每日短语: “前程似锦”用英语如何表达
每日短语: “前程似锦”用英语如何表达

   今日短语 复合词 up-and-coming 的字面意思是“即将出现的,即将到来的”,但其实际所指的意思是“崭露头角的,积极进取的,前途光明的”。它通常出现在名词前,比如:an up-and-coming neighbourhood 一个有发展潜能的住宅区。 例句 He's only 15, but he's an up-and-coming footballer. 他只有十五岁,但已经是一名极具潜力、前途光明的足球运动员了。 There are lots of up-and-coming entrepreneurs in social media. 社交媒体领域有很多崭露头角的创业者。 She's an up-and-coming star. 她是一名前程似锦的新星。 BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月17日 15:29
每日短语: “启动开始”的英文用法
每日短语: “启动开始”的英文用法

   今日短语 在英语里,除了用“start”来表示“开始、启动”以外,我们还可以用“to get something off the ground”来形象地描述“使一件事情开始”或“使其成功进行”。就像盖房子,只有把地基打好了,才能顺利地加盖楼层。 例句 We're going to have to work hard to get this business off the ground. 我们接下来得努力工作,才能顺利地开始做这门生意。 I wanted to open a restaurant, but I just couldn't get enough investment to get it off the ground. 我曾是想开家餐馆,但由于没有获得足够的资金故没能成型。 It's not easy to get a project off the ground, the first few weeks are really important. 要把一个项目做成功绝非易事,开始的几周时间至关重要。 BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月17日 15:23
双语阅读:英国大学生学历和收入之间的关系
双语阅读:英国大学生学历和收入之间的关系

   上大学获取一个学位可不是件容易的事。大多数人相信,获得大学文凭对一名毕业生的未来职业发展必有帮助。但这一纸文凭究竟有那么管用吗?学生所学习的专业会影响其未来的就业和收入吗?本集《随身英语》讨论在英国,学历和收入之间的关系。 课文内容 Vocabulary: Education 词汇: 教育 What's the point of studying?! It's something you might ask yourself if you're studying for a degree and you're struggling to complete an assignment or sweating it out in an exam, especially if your friends seem to be out having a good time, or are working and earning lots of money. Many of us choose to go to university as a first step towards a good career but sometimes that career is hard to achieve and graduates end up doing something they are overqualified for. The Chartered Institute for Personnel and Development says that with the spiralling costs of university, students need to ask themselves whether a degree path is the best route into a career. It says there is a need for much better career advice and guidance, alongside high-quality alternative vocational routes into employment other than university education. But other new research commissioned for the BBC, says that a degree will, in the long run, earn you more. However there are differences in your earning potential. Dr Jack Britton from the Institute for Fiscal Studies says that "Graduates of the 24 Russell Group universities earn an average of £33,500 after five years - about 40% more than those who studied at other universities." However, it found it's not just the location but other factors than can play a part in what you can earn, such as the subject a student chooses to study. It discovered that five years after graduation, the income gap between students who studied the subjects that attract the highest and lowest salaries can be considerable. Graduates in subjects such as law, medicine and dentistry tend to do well. And as they progress, the pay gap between these careers and others, such as the creative arts, widens. There are other factors too that influence what you might earn: Five years after graduation, men earn on average, 14% more than women. Also, a student's social background can have an effect, with those from better-off households much more likely to go to university and particularly a good one. But if you still feel university delivers the best opportunities then there are encouraging words from Alistair Jarvis, head of Universities UK, who told BBC News that "Employers are demanding more graduates... and graduates are half as likely to be unemployed as non-graduates. There are many many good graduate outcomes coming from universities." So maybe all that studying is worth it – after all 'no pain, no gain'! 词汇表 assignment 作业 sweat it out 如坐针毡地等待(考试)结束 career 职业,事业 graduate 毕业生 overqualified 资历过高的 spiralling costs 急剧上升的费用 vocational 职业的 in the long run 从长远看 Russell Group 罗素大学集团 income gap 收入差 law 法律 medicine 医学 dentistry 牙科 creative arts 创意艺术 social background 社会家庭背景 outcome 结果 no pain, no gain 一份耕耘,一份收获 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. According to the article, why might you question whether to go to university or not? 2. Where has research found you should study to earn more money in your career? 3. True or false? Studying creative arts at university tends to lead to a lower-earning career than from studying dentistry. 4. Which word used in the article, means 'have an effect on (something)'? 5. According to Alistair Jarvis, head of Universities UK, is there less or more chance of being unemployed if you have a degree? 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. Mandeep felt ______ when she graduated from Oxford and got a job stacking shelves in a supermarket. underqualified       qualified       over-qualification       overqualified 2. Buying a pair of boots is ______ in my long career in football. a first step       in the long run       no pain, no gain       vocational 3. The government has come up with a plan to tackle the widening ______ between rich and poor. outcomes       income gap       spiralling costs       medicine 4. If you want to win the marathon, you're going to have to train hard but it's a case of ______. no gain, no pain       no gain or pain       no pain, no gain       not pain, not pain 5. Because of the ______, we can no longer afford to finish the building project. social background       spiralling costs       income gap       law 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. According to the article, why might you question whether to go to university or not? The spiralling costs: The Chartered Institute for Personnel and Development says that with the spiralling costs of university, students need to ask themselves whether a degree path is the best route into a career. 2. Where has research found you should study to earn more money in your career? At Russell Group universities. Dr Jack Britton from the Institute for Fiscal Studies says that "Graduates of the 24 Russell Group universities earn an average of £33,500 after five years - about 40% more than those who studied at other universities." 3. True or false? Studying creative arts at university tends to lead to a lower-earning career than from studying dentistry. True. Graduates in subjects such as law, medicine and dentistry tend to do well. And as they progress, the pay gap between these careers and others, such as the creative arts, widens. 4. Which word used in the article, means 'have an effect on (something)'? Influence. 5. According to Alistair Jarvis, head of Universities UK, is there less or more chance of being unemployed if you have a degree? Less chance. He says "graduates are half as likely to be unemployed as non-graduates." 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. Mandeep felt overqualified when she graduated from Oxford and got a job stacking shelves in a supermarket. 2. Buying a pair of boots is a first step in my long career in football. 3. The government has come up with a plan to tackle the widening income gap between rich and poor. 4. If you want to win the marathon, you're going to have to train hard but it's a case of no pain, no gain. 5. Because of the spiralling costs, we can no longer afford to finish the building project. BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月16日 14:37
这三个表示“伸出”的动词你能分清吗
这三个表示“伸出”的动词你能分清吗

   Project、protrude 和 jut 这三个词都有“伸出、突出”的意思,算是同义词。Project 指“物体从某一面或某一边突出或延伸出来”;protrude 指“从某处突出来或从内部顶出来”,常用于描述动物器官的凸出状况;jut 常与介词 out 搭配,除了可以表示“从一面突出”之外,还可以形容人因不服气而“把下巴翘起来”。在本集节目中,我们将通过场景例句加深大家对它们的理解。  欢迎你加入并和我们一起讨论英语学习的方方面面。请通过微博“BBC英语教学”或邮件与我们取得联系。我们的邮箱地址是 questions.chinaelt@bbc.co.uk。 文字稿 (关于台词的备注: 请注意这不是广播节目的逐字稿件。本文稿可能没有体现录制、编辑过程中对节目做出的改变。) Helen                                                               大家好,欢迎收听 BBC 英语教学的《你问我答》节目,我是 Helen。每期节目,我们会回答大家在英语学习时所碰到的问题。本期的问题来自一名网名为“亲爱的娃娃菜”的朋友。让我们一起来听一下。 Question您好!我想请问一下,在表示“伸出,突出”这个意思上 project、protrude 和 jut 三者的区别。 Helen谢谢“亲爱的娃娃菜”。Project、protrude 和 jut 都有“伸出、突出”的意思。那么,它们的区别是什么?在使用时应该注意什么呢?接下来的时间,就让我们一起来探讨。 我们先来看一下 project。在这里提醒大家注意的是,作为动词时,它的发音是 project (prəˈdʒekt),和名词 project (ˈprɒdʒ.ekt) 的发音的重音是不一样的。Project 是一个相对比较正式的词,意思是指一样东西“从某一个面或某一边突出或延伸出来”,因此 project 通常与 over、above、out、from 等介词搭配,来确定突出部分的方位,请听例句。 ExamplesThe glass bridge projects from the side of the mountain and is suspended in the air. 这个玻璃桥从山的侧面伸出,是悬空的。 The stair is made up of thick glass steps projecting from the wall. It looks amazing. 由从墙面横插着的厚玻璃板构成的这个楼梯,非常别致。 Helen现在,我们再来看 protrude,它是一个正式用词。作为动词时,指什么东西“从某处突出来或从内部顶出来”。请听例句。 ExamplesWe found a rock shaped like a face protruding from the edge of the cliff. 我们找到一块从悬崖边突出来的,形状象脸的岩石。 Be careful. There’s a nail protruding slightly from the table top. 小心,桌面上有一颗拱出来了一点儿的钉子。 Helen和 project 不同的是 protrude 含有“鼓出来、涨出来”的意思,它经常出现在描述动物或人体身体器官出现突出的情况。我们来听几个例句。 ExamplesFrogs’ eyes protrude from their eye sockets. 青蛙的眼睛从它们的眼窝里向外突出。 Leo’s front tooth protrudes at an awkward angle, so I am taking him to the orthodontist. 里奥的门牙顶出一个很难看的角度,我准备带他去看正牙医生。 Keep your arms straight by your side, so they do not protrude. 把你的手臂放在两侧,不要“拱”出来。 Helen最后让我们来看一看 jut。作为动词时,它的意思是“因构造或位置等原因使物体的一部分伸出某一平面之上,或是从物体的一侧伸出或突出”。在谈论地势、地理情况和建筑的构造时,我们会看到这个词。Jut 常与 out、over、from 等介词搭配,表明延伸的位置或方向。Jut 使用的频率不高,通常人们会以“to stick out 突出”来表示同样的含义。请听例句。 ExamplesThe southern end of the island is long and thin. It juts out into the sea. 小岛的南端又细又长,一直延伸到了海里。  The rocks jut out from the ground, forming a row of columns. 这些岩石从地面拱起形成一排柱子。 Helen当人们不服气或是很倔强的时候,常常把下巴“翘起来,扬起来”。这种情况,我们可以用 jut 或 jut out 来表达。请听例句。 ExampleSally jutted her chin and turned her head away from the teacher. 莎莉把下巴翘得高高的,倔强地转过头避开了老师。 John jutted out his jaw in defiance. 约翰不服气地翘起他的下巴,以示抗议。 Helen好了,对 project、protrude 和 jut 这三个词的区别,今天就分析到这里。简单总结一下 – project 指“从某一个面或某一边突出或延伸出来”;protrude 指“从某处突出来或从内部顶出来”,常用于描述动物器官的鼓出状况;jut 除了表示“从一面突出或延伸出去”之外,还可以形容人把下巴翘起来,表示“不服气”。 Helen再次感谢“亲爱的娃娃菜”给BBC英语教学发来的这个问题。如果你在英语学习中遇到疑问 BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月16日 14:34
双语:海外学生每年为英国经济注入200亿英镑
双语:海外学生每年为英国经济注入200亿英镑

   英国高等教育政策研究所(Higher Education Policy Institute)的一项最新研究分析显示,国际学生对英国经济的贡献要比接待他们的成本高出十倍。分析报告指出,不只是学费这一项开销,国际学生在英期间的消费也已成为支撑当地经济的重要部分。 There are about 230,000 international students starting university in the UK each year. As well as tuition fees, the report says many local jobs depend upon their spending on everything from accommodation to restaurants and taxis.                                                                           This is calculated as being worth, on average, more than £30m for every constituency. The think tank's director, Nick Hillman, says it shows international students should be removed from immigration targets. But the Home Office says that there is no limit on genuine students and that there are no plans to change the rules. 每年约有23万国际学生选择在英国上大学。英国高等教育政策研究所发表的报告说,不单靠学生交纳的学费,英国当地的很多工作都依赖于这些国际生在住宿、餐饮、交通等所有衣食住行方面的支出。 平均算下来,国际学生在英国的花销相当于给每个英国国会选区三千多万英镑的贡献。这家智库的主任尼克·希尔曼(Nick Hillman)说,这份报告说明国际学生不该成为移民局针对限制的目标对象。但英国内政部表示他们对于真正要来英国求学的学生数量并没有限制,他们也没有修改现行政策的计划。 1. 词汇表 tuition fees(大学)学费 depend upon 依赖于,依靠于 accommodation 住宿 worth 值…钱 constituency 英国国会选区 think tank 智囊团 immigration targets 移民局针对限制的目标对象 genuine 真正的,并非伪造的 2. 阅读理解:请在读完上文后,回答下列问题。 1. Name something in the report that overseas students spend their money on. 2. Why do you think Nick Hillman wants international students not to be included in immigration targets? 3. What type of students do the Home Office say it does not limit the numbers of? 4. True or false? There are about 230,000 overseas students in UK universities every year. 3. 答案 1. Name something in the report that overseas students spend their money on. Accommodation, eating at restaurants, using taxis 2. Why do you think Nick Hillman wants international students not to be included in immigration targets? Because they spend money which adds to the UK economy. 3. What type of students do the Home Office say it does not limit the numbers of? It says there is no limit on genuine students. 4. True or false? There are about 230,000 overseas students in UK universities every year.False. There are about 230,000 international students starting university in the UK each year but there are other students already studying in the UK. BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月16日 14:32
双语阅读:近距离接触人工智能机器人索菲亚
双语阅读:近距离接触人工智能机器人索菲亚

   In a robotics lab at the University of Las Vegas, I've come to meet Sophia, who looks pretty human, and is just learning to walk. Sophia, Robot     “I want people to perceive me as the robot I am. However, I wouldn't want to trick people into thinking I'm a human. I just want to communicate with humans in the best possible ways, which includes looking like one.” Sophia, who's had advanced notice of my questions, has few practical uses right now. But her creators - an American firm employing Chinese scientists - believe she represents a big step on the road to artificial intelligence. David Hanson, Hanson Robotics“Our aspiration is to bring the machines to life, to create living intelligence systems and there you'll see the greatest revolution in artificial intelligence. We're aspiring towards this. Do we know for sure that it can be done? We think it can.” And among the thousands of new gadgets on show in Las Vegas this week, artificial intelligence is a constant theme. There's a seeing suitcase that can follow its owner around the airport. This friendly robot wanders around your home filming short bursts of video to send to your phone. And Vincent, developed in Cambridge, is a drawing programme that learns to turn simple sketches into works of art. And here is the most obvious example of AI: the race to transform cities with driverless cars. This autonomous cab from Uber’s rival, Lyft, still has someone who can take over the wheel. But within a couple of years, this company believes we’ll hop into a cab which will take us across town all on its own. 我专门来到拉斯维加斯大学的一个机器人实验室里来看索菲亚,她的外形看起来和人类差不多,并且正在学习走路。 索菲亚,机器人 “我希望人们把我看作是机器人。无论如何,我不想哄骗人们,让他们觉得我是人类。我只是想以我可以达到的最好的方式与人类沟通,包括在外形上尽量接近人类的样子。” 索菲亚对访谈的问题事先做了准备,但目前她并没有什么实际的用途。不过它的创造者,一家雇佣中国科学家的美国公司,认为它象征着科技在人工智能道路上迈出的一大步。 大卫·汉森,美国汉森机器人公司 “我们渴望达到的目标是给机械装置注入生命力,从而建立近人类的智能体系,在那里人们将看到人工智能领域最伟大的技术革新。我们有志于向实现这一目标努力。我们确信可以实现它吗?应该可以吧。” 本周,在拉斯维加斯参展的上千个新科技装置中,人工智能是始终贯穿不变的主题。 比如:一种“可视的行李箱”,它可以在机场追随自己主人的脚步;这个友好的机器人可以在你家里游荡,拍摄短视频,并把拍到的视频片断发送到你的手机里。 文森特,一个在剑桥被开发出来的绘图程序,可以将简单的草图转化成艺术作品。 还有一个最能体现人工智能科技的典范,那就是将城市车辆都变成无人驾驶汽车的技术竞赛。这辆自动驾驶的出租车来自优步的竞争对手,来福车(Lyft),不过在需要时,仍有司机可接过方向盘来驾驶。但来福车公司相信,用不了几年,我们将会跳上一辆无人驾驶的出租车,由它载着我们在城市中穿梭。 词汇 robot机器人 artificial intelligence (AI) 人工智能 (AI) driverless cars无人驾驶汽车 autonomous cab自动驾驶的出租车 你知道吗? Sophia is the first robot in the world to become a citizen of a country. Saudi Arabia has given her citizenship! 索菲亚是世界上第一个获得国籍的机器人。沙特阿拉伯赋予了她公民身份。 问题答案 No. She says she wants people to perceive – think about – her as a robot. BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月16日 14:27
英语小测验:和“冬天”相关的词汇
英语小测验:和“冬天”相关的词汇

