usually looks like a railway carriage.

  In a family restaurant the atmosphere is casual, but the waitress shows youswheresto sit. Often the waitress tells you her name, but you dont need to tell her yours. If you dont eat everything, your waitress gives you a doggy bag to take your food home. You add an extra fifteen per cent to the bill as a tip.

  In top class restaurants, you need a reservation and you need to arrive on time. The waiter shows youswheresto sit. If you have wine, he may ask you to taste it. You can only refuse it if it tastes bad, not if you dont like it. When you get your bill, check it and then add fifteen to twenty per cent to it as a tip for the waiter.


  1. counter n.柜台

  2. serve v.服务

  3. tip n.小费

  4. cashier n.收银员

  5. carriage n.火车车厢

  6. atmosphere n.气氛

  7. casual adj.随意的

  8. extra adv.额外地

  9. percent n.百分之……

  10. reservation n.预定

  11. refuse v.拒绝


  ( )1What does the word "dinner" mean here?


  ( )2There are ____ kinds of restaurants.

  A. two B. three C. four D. five

  ( )3When you go into a coffee shop, you should sit _____.

  A. at the counter B. at a table

  C. at table D. both A and B

  ( )4In a _____, the waitress often tells you her name.

  A. fast food restaurant

  B. coffee shop

  C. family restaurant

  D. top class restaurant

  ( )5You need to leave _____ as a tip in a top class restaurant.

  A. fifteen dollars

  B. fifteen percent to the bill

  C. fifteen to twenty percent to the bill

  D. twenty dollars


 Passage 2


  Good Food

  My wife and I sometimes go to a nice restaurant to eat. My wifes mother lives with us and she stays with the children. This makes it very easy for us to go out for the evening.

  Last week we went to the restaurant in a new hotel. We had a wonderful meal. First, we had soup and a salad. Then Helen, my wife, had lamb chops with peas and carrots, and I had a medium steak with mashed potatoes and plenty of gravy. For dessert, I had some ice cream and Helen had fresh fruit. We had several cups of coffee after we finished eating. The food was delicious, the portions were generous, and it wasnt too expensive.

  Our children don't like to eat in restaurants because they have to sit and be quiet for a long time. They would rather go to their grandmothers farm. Their grandmother-my mother-pr-epares everything they like. She usually has fried chicken, corn, and hot biscuits with honey. She always serves plenty of chocolate icecream and cake for dessert.

  I'm always surprised that my father doesn't weigh a lot more when I see how much he eats. But he works very hard on the farm from about 5 oclock in the morning until it gets dark in the evening.

  When my parents visit us in the city, we usually take them to a restaurant. I know they enjoy it, but my father always eats something else after he gets home. The portions may be generous in the restaurant, but they are still not large enough for a hungry farmer.


  1. lamb n.羔羊肉

  2. chop n.一块排骨

  3. medium adj.适中的,中等的

  4. steak n.大块牛肉片

  5. mashed adj.捣烂的

  6. plenty of充足的

  7. gravy n.肉汁

  8. dessert n.甜点心

  9. portion n. (食物的)一份

  10. generous adj.丰盛的

  11. biscuit n.饼干


  ( )1When we go out, _____ stays with our children.

  A. my father B. my mother

  C. my wifes mother D. my grandmother

  ( )2The children enjoy eating their grandmothers food more than going to a restaurant, because _____.

  A. they like their grandmother

  B. they dont like the food in the restaurant

  C. they dont want to go there with their parents

  D. they dont have to sit and be quiet for a long time

  ( )3My father doesnt get fat, because he _____.

  A. eats little B. eats much

  C. works hard D. doesn't want to get fat

  ( )4My father works _____.

  A. three hours a day

  B. all day and all night

  C. at night

  D. in the daytime

  ( )5My father eats again right after he comes back from a restaurant, because _____.

