|http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/09/26 00:28 新浪教育|
As you explore music, you will find much that is familiar to you. You will find music which tells of interesting places and exciting things to do. You will find music which expresses fellings that are often your own.
Music is an expression of the people. As you explore, you will find music of people at work, at play, and in worship, You will find music expresses love of country, love of nature and love of home. Music is also an expression of the composer. As an artist the composer expresses his own musical ideas. He studies the materials of music and discovers ways of using them. He looks for new kinds of musical expression.
Music can suggest activities and feelings which we all share. We can enjoy playing and singing music, dancing and listening to the music of the people and the artists of different times and places.
1. explore vt.探索，研究；钻研
2. composer n.作曲家
3. activity n.活动，活动的事物根据短文内容选择正确答案
( )1The title of this passage is _____.
A. Let's Enjoy Singing and Dancing
B. Let's Explore Music
C. MusicAn Expression of Composers
D. MusicA Suggestion of Feelings
( )2In the first paragraph, the author appeals to us, saying_____ .
A."Find entertainment in music"
B."Be friendly to music"
C."Express your feelings in music"
D."Discovery the things and places in music"
( )3From the second paragraph, we know that_____.
A. music is mainly about the love of country, nature and home
B. if we love music we will love the country, nature and home
C. you may listen to music at work or at play
D. music can express how people live, work and think
( )4By means of music, the composer wishes that_____ .
A. you would study with them
B. you would share his feelings and ideas
C. you would express your own feelings
D. you would help discover ways of using music and new kinds of musical expressions
( )5The last paragraph shows that music makes it possible_____.
A. that music can express activities and feelings at the same time
B. to bring understanding between people of different times and places
C. that people can enjoy playing and singing music, dancing and listening to the music at the same time
D. that people of different times and places can get together
Animals are natural resources that people have wasted all through our history.
Animals have been killed for their fur and feathers, for food, for sport, and simply because they were in the way. Thousands of kinds of animals have disappeared from the earth forever. Hundreds more are on the danger list today. About 170 kinds in the United States alone are considered in danger.
Why should people care? Because we need animals. And because once they are gone, there will never be any more.
Animals are more than just beautiful or interesting. They are more than just a source of food. Every animal has its place in the balance of nature. Destroying one kind of animals can create many problems.
For example, when farmers killed large numbers of hawks, the farmersstores of corn and grain were destroyed by rats and mice. Why? Because hawks eat rats and mice. With no hawks to keep down their numbers, the rats and mice multiplied quickly.
Luckily, some people are working to help save the animals. Some groups raise money to let people know about the problem. And they try to get the governments to pass laws protecting animals in danger.
Quite a few countries have passed laws. These laws forbid the killing of any animals or plants on the danger list. Slowly, the number of some animals in danger is growing.
1. feather n.羽毛，翎毛，箭羽
2. balance n.平衡
3. hawk n.鹰，隼
4. multiple vt.增加，繁殖multiply adj.多样的multiplechoice adj.多项选择的
5. forbid vt.禁止，不许；阻止，妨碍
( )1Animals are important to us mainly because _____.
A.they give us a source of food
B.they are beautiful and lovely
C.they keep the balance of nature
D.they give us a lot of pleasure
()2What has happened to the animals on the earth?
A.Hundreds of kinds of animals are gone forever.
B.Many kinds of animals have died out.
C.About 170 kinds of animals have disappeared forever.
D.All kinds of animals are in danger.
()3Why do people kill animals?
A.They kill animals for something they need.
B.They kill animals to raise some money.
C.Animals destroy their natural resources.
D.Animals create many problems.
()4Which of the following is not true ?
A.People care much about animals because they need them.
B.Once a certain kind of animal is gone forever, there will never be any more.
C.Killing all rats and mice may cause some new problems.
D.People must not kill any animals or plants.
()5What can we conclude from the fact that quite a few countries have passed laws protecting animals in danger?
A.Every person will know the importance of protecting wild animals.
B.Animals in danger will not be killed any more.
C.The number of some animals in danger will increase.
D.Animals in danger will be kept away from people.
v Passage 3
One evening, long after most people had gone to bed, a friend of mine and I __1___ happily home through the ___2__ street. We had been to a musical and ___3__about the people we had seen and heard in it.
"The show ___4__ him a star overnight," said my friend about one of them. "He was completely __5___ before. And now thousands of people __6___ him gifts and letters." "I thought him quite good," I said. "but not __7___ thousands of letters. As a matter of __8___, one of his songs gave me a shock. It was too noisy." "What was that?" my friend asked me. "__9___ it to me." I began to sing. "Do be quiet. You will give everybody a shock and __10___ them up for miles __11___, besides, there will be a policeman __12___ us." My friend gave me an astonished look.
"Never mind. I dont care. What is the matter?" I said and went on singing __13___ the top of my voice.
Presently there came a policeman, __14___ in front of me, his notebook __15___. "___16__, sir" he said, "You have a very good voice, if I ___17__ say so. Who taught you singing? Id very much __18___ to find someone who can give my daughter singing lessons. Would you be __19___ to tell me your name and address? Then my wife and I would ___20__ on you and we could discuss in."