   对生活在北半球的我们来说,正值冰雪严寒。冬天意味着寒冷的天气、荒凉的自然环境还有贫乏的室外活动,不过别沮丧,我们准备了一些有意思的英语表达,教你地道地描述冬季。通过下面的测验,学习与冬天相关的词汇和表达。 1. Which of these expressions is NOT used to mean the middle of winter? a) In the midst of winter b) In mid-winter c) In the dead of winter d) In semi-winter 2. The cold of winter makes people want to be warm and comfortable inside. Which of these expressions does not mean ‘warm and comfortable’? a) comfy b) chipper c) snug d) cosy 3. Winter often brings rain and snow as well as cold temperatures. Which of these is not a word related to snow? a) sleet b) slush c) sludge d) flurry 4. Which of these expressions is not an informal way of saying ‘It’s cold.’ a) It’s a bit crisp outside. b) It’s a bit sharp outside. c) It’s a bit bracing outside. d) It’s a bit tepid outside. 5. The sun sets earlier in winter until December 21st. What expression is used to describe this? a) The days are shorter. b) The night is longer. c) The nights are drawing in. d) The nights are coming in. 6. Which of these clothing-related expressions are you less likely to hear in relation to cold weather? a) You’d better put on another layer. b) You’d better bulk up quick. c) You’d better wear your thermals. d) You’d better wrap up warm. 1) d, 2) b, 3) c, 4) d, 5) c, 6) b. BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月16日 14:24
“开溜”的地道英语表达
“开溜”的地道英语表达

   内容简介 在本集节目中,主持人 Rob 好像在躲避什么事情。在英语中,由单词“run 跑步”衍生出来的表达“do a runner”地道地形容人们为了逃避困境或付款而开溜,逃跑。看视频,学习一个表示“开溜”的说法。 文字稿 Feifei大家好,欢迎收听 BBC 英语教学的《地道英语》节目。我是冯菲菲。 Rob And I’m Rob. Quick Feifei, shut that door. FeifeiOK, calm down Rob, what's the problem? RobWell there's something going on in the office – everyone's shouting and arguing about who broke the computer – you know, the new one with all that fancy software on it. FeifeiOh yes, that really expensive one. So you've run away from the situation – that makes you look very guilty. 你说你躲开了,别人肯定会起疑心。 RobThat's true – but the problem is, I am guilty. But the boss seemed so angry; I thought it best to… well… sort of… FeifeiDo a runner? Rob If you mean to leave a place in order to avoid a difficult or unpleasant situation – then I suppose you're right. Feifei I am! 在英语里,有这么一个地道的说法:do a runner。它的意思是为了逃避一个困境而开溜。这个说法来形容你刚才的行为可是再恰当不过了。 RobOh no, is someone coming? I'll just hide under the desk while we hear some examples of this phrase in action. ExamplesThe new trainee did a runner after the first day – I don't think he could cope with the high-pressure environment. When they started to blame me for the mistake, I felt it best to do a runner and keep out of the way. Feifei好了,上面就是本集节目要介绍给大家的表达“do a runner 开溜,逃离”。But Rob, this phrase has another similar meaning too, doesn’t it? Rob Yes. You can 'do a runner' from a place to avoid paying for something.  Feifei我们还可以用“do a runner”来形容有些人为了逃避付款而跑掉。举个例子:玲在那家高档餐厅用餐后,为了逃避付款给跑掉了。Ling did a runner after eating at the posh restaurant. Have you ever done a runner like that, Rob? RobOf course not! You know how honest I am. Feifei你很诚实?Is that why you are hiding in this studio, rather than admit you broke the new computer? RobWell, it was an accident. Oh no, the boss is heading straight for the studio. I had better dash… see ya. FeifeiBye Rob. It looks like he's done a runner, again. Bye. BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月16日 14:21
投资艺术品就肯定有回报吗
投资艺术品就肯定有回报吗

   如今,投资的种类和方式有很多,其中最流行的一种莫过于艺术品投资。幸运的买家可能会买到一个有巨大升值空间的艺术品,但幸运的人毕竟有限,那么买艺术品是成为百万富翁的最佳方式吗?艺术品投资的风险大吗?本集《随身英语》讨论艺术品投资是否一定会给你带来经济上的回报。 课文内容 Vocabulary: finance 词汇: 财经 We all have a different approach to money – some of us like to spend it as soon as we have it, even splashing the cash on extravagant things, while some of us like to hold on to it and spend it carefully. But for people who are very savvy about their cash, there are a number of interesting ways to invest it and, if things go well, make a tidy profit. Buying stamps, wine, coins and books are all different ways of investing your money. It comes with risks but can be thrilling as, hopefully, you watch the value of your investment rise. However, you need to know what you're doing and making your fortune is not guaranteed. If you're happy to take a gamble, then one of the most well-known ways of investing is by buying artwork. By purchasing a painting and holding on to it, its value can increase by a handsome sum, but of course it's only when you sell it do you feel the financial benefit. Some people get quite lucky, particularly when they don't expect to make any money. There are stories of people buying a painting in an antique shop for peanuts only to find out it's actually worth thousands of pounds. Investing in art appears to be a hobby for the rich, but not always. Recently, an investor's dream came true when a picture believed to have been painted by Leonardo da Vinci sold for £341m. He had bought it about 60 years ago in an auction for just £45 thinking it was only painted by a follower of da Vinci. Of course this is a rare story and investing in artwork is not a guarantee to make you a millionaire. Patrick Connolly, a financial adviser at Chase de Vere, told BBC News that to invest in art as a true investment, "you need a starting fund of at least £5,000, and possibly up to £500,000, which can be used to buy individual works of art or invested in an art fund." He feels investing in art is too risky and recommends their clients not to invest in it because the downsides outweigh the upsides. But if you're still keen, there are art fairs, such as The Affordable Art Fair, and websites aimed at buyers with a modest budget. Patrick Connolly says the best approach here is to buy something you like and can afford and "if it goes up in value, that should be just an added bonus." If this has spoilt your plans for your investment portfolio, maybe there's more chance of winning big money by buying a lottery ticket! 词汇表 splash the cash 花大笔的钱,挥霍 savvy 懂行的 invest 投资 a tidy profit 一笔可观的利润 risk 风险 fortune 财富,一大笔钱 take a gamble 赌一把,冒险做某事 a handsome sum 一笔可观的数目 financial benefit 经济效益 peanut 一小笔钱 auction 拍卖 millionaire 百万富翁 fund 资金,专款 downside 缺点,不利的一面 upside 好处,优点 modest budget 有限的预算 an added bonus 附加的收益,额外的好处 portfolio 投资组合 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. True or false? By investing in stamps, wine, coins and books, your investments my rise or fall in value. 2. If you buy a painting, what do you have to do to actually get the benefit of its financial value? 3. Was the painting by Leonardo da Vinci, bought by an art investor, actually painted by the artist? 4. According to Patrick Connolly, a financial adviser at Chase de Vere, how risky does he think it is to invest in art? 5. Which word used in the article means 'is certain that something will happen or exist'? 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. The ______ of walking in the mountains at night are high but despite that, he's gone anyway. chance       fortune       risks       upside 2. We're putting money into a special holiday ______ and hope we will have saved enough to go away next year. funds       fund       funding       funded                       3. The ______ of living in a beautiful village is it is very expensive. downside       upside       fortune       chance 4. We loved seeing the show at the theatre and meeting the actors afterwards was ______. an adding bonus       an added bonus       a bonus addition       a added bonus 5. Because I had lost my job, we didn't have much money and we had to live on a ______. tidy profit       financial benefit       splash the cash       modest budget 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. True or false? By investing in stamps, wine, coins and books, your investments my rise or fall in value.True. The article says "making your fortune is not guaranteed." 2. If you buy a painting, what do you have to do to actually get the benefit of its financial value? You have to sell it. 3. Was the painting by Leonardo da Vinci, bought by an art investor, actually painted by the artist? Yes, it is believed to have been. But when he had bought it about 60 years ago in an auction for just £45 he thought it was only painted by a follower of da Vinci. 4. According to Patrick Connolly, a financial adviser at Chase de Vere, how risky does he think it is to invest in art? He thinks it's too risky and recommends their clients do not invest in it. 5. Which word used in the article means 'is certain that something will happen or exist'? guaranteed 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. The risks of walking in the mountains at night are high but despite that, he's gone anyway. 2. We're putting money into a special holiday fund and hope we will have saved enough to go away next year. 3. The downside of living in a beautiful village is it is very expensive. 4. We loved seeing the show at the theatre and meeting the actors afterwards was an added bonus. 5. Because I had lost my job, we didn't have much money and we had to live on a modest budget. BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月08日 12:15
每日短语:表示“回归常态”的英文短语
每日短语:表示“回归常态”的英文短语

   今日短语 这个表达来自网球运动,原本用来描述运动员在一番休息之后再次进入状态,挥拍更加顺手,而现在则多用来表示人们回归常态,重新投入到正常的工作、生活中。 例句 After my long holiday it took me a while to get back into the swing of things. 在休完长假后,我花了好一段时间才恢复了正常的生活作息规律。 I hadn't worked in sales for a long time, so it took me a few weeks to get back into the swing of things. 我已经很久没有在销售岗位工作了,所以我用了几周的时间才适应。 When I moved back to my country, it took me over a month to get back into the swing of things. 我搬回国居住后,花了一个多月时间才逐渐习惯在故乡生活的节奏。 BBC英语教学[详情]

新浪教育 | 2018年01月08日 12:13
每日短语: “前程似锦”用英语如何表达
每日短语: “前程似锦”用英语如何表达

   今日短语 复合词 up-and-coming 的字面意思是“即将出现的,即将到来的”,但其实际所指的意思是“崭露头角的,积极进取的,前途光明的”。它通常出现在名词前,比如:an up-and-coming neighbourhood 一个有发展潜能的住宅区。 例句 He's only 15, but he's an up-and-coming footballer. 他只有十五岁,但已经是一名极具潜力、前途光明的足球运动员了。 There are lots of up-and-coming entrepreneurs in social media. 社交媒体领域有很多崭露头角的创业者。 She's an up-and-coming star. 她是一名前程似锦的新星。 BBC英语教学[详情]

每日短语: “启动开始”的英文用法
每日短语: “启动开始”的英文用法

   今日短语 在英语里,除了用“start”来表示“开始、启动”以外,我们还可以用“to get something off the ground”来形象地描述“使一件事情开始”或“使其成功进行”。就像盖房子,只有把地基打好了,才能顺利地加盖楼层。 例句 We're going to have to work hard to get this business off the ground. 我们接下来得努力工作,才能顺利地开始做这门生意。 I wanted to open a restaurant, but I just couldn't get enough investment to get it off the ground. 我曾是想开家餐馆,但由于没有获得足够的资金故没能成型。 It's not easy to get a project off the ground, the first few weeks are really important. 要把一个项目做成功绝非易事,开始的几周时间至关重要。 BBC英语教学[详情]

双语阅读:英国大学生学历和收入之间的关系
双语阅读:英国大学生学历和收入之间的关系

   上大学获取一个学位可不是件容易的事。大多数人相信,获得大学文凭对一名毕业生的未来职业发展必有帮助。但这一纸文凭究竟有那么管用吗?学生所学习的专业会影响其未来的就业和收入吗?本集《随身英语》讨论在英国,学历和收入之间的关系。 课文内容 Vocabulary: Education 词汇: 教育 What's the point of studying?! It's something you might ask yourself if you're studying for a degree and you're struggling to complete an assignment or sweating it out in an exam, especially if your friends seem to be out having a good time, or are working and earning lots of money. Many of us choose to go to university as a first step towards a good career but sometimes that career is hard to achieve and graduates end up doing something they are overqualified for. The Chartered Institute for Personnel and Development says that with the spiralling costs of university, students need to ask themselves whether a degree path is the best route into a career. It says there is a need for much better career advice and guidance, alongside high-quality alternative vocational routes into employment other than university education. But other new research commissioned for the BBC, says that a degree will, in the long run, earn you more. However there are differences in your earning potential. Dr Jack Britton from the Institute for Fiscal Studies says that "Graduates of the 24 Russell Group universities earn an average of £33,500 after five years - about 40% more than those who studied at other universities." However, it found it's not just the location but other factors than can play a part in what you can earn, such as the subject a student chooses to study. It discovered that five years after graduation, the income gap between students who studied the subjects that attract the highest and lowest salaries can be considerable. Graduates in subjects such as law, medicine and dentistry tend to do well. And as they progress, the pay gap between these careers and others, such as the creative arts, widens. There are other factors too that influence what you might earn: Five years after graduation, men earn on average, 14% more than women. Also, a student's social background can have an effect, with those from better-off households much more likely to go to university and particularly a good one. But if you still feel university delivers the best opportunities then there are encouraging words from Alistair Jarvis, head of Universities UK, who told BBC News that "Employers are demanding more graduates... and graduates are half as likely to be unemployed as non-graduates. There are many many good graduate outcomes coming from universities." So maybe all that studying is worth it – after all 'no pain, no gain'! 词汇表 assignment 作业 sweat it out 如坐针毡地等待(考试)结束 career 职业,事业 graduate 毕业生 overqualified 资历过高的 spiralling costs 急剧上升的费用 vocational 职业的 in the long run 从长远看 Russell Group 罗素大学集团 income gap 收入差 law 法律 medicine 医学 dentistry 牙科 creative arts 创意艺术 social background 社会家庭背景 outcome 结果 no pain, no gain 一份耕耘,一份收获 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. According to the article, why might you question whether to go to university or not? 2. Where has research found you should study to earn more money in your career? 3. True or false? Studying creative arts at university tends to lead to a lower-earning career than from studying dentistry. 4. Which word used in the article, means 'have an effect on (something)'? 5. According to Alistair Jarvis, head of Universities UK, is there less or more chance of being unemployed if you have a degree? 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. Mandeep felt ______ when she graduated from Oxford and got a job stacking shelves in a supermarket. underqualified       qualified       over-qualification       overqualified 2. Buying a pair of boots is ______ in my long career in football. a first step       in the long run       no pain, no gain       vocational 3. The government has come up with a plan to tackle the widening ______ between rich and poor. outcomes       income gap       spiralling costs       medicine 4. If you want to win the marathon, you're going to have to train hard but it's a case of ______. no gain, no pain       no gain or pain       no pain, no gain       not pain, not pain 5. Because of the ______, we can no longer afford to finish the building project. social background       spiralling costs       income gap       law 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. According to the article, why might you question whether to go to university or not? The spiralling costs: The Chartered Institute for Personnel and Development says that with the spiralling costs of university, students need to ask themselves whether a degree path is the best route into a career. 2. Where has research found you should study to earn more money in your career? At Russell Group universities. Dr Jack Britton from the Institute for Fiscal Studies says that "Graduates of the 24 Russell Group universities earn an average of £33,500 after five years - about 40% more than those who studied at other universities." 3. True or false? Studying creative arts at university tends to lead to a lower-earning career than from studying dentistry. True. Graduates in subjects such as law, medicine and dentistry tend to do well. And as they progress, the pay gap between these careers and others, such as the creative arts, widens. 4. Which word used in the article, means 'have an effect on (something)'? Influence. 5. According to Alistair Jarvis, head of Universities UK, is there less or more chance of being unemployed if you have a degree? Less chance. He says "graduates are half as likely to be unemployed as non-graduates." 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. Mandeep felt overqualified when she graduated from Oxford and got a job stacking shelves in a supermarket. 2. Buying a pair of boots is a first step in my long career in football. 3. The government has come up with a plan to tackle the widening income gap between rich and poor. 4. If you want to win the marathon, you're going to have to train hard but it's a case of no pain, no gain. 5. Because of the spiralling costs, we can no longer afford to finish the building project. BBC英语教学[详情]