  A. he is hungry again

  B. he doesn't like the food in the restaurant

  C. he hasn't had enough in the restaurant

  D. he wants to lose weight


Passage 3


  Once Jack went to a big dinner party. His coat was not __1___. When he went in, no one looked at him and no one gave him any food. He was very___2__. So he went home, ___3__ his best coat, and then came back to the ___4__ again. Everyone stood up at once and came to __5___ him. He was taken to the best table, and the best food was given by the other guests. Then Jack put his food in the coat and said, "Please eat, dear coat." The other people were very __6___ and asked. "Why? What do you mean by doing that?" Jack answered, "Im asking my coat to eat now. When I came here at first, __7___ noticed me __8___ gave me any food. After I ___9__ my coat, you gave me the best food. So you gave this food to my coat, not to ___10__."


  1. guest n.客人

  2. notice v.注意


  ( ) 1 A. poor B. great C. good D. dirty

  ( ) 2 A. happy B. angry C. pleased D. angrily

  ( ) 3 A. put on B. had on C. wore D. to wear

  ( ) 4 A. food B. coat C. party D. home

  ( ) 5 A. look after B. call C. visit D. meet

  ( ) 6 A. surprise B. surprising C. angry D. surprised

  ( ) 7 A. somebody B. nobody C. people D. guests

  ( ) 8 A. or B. and C. but D. so

  ( ) 9 A. brought B. took off C. changed D. bought

  ( ) 10A. I B. my C. me D. mine


 Passage 4


  Tom saw an advertisement in a newspaper for a beautiful modern bicycle. It cost 55 pounds. So he went to the shop and asked to see one of the wonderful bicycles.

  The owner of the shop was happy to show one to Tom. Tom examined it carefully, "But there was one lamp on the bicycle in your advertisement."

  "Yes, sir," answered the man, "but the lamp isnt included in the price of the bicycle."

  "Not include in the price of the bicycle?" Tom said angrily, "But thats not honest. If the lamp is in the advertisement, it should be included in the price."

  "Well, sir," answered the shop owner coldly, "There is also a girl on the bicycle in the advertisement, but we can not give you a girl with the bicycle, either."


  1. advertisement n.广告

  2. examine v.检查

  3. include v.包括

  4. price n.价格根据文章内容判断正误

  ( ) 1 There was a lamp and a girl on the bicycle in the advertisement.

  ( ) 2 Tom decided to see and buy the lamp after reading the advertisement.

  ( ) 3 Tom bought the bicycle at once.

  ( ) 4 The text gives us a lesson that we must read a newspaper carefully.


  Passage 1

  1. C由第二的最后一句可知此处的dinner指的是餐车式的饭店,正确答案为C。

  2. D有五种饭店,分别是快餐店,咖啡店,餐车式饭店,家庭式饭店,高级饭店。

  3. D进到咖啡店,你应坐在柜台边或桌边。

  4. C在家庭式的饭店,女服务员经常告诉你她的名字。

  5. C在高级饭店,你应付比帐单高出十五到二十个百分点做为小费。

  Passage 2

  1. C当我们出去时,我妻子的母亲和我们的孩子呆在一起;

  2. D比起去饭店,孩子们更喜欢吃他们的奶奶做的食物,因为他们不喜欢(在饭店里)长时间坐着保持安静。

  3. C我父亲不发胖,是因为他工作很辛苦。

  4. D父亲在白天工作;这从文章第4段中的最后一句话可以看出。

  5. C父亲从饭店一回到家又开始吃,因为他在饭店没吃饱。

  Passage 3

  1. C衣服不好,其它三个词的意思不符合文章。

  2. B他很生气从前文可看出,因为没人招待他。

  3. Aput on "穿上"强调动作;wear"穿着"强调状态。本句意思"穿上最好的衣服。"

  4. C又来到了这个聚会。由原文可知,是"聚会"。

  5. Dmeet "迎接",其它三个意思不符。

  6. Dbe surprised "感到吃惊"其他人都很吃惊并问。

  7. B当我第一次来的时候,没人注意我。

  8. A或者,本句主语"nobody"是否定,否定句中连接并列成份用"or"。

  9. C变换,"我换了衣服之后,你们给我最好的食物。"介词后面如用代词作宾语,应用代词宾格形式。

  10. C做介词to的宾语,用宾格me。

  Passage 4

  1. T在广告中,自行车上有一盏灯和一个女孩。

  2. F看了广告之后,汤姆决定去看一下那漂亮的自行车。

  3. F汤姆并没立即买下那辆自行车。

  4. F这篇文章给我们的教训是,有时我们不能完全相信广告。

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