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Unit 7 Living with the disease
http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/11/17 17:03  新浪教育


  Medical studies show that the AIDS virus cannot be transmitted via the following routes: cups, glasses...医学研究表明爱滋病不会通过下列渠道传播:水杯、茶杯……

  via 用作介词,意为“经由;途经;通过”,后接名词、代词等。如:

  travel from Beijing to Shanghai via Tianjin 由北京经由天津去上海旅行

  I sent a message to Mary via her brother. 我托玛丽的兄弟把信带给她。

  ...try to persuade the other group members that your problem is the most serious one. 试图去说服小组其他成员你的问题才是最严重的。

  persuade是及物动词,意为“说服, 劝说”、“ (使)相信”,常见搭配如下:

  (1) persuade sb. to do sth.说服某人做某事

  Who persuaded you to join this society? 谁说服你参加这个团体的?

  (2) persuade sb. into/out of doing sth. 说服某人做(不做)某事

  It's hard to persuade her out of going there. 说服她不去那里很难。

  (3) persuade sb. of sth.使某人相信

  I am almost persuaded of his honesty. 我几乎相信他是诚实的。

  (4) persuade sb. that...说服某人相信

  We persuaded Harry that he was wrong. 我们使亨利相信是他错了。

  (1) persuade sb. to do sth.强调“劝说成功”这一结果,若表示“说而不服”应用try to persuade sb. to do或advise sb. to do sth.。如:

  He is advising local and foreign businesses to invest in the project.


  It's no use trying to persuade him (that) you're innocent.


  (2) persuasion n. 说服, 说服力 persuasive adj. 能说服的;善于游说的


  ①Can you persuade her not to change her mind?

  Can you persuade her ____ ____ ____ ____ her mind?

  ②The doctor advised his father to give up smoking, but failed.

  The doctor ____ ____ ____ his father to give up smoking, but failed.

  (Keys: ①out of changing ②tried to persuade)

  AIDS is a disease that breaks down the body's immune system and leaves a person defenseless against infection and illnesses. 艾滋病是一种能够破坏人体免疫系统的疾病,使人对传染病和疾病失去防御能力。

  (1) 关系代词that引导的定语从句修饰名词a disease,定语从句又含有一个and连接的并列句。

  (2) break down意为“破坏;拆散”、“(机器、车辆)损坏;抛锚”、“(谈判)破裂”、“精神崩溃;身体累垮”、“起化学变化”。如:

  Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.


  The robbers broke the door down. 强盗把门砸开了。

  The peace talks are said to have broken down. 据说和谈破裂了。

  The car broke down halfway to the camp. 车子在去营地的半路上抛锚了。

  (3) 这里leave是使役动词,意为“留下/使……处于某种状态”,后接形容词、副词、分词作宾语补足语。如:

  The window was left open. 窗子开着。

  They went back home, leaving the work unfinished. 他们撂下未完成的工作回家了。

  break the law犯法break out(战争、灾害)突然爆发

  break into破门而入break up打碎;拆散;(物理)分解

  break the silence 打破沉寂break in打断(谈话);突然闯入

  break through 突破break away from摆脱(束缚);克服(习惯);脱离(政府)


  ①The police ____ the fighting crowd.

  ②After the storm the sun ____ the clouds.

  ③The thieves ____ the office and stole some money.

  ④It was almost midnight that a fire ____ in the neighbourhood.

  (Keys: ①broke up ②broke through ③broke into ④broke out)

  For some, medicine can keep them alive, but the treatment is expensive and doesnt cure them. 对一些艾滋病人来说,药物能使他们活下来,但治疗费用昂贵而且还不能根治。

  (1) living, alive, live, lively用法辨析:



  A living language should be learned orally.


  Shelly was still living when Keats died. 济慈死时,雪莱还活着。

  He's the living image of his father. 他跟他父亲长得一模一样。


  Is she still alive? 她还活着吗?

