|http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/06/24 11:18 英语沙龙|
Four years after 32 nations walked out of the Montreal Games, twice that many chose to stay away1 from Moscow many in support of an Americanled boycott2 to protest the December 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
Unable to persuade the IOC to cancel or move the Summer Games, U.S. President Jimmy Carter pressured the USOC to officially withdraw in April. Many governments, like West Germany and Japan, followed suit3 and withheld4 their athletes. But others, like Britain and France, while supporting the boycott, allowed their Olympic committees to participate if they wished. The result was that these countries made the trip to Moscow although many of them refused to march at the opening ceremony.
The first Games to be held in a Communist country opened in July with 80 nations competing and were dominated by the USSR and East Germany. They were also plagued by charges5 of rigged6 judging and poor sportsmanship by Moscow fans who booed7 the Poles and East Germans unmercifully8.
While Soviet gymnast Aleksandr Dityatin became the first athlete to win eight medals in one year, the belle9 of Montreal, Nadia Comaneci of Romania, returned to win two more gold medals and Cuban heavyweight10 Teofilo Stevenson became the first boxer to win three golds in the same weight division.
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