|Are You a Leader|
|http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/02/27 15:21 《英语学习》|
As today's organizations become more and more lean, people in business are gaining a greater appreciation for the differences between a manager's style of thinking and a leader's style of thinking.<注1>
When people like Frederick Taylor first began to study management, he used a stopwatch to see how well people on a factory floor could improve their productivity. Back then, productivity in the American workforce was determined more by the performance on mechanical tasks than by the ability to process information or build service relationships, the way it is today.<注2> The purpose of a manager, in Taylor's day, was to be the one who knew the most about the work, and the one who took greater control to assure productivity and profit. Imagine being supervised by a manager with a stopwatch!
Now we live in an information age, and no one can "know everything" about a job the way the managers of yesteryear (supposedly) did. In an information age, managers have had to shift toward becoming the ones who create the environment that helps capable and knowledgeable people to succeed.<注3> What's more, the transition to a service economy<注4> has placed less of an emphasis on controlling others and more of an emphasis on the human skills of building strong relationships.
As a result, the role of management in the American workforce has shifted, and today's managers, more and more, have to develop some leadership skills. Leadership talent is even more essential to success on an executive level.If you're curious about how much you think like a leader versus thinking like a manager, answer the following 15 T or F questions. Let yourself see that you are a leader or a manager!
4. service economy：服务型经济。服务型经济区别于产品型经济的特征在于：服务型经济的主要经济部门是提供各种服务的部门；主要产品是大规模的服务；大部分劳动力集中在服务部门；大部分产值由服务性行业创造。
Leadership Self Test
1. T or F: I think more about immediate results than I do about mentoring others.<注5>
2. T or F: People will be motivated if you pay them enough.
3. T or F: It's nice to know about people's long-term goals, but not necessary to get the job done.
4. T or F: If you have a consistent recognition system that rewards everyone in the same way, then that is enough.<注6>
5. T or F: The best way to build a team is to set a group goal that is highly challenging, maybe even "crazy."
6. T or F: My greatest pleasure in my job comes from making the work process more effective.
7. T or F: I spend more of my time and attention on my weaker performers than I do on my top performers, who basically take care of themselves.<注7>
8. T or F: It's better not to know anything about the personal lives and interests of the people who report to me.
9. T or F: Sometimes, it's almost as if I'm a "collector of people" because I'm always recruiting and getting to know new people.
10. T or F: I like to surround myself with people who are better at what they do than I am.
11. T or F: I am a lifelong student of what makes other people tick.<注8>
12. T or F: People talk about "mission" too much—it's best just to let people do their work and not try to bring values \into\ the conversation.<注9>
13. T or F: It's my job to know everything that goes on in my area.
14. T or F: I pay close attention to how and \where\ I spend my time, because the priorities I put \into\ action are the ones that other people will observe and follow.<注10>
15. T or F: I've worked hard to get along with or understand people who are very different from me.
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