|http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/07/30 15:38 新浪教育|
同diminish, lessen, subside, reduce, curtail
The rain did not abate the crowd's enthusiasm for the baseball game.
同stick, cling, cleave, attach, cohere
If the surface is wet, the tape will not adhere to it.
同rotate, reciprocate, interchange, take turns
Dan and Mike alternated washing the dishes every night.
同appropriately, properly, suitably, fittingly
The breathtaking green valley below was aptly named Beautiful Valley.
同common, trite, stereotyped, stale, hackneyed, cliched
Chris' banal advice was no help to us in solving our problem.
同operation, movement, battle, fight, combat
The campaign to end poverty in the country is far from over.
cluster n.聚集同clump, bunch, batch
The tree had clusters of white flowers at the end of each branch.
同count, estimate, calculate, measure, reckon, figure
Darla had to compute exactly how many chairs and tables would be needed for all the dinner guests.
同competition, struggle, argument, conflict
There was much contention about the proposed city subway system.
Jane awoke at dawn, while everyone else in the house was still sleeping.
同mourn, grieve, sorrow
Ms. Adams deplored the lack of money in education and made a large donation to her local school.
同prudent, cautious, judicious, careful, wary
Pauline was discreet about handing me a note in English class.
同weird, awesome, fearful, ghastly, spooky
That night we heard an eerie sound as we were playing cards.
同self-centered, egocentric, narcissistic, self-important
As he began to earn more and more money, his personality became more and more egotistic.
endure v.忍耐；持久n. endurance
同bear, abide, tolerate, stand
I cannot endure the noise and dirt from the construction site next to my house.
同easy, skillful, adroit, effortless, simple
Her facile reply to the problem with the computer was to turn it off.
Exercise: Fill in the blanks.
1. We compromised and _____ between watching the drama series Joe liked and my favorite sports show.
2. A _____ to end corruption in the government has just begun.
3. The teachers' only _____ to ending the strike was the schoolshavingssmaller class sizes.
4. After all they had _____ during the war, anything seemed possible to them.
5. The _____ movement of her hands over the keyboard showed her years of practice on the piano.
解答：1. Alternated 2. Campaign 3. Contention 4. Endured 5. facile
同1.blush, redden 2.eject, expel
When she smiled at him, his face flushed bright red.
同brave, daring, courageous
A gallant man jumpedsintosthe river to save the drowning child.
同pull up, stop, pause
The soldiers at the border halted the travelers to check their passports.
同admire, worship, adore
Jackie idolizes her math teacher and wants to be just like her.杰姬崇拜她的数学老师，想成为和她一样的人。
incessant adj.不断的同continuous, constant, ceaseless, continual, everlasting
The incessant barking of my neighbor's dog kept me awake at night.
同excessive, immoderate, intemperate, exorbitant
Doctors have reported an inordinate number of patients with the flu this winter.
同cast, throw, hurl, abandon, give up
The ship's captain ordered that all extra cargo be jettisoned to prevent the ship from sinking.
lament v.哀悼同deplore, bemoan, bewail
Everyone in the neighborhood lamented the death of my Uncle Robert.
同bright, radiant, shining
We looked up in the night sky and saw something luminous, which we thought was a UFO.
同extent, immensity, great size, enormity
The magnitude of the budget deficit is growing every day.
同1.credit, virtue, worth 2.deserve, be entitled to
The city government's efforts to improve traffic safety deserve merit.
同sail, cruise, steer
We navigated the ship across the channel to return home.
同1.slanting, inclined, sloping, tilted 2.evasive, roundabout
James planted his flower garden with oblique rows of tulips.
同shun, banish, expel, exile, expatriate
After telling the teacher about their plans to cheat on the test, Billy was ostracized from the group.
同delicious, savory, tasty, dainty
This cake Albert baked is quite palatable.
同commit, perform, execute, inflict
The police have not been able to find out who perpetrated the crime.
同rob, pillage, ravage, harry, sack, loot
After the battle, the victorious soldiers plundered the villagers property.
Exercise: Fill in the blanks.
1. His _____ effort to save the drowning child led to his own death.
2. All the people _____ the death of their president.
3. Walter responded to my question with an _____ answer which only confused me more.
4. When traveling abroad, we always worry how _____ the local cuisine will be.
5. During the riot, many nearby stores were brokensintosand _____.
解答：1. Gallant 2. Lamented 3. Oblique 4. Palatable 5. plundered
The legislature moved to prorogue the present session.
quest n.探求同search, expedition, pursuit
Many explorers' quests to find the source of the Mekong River were unsuccessful.
同attack, invasion, assault, inroad, incursion
The general led a raid on the enemy's camp.
同1.enjoy, appreciate 2.taste, flavor, gusto, savor
Paul and Wanda relished the time they had off from work.
retort v.反驳同respond, reply, answer, retaliate
Amy retorted that she was not the one who left the dirty dishes in the sink.
同wholesome, helpful, salubrious, healthful
Tina's losing the long distance race was actually salutary because it made her practice harder.
同calm, peaceful, composed, tranquil, pacific
David finds the sound of ocean waves very serene.
同idle, indolent, lazy, inactive, lethargic
The medicine Gary took for his cold made him feel sluggish.
Sporadic loss of memory is common in old age.
同harsh, shrill, rough, sharp
Larry's strident voice was difficult to listen to for more than five minutes.
同exceed, overcome, conquer, vanquish, surpass
Ada was able to surmount her fear of heights by learning to rock climb.
同1.count, reckoning, score 2.accord, match, conform
The final tally in the soccer match was 7:3.
同incline, lean, slant, cant
Don't put your glass of tea on that table; it tilts to the left and your drink might spill.
同harmonious, united, accordant, agreeing
It was our office's unanimous decision to take the day off.
同dim, obscure, ambiguous, indistinct, unclear
Janet's answer to my question was vague and did not help me understand my problem any better.
同toss, tumble, roll, flounder
Because the weather was so hot, the pigs were wallowing in the mud trying to cool off.
同1.succumb, give in, submit, surrender 2.produce, bear
Carl finally yielded to his son's demands for a new toy.
Exercise: Fill in the blanks.
1. Mark is _____ his long-deserved vacation from the office.
2. The magazine article I just read tells of the _____ effects of regular exercise for older women.
3. The pain in her arm was _____; it always seemed to disappear when she went to the doctor.
4. Gary and Amy are _____ the results of the class elections.
5. Sergeant Ames was a cruel man who would not _____ to his civilians' pleas for mercy.
解答：1. Relishing 2. Salutary 3. Sporadic 4. Tallying 5. Yield
to do or use by turns
the act of dispute, quarrel, etc.
continuing or being repeated without stopping
lacking restraint or moderation
to steer or direct a ship or aircraft
having a slanting position or direction; not straight to the point
to discontinue or end a session of a legislative assembly
promoting or conducive to health or some good purpose
united in opinion
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