  They are the happiest children alive. 他们是当代最幸福的孩子。

  An enemy officer was caught alive. 一名敌军官被活捉了。

  ③live作形容词时读作\[laiv\], 只用于物,作定语,表示“活的;活着的”、“现场直播的”。如:

  This is a live fish. 这是一条活鱼。

  It was a live broadcast, not a recording. 那是实况广播,不是录音广播。


  He has lively imagination. 他有丰富的想象力。

  What lively colours! 多么鲜明的色彩。

  He gave a lively description of the football game. 他对这场足球赛进行了生动的描述。

  (2) treatment意为“待遇”、“对待”、“处理, 治疗”。如:

  His treatment of the animal was cruel.他对待这只动物很残忍。

  He soon recovered under the doctors treatment.


  They are trying a new treatment for cancer.


  (3) cure意为“治愈, 痊愈”,常用于cure sb. of...句型。如:

  I hope the doctor can cure the pain in my shoulder.


  Parents try to cure their children of bad habits. 父母试图改掉孩子们的恶习。

  用living, alive, live, lively填空:

  ①He is probably the best known ____ architect.

  ②Doctors kept him ____ on a lifesupport machine.

  ③There was some ____ discussion at the meeting.

  ④It wasn't a recorded show; it was ____ .

  (Keys: ①living ②alive ③lively ④live)

  People get AIDS after having been infected with the HIV virus. 被感染上HIV病毒的人会得艾滋病。

  be infected with意为“感染, 沾染上”,infect是动词,意为“使感染”、“传染”。

  Mary's high spirits infected all the girls in the class.


  All the tomato plants are infected with a virus.


  I wish she were here with me and that we weren't sick. 我真希望她还在我身边,而且我们都没有患病。

  I wish (that)...后边的宾语从句要用虚拟语气(若该动作与过去事实相反,用过去完成时;与现在事实相反,用一般过去时;与将来事实相反,用could/would+动词原形。)如:

  I wish we had a car. 要是我们有一辆车多好啊。

  He wished he hadn't done it. 他想要是他没这样做该多好。

  I wish (that) you would get a good job. 我希望你能找到一份好工作。


  I wish I were 30 years younger. 我但愿自己能年轻三十岁。

  (1) wish后接双宾语,表示“祝愿某人……”。如:

  I wish you a very happy future. 祝你一生幸福。

  He wished me good morning. 他向我道早安。

  (2) wish后接复合宾语,表示“希望某人做某事”。如:

  Do you wish me to leave now? 你要我现在就走吗?

  I wished the work finished before Friday. 我希望这工作周五以前完成。


  ①I wish that you ____ (be) coming with me, Peter.

  ②I wish I ____ (not, eat) so much last night.

  (Keys: ①were ②hadn't eaten)

  The disease is spreading faster in Africa...mainly because of a lack of proper health care, prevention and education. 这种病在非洲……传播很快,主要是因为缺乏足够的健康护理、预防措施和知识教育。

  (1) spread (spread, spread)用作及物动词,意为“展开”、“使延长”、“涂, 敷”,用作不及物动词,意为“展开”、“传染开”等。如:

  The bird spread its wing. 鸟儿伸展翅膀。

  Coloured banners spread in the wind. 彩旗迎风招展。

  The fire spread from the factory to the houses nearby.


  (2) because 和because of都表示“因为”,但前者是连词,后接完整句子,后者则是介词短语,后接名词、代词或what引导的从句。有时,二者可以转换。如:

  I didn't go out because of rain. 因为下雨, 所以我没有出去。

  John didn't attend the meeting because he was ill/because of illness.

  约翰没有出席会议, 因为他病了。

  She cried just because of what you said. 正是由于你的话才使得她大哭起来。

  (3) lack用作名词,意为“缺乏;需要”,多与介词of连用。如:

  There is no lack of vegetable. 蔬菜充足。

  Her only problem is lack of confidence. 她唯一的问题是缺乏自信。

  lack用作动词,后边直接跟宾语或用于be lacking in短语。如:

  A coward lacks courage. 怯懦者缺乏勇气。

  Is she lacking in courage? 她缺乏勇气吗?


  ①The rumour was quickly spread through the village.

  ②She was praised by the teacher because all the students she had done the best.

  ③Lack in sleep had made him lose temper easily.

  (Keys: ① was ②because→because of ③in→of)

  The drugs that are available are much too expensive and difficult to find.