这三个表示“伸出”的动词你能分清吗
这三个表示“伸出”的动词你能分清吗

   Project、protrude 和 jut 这三个词都有“伸出、突出”的意思,算是同义词。Project 指“物体从某一面或某一边突出或延伸出来”;protrude 指“从某处突出来或从内部顶出来”,常用于描述动物器官的凸出状况;jut 常与介词 out 搭配,除了可以表示“从一面突出”之外,还可以形容人因不服气而“把下巴翘起来”。在本集节目中,我们将通过场景例句加深大家对它们的理解。  欢迎你加入并和我们一起讨论英语学习的方方面面。请通过微博“BBC英语教学”或邮件与我们取得联系。我们的邮箱地址是 questions.chinaelt@bbc.co.uk。 文字稿 (关于台词的备注: 请注意这不是广播节目的逐字稿件。本文稿可能没有体现录制、编辑过程中对节目做出的改变。) Helen                                                               大家好,欢迎收听 BBC 英语教学的《你问我答》节目,我是 Helen。每期节目,我们会回答大家在英语学习时所碰到的问题。本期的问题来自一名网名为“亲爱的娃娃菜”的朋友。让我们一起来听一下。 Question您好!我想请问一下,在表示“伸出,突出”这个意思上 project、protrude 和 jut 三者的区别。 Helen谢谢“亲爱的娃娃菜”。Project、protrude 和 jut 都有“伸出、突出”的意思。那么,它们的区别是什么?在使用时应该注意什么呢?接下来的时间,就让我们一起来探讨。 我们先来看一下 project。在这里提醒大家注意的是,作为动词时,它的发音是 project (prəˈdʒekt),和名词 project (ˈprɒdʒ.ekt) 的发音的重音是不一样的。Project 是一个相对比较正式的词,意思是指一样东西“从某一个面或某一边突出或延伸出来”,因此 project 通常与 over、above、out、from 等介词搭配,来确定突出部分的方位,请听例句。 ExamplesThe glass bridge projects from the side of the mountain and is suspended in the air. 这个玻璃桥从山的侧面伸出,是悬空的。 The stair is made up of thick glass steps projecting from the wall. It looks amazing. 由从墙面横插着的厚玻璃板构成的这个楼梯,非常别致。 Helen现在,我们再来看 protrude,它是一个正式用词。作为动词时,指什么东西“从某处突出来或从内部顶出来”。请听例句。 ExamplesWe found a rock shaped like a face protruding from the edge of the cliff. 我们找到一块从悬崖边突出来的,形状象脸的岩石。 Be careful. There’s a nail protruding slightly from the table top. 小心,桌面上有一颗拱出来了一点儿的钉子。 Helen和 project 不同的是 protrude 含有“鼓出来、涨出来”的意思,它经常出现在描述动物或人体身体器官出现突出的情况。我们来听几个例句。 ExamplesFrogs’ eyes protrude from their eye sockets. 青蛙的眼睛从它们的眼窝里向外突出。 Leo’s front tooth protrudes at an awkward angle, so I am taking him to the orthodontist. 里奥的门牙顶出一个很难看的角度,我准备带他去看正牙医生。 Keep your arms straight by your side, so they do not protrude. 把你的手臂放在两侧,不要“拱”出来。 Helen最后让我们来看一看 jut。作为动词时,它的意思是“因构造或位置等原因使物体的一部分伸出某一平面之上,或是从物体的一侧伸出或突出”。在谈论地势、地理情况和建筑的构造时,我们会看到这个词。Jut 常与 out、over、from 等介词搭配,表明延伸的位置或方向。Jut 使用的频率不高,通常人们会以“to stick out 突出”来表示同样的含义。请听例句。 ExamplesThe southern end of the island is long and thin. It juts out into the sea. 小岛的南端又细又长,一直延伸到了海里。  The rocks jut out from the ground, forming a row of columns. 这些岩石从地面拱起形成一排柱子。 Helen当人们不服气或是很倔强的时候,常常把下巴“翘起来,扬起来”。这种情况,我们可以用 jut 或 jut out 来表达。请听例句。 ExampleSally jutted her chin and turned her head away from the teacher. 莎莉把下巴翘得高高的,倔强地转过头避开了老师。 John jutted out his jaw in defiance. 约翰不服气地翘起他的下巴,以示抗议。 Helen好了,对 project、protrude 和 jut 这三个词的区别,今天就分析到这里。简单总结一下 – project 指“从某一个面或某一边突出或延伸出来”;protrude 指“从某处突出来或从内部顶出来”,常用于描述动物器官的鼓出状况;jut 除了表示“从一面突出或延伸出去”之外,还可以形容人把下巴翘起来,表示“不服气”。 Helen再次感谢“亲爱的娃娃菜”给BBC英语教学发来的这个问题。如果你在英语学习中遇到疑问 BBC英语教学[详情]

双语:海外学生每年为英国经济注入200亿英镑
双语:海外学生每年为英国经济注入200亿英镑

   英国高等教育政策研究所(Higher Education Policy Institute)的一项最新研究分析显示,国际学生对英国经济的贡献要比接待他们的成本高出十倍。分析报告指出,不只是学费这一项开销,国际学生在英期间的消费也已成为支撑当地经济的重要部分。 There are about 230,000 international students starting university in the UK each year. As well as tuition fees, the report says many local jobs depend upon their spending on everything from accommodation to restaurants and taxis.                                                                           This is calculated as being worth, on average, more than £30m for every constituency. The think tank's director, Nick Hillman, says it shows international students should be removed from immigration targets. But the Home Office says that there is no limit on genuine students and that there are no plans to change the rules. 每年约有23万国际学生选择在英国上大学。英国高等教育政策研究所发表的报告说,不单靠学生交纳的学费,英国当地的很多工作都依赖于这些国际生在住宿、餐饮、交通等所有衣食住行方面的支出。 平均算下来,国际学生在英国的花销相当于给每个英国国会选区三千多万英镑的贡献。这家智库的主任尼克·希尔曼(Nick Hillman)说,这份报告说明国际学生不该成为移民局针对限制的目标对象。但英国内政部表示他们对于真正要来英国求学的学生数量并没有限制,他们也没有修改现行政策的计划。 1. 词汇表 tuition fees(大学)学费 depend upon 依赖于,依靠于 accommodation 住宿 worth 值…钱 constituency 英国国会选区 think tank 智囊团 immigration targets 移民局针对限制的目标对象 genuine 真正的,并非伪造的 2. 阅读理解:请在读完上文后,回答下列问题。 1. Name something in the report that overseas students spend their money on. 2. Why do you think Nick Hillman wants international students not to be included in immigration targets? 3. What type of students do the Home Office say it does not limit the numbers of? 4. True or false? There are about 230,000 overseas students in UK universities every year. 3. 答案 1. Name something in the report that overseas students spend their money on. Accommodation, eating at restaurants, using taxis 2. Why do you think Nick Hillman wants international students not to be included in immigration targets? Because they spend money which adds to the UK economy. 3. What type of students do the Home Office say it does not limit the numbers of? It says there is no limit on genuine students. 4. True or false? There are about 230,000 overseas students in UK universities every year.False. There are about 230,000 international students starting university in the UK each year but there are other students already studying in the UK. BBC英语教学[详情]

双语阅读:近距离接触人工智能机器人索菲亚
双语阅读:近距离接触人工智能机器人索菲亚

   In a robotics lab at the University of Las Vegas, I've come to meet Sophia, who looks pretty human, and is just learning to walk. Sophia, Robot     “I want people to perceive me as the robot I am. However, I wouldn't want to trick people into thinking I'm a human. I just want to communicate with humans in the best possible ways, which includes looking like one.” Sophia, who's had advanced notice of my questions, has few practical uses right now. But her creators - an American firm employing Chinese scientists - believe she represents a big step on the road to artificial intelligence. David Hanson, Hanson Robotics“Our aspiration is to bring the machines to life, to create living intelligence systems and there you'll see the greatest revolution in artificial intelligence. We're aspiring towards this. Do we know for sure that it can be done? We think it can.” And among the thousands of new gadgets on show in Las Vegas this week, artificial intelligence is a constant theme. There's a seeing suitcase that can follow its owner around the airport. This friendly robot wanders around your home filming short bursts of video to send to your phone. And Vincent, developed in Cambridge, is a drawing programme that learns to turn simple sketches into works of art. And here is the most obvious example of AI: the race to transform cities with driverless cars. This autonomous cab from Uber’s rival, Lyft, still has someone who can take over the wheel. But within a couple of years, this company believes we’ll hop into a cab which will take us across town all on its own. 我专门来到拉斯维加斯大学的一个机器人实验室里来看索菲亚,她的外形看起来和人类差不多,并且正在学习走路。 索菲亚,机器人 “我希望人们把我看作是机器人。无论如何,我不想哄骗人们,让他们觉得我是人类。我只是想以我可以达到的最好的方式与人类沟通,包括在外形上尽量接近人类的样子。” 索菲亚对访谈的问题事先做了准备,但目前她并没有什么实际的用途。不过它的创造者,一家雇佣中国科学家的美国公司,认为它象征着科技在人工智能道路上迈出的一大步。 大卫·汉森,美国汉森机器人公司 “我们渴望达到的目标是给机械装置注入生命力,从而建立近人类的智能体系,在那里人们将看到人工智能领域最伟大的技术革新。我们有志于向实现这一目标努力。我们确信可以实现它吗?应该可以吧。” 本周,在拉斯维加斯参展的上千个新科技装置中,人工智能是始终贯穿不变的主题。 比如:一种“可视的行李箱”,它可以在机场追随自己主人的脚步;这个友好的机器人可以在你家里游荡,拍摄短视频,并把拍到的视频片断发送到你的手机里。 文森特,一个在剑桥被开发出来的绘图程序,可以将简单的草图转化成艺术作品。 还有一个最能体现人工智能科技的典范,那就是将城市车辆都变成无人驾驶汽车的技术竞赛。这辆自动驾驶的出租车来自优步的竞争对手,来福车(Lyft),不过在需要时,仍有司机可接过方向盘来驾驶。但来福车公司相信,用不了几年,我们将会跳上一辆无人驾驶的出租车,由它载着我们在城市中穿梭。 词汇 robot机器人 artificial intelligence (AI) 人工智能 (AI) driverless cars无人驾驶汽车 autonomous cab自动驾驶的出租车 你知道吗? Sophia is the first robot in the world to become a citizen of a country. Saudi Arabia has given her citizenship! 索菲亚是世界上第一个获得国籍的机器人。沙特阿拉伯赋予了她公民身份。 问题答案 No. She says she wants people to perceive – think about – her as a robot. BBC英语教学[详情]

英语小测验:和“冬天”相关的词汇
英语小测验:和“冬天”相关的词汇

   对生活在北半球的我们来说,正值冰雪严寒。冬天意味着寒冷的天气、荒凉的自然环境还有贫乏的室外活动,不过别沮丧,我们准备了一些有意思的英语表达,教你地道地描述冬季。通过下面的测验,学习与冬天相关的词汇和表达。 1. Which of these expressions is NOT used to mean the middle of winter? a) In the midst of winter b) In mid-winter c) In the dead of winter d) In semi-winter 2. The cold of winter makes people want to be warm and comfortable inside. Which of these expressions does not mean ‘warm and comfortable’? a) comfy b) chipper c) snug d) cosy 3. Winter often brings rain and snow as well as cold temperatures. Which of these is not a word related to snow? a) sleet b) slush c) sludge d) flurry 4. Which of these expressions is not an informal way of saying ‘It’s cold.’ a) It’s a bit crisp outside. b) It’s a bit sharp outside. c) It’s a bit bracing outside. d) It’s a bit tepid outside. 5. The sun sets earlier in winter until December 21st. What expression is used to describe this? a) The days are shorter. b) The night is longer. c) The nights are drawing in. d) The nights are coming in. 6. Which of these clothing-related expressions are you less likely to hear in relation to cold weather? a) You’d better put on another layer. b) You’d better bulk up quick. c) You’d better wear your thermals. d) You’d better wrap up warm. 1) d, 2) b, 3) c, 4) d, 5) c, 6) b. BBC英语教学[详情]

“开溜”的地道英语表达
“开溜”的地道英语表达

   内容简介 在本集节目中,主持人 Rob 好像在躲避什么事情。在英语中,由单词“run 跑步”衍生出来的表达“do a runner”地道地形容人们为了逃避困境或付款而开溜,逃跑。看视频,学习一个表示“开溜”的说法。 文字稿 Feifei大家好,欢迎收听 BBC 英语教学的《地道英语》节目。我是冯菲菲。 Rob And I’m Rob. Quick Feifei, shut that door. FeifeiOK, calm down Rob, what's the problem? RobWell there's something going on in the office – everyone's shouting and arguing about who broke the computer – you know, the new one with all that fancy software on it. FeifeiOh yes, that really expensive one. So you've run away from the situation – that makes you look very guilty. 你说你躲开了,别人肯定会起疑心。 RobThat's true – but the problem is, I am guilty. But the boss seemed so angry; I thought it best to… well… sort of… FeifeiDo a runner? Rob If you mean to leave a place in order to avoid a difficult or unpleasant situation – then I suppose you're right. Feifei I am! 在英语里,有这么一个地道的说法:do a runner。它的意思是为了逃避一个困境而开溜。这个说法来形容你刚才的行为可是再恰当不过了。 RobOh no, is someone coming? I'll just hide under the desk while we hear some examples of this phrase in action. ExamplesThe new trainee did a runner after the first day – I don't think he could cope with the high-pressure environment. When they started to blame me for the mistake, I felt it best to do a runner and keep out of the way. Feifei好了,上面就是本集节目要介绍给大家的表达“do a runner 开溜,逃离”。But Rob, this phrase has another similar meaning too, doesn’t it? Rob Yes. You can 'do a runner' from a place to avoid paying for something.  Feifei我们还可以用“do a runner”来形容有些人为了逃避付款而跑掉。举个例子:玲在那家高档餐厅用餐后,为了逃避付款给跑掉了。Ling did a runner after eating at the posh restaurant. Have you ever done a runner like that, Rob? RobOf course not! You know how honest I am. Feifei你很诚实?Is that why you are hiding in this studio, rather than admit you broke the new computer? RobWell, it was an accident. Oh no, the boss is heading straight for the studio. I had better dash… see ya. FeifeiBye Rob. It looks like he's done a runner, again. Bye. BBC英语教学[详情]

投资艺术品就肯定有回报吗
投资艺术品就肯定有回报吗

   如今,投资的种类和方式有很多,其中最流行的一种莫过于艺术品投资。幸运的买家可能会买到一个有巨大升值空间的艺术品,但幸运的人毕竟有限,那么买艺术品是成为百万富翁的最佳方式吗?艺术品投资的风险大吗?本集《随身英语》讨论艺术品投资是否一定会给你带来经济上的回报。 课文内容 Vocabulary: finance 词汇: 财经 We all have a different approach to money – some of us like to spend it as soon as we have it, even splashing the cash on extravagant things, while some of us like to hold on to it and spend it carefully. But for people who are very savvy about their cash, there are a number of interesting ways to invest it and, if things go well, make a tidy profit. Buying stamps, wine, coins and books are all different ways of investing your money. It comes with risks but can be thrilling as, hopefully, you watch the value of your investment rise. However, you need to know what you're doing and making your fortune is not guaranteed. If you're happy to take a gamble, then one of the most well-known ways of investing is by buying artwork. By purchasing a painting and holding on to it, its value can increase by a handsome sum, but of course it's only when you sell it do you feel the financial benefit. Some people get quite lucky, particularly when they don't expect to make any money. There are stories of people buying a painting in an antique shop for peanuts only to find out it's actually worth thousands of pounds. Investing in art appears to be a hobby for the rich, but not always. Recently, an investor's dream came true when a picture believed to have been painted by Leonardo da Vinci sold for £341m. He had bought it about 60 years ago in an auction for just £45 thinking it was only painted by a follower of da Vinci. Of course this is a rare story and investing in artwork is not a guarantee to make you a millionaire. Patrick Connolly, a financial adviser at Chase de Vere, told BBC News that to invest in art as a true investment, "you need a starting fund of at least £5,000, and possibly up to £500,000, which can be used to buy individual works of art or invested in an art fund." He feels investing in art is too risky and recommends their clients not to invest in it because the downsides outweigh the upsides. But if you're still keen, there are art fairs, such as The Affordable Art Fair, and websites aimed at buyers with a modest budget. Patrick Connolly says the best approach here is to buy something you like and can afford and "if it goes up in value, that should be just an added bonus." If this has spoilt your plans for your investment portfolio, maybe there's more chance of winning big money by buying a lottery ticket! 词汇表 splash the cash 花大笔的钱,挥霍 savvy 懂行的 invest 投资 a tidy profit 一笔可观的利润 risk 风险 fortune 财富,一大笔钱 take a gamble 赌一把,冒险做某事 a handsome sum 一笔可观的数目 financial benefit 经济效益 peanut 一小笔钱 auction 拍卖 millionaire 百万富翁 fund 资金,专款 downside 缺点,不利的一面 upside 好处,优点 modest budget 有限的预算 an added bonus 附加的收益,额外的好处 portfolio 投资组合 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. True or false? By investing in stamps, wine, coins and books, your investments my rise or fall in value. 2. If you buy a painting, what do you have to do to actually get the benefit of its financial value? 3. Was the painting by Leonardo da Vinci, bought by an art investor, actually painted by the artist? 4. According to Patrick Connolly, a financial adviser at Chase de Vere, how risky does he think it is to invest in art? 5. Which word used in the article means 'is certain that something will happen or exist'? 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. The ______ of walking in the mountains at night are high but despite that, he's gone anyway. chance       fortune       risks       upside 2. We're putting money into a special holiday ______ and hope we will have saved enough to go away next year. funds       fund       funding       funded                       3. The ______ of living in a beautiful village is it is very expensive. downside       upside       fortune       chance 4. We loved seeing the show at the theatre and meeting the actors afterwards was ______. an adding bonus       an added bonus       a bonus addition       a added bonus 5. Because I had lost my job, we didn't have much money and we had to live on a ______. tidy profit       financial benefit       splash the cash       modest budget 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. True or false? By investing in stamps, wine, coins and books, your investments my rise or fall in value.True. The article says "making your fortune is not guaranteed." 2. If you buy a painting, what do you have to do to actually get the benefit of its financial value? You have to sell it. 3. Was the painting by Leonardo da Vinci, bought by an art investor, actually painted by the artist? Yes, it is believed to have been. But when he had bought it about 60 years ago in an auction for just £45 he thought it was only painted by a follower of da Vinci. 4. According to Patrick Connolly, a financial adviser at Chase de Vere, how risky does he think it is to invest in art? He thinks it's too risky and recommends their clients do not invest in it. 5. Which word used in the article means 'is certain that something will happen or exist'? guaranteed 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. The risks of walking in the mountains at night are high but despite that, he's gone anyway. 2. We're putting money into a special holiday fund and hope we will have saved enough to go away next year. 3. The downside of living in a beautiful village is it is very expensive. 4. We loved seeing the show at the theatre and meeting the actors afterwards was an added bonus. 5. Because I had lost my job, we didn't have much money and we had to live on a modest budget. BBC英语教学[详情]

