|Unit 1 Welcome back|
|http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/08/06 15:52 新浪教育|
Welcome back! Passage 1
Learners of English often ask: What are the differences between British and American English? How important are these differences?
Certainly, there are some differences between British and American English. There are a few differences in grammar. For example, speakers of British English say "in hospital" and "Have you a pen?", while Americans say "in the hospital" and "Do you have a pen?" Pronunciation is sometimes different. Americans usually sound the "r" in words like"bird"and "hurt". Some speakers of British English do not sound the "r" in these words. There are differences between British and American English in spelling and vocabulary. For example, "colour" and"honour" are British, while "color" and "honor" are American.
These differences in grammar, pronunciation, spelling, and vocabulary are not important, however. For the most part,British and American English are the same language.
()1Are there many differences in grammar between British and American English?
A. There are few differences between them.
B. There are many differences between them.
C. There are some differences between them.
D. There are not any differences between them.
()2Americans don't say "Have you a pen?",do they?
A. Yes, they do.B. No, they do.
C. Yes, they don't.D. No, they don't.
()3Who say "in hospital"?. Who say "in the hospital"?
A. Americans say"in the hospital"while Englishmen say"in hospital".
B. Americans say"in hospital"while Englishmen say"in the hospital".
C. Both Americans and Englishmen say"in hospital".
D. Neither Americans nor Englishmen say"in hospital".
()4From the article(文章) we can know.
A. American English is better than British English.
B. it's not so difficult for a British English speaker to understand American English.
C. the spelling of "color" is wrong while the spelling of"colour" is right.
D. we should say "in hospital" instead of "in the hospital".
()5What's the main idea of the article?
A. We should learn both American English and British English.
B. British and American English are two different languages.
C. American English is more useful than British English.
D. Speakers of British and American English speak the same language.
Aren't you glad that mothers and fathers give names to their children? Names are the quickest and easiest and the most friendly way to say who's who. Another nice thing about names is that they do not change as people do. Yesterday Mary's hair was long. Today her hair is short. But her name is still Mary. On his birthday Uncle Tom didn't have moustache. At Christmas time he did. But his name is still Tom. People are always changing, a little or a lot. But people's names are not the same.
A name sometimes says something nice about someone. Girls' names often come from words meaning"pretty""happy", "loving"... Boys' names are often borrowed from words which mean"strong", "brave"...
Do you know how your name comes?
()1usually give names to the children.
A. ParentsB. FriendsC. Family membersD. Teachers
()2A man's name .
A. is seldom(很少) changingB. changes as he does
C. changes at any timeD. is always changing
()3 If there is a word"brave"in a boy's name, that means his parents wish him .
A. to have a name for love
B. to be stronger, when he grows up(长大)
C. to have a strong body
D. not to be afraid of anybody
()4In the last paragraph, the underlined word "borrow" means.
A Chinese student goes to study English in the Great Britain. His 1 name is "Sun". It is the same word 2 "sun".
The Great Britain is a country with 3. It's often 4 or misty. It rains often. So the people there don't get 5 sunshine in the whole year.
When the student 6 London, a tall policeman begins to check his passport. When he sees the student's family name"Sun", the policeman says 7 him, "You are wanted in our city!"
The student is surprised. But in 8 minutes the policeman says 9 a smile, "Mr Sun, you bring sunshine to our country. Welcome 10 London!"
1、the Great Britain大不列颠，即英国
()1A. familyB. fullC. givenD. last
()2A. withB. ofC. asD. like
()3A. a bad weatherB. bad weatherC. bad weathersD. good weather
()4A. a cloudB. cloudsC. cloudD. cloudy
()5A. manyB. muchC. a lot ofD. little
()6A. getB. get toC. gets toD. gets
()7A. toB. withC. byD. in
()8A. a littleB. fewC. a fewD. little
()9A. byB. withC. inD. on
()10A. to goB. go toC. inD. to
We know that a family name is one's last name or surname in Britain, while a given name is his first name or Christian name. But do you know what a family name means?
Long time ago, many people's family names meant who they were.
Some people's last names may tell us their jobs. If someone's last name was Weaver, then his job was a weaver, he produced cloth. If a man was called Taylor, he usually did a tailor's work. A man called Garden would work as a gardener.
A last name may also show who a person's father was. For example, Peter's son meant"Peterson", that is, the person's father was Peter. Thompson meant the person was the son of Thomas.
()1In Britain a family name comes last.
()2Chinese names aren't the same as English names.
()3In the Past, if someone's last name was Fisher, then his job was to catch fish in boats.
()4A person with this name worked in a kitchen, his last name was Baker.
()5Thompson meant the person was the son of Peter.
2、D本句是反意疑问句，因前半部分为否定句，故No,they don't应翻译为：是的，他们(指美国人)不说"Have you a pen?"文章第二段叙述得很清楚。
2、C从词组the same as得知选C。
5、Bsunshine为不可数名词，本句又为否定句，故不能选a lot of。
7、Asay to sb对某人说。
8、Cfew, a few修饰可数名词，a few表肯定，few表示否定，本句表达的意思：几分钟后，所以选C。
9、Bwith a smile作伴随状语，意思是面带微笑。
10、D欢迎某人到某地Welcome to some places。
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