|Unit 20 Mainly revision|
|http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/10/20 19:39 新浪教育|
阅读理解选择题型主要以确认原文事实与细节为主， 也有根据文章进行逻辑判断的。做阅读理解选择题时， 要先尽快把文章通读一遍， 努力抓住文章的大意，了解作者的写作意图。这时对个别难以理解的单词或句子可以略过，快速找出文中的关键词语， 重点看文章的首段和末段以及首尾词。 另外，做这种题时， 目光不要只停留在个别单词上，而要放宽视线，一次读几个单词。 因为选择题不需要写单词， 所以可适当快些。对于文中已直接给出答案的问题，便可直接选择出来；对于文中没有具体答案的问题则要仔细分析，必要时可以带着问题，有所侧重地再读一遍， 从而得出正确答案。
American people like to say “Thank you” when others help them or say something kind to them. People of many countries do so, too. It's a very good habit (习惯).
You should say “Thank you” when someone passes you salt on the table, when someone says you do your work well, or you buy a nice thing, or your city is very beautiful. “Thank you” is used not only between friends, but also between parents and children, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives.①
“Excuse me” is another short sentence they use. When you hear someone say so behind you, you know that somebody wants to walk past you and doesn't want to hit you.
It's not polite to interrupt(打扰)others when they are talking. If you want to speak to one of them, say “Excuse me” first, and then begin to talk. You should also do so when you want to cough or make any noise before others. Let's all learn to say “Thank you” and “Excuse me”.
①“Thank you” is used not only between friends, but also between parents and children, brothers and sisters, husbands and
1.You should say “ ____ ” when somebody helps you.
A. Very good B. Excuse me
C. Very well D. Thank you
2.You should say “ ____ ” if you want to walk past someone and dont want to hit him.
A.Excuse me B. All right
C.Of course D. Thank you
3.All the people ____ should use “Excuse me” and“Thank you”.
A.in the worldB.of America
C.of China D.of England
4.It's polite ____ others when they are talking.
A.to interruptB.not to interrupt
5.From this passage we should know ____ .
A.how to be polite B.when to be good
C.how to help others D.how to use this passage
If you go into the forests with friends，stay with them.If you don't，you may get lost.If you do get lost，this is what you should do.①
Sit down and stay where you are.Dont try to find your friends.Let them find you.You can help them to find you by staying in one place.
There is another way to help your friends or other people to find you.Give them a signal(信号)by shouting or whistling(吹口哨)three times.Then shout or whistle three times again.Any signal given three times is a call for help.
Keep on shouting or whistling，always three times together.② When people hear you，they will give two shouts or two whistles.When a signal is given twice，it is an answer to a call for help.
If you don't think that you will get help before night comes，try to make a small room with branches(树枝).
What should you do if you get hungry or need drinking water? You would have to leave your little branch room to look for something to eat and drink.Don't just walk away.Pick up small branches and drop them as you walk so that you can find your way back.
The most important thing to do when you are lost—stay in one place.
①If you do get lost，this is what you should do.如果你确实迷路了，下面是你应该做的事情。
②Keep on shouting or whistling，always three times together.继续不断地喊或吹口哨，通常是连续三声。
1.If you get lost in the forests，you should walk everywhere to find your friends as soon as possible.()
2.You can keep on shouting or whistling always three times together for help.()
3.When you hear two shouts or whistles，you know that people will come to help you.()
4.You can't go anywhere even when you feel thirsty or hungry.()
5.You can find your way back to your branch room easily without leaving any branches as you walk.()
One day two young men were crossing the woods. One said to the other, “We're good friends. We must help each other. If any animal comes at you, I'll stay with you.” The other said,“Me, too.” They walked on.
After a few minutes there was a great noise. It was a big bear. The young men ran away. One of them got up into a tree. But the other was fat and could not climb up. So he threw himself at the foot of the tree. He thought,“The bear will think that I am dead.”
Soon the bear came near. The bear looked at the fat man, then it put its nose down and smelt him. The young man held his breath (屏住呼吸). The bear thought he was dead, so it went away.