每日短语:表示“回归常态”的英文短语
每日短语:表示“回归常态”的英文短语

   今日短语 这个表达来自网球运动,原本用来描述运动员在一番休息之后再次进入状态,挥拍更加顺手,而现在则多用来表示人们回归常态,重新投入到正常的工作、生活中。 例句 After my long holiday it took me a while to get back into the swing of things. 在休完长假后,我花了好一段时间才恢复了正常的生活作息规律。 I hadn't worked in sales for a long time, so it took me a few weeks to get back into the swing of things. 我已经很久没有在销售岗位工作了,所以我用了几周的时间才适应。 When I moved back to my country, it took me over a month to get back into the swing of things. 我搬回国居住后,花了一个多月时间才逐渐习惯在故乡生活的节奏。 BBC英语教学[详情]

每日短语:“和某人交谈”用短语如何表达
每日短语:“和某人交谈”用短语如何表达

   今日短语 这个源于棒球运动的表达的意思是“与某人交谈,把一件事的情况告诉相关的人”。在日常对话中,人们用这个说法来表示和某人聊一聊,简短的谈话,了解他们的近况或他们对于某事的想法。To touch base 后面通常跟介词“with”,表示“与…联系”。 例句 I haven't touched base with Victoria for a long time. I should call her. 我太久没跟维多利亚联络了,我应该给她打个电话。 OK, let's close this meeting for now and touch base early next week to see how much progress has been made. 好了,会先开到这里。下周初我们再碰一下,看看进展如何。 Sorry, I haven't got time to talk now, but let's touch base first thing tomorrow. 抱歉,我现在没时间说这个事情。咱们明天一早碰一下。 BBC英语教学[详情]

每日短语:“当机立断”用英文短语如何表达
每日短语:“当机立断”用英文短语如何表达

   今日短语 To take the bull by the horns 的字面意思是“抓住公牛的角”,这个表达源自典故传说,当遇到公牛袭击时,应该面向它跑去,再握住它的双角,与其对峙并制服它。这个表达现在被用来形容“大胆地面对困难或险境,当机立断,临危不惧”。 例句 Ok, everyone, let's take the bull by the horns and solve this problem together as a team! 好了,咱们一起迎难而上,团结起来,用团队的力量解决这个难题。 I know it's difficult to fire someone, but you just have to take the bull by the horns and tell her. 我知道要解雇一个人不容易,但是你得当机立断,马上告诉她。    When Frank inherited his father's company, he had to take the bull by the horns and make big changes. 在佛兰克继承了他父亲的公司后,他不得已而当机立断,做出了一些大的改变。 BBC英语教学[详情]

每日短语:表示“抬高标准”的英文短语
每日短语:表示“抬高标准”的英文短语

   今日短语 To raise the bar 的意思就是“to raise the standard of quality”,“抬高标准”或者“提升水平”。单词“bar”在这里是名词,意思是“阻碍某事发生或发展的东西”。 例句 The golfer's record winning score raised the bar. 这位高尔夫球手获胜的分数破了纪录。 The singer's creative performances have raised the bar for other singers to follow. 这位歌手赋有创意的演出让后来的歌唱表演者很难超越。 Because so many students are achieving good grades, universities are raising the bar for students entering their universities. 因为有越来越多的学生都能取得很不错的考试成绩,所以各大学也随之抬高了他们的入学门槛。 BBC英语教学[详情]

辨析和“追踪、踪迹”有关的三个单词
辨析和“追踪、踪迹”有关的三个单词

   本期节目的问题 您好,我是来自成都的大学生,想请问一下单词 trail、track 和 trace 之间的区别和用法。据我所知,它们都有“追踪”、“踪迹”和“小路(trace 没有)”的意思。 本期节目内容简介 本集节目要讲解的三个词“trail”、“track”和“trace”虽然拼写简单,但每一个词语都有丰富的含义。首先,“trail”和“track”都可以指“小道、小径”,它们之间有什么不同呢?当“track”和“trace”都表示“追踪”这个意思时,应该怎样正确地使用它们呢?我们会先为大家介绍 trail、track 和 trace 做名词时的区别,再来辨析它们在做动词时所特指的含义。  欢迎你加入并和我们一起讨论英语学习的方方面面。请通过微博“BBC英语教学”或邮件与我们取得联系。我们的邮箱地址是 questions.chinaelt@bbc.co.uk。 文字稿 (关于台词的备注: 请注意这不是广播节目的逐字稿件。本文稿可能没有体现录制、编辑过程中对节目做出的改变。) Feifei大家好,欢迎收听 BBC 英语教学的《你问我答》节目,我是冯菲菲。在每集节目中,我们会回答大家在英语学习时遇到的一个问题。本期的问题来自一位姓谢的听众。让我们来听一下。  Question您好,我是来自成都的大学生,想请问一下单词 trail、track 和 trace 之间的区别和用法。据我所知,它们都有“追踪”、“踪迹”和“小路(trace 没有)”的意思。  Feifei谢谢这位听众发来的问题。他说得不错,这三个词都和“追踪、跟踪”或“踪迹”有关,而且“trail”和“track”都有“小路”的意思。让我们先来对比“trail”、“track”和“trace”作为名词时的不同点,再来看看它们容易被混淆的动词用法。  首先,“trail”和“track”在做名词时,都包含和“小路”有关的意思,是近义词。其中,“trail”多指“乡下、林间长距离的道路”,比如美国非常著名的“阿巴拉契亚国家步道 The Appalachian Trail”的英文名称就含有单词“trail”。请听例句。 ExamplesThe local authorities plan to build guard rails along the hiking trail to prevent falls.当地有关部门计划在登山步道边建立护栏,以防止有人坠落。 The Appalachian Trial in the US takes you through 14 states.美国阿巴拉契亚步道穿越十四个州。 FeifeiTrail 还有另外一个含义,是“人或动物移动后留下的一系列踪迹、痕迹”。比如,气味、脚印,常用的搭配有“leave a trail 留下踪迹”。来听两个例句。 Examples Hyenas leave a trail of bad-smelling odour to protect their territories. 鬣狗会为保护自己的领地而留下一串难闻的嗅迹。 The motorboat skimmed across the water, leaving a trail of white foam. 汽艇扫过水面,留下了一道泛着白色泡沫的尾迹。 Feifei下面来看单词“track”做名词时的含义和用法。Track 同样也可以指“小道、小径”,比如,表达“off the beaten track 远离大路”的实际含义是“偏远的,人迹罕至的”。此外,“track”还可以表示“铁道、车道、跑道”。请听几个例句。 ExamplesMy grandparents’ cottage is located off the beaten track.我祖父母的小木屋被建在一个人迹罕至的地方。 Blizzards and strong winds can blow branches off trees, blocking railroad tracks and causing severe delays.暴风雪和强风能吹断树枝,挡在火车铁轨上的枝条会导致严重的交通延误。  FeifeiTrack 除了指“实际的道路”,还有一层抽象意义,用来表示“思路”。比如,搭配“lose track”的字面意思是“失去某人的踪迹”,但我们多用它来表示“忘记、忘掉”。请听例句。 ExamplesThe cop duo lost track of the suspect due to bad teamwork.这对警察二人组由于合作不佳而跟丢了嫌疑犯。 The professor seemed to have lost track of time and kept talking for hours on end.教授似乎忘了时间,一连讲了几个小时。 Feifei姓谢的这位听众在提问中说的不错,“trace”的确不具备“道路”的意思。Trace 指“人、物存在过或事件发生过的踪迹、痕迹”。请听例句。 ExampleIt is said that all aircraft and ships that enter the Bermuda Triangle disappear without a trace.据说,所有驶入百慕达三角的飞行物和船只都会消失得无影无踪。 Feifei我们还可以用 trace 来形容事物的数量“非常少、只有那么一点点”。比如,我们经常使用搭配“a trace of”或“traces of”来表示“少许、一丝”的意思。来听几个例句。 ExamplesYou can taste a trace of bitterness in this smoothie – that’s the rocket.这杯蔬果奶昔尝起来有一丝苦味,这是因为放了芝麻菜。 There is no trace of any form of life on this planet.这座星球上没有任何生命形态的踪迹。 FeifeiTrail、track 和 trace 也都可以做动词。首先,“trail”的动词意思是“没精打采地在后面走”,经常与“behind”搭配使用。 ExampleI’m not a big fan of running – I always end up trailing behind in a race.我不太喜欢跑步,每次在比赛时我都会跑在最后。 Feifei“Track”和“trace”做动词时常被翻译成“追踪、跟踪”,但其实两者有很大的区别 — 最主要的一点是,“track”多指“跟踪事情后面的进展”,而“trace”则强调“追溯过去”,所以“track”和“trace”表示的时间是相反的。 先来具体看一下“track”。“Track”的本意是“跟踪人或动物”,也被引申为“跟进事件的发展、进程”。来听几个例句。 ExamplesWith the help of trained dogs, the police have tracked down the criminals.在特训警犬的帮助下,警察们查到了罪犯的踪影。 Over five years, the scientists tracked the heart rates of around 5,000 patients who had had a heart transplant.在五年间,科学家们连续追踪了约五千名接受过心脏移植的患者的心率情况。 FeifeiTrace 的第一层意思是“通过追查找到失踪的人或物”。 ExamplesWe have successfully traced the source of the call.我们成功地追踪到了这通电话是从什么地方打来的。  The top agent went undercover to get evidence. Meanwhile, headquarters is trying to trace the whereabouts of the lair.精英特工为收集证据去做了卧底。同时,总部正试着追查犯罪团伙的老巢。 FeifeiTrace 的另一层含义是“描述事情的历史起源和进程”。来听几个例句。 ExamplesThe article traces the origin and history of tool-making.这篇文章追述了工具制造的起源和历史。 Sticky rice dumplings can be traced back to the Han Dynasty.元宵的起源可以追溯到汉朝。 BBC英语教学[详情]

这三个与“治疗”有关的单词你能分清吗?
这三个与“治疗”有关的单词你能分清吗?

   本期节目的问题 您好!请问,therapy、treatment、remedy 这三个表示治疗的单词有什么区别呢?谢谢! 小宝 本期节目内容简介 本期《你问我答》为大家分辨三个含义很相近的医疗术语:therapy、treatment 和 remedy,它们的名词形式都有“治疗、疗法”的意思。但其中一个单词指的是“以改善整体健康状况为目的,针对身体、心理疾病的一系列疗法”;而另一个则偏重于“为治疗某种特殊病症而采取的医学疗法”,也可以表示“清洁、保养、护理”的过程;最后一个词则指“可以治愈某种疾病的好方法”。希望你能通过本期节目的讲解找出与这几个解释分别对应的词语。 欢迎你加入并和我们一起讨论英语学习的方方面面。请通过微博“BBC英语教学”或邮件与我们取得联系。我们的邮箱地址是 questions.chinaelt@bbc.co.uk。 文字稿 (关于台词的备注: 请注意这不是广播节目的逐字稿件。本文稿可能没有体现录制、编辑过程中对节目做出的改变。) Feifei大家好,欢迎收听 BBC 英语教学的《你问我答》节目,我是冯菲菲。在每集节目中,我们会回答大家在英语学习时遇到的一个问题。本期的问题来自一位叫“小宝”的听众。让我们来听一下。 Question 您好!请问,therapy、treatment 和 remedy 这三个表示“治疗”的单词有什么区别呢?谢谢! Feifei谢谢小宝发来的问题。“Therapy”、“treatment”和“remedy”是三个医疗术语,它们的名词形式都有“治疗、疗法”的意思。 让我们先来分析单词“therapy”和“treatment”的区别。首先,“therapy”用来强调“身体和心理上的治疗”,多指“病人初愈后,以改善身体整体状况为目的而开展的一系列疗程”,通常不使用药物或手术等医疗手段,这一点与“treatment”不同。比如,包含“therapy”的单词“physiotherapy”的意思是“理疗”。我们来听几个例句。 ExamplesWhen you are feeling a little run-down, try booking yourself a massage therapy session. 当你感到疲惫不堪时,可以考虑给自己安排一个按摩疗程。 They say that music therapy can help people who suffer from stress. 人们说,音乐疗法可以帮助人们缓解心理压力。 Ever since that traumatic experience, he had been attending group therapy sessions regularly. 自那次痛苦的经历过后,他就开始定期地参加小组治疗。 The doctor suggested physiotherapy for his sprained muscles. 医生建议他通过物理疗法治疗扭伤的肌肉。 Feifei我们还可以使用搭配“retail therapy 购物疗法”来幽默地表示“通过买东西来排解心理压力和忧虑的方式”。请听例句。 ExampleRita loves shopping. She always says there’s nothing that retail therapy can’t fix. 丽塔特别喜欢逛街。她总是说,没有什么事情是“购物疗法”解决不了的。 Feifei在谈论和医疗有关的话题时,名词“treatment”同样也可译成“治疗”,它的动词形式是“treat”,强调“用药物等医治人、动物的过程及方法”。让我们来听几个例句。 ExamplesExperts are discussing which treatment will work best on the patient. 专家在商讨,哪一种疗法对这名患者最有效。 Scientists think this new drug could be used in the treatment of cancer. 科学家认为这种新药可以被用于癌症的治疗。 Early diagnosis and treatment are key to a successful recovery. 提早发现病症并及时治疗是成功恢复健康的关键。 Many people in poverty-stricken areas cannot afford medical treatment. 很多生活在贫困地区的人们没有足够的钱来接受医疗服务。 Feifei除此之外,我们还会用“treatment”来表示“清洁、护理、保养”的过程。比如,“beauty treatment 美容护理”。请听例句。 ExampleThe spa offers a variety of beauty treatments including facials, manicures and pedicures. 这个水疗中心提供多种美容服务,包括面部、指甲和足部护理。 Feifei最后,单词“remedy”的意思是“治疗某种疾病的有效方法”,也被引申为“解决某个问题、困难的办法”。“Remedy”后面接介词“for”,组成搭配“the remedy for something”,意思是“治疗…的办法”或“解决…的方法”。请听两个例句。 ExamplesThe best remedy for fatigue is a good night’s sleep. 治疗疲劳最有效的方法是睡个好觉。 I am afraid there’s no remedy for your troubles.我觉得可能没有解决你问题的办法。 Feifei希望本期节目帮助大家掌握了单词“therapy”、“treatment”和“remedy”之间的区别。“Therapy”指的是“针对身体、心理疾病的疗法”,通常耗时较长,以改善整体健康状况为目的,但不使用药物或手术;而“treatment”则偏重于“为治疗某种特殊病症而采取的医学疗法”,也可以表示“清洁、保养、护理”这一过程;最后,单词“remedy”的意思是“可以治愈某种疾病的好方法”,它的引申含义是“解决问题的办法”。 BBC英语教学[详情]

英语测验:新年聚会中的常用语你会用吗?
英语测验:新年聚会中的常用语你会用吗?