  (1) available意为“可用到的”、“可利用的”、“有用的”、“接受探访的”,常与介词for连用。如:

  Is the manager available? 经理在不在?

  These tickets are available for one month. 这些票有效期一个月。

  I'm sorry, those overcoats are not available in your colour and size. 对不起,这种外套没有你要的颜色和尺码。

  (2) too much和much too的用法区别


  ①too much用作形容词,意为“太多;太过分”,作表语、定语(注意修饰不可数名词。如:

  Your words were too much for her. 你的话对她来说太重了。

  Too much water drowned the miller. 过分则招祸。

  ②too much用作副词,作状语,修饰动词。如:

  You talk too much.你话说得太多了。

  I can't thank you too much.我十分感激你。

  ③too much用作名词,作主语或宾语。如:

  I'm full. I've eaten too much.我吃饱了。我吃得够多了。

  ④ much too用作副词,表示“太;非常”,只能修饰形容词或副词。如:

  He spoke much too fast. 他讲得太快了。

  用too much或much too填空:

  ① ____ has been said on this point.

  ②This coat is ____ large for me.

  ③I'm afraid the trip is ____ for the old man.

  (Keys: ①Too much ②much too ③too much)

  She also goes to visit other AIDS patients in hospitals across the country to support them and cheer them up. 她还到全国各地其它医院探访其他艾滋病人来支持他们,为他们加油。

  (1) across用作介词,意为“横过”、“在对面”,用作副词,意为“交叉”、“在……的那边”。如:

  He lives across the street. 他住在街对面。

  We came across a new phrase. 我们遇到了一个新成语。

  He laid two sticks across each other. 他把两根棍子交叉地放着。

  The river is 50 metres across. 河宽50米。

  (2) cheer up意为“(使某人)充满欢喜”、“使高兴”、“别灰心!”。如:

  Cheer up! The news isn't too bad. 振作起来吧!消息还不算太坏。

  The crowd cheered their favourite team on.观众为自己支持的球队欢呼加油。

  (1) cheer用作可数名词,意为“欢呼声;喝彩声”;用作不可数名词,意为“高兴;愉快”。如:

  Let's give three cheers for our team — they've won! 让我们为我们队欢呼三声,他们赢了。

  He's always full of cheer at Christmas. 圣诞节他总是兴致勃勃。

  (2) cheer用作动词,意为“为……喝彩”、“使振奋”。如:

  Everyone was cheered by the good news. 每个人都为听到这个消息而高兴。

  The crowd cheered as the teams entered the field.


  The disease is not the only thing that AIDS patients have to suffer from.


  (1) that引导的定语从句修饰先行词the only thing。

  (2) suffer from意为“受……折磨”、“患某种疾病”、“有某种缺陷”等。如:

  They suffered a great deal from cold and hunger. 他们饱受饥寒交迫之苦。

  His health suffers from overwork. 他的健康因过度工作而受损害。

  She was suffering from slight infection and sore throat.


  suffer用作及物动词,意为“遭受,蒙受”,后接 pain,defeat,loss,poverty,hunger等名词。如:

  The enemy has suffered a sharp defeat and severe losses.


  Ms.King's legs were badly hurt and she suffered great pain.


  People treat me as if I were a dangerous person. 人们把我当作危险的人。

  as if意为“仿佛”、“好像”,可以用于feel, look, sound, smell之后引导表语从句,还可以位于act, treat之后引导方式状语从句。如:

  Tim sounded as if he had a cold. 蒂姆听起来好像是患了感冒。

  She looked as if shed had some bad news. 她看起来好像有什么坏消息似的。

  She spoke to me as if she knew me. 她和我说话的样子,好像她认识我似的。

  He acted as if nobody was around. 他旁若无人。


  Don't treat me as if I were a child. 不要把我当孩子看待。

  She behaved as if nothing had happened. 她装作若无其事的样子。

  (1) as if相当于as though, 用法一致。如:

  They stared at me as if I was crazy. 他们盯着我看,仿佛我疯了一样。

  (2) even if相当于even though,意为“即使”,引导让步状语从句。如:

  Even though he failed, he didn't lose heart. 即使他失败了,他并不灰心。

  用as if或even if填空:

  ①You look ____ you've had a bad time!