The man in the tree came down. He was happy and played a joke with the other,“ The bear put its nose to your ear. What did it say to you?”
The friend answered, “The bear said, ‘Your friend is not a good one. Remember: A friend in need is a friend indeed ”.
Do you know? A bear doesnt eat(1) things. One day two young men (2) a big bear in the woods. One (3) ran and got up a tree. But the other one(4) not climb up the tree. He had to threw(5) at the foot of the tree and pretended (假装)to be dead. The bear(6) eat him because it thought he was dead. So the bear (7) away. The man under the tree was (8) because that man didn't (9) him when he (10) help.
him, ticket, get,easy, when, be not, eat,meal
An English traveller found (1) in Norway with only enough money to buy the (2) for his journey back home. As he knew that it would take him only two days(3) to England, he decided that he could (4) do without food. So he bought a ticket and got on the ship. He closed his ears to the sound of the lunch bell.(5) dinner time came, he didn't go to the dining room, saying that he(6) feeling well. The next morning he still didn't have breakfast and at lunch time he again stayed in his room. But at dinner he was so hungry that he went to the dining room and(7) everything the waiter put in front of him.① He got ready for the coming quarrel (争吵).
“Bring me the bill,” he said.“The bill, sir?” said the waiter in surprise. “Yes.” answered the traveller. “There isnt any bill. On the ship (8) are included (包括)in the money for ticket.” said the waiter.
①But at dinner he was so hungry that he went to the dining room and ate everything the waiter put in front of him. 但在进餐的时候，他太饿
本文介绍了美国人及世界上其他国家的人在日常生活中怎样使用Thank you 和Excuse me等交际用语。同时我们也应学会使用Thank you 和Excuse me。
2.A 由第三自然段的第二句话“When you hear someone say so behind you, you know that somebody wants to walk past you and doesnt want to hit you.”可知。
3.A 本文的最后一个自然段的最后一句话“Let's all learn to say ‘Thank you and ‘Excuse me.”号召全世界人民都学会使用这两句礼貌语言。
4.B 由本文的第四自然段的第一句话可知“It's not polite to interrup others when they are talking”。
3. quickly。 由文中第二段的第三、四句可知。
8. unhappy。 因为树下的那个人发现他的朋友并不是真正的朋友，真正的朋友应该是在需要的时候互相帮助。
1. himself。 意为“他自己”， 在句中作宾语。
2. tickets。buy sth. for sb.为一个固定句型，表示“为某人买某物”。
3. to get。本句是考查句型“It takes sb. some time to do sth.”表示“某人做某事花费多少时间”，get to a place意为“到达某地”。
4. easily。是一个副词，在句中修饰动词do, 作状语。
5. When。是一个连词， 连接一个状语从句，意为“当……的时候”。
6. wasn't。此句为过去进行时，其结构由“was/were +动词的现在分词”构成。
7. ate。and 是一个并列连词，而且并列的两个时态要一致。
8. meals。根据句意及上下文可知， 饭钱是包括在船票之内的。
1.If you do get lost，this is what you should do. 如果你确实迷路了，下面是你应该做的事情。(见Line 2, Passage 2)
本句中的do表示强调，意为“确实；一定”。如：Please do work it out.一定要把它算出来。this is what you should do. 这是一个表语从句，而what又作you should do 的宾语。
2.Keep on shouting or whistling，always three times together.继续不断地喊或吹口哨，通常连续喊三声。(见Line 8, Passage 2)
keep on意思是“继续不断地做某事；坚持一直去做某事”，其后常接名词或动名词形式。如：Keep on waiting for me until I come back.一直等到我回来为止。
3.But at dinner he was so hungry that he went to the dining room and ate everything the waiter put in front of him. 但在进餐的时候，他太饿了以致于走进餐厅，吃完了服务员放在他面前的所有东西。(见Line 7—8, Passage 4)
本句是一个结果状语从句，“so...(形容词、副词)+that 从句”意思是“如此……以致于……”。如：The girl is so beautiful that everyone likes her.这女孩太漂亮了，以致于人人都喜欢她。
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