|http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/11/01 14:26 新浪教育|
A：Im not very good at tennis, you know.
B：Dont worry! Were playing for fun. Just try and youll see you can do it.
A：I havent played tennis for a very long time.
B：Well done! That was a very good ball! You see you can do it!
A：I hope so. I enjoyed playing tennis with you. See you next week.
1. be good at意为“擅长”，后接名词、代词或动名词。
Are you good at playing the piano?你擅长弹钢琴吗?
Im not good at physics.我不擅长物理。
2. for a long time意为“很长一段时间”，在句中作时间状语，须跟延续性动词连用。
Ive practised oral English for a long time.我练英语口语有很长时间了。
3. Well done!意为“干得不错!”，用于赞扬或鼓励人的场合。
4. I enjoyed playing tennis with you.意为“和你一起打网球很愉快。”句中用了过去时态，描述刚刚结束的动作。
Flora heard somebody shouting. She looked around and saw Jeff running.
Before she could move, she heard a loud noise, which grew to a terrible roar.
She looked at Jeff, who was waving his arms. She looked around, behind her.
There she saw a wall of water that was quickly advancing towards her. She was
so surprised that she couldn’t move. She wanted to watch it. However, before
she could think twice, the water was upon her.
“Run!”Jeff shouted, seizing her arm.
The next moment the first wave swept her down, swallowing the garden.
Jeff dragged her towards the house. Everything went so fast, she couldn’t
think. Before they reached the house, a new great wave came, sweeping down
trees, and sweeping them down too. They both went down under water.
Then Jeff pulled her up. He was standing, holding onto a tree that grew
against the wall. Floras head was above the water but she couldn’t stand up.
She struggled and struggled, but could not get on her feet. Only his hand was
holding her hand. She fought for her life, and finally pulled herself up. Now,
the water,which was cold as ice and flowed faster than a river, was above her
knees. Jeff and Flora looked /into/ each other’s faces with a look of fright.
“Get to the steps!”Jeff shouted.
It was only just around the corner: four big steps! She looked at him, but she
could not move. When the water seemed to go down a little, they ran. As they
got to the steps, they heard another great roar, and the wall of the house
shook. The water flowed around their legs again, but Jeff had opened the
Flora quickly began climbing the stairs. Boom! Another wave struck the
house, and a strange cracking noise began. The water moved up like a sea.
Flora ran up the stairs. There she stopped, listening to the strange sounds,
while the whole house moved. Flora, whose beautiful hair and dress were all
cold and wet, started crying.
“The house is falling down!”shouted Jeff.“Where is the chimney?
Which room? The chimney will stand.”
Jeff looked out of the window. Below, the water swept past the house like
a wild river. Tree after tree went down, cut down by the water, which must
have been three metres deep. The garden that was once so beautiful was
completely destroyed, swept away by the wild water.
A terrible noise went through the house. A part of the house had gone
down and the floor moved up and down under their feet. For some moments
both were silent.
“This will stand. This here will stand. See! That chimney! Like a tower.
Yes! All right! All right!”
1.hear意为“听到”，在hear sb. doing结构中，ving用作宾语补足语，与前面的宾语构成复合宾语，在逻辑关系上，作宾语的名词或代词与ving形式具有主谓关系，表示宾语正在进行的动作。
I heard her singing as she ran upstairs.我听到她边唱歌边跑上楼。
She loves to hear leaves rustling.她爱听树叶沙沙作响。
注意：具有这种复合宾语结构的动词多为表示感觉的动词，除hear外，还有see, find, watch, notice, feel等。
I felt the house shaking.我觉得房子在摇晃。
I saw the naughty boy hitting the dog.
The soldiers advanced toward /on the town.士兵向镇上前进。
My room is small. It’s comfortable, however.
It’s raining hard, however, I think we should go out.
It’s tiring to sweep all the rooms by myself.
All the clouds were swept away by the strong wind.
He swallowed the medicine with water.他用水把药吞下。
6.on one’s feet意为“站着，站起”。
I can’t stay on my feet any longer.我不能再站下去了。
7. seem意为“似乎，好像”，不能用于进行时。其后可接形容词或不定式短语。当seem后接that从句时，须用it作形式主语，即It seems (to sb.) thatclause。
Her father seems (to be) a kind man.她父亲看起来像个亲切的人。
The green leaves seem more beautiful after the rain.