  ②She hasn't phoned, ____ she said she would.

  (Keys: ①as if ②even if)

  Two weeks ago, Dr Richards had asked me a great many questions and taken samples of my blood. 两周前,Richards 医生问我许多问题并抽取我的血样。

  (1) a great(good) many相当于many,修饰名词复数形式,意为“许多;大量”。如:

  I have a great many things to do today. 我今天有许多事情要做。

  After a great many loud explosions, the race began. 在一连串喧闹的爆炸声之后,比赛开始了。

  (2) sample用作名词,意为“样品”、“标本”、“试用品”。take sample(s) from作“从……中取样”讲。如:

  Samples are presented free in the company. 本公司样品免费赠送。

  Please bring some samples of your work to the interview.


  (1) a great deal用作代词或副词,在句中作主语或状语。如:

  A great deal has been said on this point. 关于这一点已经说很多了。

  They still need a great deal more money to finish the project.


  (2) a good deal of修饰不可数名词,意为“许多;大量”。如:

  She spends a good deal of her time in Glasgow.



  ①There are a great deal books in our school library.

  ②A great many the students in our class are fond of football.

  ③A plane travels a great deal of faster than a motorbike.

  (Keys: ① deal→many ② the or the→of the ③ of—)

  On the contrary, I now feel as if that was when my life really began. 相反,我现在觉得好像那才是我的生命真正开始之时。

  (1) as if引导的表语从句里又含有一个when引导的表语从句。

  (2) on the contrary意为“与此相反”、“不是……而是”、“反之”。如:

  — You must be tired. 你一定很累了。

  — On the contrary, I feel wide awake. 相反, 我感觉很清醒。

  (1) contrary 用作形容词,意为“相反的”、“相对的”、“格格不入的”。如:

  Contrary to all advice he gave up his job and left for the south.


  Hot and cold are contrary terms. 热与冷是相反的词语。

  Our sailing boat was delayed by contrary winds. 我们的帆船因逆风耽搁了。

  (2) contrary用作名词,意为“反面”、“反义词”、“相反的事物”。如:

  Cruelty is the contrary of kindness. 残忍是仁慈的反面。

  He is neither tall nor the contrary. 他不高也不矮。


  ①He passed the examination, contrary ____ what I expected.

  ②She said she liked maths. ____ the contrary, she dislike it.

  (Keys: ①to ②On)

  The cancer in my body has been defeated for the moment, but I know that I will never be completely free from it. 我体内的癌症暂时被打败了,但是我知道我永远不会彻底摆脱它。

  (1) 及物动词defeat意为“战胜,击败”,宾语必须是人或一个集体,如a team,a class,an army等。如:

  He was defeated in the election. 他在竞选中被击败了。

  Jim defeated Tom by about a metre and won the race at last.


  (2) for the moment意为“暂时, 目前”,在句中作状语。如:

  Let's carry on with what we agreed for the moment.


  (3) be free from 意为“解除;没有……的”。如:

  The old lady is never free from pain. 老妇人一直在受苦。

  The secretary was free from all blame for the errors.


  in a moment立刻; 立即, 马上for a moment一会儿

  at any moment 随时; 在任何时候at the last moment在最后关头

  at the moment 此刻; (正当)那时the moment一……就


  ①Can you wait ____ a moment?

  ②I'm afraid she's not here ____ the moment.

  ③This organization is free ____ tax worldwide.

  (Keys: ①for ②at/ for ③from)

  Living with cancer has made me realize how precious life is and how important it is for us to take every chance to live life to the fullest. 癌症使我认识到了生命的可贵,认识到了抓紧时间充实生活的重要性。

  (1) Living with cancer是动名词短语作主语,动词realize后边有两个how引导的感叹句。

  (2) 感叹句本来应用陈述语序,在宾语从句中仍然用陈述语序。如:

  What strange clothes he was wearing. 他穿的衣服多么怪异呀!

  She said how nice it was of us to meet her at the airport.