   世界各国都有庆祝新年的独特方式和习俗,甚至有些国家的 “新年”日期也各不相同,例如中国的农历新年。英国人在庆祝新年的聚会中会用到一系列特定的表达和语言。下面的测验就来检查你对此类常用语的掌握。 1. Which of these is an idiom associated with the moment when the old year becomes the new one. a) When the ball drops b) When the bell rings c) When the gong sounds d) When the gun fires       2. While at the party, people may talk about their New Year’s resolutions – these are the ways that people think about self-improvement and changing themselves for the better. Which of these idioms does NOT relate to making an improvement? a) I’m going to bite the bullet and work harder this year. b) I’m going to turn over a new leaf and work harder this year. c) I’m going to start with a clean slate and work harder this year. d) I’m going to pull up my socks and work harder this year.        3. At a New Year’s Eve party, there’s likely to be some dancing. There are many ways to ask someone to dance with you other than ‘Would you like to dance?’ Which of these expressions is NOT an informal way to ask someone to dance? a) Shall we hang five? b) Shall we cut some rug? c) Shall we take a turn around the floor? d) Shall we have a boogie? 4. Which of these objects are you unlikely to find at a traditional New Year’s Eve party? a) champagne b) finger food c) party poppers d) none of the above 5. It is traditional to kiss a loved one at midnight. Which of these expressions does not mean ‘a kiss’? a) a peck on the cheek b) a snog c) a smooch d) a knuckle sandwich 6. At many traditional New Year’s Eve parties, fireworks are used to celebrate the moment of midnight. Which of these is NOT a way to say ‘I’m going to ignite the fireworks’? a) I’m going to set off the fireworks. b) I’m going to light the fireworks. c) I’m going to let go of the fireworks. d) I’m going to launch the fireworks. 1) a, 2) a, 3) a, 4) d, 5) d, 6) c. BBC英语教学[详情]

单词辨析:“A thing”的旧词新意
单词辨析:“A thing”的旧词新意

   Feifei 大家好,欢迎收听 BBC 英语教学的《地道英语》节目。我是冯菲菲。 Neil And I’m Neil. FeifeiWhere’s your beard? NeilWell, I, uh, shaved it off. I fancied a change. Beards are such a thing these days. Feifei Yup, ever since beards became a thing, I’ve found them a bit boring. Neil‘A thing’. Of course, we know what the word ‘thing’ normally means, but what does ‘a thing’ mean here? Feifei 本集节目中给大家介绍的表达是“a thing”。大家都知道 a thing 最常用的意思是“一件东西,一个物品”,而目前流行的说法是用“a thing”来表示“一个潮流,一种时尚”。比如:如果我们说“留胡须 is a thing”,那实际要表达的意思就是“留胡须很时尚,lots of people have them”。 Neil Yes. Cats on the internet – they’re a thing. Feifei Oh, fidget spinners. They’re definitely a thing. Neil Fidget spinners? Feifei 对,就是那个风靡全球的“fidget spinners 指尖陀螺”。Those little metal or plastic toys that spin on your finger. Know them? Neil Oh, those things that kids everywhere are playing with. Feifei Not just kids. Anyway. What else is a thing? Listen to these examples. ExamplesUsing funny GIFs in your message is such a thing. You know parkour: the sport of running and jumping across buildings? Why is that such a thing? Organic powdered food. Since when has that been a thing? FeifeiA well-known use of this phrase was after American personality Kim Kardashian posted a picture of herself pregnant, with the words “pregnancy lips 怀孕的嘴唇”.  Neil It’s a term not many people had heard of, and prompted responses like this: “Pregnancy lips? Is that even a thing?” Feifei 当你对别人所描述的一件事情一无所知,或对所描述的事情持怀疑态度的时侯,你就可以说“Is that a thing?”或“Is that even a thing?”。 Neil But there’s little doubt the phrase ‘a thing’ is itself ‘a thing’ – it’s now been included in major dictionaries. Feifei There we are. A thing. No plans to grow the beard back, then? Neil Only when being clean-shaven becomes too much of a thing! Feifei Bye. Neil Bye. 下载 BBC英语教学[详情]

双语新闻:在英国想上好学校要生对地方?
双语新闻:在英国想上好学校要生对地方?

   英国教育政策研究所发布的一项最新报告称,在英格兰,地理位置的划分对接受好学校教育机会的影响越来越明显。2010年到2015年间,在伦敦接受中学教育的学生取得学业进步的可能性最大。请看以下报道。 This research suggests that London is taking an increasing share of the secondary schools where pupils make the most progress. But places such as Blackpool and Hartlepool (in the north of England) are being left even further behind as debates about social mobility increasingly focus on regional differences. The study says deprived areas of London can have more high-performing schools than better-off areas outside the capital. David Laws, the think tank's chair and a former education minister, said the widening inequality was "shocking". But the Department for Education said that its investments in disadvantaged areas would help to spread opportunities more evenly across the country. 该研究显示,英国一些中学能培养出学业进步出众的学生,而位于伦敦的这类学校正占有越来越高的比例。然而,在英格兰北部的布莱克浦以及哈特利浦等地,其中学的教育水平则愈发被甩在后面。与此同时,有关社会流动性的争论正日益着眼于地域间的差异。 这项研究称,即使是在伦敦的贫困地区,升学率高的学校数量也可能多于伦敦以外富裕地区此类学校的数量。该智囊团主席及前教育部官员大卫∙劳斯(David Laws)说,这一日益加深的不平等现象“令人震惊”。 但英国教育部称,政府在贫困地区的投资将有助于更加均匀地分布全国各地的教育机会。 词汇表 suggests 显示,意味着 secondary schools 中学 debates 讨论,争论 social mobility 社会流动性 regional differences 地区差异 deprived 贫困的 better-off 经济状况好的 shocking 惊人的,特别糟糕的 disadvantaged 贫困的,处于不利位置的 spread(使)扩散 测验 请听报道并回答下列问题。 1. According to this research, in which area are school children likely to have a better chance of making significant progress? 2. Do poorer areas of London have more high-performing schools than in some more affluent areas of England?  3. True or false? David Laws feels the inequality between different regions of the UK is a good thing. 4. What is the Department for Education doing to equal out the differences across the country? 答案 1. According to this research, in which area are school children likely to have a better chance of making significant progress? This research suggests that London is taking an increasing share of the secondary schools where pupils make the most progress. 2. Do poorer areas of London have more high-performing schools than in some more affluent areas of England?  Yes. The study says deprived areas of London can have more high-performing schools than better-off areas outside the capital. 3. True or false? David Laws feels the inequality between different regions of the UK is a good thing. False. He says the widening inequality was "shocking". 4. What is the Department for Education doing to equal out the differences across the country? It is investing in disadvantaged areas to help spread opportunities more evenly across the country. BBC英语教学[详情]

双语新闻:“书店主人”体验之旅
双语新闻:“书店主人”体验之旅

   Between the hills and the sea in southwest Scotland is a small town where they like their books a lot. Wigtown is Scotland's National Book Town and among the many bookshops here, one is available to rent for a week at a time. It's run by enthusiasts who want to be surrounded by books while trying their hand at selling some too. Alison Drury is a police community support officer from Bicester. But not this week; instead she is stacking bookshelves and shifting stock. Reporter:"You are paying for the privilege of running a bookshop for a week. What do your friends make of it?" Alison Drury, Guest Bookseller:"A bit of a mixture. I think some of them think that I am a bit eccentric and think that it's a very strange thing to do. By the same token, I've got some friends who think it is extremely exciting and are very excited for me and actually a bit envious". The temporary bookstore boss has free rein. Displays can change; so too can the promotions. This shop, which once came close to closure, turned around by those who have a dream of running a bookshop and want the chance to test it out. And if those who’ve come on their bookshop holiday are looking for ideas, with Wigtown boasting 14 book shops, there is plenty here to inspire. So successful has this Scottish one been, it's booked up for the next two years. 在苏格兰西南部的群山和大海之间有一个小镇,镇上的人都非常喜爱读书。这个名叫“威格敦”的小镇是苏格兰的“国家图书镇”,在小镇上的众多书店中,有一家书店可对外出租,一周起租。 这个书店由图书爱好者经营,他们既要徜徉在书海里,同时还得亲自卖书。艾莉森·德鲁里是一位来自比斯特的社区服务警察,但是本周她的身份变成了书店主人,她要排列书架上的书,并且销售存货。 记者“你这是花钱体验开一周书店这样特别的经历。你的朋友们怎么看待这件事?” 艾莉森·德鲁里 客串售书人“他们的反应褒贬不一,有些人觉得我有点古怪,他们认为这行为非常不可思议。同样地,也有朋友认为这个经历让人无比振奋,他们也替我感到激动,甚至还有点羡慕我。” 临时的书店主人对于书店的运营有着较大的自主权。书店的布置陈列可以改变;促销活动也可以调整。这间曾几近倒闭的书店,现在生机焕发,这归功于那些有着开书店梦想并且想要付诸实践的人们。 如果来这里体验开书店的人们想要找寻一些理念和构想的话,那么这个坐拥着十四家书店的小镇绝对可以激发他们的灵感。由这间位于苏格兰的书店提供的“书店主人之旅”甚受欢迎,未来两年的“体验”都已预订满了。 词汇 stacking 码放,摆放 stock 库存,存货 displays 布置,陈列 promotions 推销、促销(活动) running 经营,开办 你知道吗? In 2010, Google counted up the total number of books that had ever been published. The total was a staggering 129,864,880. 2010年,谷歌统计了截至当年的全世界图书出版数量,统计总数高达1亿2986万4880。 问题答案 Wigtown has 14 bookshops. BBC英语教学[详情]

双语新闻:血友病治疗方法的重大突破
双语新闻:血友病治疗方法的重大突破

   Walking two miles to work used to be unthinkable for Jake Omer. He was born with haemophilia A, a genetic defect that means his blood did not clot. The slightest injury used to mean severe bleeding. Even a long stroll would cause bleeding in his joints. But no more. Jake Omer, Haemophiliac“I think the gene therapy has hopefully given me a new lease of life. It's going to allow me, when as my boys grow up, to be a lot more active with them - to kick footballs around, to climb trees with them, to hopefully run around in the park with them - and not be someone who's got to worry about what I'm doing.” Jake was one of 13 patients given pioneering gene therapy last year. A virus was used to give his body new genetic instructions for clotting blood. All of the trial patients are off the haemophilia medication and 11 have roughly normal levels of blood clotting proteins. Professor John Pasi, lead researcher, Barts and Queen Mary University of London “This is huge! It's ground-breaking because the option to think about normalising levels in patients with severe haemophilia is absolutely mind-blowing. To offer people the potential of a normal life when they have had to inject themselves with Factor VIII every other day to prevent bleeding is transformational.” Large studies will now take place to see if gene therapy can replace these regular injections and truly transform the lives of patients. 走两英里路去上班对杰克·奥马尔来说曾是一件难以想象的事情,因为他有先天性A型血友病。这是一个基因缺陷,而因此导致血液无法凝结。 即使是最轻微的小伤也会造成大量的流血。甚至,散步时间稍长一些也会使得他的关节流血。但是现在,这一切都有所改观。 杰克·奥马尔,血友病患者“我觉得基因疗法给了我开启新生活的希望。它使我能够在我的儿子们成长的过程中,更多地跟他们一起玩耍、运动,比如跟他们一起踢球、爬树,或者在公园里奔跑。而不是太需要担心自己的身体状况。” 杰克是去年接受这项前沿基因治疗的十三位病人中的一位。他被接种了一种病毒,用来给他的凝血功能下达一种新的遗传指令。目前所有参加试验的患者都已停药,其中有十一位患者体内的凝血蛋白差不多达到了正常水平。 约翰·帕西教授,伦敦玛丽女王大学医学院首席研究员 “这是一项巨大的、具有开创性的试验成果,因为它给严重血友病患者的凝血蛋白正常化提供了新的治疗选择。这绝对是个令人称奇的研究成果。相比以前,患者为了能正常生活,每天得给自己注射凝血第八因子来防止出血,这绝对是一次变革。” 大规模的研究即将开始,这些研究将近一步观察基因治疗是否能取代定期注射,从而使患者的生活彻底改观。 词汇 genetic defect 基因缺损,基因缺陷 clot 凝结成块 bleeding 出血,流血 blood clotting proteins凝血蛋白 Factor Eight (Factor VIII) 凝血第八因子(外伤出血时帮助凝血的一种蛋白质) 你知道吗? Red blood cells carry oxygen around the body. White blood cells are the body's defence mechanism. They seek out and destroy bacteria, viruses and fungi. 红细胞通过血液将氧气送到身体各个组织,白细胞则是人体的防御机制。它们帮助机体寻找并摧毁细菌、病毒以及真菌。 问题答案 A virus was used to give his body new genetic instructions for clotting blood. BBC英语教学[详情]

BBC英语教学:不一样的圣诞礼物
BBC英语教学:不一样的圣诞礼物

  BBC英语教学 圣诞期间,家人和朋友之间会互赠礼物,表达爱意。可是在收到的礼物中,究竟有多少是实用的、是收礼者真正需要或想要的?本期《随身英语》讨论不同种类的圣诞礼物和近年来逐渐流行的“体验式礼物”,帮你用更贴心的方式送出圣诞祝福。 课文内容 Vocabulary: gifts 词汇: 礼物 It's that time of year when many of us spend money buying gifts for family and friends. We spend hours, even days, searching the shops and websites trying to find the right present for someone - a pair of socks, perfume, a new gadget – only to find the recipient already has it or they've been given it already. Or worse, they just don't like it, which makes me think, "Are we wasting our time and money?" There is so much stuff in the world already and so much waste that maybe when it comes to Christmas giving, we need to think outside the box – use our imagination and be more creative with our generosity. This is particularly true for children, who tend to receive mountains of toys some of which end up not even being looked at. One idea is to implement a 'one-gift' rule so that children don't grow up spoiled. Getting too many gifts can also send out the wrong message. Speaking to BBC online, clinical psychologist Linda Blair says, "When we are given a lot, we expect to receive a lot… even if it's only at Christmas and on birthdays, it will impact on children's attitudes." She also suggests, "If you want to give a gift, give your time".  She makes a good point - for children and adults alike, when it comes to giving, think about offering something other than a material object that may get forgotten, discarded or re-gifted.  Buying an experience is one alternative - a chance for someone to try something out and do something different. It will cost you money, but for the recipient it could be an opportunity to try something they could not normally afford or would not have thought about doing. It would therefore be memorable and, hopefully, much appreciated. Another practical gift could be to buy someone lessons, giving them a chance to learn new skills such as horse riding or learning English. And there are what are called 'favours' – money-can't-buy offerings to do jobs for someone like babysitting, cleaning or giving someone a massage. And there is always the fallback of giving vouchers to spend in a shop. Of course, if you can't think of an original way to give a gift, the alternative is to not buy anything at all. You may be accused of being a 'Scrooge' but at least you're not wasting money on pointless gifts and you could give the money to charity instead – a more worthy cause. But if this year, you receive a present that's not to your liking don't be ungrateful and remember the age-old saying that 'it's the thought that counts'. 词汇表 recipient 收礼人 to think outside the box 跳出传统的思维框架 generosity 慷慨,大方 implement 实施,实行 spoiled 宠坏了的 material object 实质的物品 re-gift 将收到的礼物转赠给他人 experience 体验型礼品 memorable 难忘的 appreciated 受喜爱的 practical 实用的 favour 帮助,善意行为 money-can't-buy 金钱买不到的(东西) fallback 应变的,退一补的 voucher 代金券,票券 original 独创的,新颖的 Scrooge 吝啬鬼 pointless 空洞、无意义的 worthy cause 有价值的事情                it's the thought that counts 情意更重要 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. Why can getting too many gifts send out the wrong message? 2. How much does it cost to buy 'a favour'? 3. True or false? An experience is something you have to share with someone. 4. Why might giving money to charity be a good idea at Christmas? 5. Which word used in the article, means 'thrown away because it's no longer wanted'? 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. I was impressed by his ______ when he offered to buy us all dinner at a top-quality restaurant. generous       generosity       genius       generosing 2. We're going mountain walking so we need to wear clothes that are ______ rather than fashionable. memorable       spoiled       practical       original 3. If my car doesn't start in the morning, we can use the train as a ______ to get to the airport. fallback       experience       favour       worthy cause 4. He only bought me a small gift for my birthday, but it's the ______ that counts. thoughts       thinking       though       thought 5. Everyone's buying the usual wedding presents but I want to buy something ______. pointless       re-gifted       generosity       original 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. Why can getting too many gifts send out the wrong message? According to clinical psychologist Linda Blair, when we are given a lot, we expect to receive a lot – so we get used to getting lots of gifts. 2. How much does it cost to buy 'a favour'? Nothing. A favour involves you offering to do something for someone for free. 3. True or false? An experience is something you have to share with someone. False. An experience is something you can buy for someone but you don't necessarily have to do it with them. 4. Why might giving money to charity be a good idea at Christmas? It means you don't waste your money on buying pointless or unwanted gifts. 5. Which word used in the article, means 'thrown away because it's no longer wanted'? Discarded 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. I was impressed by his generosity when he offered to buy us all dinner at a top-quality restaurant. 2. We're going mountain walking so we need to wear clothes that are practical rather than fashionable. 3. If my car doesn't start in the morning, we can use the train as a fallback to get to the airport. 4. He only bought me a small gift for my birthday, but it's the thought that counts. 5. Everyone's buying the usual wedding presents but I want to buy something original.[详情]

