|Stepping Up to the Plate(中)|
|http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/06/02 11:23 空中美语|
Jackie Robinson came from a humble background, but he was always a high achiever. Born into a poor family in 1919, he later became a star athlete at UCLA. Encouraged by his mother to fight back rather than hold back, he never allowed discrimination1 to crush his spirit. While in the army, Robinson was arrested2 after refusing to give up his seat on a bus to a white officer. Robinson was found innocent of the charges,3 but his greatest battle was about to begin.
As per his agreement with Rickey, Robinson sacrificed4 his pride and patiently endured two seasons of threats, insults, and hatred. But in 1949, Robinson began playing baseball with a vengeance. He started protesting5 unfair calls by umpires and criticizing6 hotels that welcomed his white teammates but refused to admit him. The 1949 season was also the best of Robinson’s ten-year baseball career. The aggressive second baseman hit .342, stole 37 bases, and won the Most Valuable Player award.
按照他与瑞基的协议，罗宾森牺牲尊严，耐心地忍受了两个赛季的威胁、侮辱及仇恨。但是到了 1949 年，罗宾森开始在球场上奋力反击。他开始抗议裁判不公正的判决，并抨击那些只接待他的白人队友、却拒绝他进入的饭店。1949 年同时也是罗宾森10年职棒生涯中表现最好的一个赛季。这名斗志旺盛的二垒手拥有高达三成四二的打击率，盗垒37次，并赢得“最有价值球员奖”。
1.discrimination n. the practice of treating sb. differently because of their race, sex, religion, etc. 歧视；差别待遇
For a long time, sexual discrimination prevented women from voting in elections.
2.arrest v. to catch and hold sb. in order to find out whether they are guilty of a crime 逮捕；拘捕
Rico was arrested by the police for armed robbery and taken to jail.
3.charge n. a formal statement accusing sb. of a crime 指控；控诉
The movie stars pressed charges against the magazine for publishing unauthorized pictures of their wedding.
●4.sacrifice v. to give up sth. important 牺牲
They sacrificed their retirement savings in order to enable their son to attend college.
to disagree publicly 抗议；反对
Crowds of angry people protested the government’s plan to raise health insurance fees.
●6.criticize v. to say what one thinks is wrong about sb./sth. 批评
Many politicians are criticized for not keeping their promises.
1.as per prep. 根据；按照
2.with a vengeance adv. phr. 激烈地；猛烈地 (vengeance意为报复，此指Robinson奋力表现，以还击之前遭受的不平对待)
3.call n. (比赛等)裁判的判决
4.umpire n. 裁判
5.baseman n. 垒手 (second baseman 即为二垒手；base指垒包，steal base为盗垒)
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