  (3) take chance意为“利用机会”、“碰碰运气”、“冒险”。如:

  We will take the chances. 我们要冒这个险。

  He is taking a chance by driving his car so fast. 他把车开得这么快是在冒险。

  (4) to the full意为“充分地”、“十足地”。如:

  She certainly lives life to the full. 当然她的日子过得很充实。

  There is a chance that...有……的可能by chance偶然地

  chance of a lifetime 千载难逢的良机by some chance不知为啥

  leave things to chance 听天由命, 听其自然





  Would you be kind enough to open the door? 请您把门打开,好吗?


  Would you like a cup of tea? 你想喝杯茶吗?

  I would rather not tell you. 我倒宁愿不告诉你。

  3.用“may+动词原形”表示“祝愿”,may 必须置于句首。如:

  May you be happy! 祝你幸福!

  May you succeed! 祝你成功!


  在It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc) that...和It is desired (suggested, decided, ordered, requested, proposed, etc.)句型中,谓语动词的虚拟语气结构用“should+动词原形”的结构,表示惊奇,不相信,惋惜,理应如此等。如:

  It is necessary that we should clean the room every day.


  It will be suggested that she should finish her homework this afternoon.



  1.“I wish+宾语从句”表示不能实现的愿望。如:

  I wish you could go with us. 我倒希望你们和我们一起走。

  We wish we had arrived there two hours earlier. 我们倒希望早两小时到那里。

  2.动词command, demand, insist, order, request, require, suggest等后面的宾语从句中用“(should)+动词原形”。如:

  I suggest that we (should) have a meeting. 我建议我们开个会。

  We insist that they (should) go with us. 我们坚持要他们和我们一起走。

  注意:只有当insist作“坚持(认为)”,“坚持(应该)”,suggest作“建议”解时,从句的动作发生在谓语之后,宾语从句才用虚拟语气。当insist作“坚持”,suggest 作“暗示,表明”解时,宾语从句通常不用虚拟语气。如:

  Mike insisted that he had never stolen anything.


  The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry.



  advice, idea, order, demand, plan, proposal, suggestion, request等名词与表语从句和同位语从句连用,其谓语动词一般要用虚拟语气的结构“(should)+动词原形”。例如:

  We agreed to his suggestion that we (should) go to Beijing for sightseeing. 我们同意他的建议,去北京观光旅游。

  My idea is that we (should) do exercises first. 我的看法是我们先做练习。


  在It is (high) time (that)...句型中,定语从句的谓语动词用过去式,或should+动词原形(should不能省略,be 用were)来表示,意为“早该”。例如:

  It is (high) time we left (should leave). 我们该离开了。

  It is high time we went to bed. 我们该睡觉了。

  六、虚拟语气用于if only 引导的感叹句中

  If only I had taken his advice. 我要是听他的话就好了。

  If only I were a bird. 我如果是一只鸟就好了。

  1. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I ____ your advice. (上海2003春)

  A. followB. had followedC. would followD. have followed

  2. How I wish every family ____ a large house with a beautiful garden! (上海2002春)

  A. hasB. hadC. will haveD. had had

  3. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it ____ .(NMET 1995)

  A. breaksB. has brokenC. were brokenD. had been broken

  4. I wish I ____ longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class.

  A. could have sleptB. slept

  C. might have sleptD. have slept

  5. He described the town as if he ____ it himself.

  A. had seenB. has seenC. sawD. sees

  6. Most insurance agents would rather you ____ anything about collecting claims until they investigate the situation.

  A. doB. dontC. didntD. didnt do

  7. It is time that the government ____ measures to protect the rare birds and animals.

  A. takesB. tookC. has takenD. taking

  8. Your advice that ____ till next week is reasonable.

  A. she waitsB. she waitC. wait sheD. she waited

  9. He ordered that the work ____ right away.

  A. should finishB. finishedC. would be finishedD. be finished

  10. — Shall we go to the movie tonight?

  — No, I’d rather ____ at home with our baby. Youd better not leave it to the babysitter at night.