BBC英语教学:我们为什么打哈欠
BBC英语教学:我们为什么打哈欠

  BBC英语教学 请注意,点开这篇文章可能会让你打哈欠!这并不是因为我们的节目太无聊或者你会被传染上哈欠,而是因为只要我们看到别人打哈欠,甚至只是想想这个行为,都可能引发我们来一个大哈欠!但这究竟是为什么呢,本集《随身英语》将会解答你的疑惑。 课文内容 Vocabulary: Biology 词汇:生物学 It’s a question that has puzzled scientists for a long time: why exactly do we yawn?  In a recent breakthrough, scientists have discovered the part of the brain responsible for contagious yawning. It’s called the primary motor cortex, and controls movement in the body. When triggered it makes us yawn. But we can’t choose to yawn – it’s an involuntary imitation of other people. You know how it goes: your friend yawns, you yawn.  Knowing which section of the brain is involved is only part of the answer. There is still a deeper question of ‘why’. And we don’t only yawn when others do, we sometimes yawn alone. So, let’s start with the physiological theories behind yawning. As far back as 400BC, Greek physician Hippocrates speculated that yawning released harmful gases from the body, like “steam escaping from a cauldron”. His colourful theory is now, sadly, discounted.  A more recent idea suggests that we yawn in order to cool down the brain. Just like a busy computer processor, our brains can overheat. Psychologist Gordon Gallup from the University at Albany has argued that the act of yawning delivers a rush of oxygen to the brain, helping us think more clearly.  What about the connection between yawning and tiredness? We certainly yawn more when we’re feeling sleepy or sluggish, but why is this? Theories that it helps give the body extra energy are largely discredited, as we don’t yawn when we exercise, a time when we definitely need more get-up-and-go!  Psychologist Catriona Morrison from the University of Leeds says yawning is an ancient reflex.  She told the BBC that it may have started in “the days of cavemen when someone had to be on watch all the time - yawning increases cerebral blood flow so can improve alertness.”  What about our friends' contagious yawning? Some think it comes down to empathy. While all vertebrate mammals yawn, only humans and chimpanzees ‘catch’ yawns from others. Studies have shown we yawn more frequently when in the company of close relatives and friends. Could yawning actually help us cement our closest relationships?  If it does, next time you yawn in company, don’t feel too embarrassed. You’re just showing off your people skills. 词汇表 contagious 会传染的 motor 肌肉运动的,运动神经的 cortex (尤指大脑或其他器官的)皮层 involuntary 不由自主的 physiological 生理的 physician 医生(尤指内科医生) cauldron (通常指架在火上的)大锅 colourful 有趣的,有声有色的 discounted 大打折扣的,有所减弱的 overheat 负荷过多,承载过多 rush (身体的)一阵感觉 sluggish 行动迟缓的 discredited 受到怀疑的,被质疑的 get-up-and-go 干劲 reflex 本能反应 cerebral 大脑的 come down to 归结为,归根结底在于 empathy 共鸣,共感 vertebrate 有脊椎的 cement 巩固(友谊) people skills 人际交往能力 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. Are we more likely to yawn in the company of our family or strangers?  2. Why don’t we think yawning gives you a rush of energy? 3. True or false: Humans and chimpanzees are the only mammals which yawn. 4. Which word means ‘caused something to start’? 5. True or false: The author found Hippocrates’ idea appealing. 2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。 1. Professor Li’s theory is ______. It is widely used in academia. discredited       discounted       valid       contagious 2. It really ______ to you. If you want something badly enough, you can make it happen. Down       come down       downs       comes down               3. A reflex is ______ action. a voluntary       an involuntary       the voluntary       a volunteer 4. Tim has great ______. He always knows how to get the best out of his team. people skills       empathy skills       person skills       cerebral skills 5. Wait until January to buy a new jacket and take advantage of the ______. discounting       discounted       discounts       discredit 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. Are we more likely to yawn in the company of our family or strangers?  According to the article, we are more likely to yawn when with family and friends. 2. Why don’t we think yawning gives you a rush of energy? The theory is no longer popular because if it were true, it would mean we would yawn at times when energy is badly needed, such as during exercise. 3. True or false: Humans and chimpanzees are the only mammals which yawn.False. The article says all vertebrate mammals yawn, but it’s only contagious in humans and chimpanzees.      4.Which word means ‘caused something to start’? Triggered. 5. True or false: The author found Hippocrates’ idea appealing.True. The author seems to like Hippocrates’ idea, calling it “colourful” and saying it was “sad” it was no longer accepted. 2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。 1. Professor Li’s theory is valid. It is widely used in academia. 2. It really comes down to you. If you want something badly enough, you can make it happen. 3. A reflex is an involuntary action. 4. Tim has great people skills. He always knows how to get the best out of his team. 5. Wait until January to buy a new jacket and take advantage of the discounts.[详情]

BBC英语教学:爱吃甜食给健康带来的隐患
BBC英语教学:爱吃甜食给健康带来的隐患

  BBC英语教学 人人都听说过“甜食吃多了对健康有害”。研究发现食糖过量确实会引起一系列相关疾病。本集《随身英语》讲述过量食糖的隐患并讨论平衡饮食的重要性。 课文内容 Vocabulary: health 词汇: 健康 Sweet or savoury? What kind of tastes do you like? If like me, you have a sweet tooth, you probably can't resist eating cakes, biscuits or chocolate and will sweeten your tea or coffee with spoonfuls of sugar – delicious! But the taste makes it very easy to ignore the warnings that too much of the white stuff is bad for our health. Consuming sugar is an addiction – the more we eat, the more we want. Today's processed food, like ready meals, is laced with the stuff and many fizzy drinks contain seven teaspoons of sugar in just one can. In the UK, statistics show that sugar consumption is at its highest level in history and the government is trying to get the food industry to cut the amount of sugar in popular products like chocolate bars by 20% by 2020. Of course, sugary food tastes nice, it can help lift our mood, and the glucose in it can give us an energy boost. But there are dangers too: a high-sugar diet is linked to obesity, and being overweight can increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes. With these warning signs, I have considered changing my diet by replacing sugary snacks with fruit and savoury biscuits – but that's boring, I need my sugar fix! I'm not alone. BBC journalist Radhika Shanghani, has gone one step further. Encouraged by some celebrities and nutritionists promoting a 'zero tolerance' approach to sugar, she gave it up altogether, thinking it would make her healthier. Initially she says, "My first fortnight involves mood swings worse than puberty. I have agonising headaches and feel permanently hungover." These symptoms disappeared but she still found food shopping hard as she was stressing about buying the right things. Her experiment wasn't a success. She eventually sought advice from Susan Jebb, professor of diet and population health at Oxford University who said: “Lots of people enjoy sugar and gain pleasure from it, so one has to find a balance between enjoyment and eating the right amount." There are health benefits of cutting down sugar such as improving dental care and reducing weight gain, but there's no need to be obsessive about it. Eating some sugar as part of a balanced diet is fine and exercising will help burn it off. So rather than dealing with your sugar cravings by cutting it out of your diet altogether, why not work on your willpower and learn to say 'no' to a second serving of chocolate fudge cheesecake. 词汇表 savoury 咸的 sweet tooth 喜好甜食 addiction 上瘾 processed food 加工食品 lace(偷偷地)给(食物或饮品)掺 glucose 葡萄糖 obesity 肥胖(症) overweight 肥胖的,超重的 Type 2 diabetes 二型糖尿病 fix 用量(幽默的说法) nutritionist 营养学家 zero tolerance 零容忍政策 mood swings 情绪波动 puberty 青春期 hungover 宿醉的 symptom 症状 a balance 平衡 dental care 牙科护理 weight gain 体重增加 obsessive 过分的 craving 难以抑制的渴求 willpower 意志力 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题 。 1. What target has the UK government set the food industry to achieve by 2020? 2. Why did BBC journalist Radhika Shanghani give up sugar altogether? 3. True or false? Susan Jebb, professor of diet and population health at Oxford University, says we should consume no more than seven teaspoons of sugar a day. 4. What could help you burn off the sugar you consume? 5. Which word used in the article means to get advantages from something? 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. I'm feeling sleepy, probably because I haven't had my caffeine ______ today. addiction       laced       fix       cravings 2. The doctor says my ______ are not serious and I probably just have a cold. mood swings       symptoms       sweet tooth       willpower 3. Brushing our teeth in the morning and at night, before bed, is all part of good ______. dentist care       dentals care       sweet teeth       dental care 4. My mum told me that when you go to university, you need to find a ______ between working hard and having fun. balance       zero tolerance       hangover       fix 5. I don't have much of a ______. I would rather eat crisps and other savoury things. sweet toothed       sweeting tooth       sweet tooth       sugar tooth 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. What target has the UK government set the food industry to achieve by 2020? The government is trying to get the food industry to cut the amount of sugar in popular products like chocolate bars by 20% by 2020. 2. Why did BBC journalist Radhika Shanghani give up sugar altogether? To be more healthy. 3. True or false? Susan Jebb, professor of diet and population health at Oxford University, says we should consume no more than seven teaspoons of sugar a day.False. She actually says "one has to find a balance between enjoyment and eating the right amount." 4. What could help you burn off the sugar you consume? Doing exercise. 5. Which word used in the article means to get advantages from something? Benefits (health benefits) 2.  请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. I'm feeling sleepy, probably because I haven't had my caffeine fix today. 2. The doctor says my symptoms are not serious and I probably just have a cold. 3. Brushing our teeth in the morning and at night, before bed, is all part of good dental care. 4. My mum told me that when you go to university, you need to find a balance between working hard and having fun. 5. I don't have much of a sweet tooth. I would rather eat crisps and other savoury things.[详情]

BBC英语教学:如何变得魅力四射
BBC英语教学:如何变得魅力四射

  BBC英语教学 为什么有的人招人喜欢,人见人爱?为什么有的人不管走到哪里都可以广交朋友?本集《随身英语》教你如何与人建立融洽的关系及社交礼仪中友谊的“黄金法则”。 课文内容 Vocabulary: social etiquette 词汇: 社交礼仪 Life isn’t fair. Some people just seem blessed with the ability to effortlessly charm anyone they meet. You know the kind of person, the one who can strike up a conversation with a complete stranger and end up with a new friend or business lead. How do they do it? Well, it might seem like a magical power, but in fact there are a number of factors at work. So, can you learn to develop superhuman charm? The answer is: to a large extent, yes you can. But first, the bad news. Scientists have found that people initially judge each other based purely on physical appearance. With just a fleeting glimpse of a face, people make snap judgements about each other’s likeability, trustworthiness and confidence, according to Alexander Todorov, professor of psychology at Princeton University. How to counteract this? There’s one incredibly simple tool: your smile. Todorov told the BBC that people perceive a smiling face as “more trustworthy, warmer and sociable”. It sounds like common sense, doesn’t it? Smile and others will smile with you. What other tricks might we have up our sleeves? Former FBI agent Jack Schafer has been trained in how to influence people. He told BBC Capital: “Our brains are always surveying the environment for friend or foe signals.” Three things we can do to signal that we are not a threat are to: raise our eyebrows quickly, tilt our heads slightly, and, once again, to smile. So we’ve looked at body language, but of course what you say is hugely important too, unless you want to just stand there grinning foolishly. Here Schafer recommends that “the golden rule of friendship is if you make people feel good about themselves, they’re going to like you.” In other words, you need to show interest in them, instead of talking about yourself and all your wonderful achievements. And while you’re chatting, remember this: another way of showing interest is to mirror their physical position. Another way to form a connection? Find common ground. Suzanne de Janasz, a professor of management with Seattle University, says that charming people are particularly adept at seeking out shared interests or experiences to help them build rapport. Simple things like asking where someone’s from really can open up a discussion and allow you to find areas in common. And if all else fails, you can fall back on that most British of topics: the weather. Glorious day, isn’t it? 词汇表 blessed 命好的,幸运的 effortlessly 不费吹灰之力地 strike up a conversation(与人)攀谈 complete stranger 彻头彻尾的陌生人 lead 线索,头绪 superhuman 超乎常人的 to a large extent 在很大程度上 snap judgement 快速、草率的判断 likeability 喜欢程度 trustworthiness 可信度 counteract 对抗 sociable 合群的,好交际的 have something up your sleeve “留一手”,暗藏某物以备不时之需 foe 敌人 tilt(使)倾斜 grin 咧嘴笑 golden rule 黄金法则,重要的原则 mirror 效仿 common ground 共同点 rapport 融洽的关系 fall back on 借助于 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. Why is talking about yourself a bad idea?  2. Which four things can we do with our bodies to help us connect with others?       3. Does the author seem surprised that smiling is a good idea?     4. Which word means ‘stupidly’?   5. True or false: Our appearance influences what others think of us. 2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。 1. Don’t worry about Lewis. He has a few ______ sleeve. tricks for your       tricks in his       tricks up his       tricks up your 2. We have no ______. I’m sorry, we just don’t share any interests at all. charm       mirror       in common       common ground 3. Mei carried her new fridge all the way home from the shop. She has ______ strength. superhuman       blessed       common       effortless 4. I’ve always been very ______. I prefer being with other people than on my own. likeable       confident       trustworthy       sociable  5. I don’t agree with you. What you say is true ______ extent, but most of it is inaccurate. to your       to some       to no       to a large 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. Why is talking about yourself a bad idea?  Jack Schafer believes the best way to make friends is to show interest in other people and make them feel good about themselves, rather than talk about yourself. 2. Which four things can we do with our bodies to help us connect with others? Smiling, tilting our heads, raising our eyebrows quickly and mirroring the person we’re speaking to can help us build rapport, according to the report. 3. Does the author seem surprised that smiling is a good idea? The author indicates that smiling seems like “common sense”, in other words something everyone knows naturally, and is therefore not surprised. 4. Which word means ‘stupidly’? Foolishly.         5. True or false: Our appearance influences what others think of us.True. According to Professor Todorov, we make quick judgements about each other based on appearance. But our body language and conversational skills can counteract this. 2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. Don’t worry about Lewis. He has a few tricks up his sleeve. 2. We have no common ground. I’m sorry, we just don’t share any interests at all. 3. Mei carried her new fridge all the way home from the shop. She has superhuman strength. 4. I’ve always been very sociable. I prefer being with other people than on my own. 5. I don’t agree with you. What you say is true to some extent, but most of it is inaccurate.[详情]

BBC英语教学:地球快要变成“塑料星球”
BBC英语教学:地球快要变成“塑料星球”