He seems to know everything.他好像什么都知道。
I seemed to have caught a cold.我好像感冒了。
It seems that he is lying.他好像在撒谎。
It seems to him that he would never be able to work out the question.
She is a charming child.她是一个招人爱的孩子。
China is a developing country.中国是一个发展中国家。
Who is the man standing by the door? (=Who is the man that is standing by the door?)站在门口的那人是谁？
No one answers the phone. They must have already gone out.
Can the table go through the door?那桌子能过得了那扇门吗？
The country has gone through too many wars.
本单元出现了大量的定语从句。定语从句修饰前面的名词，起定语的作用。其中被修饰的词叫作先行词。定语从句一般放在它所修饰的名(代)词之后，这种名词(或代词)就叫作先行词。引导定语从句的关联词为关系代词和关系副词。本单元着重介绍关系代词的用法。可引导定语从句的关系代词有that, which, who, whom, whose等，在定语从句中用作主语、宾语或定语，它们在从句中用作宾语时在口语中常被省去。
A doctor is a person who looks after people’s health.
I have just met a lady whom I saw last week.
You’re the only person whose advice he might listen to.
I’d like a room whose window looks out over the sea.
Water that is impure often causes serious illness.
The finger (that) I put /into/ my mouth wasn’t the one (that) I had dipped /into/ the cup.我放入嘴里的那个指头，不是我浸到杯中的那一个。
Reading and writing
During the first week of May I went on a holiday to Sichuan. First, I
found some photos of interesting places which were not too far away from
Chengdu. I decided to go and see the big Buddha in Leshan and Mount Emei.
Next, I called a travel agent whose telephone number I found in a newspaper.
He told us that I could go on a twoday trip to Leshan and Emei, which wasnt
too expensive. My friends, Xiao Rong and Wei Bin, said they would come
with me. We took a few bottles of water, some apples and oranges, which we
put /into/ my bag.
The next day we got up at five o’clock. First, we went to Leshan, where
we climbed all the way up the mountain to see the Buddha. The Buddha is re
ally very big: taller than the highest building in our village. Looking up at the
large head and down at the large feet makes you feel so small. Wei Bin took
photos of us standing in front of the Buddha.
The next morning, we climbed Mount Emei. There stand many old tem
ples and the forest on the mountain is very beautiful.The wild monkeys are the
most exciting things on Mount Emei. They are not at all afraid of people. In a
second they will come to you and touch you. The monkeys really liked to touch
my hair. Xiao Rong took a photo of a monkey that was sitting on my head. The
monkeys look sweet, but they can be very naughty. A small monkey suddenly
put its hand in Xiao Rong’s pocket. Wei Bin took out some peanuts and it was
fun to see the monkey eat from his hand.
Finally, towards evening we were on the way back to Chengdu. We were
all very tired and slept on the bus, but our trip to Sichuan is really unforgettable.
1.Looking up at the large head and down at the large feet makes you feel so small.本句是ving形式作主语。
Traveling abroad can be very exciting.出国旅行很是令人兴奋。
makes you feel so small是make+n.+宾语补足语结构，意为“使某人/物……”。
What he said made me unhappy.他说的话使我不高兴。
2. there be形式中的be可以换成stand, lie, live, seem, happen, appear等动词。这些动词的数应该和其后的名词的数一致。
Once upon a time there lived a king in China.
There stand lots of trees in front of the village.村前有许多树。
3.afraid意为“害怕的”，不可作定语，不可用无生命物作主语。常用于be afraid of和be afraid to do结构。
Don’t be afraid of any difficulty.不要怕任何困难。
He was afraid of making mistakes.他恐怕出错。
She was afraid to go out alone at night.她晚上不敢独自出门。
4.in a second意为“立刻，马上”，在句中作状语。其中second可换为minute或moment。
I’ll be back in a moment.我马上就回来。
We’ll be ready in a minute.我们马上就准备好。
Let’s start in a second.让我们立即动身。
5. fun意为“乐趣”，用于句型It is/was fun to do和What fun it is to do。
It is great fun to take a cold bath after taking exercises.
What fun it is to ride in a onehorse open sleigh.
|【英语学习论坛】【评论】【大 中 小】【打印】【关闭】|