  A. you stayedB. you stayC. stayedD. stay

  (Keys: 1—5 BBCAA 6—10 DBBDA)


  1. News reports say peace talks between the two countries ____ with no agreement reached. (NMET 2003)

  A. have broken downB. have broken out

  C. have broken inD. have broken up

  【点拨】A。结合本句“据新闻报道两国之间的和平谈判破裂了。”得知最佳答案是A。bread down破裂break out爆发break in闯入break up分裂。

  2. With the rapid growth of population, the city ____ in all directions in the past five years. (北京2003春)

  A. spreadsB. has spreadC. spreadD. had spread

  【点拨】B。in the past five years(在过去五年里)表示一个持续的时间状语,应与现在完成时连用。

  3. The silence of the library ____ only by the sound of pages being turned over. (北京2003春)

  A. has been brokenB. breaks

  C. brokeD. was broken


  4. Though ____ money, his parents managed to send him to university. (上海2002)

  A. lackedB. lacking ofC. lackingD. lacked in

  【点拨】C。“缺少钱”和句子主语之间构成主动关系,排除A、D;lack用作动词搭配为lack sth.或be lacking in,因此B项搭配错误。

  5. — You seem to show interest in cooking.

  — What? ____ , I’m getting tired of it. (上海2000春)

  A. On the contraryB. To the contrary

  C. On the other handD. To the other hand

  【点拨】A。On the contrary强调否定或反驳对方,而To the contrary意为“反对地,On the other hand意为“另一方面”,逻辑不对。


  Ⅰ. 单项选择

  1. You ____ pay too much attention to your reading skill, as it is so important.

  A. cannotB. mayC. mustD. neednt

  2. What ____ public is concerned about is whether medical workers and scientists will be able to find ____ cure for this new disease in a short time.

  A. 不填; 不填B. 不填; the

  C. the; 不填D. the; a

  3. I felt it rather difficult to take a stand ____ the opinion of the majority.

  A. toB. byC. inD. against

  4. — I really thought I'd win the game.

  — Oh, well, ____ , Bill.

  A. you are rightB. best wishes

  C. better luck next timeD. congratulations

  5. He is very tired working all day. Don't ____ him waiting outside in the rain any longer.

  A. continueB. leaveC. makeD. remain

  6.— What made Tony so upset?

  — I believe ____ that game. It shocked him so much.

  A. for losingB. lostC. losingD. because of losing

  7. When people talk about the cities of France, the first ____ comes into their mind is Paris.

  A. cityB. oneC. thatD. of them

  8. Rod is determined to get a seat for the concert ____ it means standing in a queue all night.

  A. so thatB. howeverC. even thoughD. as if

  9. I ____ her to kick the habit of smoking, but she wouldn't listen.

  A. tried to persuadeB. persuaded

  C. suggestedD. expected

  10. — What makes you think Betty is not likely to succeed?

  — ____ .

  A. She is too lazyB. Because she is too weak

  C. As she is not expert enoughD. Her lack of experience

  Ⅱ. 完形填空

  With a heavy heart Sally arrived early on the morning of the auction(拍卖). It was almost a year since her dear grandmother had passed away in this house at the age of ninetytwo. 11 the family business had failed and left them with heavy debts. So the bank had 12 the family to have an auction sale to repay their debts.

  13 the post several weeks, she had managed to save $100 in order to bid(出价)on the 14 .Surely this would be enough, she had thought. Now the 15 moment had arrived. Looking around, Sally was surprised to see so many people had 16 ,some from far away.

  As the auction began, Sally waited. Finally, the time came to bid on the quilt. She held her 17 tightly and listened. The first bid was $ 50. She was 18. It was so high. Quickly other people bid and soon the bidding 19 $85. Sally cried out“$100 !” For a moment there was silence. Hope 20 her. She glanced again at the quilt, thinking how 21 her grandmother would have been with her 22.

  Just then, from the back, another person shouted“$125!” She had lost her 23. Suddenly she couldnt help wondering why so many people 24 be interested in that old, torn, dirty quilt. The quilt was sold for $ 500 to a complete 25.

  After the sale, she went to the counter to pay for the few items that were now hers. The woman at the cash desk handed her the quilt. “There must be some 26.Someone else got it.” she said. A handwritten 27 was pinned to the quilt, which read: Dear Madam,

  I noticed you 28 the quilt. Clearly, it was 29 to you. Please accept this quilt as my gift. I don t expect repayment from you, but do a similar favor in the future for a stranger who 30 to cross your path.