1. musical adj.音乐的；配乐的；由音乐组成的
2. overnight adv.通宵，一夜工夫，突然；一下子
3. shock vt.使震惊，使毛骨悚然，使愤慨
4. astonish vt.使吃惊
5. presently adv.一会儿，不久
( )1A. went B. was coming C. was making our way D. had lost our way
( )2A. calm B. crowded C. silent D. quiet
( )3A. were thinking B. were talking C. knew D. were discussing
( )4A. called B. turned C. named D. made
( )5A. famous B. forgotten C. stranger D. unknown
( )6A. show B. write C. send D. brought
( )7A. worthy B. worth C. received D. accepted
( )8A. fact B. facts C. a fact D. the fact
( )9A. Read B. Sing C. Say D. Tell
( )10A. call B. pick C. wake D. join
( )11A. long B. far C. around D. away
( )12A. observing B. after C. besides D. in front of
( )13A. with B. on C. in D. at
( )14A. stood B. going C. standing D. walking
( )15A. closing B. closed C. open D. opened
( )16A. Wait a minute B. Stop singing C. Im sorry D. Excuse me
( )17A. may B. can C. must D. dont
( )18A. liked B. wanted C. like D. eager
( )19A. brave B. kind enough C. willing D. honest
( )20A. try B. visit C. invite D. drop in
One moonlight night Beethoven was walking in a street when he suddenly stopped outside a little house. "What is that? It is from my Sonata in F. How well it is played!"
Following a sudden break came the voice of sobbing. "I cant play any more. This piece of music is so difficult to play. How I wish I could hear Beethoven himself play it!"
"Ah, my sister, but we are so poor." said a young man. "And the ticket to the concert is too expensive."
"Dont be sad, brother," said the girl. "I just said that for fun."
Hearing this, Beethoven knocked at the door, and it opened. In the dim light of a candle a young girl was sitting before a piano and a young man was making shoes by the table. "Pardon me." said Beethoven, "but I heard music. You wish to hear..." He stopped. To his surprise he found the girl was blind. "Excuse me. Then you play by ear? Butswheresdid you hear the music?" "I used to hear a woman practising pieces in the opposite house. Her windows were open and I walked outside to listen to her."
Beethoven said no more. He sat down before the piano. The moon shone brightly in through the window. He looked up thoughtfully to the sky and stars. He said to himself, "I will play a Sonata to the Moonlight!" Then his hands dropped on the keys and began to play.
Listening silently, the young man laid away his work. The girl, with her head bent slightly forward and her hands pressed tightly over her breast, sat silently near the piano, lost in thought...
The brother and sister were fully attracted by the music. They both lost themselves in it.
Beethoven rushed to the placeswhereshe was staying and spent a whole night writing down the piece of music he had played at the blind girls house. That was how the Moonlight Sonata came into being.
1. sonata n.奏鸣曲(奏鸣曲是由一种到四种乐器演奏的乐曲，其中一种通常为键盘乐器，通常由三个或四个独立的乐章构成，这些乐章在调、调式及速度上各不相同)
2. sob vi. (sobbed; sobbing)抽噎，啜泣声，哽咽
3. opposite adj.对面的；对立的，相反的
4. press vt.压；按；扳；
5. attract vt.吸引；引起(兴趣、注意等)
( )1The girl was playing a piece composal by Beethoven.
( )2From the story we know that the brother loved music too.
( )3The sister and the brother didnt want to get the ticket to the concert.
( )4The girl learned to play by a woman teacher.
2. Aentertainment意为"娱乐，文娱活动"。在文章第一段里，作者呼唤人们从音乐中寻找快乐。appeal to意为"呼吁，恳求"。
1. C依据文章第四段"Every animal has its place in the balance of nature. Destroy... can create many problems."
2. A依据第二段第二句内容"Thousands of... have disappeared from the earth forever. die out"灭绝"，disappear "消失"。
1. Amake one's way意为"排除困难向前，奋力向前走"，lost one's way意为"迷路"。从句义来看went home符合题意。
3. B四个选项都与about连用，但意义不同，只有B项were talking符合题意。
4. Dmake sb. a star意为"使某人成为明星"，make后接复合宾语。
6. Csend sb. sth.意为"给某人送某物"。
7. Bworth是形容词，意为"值得，价值"。worth及其相关句型如下：sth. be worth+名词或动名词sth. be worthy of being done sth. be worthy to be done
8. Aas a matter of fact是固定搭配，意为"事实上"，与in fact同义，可以互用。
9. B根据文章下面一句来确定选项。从"began to sing"可推断出答案。
10.Cwake sb. up是常用短语，意为"把某人叫醒"。
11.C根据文章意思他在深夜高声叫喊会把周围几里远的人吵醒。"for miles around"意为"几英里之内"，miles away意为"几英里之外"或"几英里远"。
12.Din front of意为"在某物外部的前面"；in the front of意为"在某物内部的前面"。例：①There is a new car in front of the house.这所房子前面有辆新汽车。②There are two lights in the front of the car.汽车前边有两盏灯。
13. Dat the top of是固定搭配，意为"高声地，大声地"。
15. C根据文章下面内容，一直到文章结束来确定选项，open是形容词，"his notebook open"是省去with的独立主格结构，open在此作宾语补足语。
17. Aif I may say so语气比较婉转。
18. C常用句型：I'd like to do sth.
19. BWould you be kind enough to do sth.?是常用句型，意为"请您干……好吗?"
20. D常用短语drop in意为顺便走访。注意以下短语的用法：drop in on sb.／drop in at some place／call on sb.／call at some plae /visit sb.／pay a visit to sb.
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