  BBC英语教学 气候变化仅仅是地球遇到的挑战之一,我们所居住的星球还面临着堆积如山的垃圾和废弃物,尤其是白色垃圾。一项研究说,自1950年至今,人类已生产出83亿吨塑料制品,并尚未找到有效处理和回收塑料制品的方法。我们能做些什么呢? 课文内容 Vocabulary: Environment 词汇: 环境 Here’s a staggering statistic. Scientists have calculated the total amount of plastic ever made: 8.3 billion tonnes. Looked at another way, that’s as heavy as 25,000 Empire State Buildings or one billion elephants. And incredibly, almost all of it has been made in the last 65 years.  So what’s the problem? Much plastic is in the form of packaging which is used just once and then thrown away. According to a major new study from the University of California, 9% of this is recyled, 12% is incinerated and 79% goes to landfill. And because most plastic doesn’t biodegrade, once it’s in the ground, it stays there.  It’s a situation that has led the paper’s lead author, ecologist Dr Roland Geyer, to say that we are “rapidly heading towards ‘Planet Plastic'”. He believes that there’s already enough waste out there to cover the whole of Argentina. The team behind this report also estimate that eight million tonnes of plastic waste are escaping into the sea every year. This has generated concern that plastic is entering the food chain, though fish and other sea life which ingest the smaller fragments. Of course, the reason why there’s so much plastic around is that it’s an amazingly useful material. We can’t get enough of it. It’s durable and adaptable, and is used for everything from yoghurt pots to spaceships. But it’s precisely this quality which makes it a problem. The only way to destroy plastic is to heat or burn it – although this has the side effect of harmful emissions. So what’s the alternative, other than using less plastic? Oceanographer Dr Erik van Sebille from Utrecht University says we’re facing a “tsunami” of plastic waste, and that the global waste industry needs to “get its act together”. Professor Richard Thompson, a marine biologist from Plymouth University, says it’s poor design that’s at fault. He says that if products are currently designed “with recyclability in mind”, they could be recyled around 20 times over. Dr Geyer agrees: “The holy grail of recycling is to keep material in use and in the loop for ever if you can. But it turns out in our study that actually 90% of that material that did get recycled - which I think we calculated was 600 million tonnes - only got recycled once.” 词汇表 staggering 令人震惊的 packaging 包装材料 incinerate 被焚毁的 landfill 垃圾填埋场 biodegrade 生物降解 ecologist 生态学家 food chain 食物链 ingest 咽下(食物) fragment 碎片,碎块 durable 耐用的 adaptable 适应性强的 emission 排放物 oceanographer 海洋学家 tsunami 海啸 get your act together 合理安排,有条理地筹划 marine biologist 海洋生物学家 at fault 有责任,有过错 recyclability 可再利用性 loop 循环 turn out 结果是(尤指出乎意料的结果) 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. Where does the greatest proportion of plastic waste go?  2. How might plastic enter the food we eat? 3. What do Professor Thompson and Dr Geyer agree about? 4. Which word means ‘ability to be recycled’? 5. True or false: The fact that plastic is durable is good for the environment. 2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。 1. Marine biology and _______ are related subjects. ecologist       marines       oceanographer        oceanography 2. As _______, I study the relationships between all living things and their environment. an ecologist       a chemist       an oceanographer       a psychologist              3. You need to get _______ together. You can’t keep on handing in your homework late. the act       my act       this act       your act 4. Because it doesn’t _______, plastic waste is very harmful to the environment. emit       ingest       biodegrade       incinerate 5. Finding a new form of _______ energy is the holy grail for many environmentalists. clean and renewable       fossil fuel       cheap       modern and impressive 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. Where does the greatest proportion of plastic waste go?  An estimated 79% of plastic waste ends up in landfill. 2. How might plastic enter the food we eat? It’s thought that small fragments of plastic are ingested by fish and other sea life, and from there it enters the food chain. 3. What do Professor Thompson and Dr Geyer agree about? They agree that products need to be recycled many times over, not just once. 4. Which word means ‘ability to be recycled’? Recyclability. 5. True or false: The fact that plastic is durable is good for the environment.False. Plastic being durable is bad for the environment, because it needs to be disposed of in other ways. 2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。 1. Marine biology and oceanography are related subjects. 2. As ecologist, I study the relationships between all living things and their environment. 3. You need to get your act together. You can’t keep on handing in your homework late. 4. Because it doesn’t biodegrade, plastic waste is very harmful to the environment. 5. Finding a new form of clean and renewable energy is the holy grail for many environmentalists.[详情]

BBC英语教学:从网络上获取穿衣打扮的小窍门
BBC英语教学:从网络上获取穿衣打扮的小窍门

  BBC英语教学 我们每个人都多少经历过“穿衣焦虑症”,这个词语用来形容人们不知应该怎样为特定的场合着装搭配的窘境。通常,我们会向自己信任的人询问有关穿衣搭配的建议。但如今,科学技术也可以帮助我们解决这一难题。比如,各类移动应用程序及网站可以为我们提供坦诚的时尚小贴士。但从网络上获取的时尚小窍门是不是少了那么一股人情味呢?跟随本集《随身英语》了解这个新兴的时尚行业。 课文内容 Vocabulary: fashion 词汇: 时尚 When's it's time for a wardrobe makeover, who's the best person to give you some advice? You'll probably turn to your friend for some feedback and fashion tips – let's face it: they know you best and can offer an honest opinion about which colours clash – and which outfit makes you look a million dollars. However for someone like me, who's not a follower of fashion and has a more practical dress sense, I don't need help - it's just jeans or… jeans! But for people who care about their appearance, they can now get some trustworthy advice with the aid of technology. Of course, using social media is a good way to discuss fashion dilemmas with your friends, but this sometimes brings in too much conflicting advice - and opinions that are sometimes brutal! That's why one woman has developed an app to help women crowdsource advice from stylists and sister fashionistas in a safe, troll-free environment. Sophia Matveeva's Style Counsel app allows users wanting advice on an outfit to post a photo and receive "yes" or "no" answers from other users, or more detailed advice from vetted fashion stylists and bloggers very quickly. According to Matthew Wall, BBC Technology of Business editor, this is a growing business, with several new apps such as AskAnna, Mallzee and StyleDotMe all offering young women tips on suitable and fashionable clothes to wear. There's also a website called EyeFitU which finds clothes to fit your figure. Its chief executive, Isabelle Ohnemus, says there are no international standards in clothes sizes but she explains "We can set up your size profile in a few seconds with 80% accuracy just knowing your gender, height, weight and age". This information is used to search different retailers and find clothes that suit your actual shape. And the internet giant, Amazon, has also developed a camera that links to a 'style check' function that compares photos and gives its algorithmically-derived opinion of which outfit is better, based on fit, colour, style and current fashion trends. But does technology make fashion advice a bit impersonal? Sophia Matveeva admits that women in particular are social creatures and that "AI will never stop us talking to each other… girls will always want the approval of the cool girl at school." But as for me: an app with someone I don't know could be the place to start with some discreet fashion tips! 词汇表 makeover(个人形象的)大改造 tip 窍门,小建议 clash(颜色、风格)不协调 look a million dollars(因穿着光鲜)看起来非常漂亮 dress sense 着装、搭配的品位 appearance 外表,外貌 dilemma 困境,窘境 brutal(表达方式、观点)直率的,直言不讳的 stylist 造型师 fashionista 时尚达人 troll-free 没有网络暴力或恶毒言论的 vetted(资质等)经过审查的 figure 体形、身材 retailer 零售商 style check 时尚风格定位(功能) algorithmically-derived 利用算法推导出来的 trend 潮流,趋势 cool girl “酷女孩”,原指学校里受人欢迎的时髦女孩,此处泛指风格出众,引领时尚的女性 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. What are the negative aspects of sharing fashion advice on social media? 2. Which people are most of these new fashion apps aimed at? 3. True or false? Clothes sizes are set to an international standard. 4. Which people mentioned in the article write and discuss fashion online? 5. What piece of equipment has Amazon developed to help you find the best clothes for you to wear? 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. The judge's feedback was so ______, she decided to never sing on stage again. vetted       clash       brutal       troll-free 2. Once the ______ had finished working on her, she looked absolutely amazing! stylist       stylish        style       styling 3. Frank's ______ really impressed Lilly on their first date: he wore a suit and tie to dinner! makeover       dress sense       fashionista       figure 4. He got very offended when I told him his red trousers ______ with his yellow jumper. clash       clashing       appearance       clashed 5. Dairy-free ice cream seems to be the ______ for a healthy treat at the moment. tip       trend       cool girl         fashionista 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. What are the negative aspects of sharing fashion advice on social media? Too much conflicting advice and brutal or very honest opinions. 2. Which people are most of these new fashion apps aimed at? Most of them are aimed at fashion-conscious younger women. 3. True or false? Clothes sizes are set to an international standard. False. According to chief executive of EyeFitU, Isabelle Ohnemus, there are no international standards in clothes sizes. 4. Which people, mentioned in the article, write and discuss fashion online? Bloggers. 5. What piece of equipment has Amazon developed to help you find the best clothes for you to wear? A camera that is linked to a 'style check' function. 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. The judge's feedback was so brutal, she decided to never sing on stage again. 2. Once the stylist had finished working on her, she looked absolutely amazing! 3. Frank's dress sense really impressed Lilly on their first date; he wore a suit and tie to dinner! 4. He got very offended when I told him his red trousers clashed with his yellow jumper. 5. Dairy-free ice cream seems to be the trend for a healthy treat at the moment.[详情]

BBC英语教学:我们离半机械人时代又近了一步
BBC英语教学:我们离半机械人时代又近了一步

  BBC英语教学 多年来,科幻小说一直在不断地为我们描绘各种体能超强的半机械人类生活在未来的场景。随着生物科技的迅速发展,半机械人类的时代离我们又近了一步。最新的一项生物科技突破是否证明集成技术的发展前景无限光明?本集《随身英语》带你走进生物科技。 课文内容 Vocabulary: biotechnology 词汇: 生物技术 I am a massive science fiction geek. Ever since I was young, I’ve been captivated by tales of interstellar adventure, aliens, robots, and cutting-edge technology. I always loved the concept of cyborgs. That’s a human-robot hybrid. They are ordinary humans who have been enhanced in some way by technology; more intelligence, faster speed or better resilience to disease and damage. Great ideas, but I never thought I’d see them in my lifetime.  Well, I stand corrected. Integrated biology and technology is already here and people have wasted no time utilising it to re-engineer their bodies. Take, for example, Neil Harbisson, who has an antenna protruding from his head that allows him to hear colour, or Moon Ribas, who has an implant that allows her to sense seismic activity. Now, neither are abilities that I particularly covet, but it's a start. And it doesn’t end there. As technology increases so too will our ability to enhance ourselves through it. One of the latest developments is the graphene tattoo. Not an actual tattoo at all, but more like a patch, the graphene tattoo could revolutionise biomedical monitoring. It looks much like a transparent plaster, but with a gold coloured circuit board contained within it. This circuit is the graphene. Graphene is a form of carbon, but it’s 200 times stronger than steel and conducts electricity better than gold, which is the component typically used in electronics. The human body is basically an electrical machine. When in contact with the skin, the graphene in the plaster is able to read and conduct the electricity – allowing it to easily be used as a medical monitor for heart-rate and pulse, among other things. And even more, graphene tattoos can be used as bioelectronic controllers, as demonstrated by one engineer who attached them to his eyelids in order to direct which way a drone flew, just by looking with his eyes! I know that biotechnology is a long way from allowing humans to be able to lift a car or run half-way around the world in a single day, like I wanted to be able to do when I was a child. But, it’s improving all the time and once the price of graphene falls, who knows what else we’ll be able to do? I’ll see you in the future! 词汇表 geek 呆子,极客 interstellar 星际的 cutting-edge 前沿的 cyborg 半机械人 hybrid 混合体 enhanced 强化的,增强的 integrated 合成一体的 re-engineer 重建,重新组合 antenna 触角 protrude 伸出 implant 植入 seismic 地震的,造成严重破坏的 covet 渴望,贪求     graphene 石墨烯 patch 贴布,贴片 transparent 透明的 circuit board 电路版 carbon 碳 conduct 传导(电) component 零部件,组成部分 bioelectronic 生物电子的 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. According to the article, what is a cyborg? 2. Which enhancements do the two cyborgs mentioned in the article have? 3. Why is graphene such a useful material? 4. Apart from biomedical applications, what other use can graphene have? 5. True or false: The human body is exactly the same as a battery. 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. Ask John anything you want about music in the 1960s. When it comes to that stuff, he’s such a ______. cyborg       geek       hybrid       integrated 2. Don’t have any electronics in the bathroom. Water ______ electricity and you could get hurt. re-engineers       implats       transparent       conducts 3. I love their latest album. They’re always at the ______ of what anyone is doing in the music industry. cutting-edge       implant       patch       biotechnology 4. One day technology will advance so far that ______ travel will be a daily occurrence. We’ll be able to go to other solar systems! cutting-edge       cyborg       integrated       interstellar 5. This species of tomato is actually a ______ of the American and European varieties. cyborg       hybrid       seismic       patch 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。  1. According to the article, what is a cyborg? A cyborg is a human-robot hybrid. They are ordinary humans who have been enhanced in some way by technology.  2. Which enhancements do the two cyborgs mentioned in the article have? One has an antenna protruding from his head which allows him to hear colours. The other has an implant that allows her to sense seismic activity.  3. Why is graphene such a useful material? It’s 200 times stronger than steel and conducts electricity better than gold. 4. Apart from biomedical applications, what other use can graphene have? Apart from biomedical applications, graphene tattoos can also be used as controllers for electronics. 5. True or false: The human body is exactly the same as a battery.False. The human body is basically an electrical machine. 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. Ask John anything you want about music in the 1960’s. When it comes to that stuff, he’s such a geek. 2. Don’t have any electronics in the bathroom. Water conducts electricity and you could get hurt. 3. I love their latest album. They’re always at the cutting-edge of what anyone is doing in the music industry 4. One day technology will advance so far that interstellar travel will be a daily occurrence. We’ll be able to go to other solar systems! 5. This species of tomato is actually a hybrid of the American and European varieties.[详情]

BBC英语教学:糟糕的睡眠会影响你的心理健康
BBC英语教学:糟糕的睡眠会影响你的心理健康

  BBC英语教学 我们每个人每天都需要足够的睡眠来保持和恢复体力。睡眠不足所带来的负面影响有哪些?一项研究发现缺觉不仅会影响我们的身体健康而且还会给我们的心理健康造成危害。本集《随身英语》讨论不良睡眠对人的影响。 课文内容 Vocabulary: sleep 词汇 : 睡眠 How much sleep do you need? Do you find that if you don't get enough shut-eye and wake up feeling dopey, you spend the rest of the day in a bad mood? I certainly need my eight hours a night and that's important according to research, because bad sleep isn't good for our health. We all need a good night's rest to recharge our batteries, but according to the Sleep Council in the UK, the average Briton gets six-and-a-half hours sleep a night, which for most people is not enough. It's tempting to cut back on the sleep we get, after all there are plenty of other more fun or useful things to be doing. Sometimes the pressure of work or a long commute means that our head hits the pillow much later than it should. But lots of studies have shown that cutting back on sleep, deliberately or otherwise, can have a serious impact on our bodies. Studies have proved that sleep deprivation has a negative effect on our bodies but it can also have an effect on our mental health. A BBC programme called Trust Me, I'm a Doctor ran an experiment with the University of Oxford and was surprised to discover how quickly the mood of the people they were testing changed when their sleep was restricted to four hours a night for just three nights. Doctoral student, Sarah Reeve, who ran the experiment, said: "There were increases in anxiety, depression and stress, also increases in paranoia and feelings of mistrust about other people". This and other research into the mental health of students, has found that the lack of sleep increases our negative emotions. I know that when I'm sleep deprived, it is harder to feel positive about things or even think straight! Daniel Freeman, professor of clinical psychology at Oxford University, agrees that insomnia is bad for our brain. He says: "We have more negative thoughts when we're sleep-deprived and we get stuck in them". Bad sleep doesn't automatically mean you'll get mental health issues but other studies have shown that depriving people of enough sleep for only a few nights in a row can be enough to put healthy adults into a pre-diabetic state. So with all this evidence maybe we should concentrate on sleeping well. This means going to bed at a sensible time and creating the right environment in the bedroom to relax and sleep in. There's also the modern distraction of using smartphones and tablets at bedtime, tempting us to stay awake. The blue light emitted by electronic devices makes us feel less sleepy. And using them stimulates our brain when it should be winding down. What helps you get a good night's sleep? 词汇表 shut-eye 闭眼,睡眠 wake up 醒来 dopey 嗜睡的,迷迷糊糊的 recharge our batteries 恢复我们的体力 head hits the pillow 头挨枕头,睡觉 cut back 减少 sleep deprivation 睡眠不足 mental health 心理健康 anxiety 焦虑(症) paranoia 多疑,妄想症 lack of sleep 缺觉 negative emotions 负面情绪 think straight 清楚地思考,思路清晰 insomnia 失眠(症) pre-diabetic state 糖尿病前期状态 sleepy 困的,瞌睡的 stimulate 刺激 wind down 平静下来,放松 测验与练习 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. True or false? Six and a half hours is not enough sleep for most people in the UK. 2. How many hours' sleep did students have in the experiment carried out by the University of Oxford? 3. According to research, what happens to our mood when we have less sleep? 4. Which word used in the article means 'an effect or an influence'? 5. What is it about using smartphones and tablets at bedtime that stops us getting to sleep? 2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. She started feeling ______ and was convinced her boss was going to fire her. dopey       paranoid       insomnia       stimulating 2. He suffers from depression, but he can't discuss his ______ with his employer. mentally health       mentality       mental health       shut-eye 3. After working all night, I was unable to ______ at the meeting the next morning. cut back       stimulate       think straight       recharge my batteries 4. Sean suffers from ______ because he drinks too much coffee before bedtime. insomnia       a cold       shut-eye       dopey 5. A glass of wine really helps me ______ after a busy day at work. wind up       winding       stimulate       wind down 答案 1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 1. True or false? Six and a half hours is not enough sleep for most people in the UK.True. According to the UK's Sleep Council, the average Briton gets six-and-a-half hour's sleep a night, which for most people is not enough. 2. How many hours' sleep did students have in the experiment carried out by the University of Oxford? Their sleep was restricted to four hours a night for just three nights. 3. According to research, what happens to our mood when we have less sleep? Lack of sleep increases our negative emotions and we have more negative thoughts. 4. Which word used in the article means 'an effect or an influence'? Impact. 5. What is it about using smartphones and tablets at bedtime that stops us getting to sleep? They emit blue light and using them stimulates our brain. 2.  请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。 1. She started feeling paranoid and was convinced her boss was going to fire her. 2. He suffers from depression, but he can't discuss his mental health with his employer. 3. After working all night, I was unable to think straight at the meeting the next morning. 4. Sean suffers from insomnia because he drinks too much coffee before bedtime. 5. A glass of wine really helps me wind down after a busy day at work.[详情]