  11. A. NaturallyB. UnfortunatelyC. LuckilyD. Strangely

  12. A. forbiddenB. waitedC. expectedD. forced

  13. A. WithB. AtC. ByD. Over

  14. A. houseB. pillowC. furnitureD. quilt

  15. A. strangeB. necessaryC. bigD. curious

  16. A. turned outB. turned upC. turned backD. turned on

  17. A. purseB. pictureC. bookD. quilt

  18. A. excitedB. calmC. worriedD. shocked

  19. A. roseB. climbedC. reachedD. won

  20. A. toldB. helpedC. filledD. gave

  21. A. pleasedB. anxiousC. angryD. familiar

  22. A. at this momentB. ever sinceC. long beforeD. soon after

  23. A. thoughtB. chanceC. methodD. fortune

  24. A. couldB. mightC. mustD. would

  25. A. relativeB. customerC. friendD. stranger

  26. A. reasonB. secretC. mistakeD. fun

  27. A. checkB. walletC. addressD. note

  28. A. admiringB. touchingC. watchingD. holding

  29. A. wonderfulB. variousC. prettyD. precious

  30. A. usedB. stopsC. happensD. comes

  Ⅲ. 阅读理解


  Each nation has many good people who help to take care of others. For example, some high school and college students in the United States often spend many hours as volunteers in hospitals, orphanages or homes for the aged. They read books to the people in these places, or they just visit them and play games with them or listen to their problems. Other young volunteers go and work in the homes of people who are sick or old. They paint, clean up, or repair their houses, do their shopping or mow their lawns. For boys who no longer have fathers there is an organization called Big Brothers. College students and other men take these boys to baseball games or on fishing trips and help them to get to know things that boys usually learn from their fathers. Each city has a number of clubs where boys and girls can go to play games or learn crafts. Some of these clubs show movies or organize short trips to the mountains, the beaches, museums or other places of interest. Most of these clubs use a lot of high school and college students as volunteers because they are young enough to remember the problems of younger boys and girls. Volunteers believe that some of the happiest people in the world are those who help to bring happiness to others.

  31. Where can you often find volunteers in the United States?

  A. At a bus stop.B. In a park.

  C. In a hospital.D. In a shop.

  32. How do volunteers usually help those who are sick or old?

  A. They mow their lawns, do their shopping and clean up their houses.

  B. They cook, sew or wash their clothes.

  C. They tell them stories and sing and dance for them.

  D. They clean, wash and repair their cars.

  33. What is Big Brother?

  A. It's the name of a club.

  B. It's the name of a university.

  C. It's home for children who have no brothers.

  D. It's an organization for boys who no longer have fathers.

  34. Why do most of the boys and girls clubs use many high school and college students as volunteers?

  A. Because they have a lot of free time.

  B. Because they can remember the problems of younger boys and girls.

  C. Because they know how to do the work.

  D. Because they like the work.

  35. What do volunteers believe?

  A. In order to make others happy, they have got to be unhappy.

  B. The happiest people in the world are those who make themselves happy.

  C. The happiest people in the world are those who are young and healthy.

  D. Binging happiness to others makes them the happiest people in the world.

  Ⅳ. 短文改错

  Good health is the person's most valuable possession. 41 ____ .

  Today, it is much easier to be healthy than it was the 42 ____ .

  past. Modern people know more than health,43 ____ .

  have better food, and live in clean surroundings.44 ____ .

  Also, scientists and doctors had learned how to deal with 45 ____ .

  many diseases. Most people can quickly get for help46 ____ .

  from a doctor or go to a hospital since they are ill. As a47 ____ .

  result, people in the modem world generally live longer48 ____ .

  than people used to. People in developing countries can49 ____ .

  expect to live for twice as long as people lived a few50 ____ .

  hundred years ago.



  Have you thought about living with disease?


  What makes you think that the boy is worth learning from?


  If I were you, I would stop doing the experiment.


  Perhaps, but what about going to see the doctor first?


  Could you explain why you take samples of the blood from the patient?


  I think that it is necessary to find out how they are infected with SARS.


  One reason is that these people they are lack of money and education.


  If I were to stay five more minutes, I would be able to see the film star.


  I think drugs like cocaine and heroin are the most serious problems.


  How do you think you would react if you were Xiaohua?


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