BBC英语教学:血友病治疗方法的重大突破
BBC英语教学:血友病治疗方法的重大突破

  BBC英语教学 本集内容 Haemophilia breakthrough 血友病治疗方法的重大突破 学习要点 有关“haemophilia 血友病”的词汇 边看边答 What was used to give Jake's body new genetic instructions for clotting blood? 文字稿 Walking two miles to work used to be unthinkable for Jake Omer. He was born with haemophilia A, a genetic defect that means his blood did not clot. The slightest injury used to mean severe bleeding. Even a long stroll would cause bleeding in his joints. But no more. Jake Omer, Haemophiliac“I think the gene therapy has hopefully given me a new lease of life. It's going to allow me, when as my boys grow up, to be a lot more active with them - to kick footballs around, to climb trees with them, to hopefully run around in the park with them - and not be someone who's got to worry about what I'm doing.” Jake was one of 13 patients given pioneering gene therapy last year. A virus was used to give his body new genetic instructions for clotting blood. All of the trial patients are off the haemophilia medication and 11 have roughly normal levels of blood clotting proteins. Professor John Pasi, lead researcher, Barts and Queen Mary University of London “This is huge! It's ground-breaking because the option to think about normalising levels in patients with severe haemophilia is absolutely mind-blowing. To offer people the potential of a normal life when they have had to inject themselves with Factor VIII every other day to prevent bleeding is transformational.” Large studies will now take place to see if gene therapy can replace these regular injections and truly transform the lives of patients. 走两英里路去上班对杰克·奥马尔来说曾是一件难以想象的事情,因为他有先天性A型血友病。这是一个基因缺陷,而因此导致血液无法凝结。 即使是最轻微的小伤也会造成大量的流血。甚至,散步时间稍长一些也会使得他的关节流血。但是现在,这一切都有所改观。 杰克·奥马尔,血友病患者“我觉得基因疗法给了我开启新生活的希望。它使我能够在我的儿子们成长的过程中,更多地跟他们一起玩耍、运动,比如跟他们一起踢球、爬树,或者在公园里奔跑。而不是太需要担心自己的身体状况。” 杰克是去年接受这项前沿基因治疗的十三位病人中的一位。他被接种了一种病毒,用来给他的凝血功能下达一种新的遗传指令。目前所有参加试验的患者都已停药,其中有十一位患者体内的凝血蛋白差不多达到了正常水平。 约翰·帕西教授,伦敦玛丽女王大学医学院首席研究员 “这是一项巨大的、具有开创性的试验成果,因为它给严重血友病患者的凝血蛋白正常化提供了新的治疗选择。这绝对是个令人称奇的研究成果。相比以前,患者为了能正常生活,每天得给自己注射凝血第八因子来防止出血,这绝对是一次变革。” 大规模的研究即将开始,这些研究将近一步观察基因治疗是否能取代定期注射,从而使患者的生活彻底改观。 词汇 genetic defect 基因缺损,基因缺陷 clot 凝结成块 bleeding 出血,流血 blood clotting proteins凝血蛋白 Factor Eight (Factor VIII) 凝血第八因子(外伤出血时帮助凝血的一种蛋白质) 你知道吗? Red blood cells carry oxygen around the body. White blood cells are the body's defence mechanism. They seek out and destroy bacteria, viruses and fungi. 红细胞通过血液将氧气送到身体各个组织,白细胞则是人体的防御机制。它们帮助机体寻找并摧毁细菌、病毒以及真菌。 问题答案 A virus was used to give his body new genetic instructions for clotting blood.[详情]

BBC英语教学:英国的食物浪费问题
BBC英语教学:英国的食物浪费问题

  BBC英语教学 学习要点 有关“waste 浪费”的词汇 边看边答 Name something mentioned in the report that wasted food has been used for. 文字稿 OK, it's past its sell-by date, but this is – or was – food. Grown, produced, processed and discarded; a super-size serving of stinking waste. Paul Killoughery, Managing Director, Bio Collectors “It's amazing how much food is thrown out, and it's amazing how long it's taken the message to get through. If you don't have to eat it, don't buy it.” Overproduction is a fact of the modern food industry. Most of the surplus - good nutritious stuff - goes to waste. But here, there’s another way. At the FareShare charity they take the surplus and use it to feed the hungry. Lindsay Boswell, Chief Executive, FareShare “The thing that really drives us nuts is it's going to waste whilst there are people going hungry. We feed, at the moment, half a million people a week – half a million people a week - with this food; we do that to seven thousand frontline charity and community groups.” Which is good news here at the Melton Learning Hub, where disadvantaged kids get good fresh food. Sarah Cox, Manager, Melton Learning Hub “Just for our kids, it means they get a hot meal… they definitely get a hot meal every day. Lots of different circumstances the young people come to us in and this is a brilliant way of using food that would, as you say, go to waste.” Tackling the issue will mean dumping less food and doing more with whatever goes in the bin. Here it’s used to make valuable fertiliser to generate gas and electricity. But most of our discarded food still goes to the incinerator or to landfill - perhaps the definition of waste in a hungry world. 好吧,这些食物垃圾都已经过了保质期,但是它们仍然是,或者说曾经是食物。这些食物残渣都曾被种植、加工,被丢弃;最后沦为一滩臭气熏天的超大号垃圾。 保罗·基罗利 Bio Collectors 公司 总经理 “被人们丢掉的食物量大得惊人,而且令人吃惊的是,我们花了这么长的时间才让人们明白要珍惜食物这个道理。如果你不吃的话,就不要买。” 生产过剩是现代食品工业的一大事实。多数富余的食品,营养丰富,但最后仍沦为垃圾。但这里的人们想出了避免该状况发生的另一种方式。英国这家名为“食物分享计划”的慈善机构会把收集来的富余食物发给挨饿的人们。 琳赛·博斯维尔 FareShare 公司 总裁 “让我们抓狂的是,在食物变为垃圾的同时还有人在挨饿。我们目前每周给五十万人提供食物 — 我们每周向五十万人提供这些原本会被浪费掉的食物;我们为七千个一线的慈善和社区团体提供这一服务。” 这对于梅尔顿学习中心来说是个好消息。在这里,贫困儿童们可以拿到有益健康的新鲜食物。 莎拉·考克斯 梅尔顿学习中心 经理 “对我们这里的孩子们来说,这意味着他们可以享用热餐…他们每天肯定会吃到热菜热饭。来到这里寻求帮助的年轻人的境遇彼此不同,然而正如你所说,把原本会浪费掉的食物给孩子们吃是有效利用富食品的绝佳方式。” 解决食物浪费问题将意味着降低食物的倾倒量和更好地利用那些原本会被扔掉的食物。在这里,人们用残渣来生产宝贵的肥料,从而生成煤气和电力。 但我们丢弃的大多食物仍难逃被扔进垃圾焚化炉或填埋场的命运,也许这就是在这个饥肠辘辘的世界中人们对“浪费”一词的定义吧。 词汇 sell-by date 出售截止日期,保质期 discarded 被丢弃的 overproduction 生产过剩 surplus 富余,过剩 landfill 垃圾填埋场 你知道吗? ‘Sell-by’ dates are aimed at the shopkeepers rather than shoppers. They indicate how long the food should remain on sale. A ‘use-by’ date is a really important one to take note of -after this date, the food may not be safe to eat. “最迟销售”日期是用来提示店商而非顾客的标识。该日期表明食品可以被放在货架上出售的时间段。而“使用保质期”则是晚于最迟销售日期的另一个需要留意的重要期限,一旦过了这个日期,食品吃起来则可能不再安全。 问题答案 Wasted food has been used to feed the hungry and also changed into fertiliser to generate gas and electricity.[详情]

BBC英语教学:歌唱背后的科学知识
BBC英语教学:歌唱背后的科学知识

  BBC英语教学 本集内容 The science of singing 歌唱背后的科学知识 学习要点 有关“hearing 听力”的词汇 边看边答 What is measured in Alex's brain to test if singing can benefit his mind? 文字稿 This music and singing session for children with a hearing impairment experiments with volume, rhythm and the physical feeling of the way the children use their voices. And with this computer programme they are able to see what their voices are doing, even if they are unable to hear them. Professor Graham Welch has been studying how singing can help children with severe hearing issues for three years now and says singing can stimulate the brain. Professor Graham Welch, University College London“They’re all engaged in their singing but they’ve actually improved in their measurable singing skills and at the same time there is some evidence of impact on their hearing acuity as well, so that they are better able to discriminate sound.” To understand how singing affects the brain, we’ve invited Alex Stobbs, a musician, to a neotherapy session. Alex has cystic fibrosis; he undergoes physical therapy every day and long periods of treatment. Nadia Hristopher is a neuropsychologist. First, she measures the electrical activity in Alex's brain while he's resting, then she asks him to sing. And rested Alex is assessed again. And the results are immediate. Nadia Hristopher, neuropsychologist“I mean that shows that theoretically within ten minutes of singing someone can improve clarity of their mind and also perhaps feel emotionally much more uplifted.” Songs often speak or sing of the importance of music to the heart and to the soul, but it can also be of huge benefit to your brain. 这个为听觉障碍儿童所设计的音乐歌唱课程,用音量、节奏和孩子们发出声音时身体的感受进行实验。 通过这个计算机程序,他们能够看到自己的声音如何通过视觉的形式表现出来,即使他们无法听到自己所发出的声音。 格雷厄姆·韦尔奇教授从事唱歌是如何辅助有严重听力困难儿童的研究已经三年了,他认为唱歌可以刺激大脑。 格雷厄姆·韦尔奇教授,伦敦大学学院“他们都投入到唱歌的体验中,并且歌唱的技巧也有了明显的提高,同时也有一些证据表明这提高了他们的听力灵敏度,使得他们能够更好地辨别声音。” 为了理解歌唱是如何影响大脑的,我们邀请了一位名叫亚历克斯·斯托布斯的音乐家,来体验这个新的神经学疗法。 亚历克斯患有囊肿性纤维化,他每天都进行物理治疗,还要定期接受其它治疗。娜蒂亚·赫里斯托弗是一名神经心理学家。她先在亚历克斯休息的时候测量他的脑电波活动,然后再让他唱歌。 接着,对休息状态下的亚历克斯再次进行评估。结果是显而易见的。 娜蒂亚·赫里斯托弗,神经心理学家“结果表明,从理论上讲,当一个人开始歌唱,十分钟内他的头脑思绪就会更加清晰,同时也可能感到情绪比之前更高涨。” 歌曲不仅可以表达出音乐对于人类心灵的重要性,还可对人类的大脑大有裨益。 词汇 hearing impairment听觉障碍 stimulate刺激 hearing acuity 听力灵敏度 discriminate区分,区别,分辨 你知道吗? Neuro- is the prefix used to describe anything to do with the brain, nerve or nervous system. For example: neuroscience, neurosurgeon, neuro-therapy. Neuro- 是用来表达与大脑、神经或神经系统相关意思的前缀,例如:神经科学、神经外科医生和神经疗法。 问题答案 A neuropsychologist measures the electrical activity in Alex's brain before and after singing to prove it can help his mind.[详情]

BBC英语教学:世界上最陡峭的缆索铁路
BBC英语教学:世界上最陡峭的缆索铁路

  BBC英语教学 本集内容 World’s steepest railway line 世界上最陡峭的缆索铁路 学习要点 有关“heights 高度”的词汇 边看边答 What dangers did the workers have to deal with on this project? 文字稿 Up here, 13 hundred metres above sea level, is not a view for the faint-hearted, and transporting people up this steep Swiss mountainside is not without its challenges. Two years behind schedule, it's taken 14 years of building with a price tag of 53 million dollars. But the Swiss are convinced the new funicular on the world's steepest line is worth it. Reinhold Boiger, Engineer“To construct a tunnel with a 110% gradient has rarely been done before. All the workers have to secure themselves. Sometimes they have to work hanging in the ropes. We have to be very careful with the material. If you drop something it falls all the way down, and what’s even more dangerous - if you drop something, it can fall on the head of a worker further below.” If the breathtaking climb itself doesn't leave you weak at the knees, then standing upright in the carriages shouldn't be a problem either. They’ve been uniquely designed to allow the floors to adjust with the gradient as it travels. Each of the carriages can carry 34 people, at a speed of ten metres per second, meaning the climb or descent lasts no longer than four minutes. The line replaces an old funicular that had been operating between the valley town of Schwyz to the mountain village of Stoos since 1933. The new space-age looking carriages have been hailed an engineering success. It remains to be seen whether it will help take the area's tourism to new heights. 这里的海拔高度是1300米,眼前的这片风景让胆小的人望而却步,而且要把人运送到这么陡峭的瑞士山峰上来的确充满了挑战 。 比预期完工的时间晚了两年,修筑这条铁路耗时14年,花费5300万美元。 但瑞士人相信这条新建的世界上最陡峭的缆索铁路是值得的。 莱因霍尔德·波杰尔,工程师“建造一条坡度为110度的地道是我们在过去难得一见的。建筑工人都必须保护好自己,有时他们得悬挂在绳索上作业。我们必须特别小心地处理这些建材,一旦掉了什么东西,它就会一直坠落至山底,而且更危险的是,坠落物很可能会砸到正在下方作业的工人的头。” 如果列车沿缆索惊人的攀升都不会让你害怕得腿发软,那么直立地站在车厢里也应该不会是个问题。 车厢经过巧妙独特的设计,在运行时车厢底部会随着坡度的变化进行调整。 每个车厢可以承载34人,列车的运行速度为每秒10米,这意味着不论是上山还是下山,单程运行时间都不会超过四分钟。 这条线路取代了一条旧的缆索铁路,就是那条从1933年开始运行在河谷小镇施维茨到施图斯山村之间的铁路。 这些看上去充满太空时代感的车厢,被人们称赞为是一次工程设计上的胜利。该工程是否有助于将这个地区的旅游业推向新的高度,我们拭目以待。 词汇 faint-hearted 胆怯的 steep 陡的,陡峭的 gradient 坡度 weak at the knees(因害怕而)腿发软的 descent 下降,下落 你知道吗? The name ‘funicular’ is derived from the Latin word funis, which translates as ‘rope’. Funiculars use ropes or chains and operate on a counterbalancing system. The weight of the one at the top pulls against the one at the bottom, making it move. 英语单词“缆索铁道”源自拉丁语中的“funis”,也就是“缆绳、绳索”的意思。缆索铁道依靠缆绳或锁链来达到一种平衡系统,处于高处的缆绳利用重量拉拽处于低处的缆绳,由此缆索机制得以运行。 问题答案 They had to secure themselves and sometimes work hanging in the ropes. They also had to be careful with material. If it dropped, it could have injured a worker below.[详情]

BBC英语教学:科学家监控极其危险的尼拉贡戈火山
BBC英语教学:科学家监控极其危险的尼拉贡戈火山

  BBC英语教学 本集内容 Monitoring a deadly volcano 科学家监控极其危险的尼拉贡戈火山 学习要点 有关“volcanoes 火山”的词汇 边看边答 What happened when the scientists’ warnings about the volcano were ignored? 文字稿 Shrouded in mystery, it towers above eastern Congo. The Nyiragongo volcano is one of the most active and feared in the world. Smoke and clouds mingle at its peak hiding the threat within. At nearly 3,500 metres above sea level, this volcano is difficult to access and predict. From the city of Goma below, a group of Congolese scientists keep a close watch looking for signs of danger. Mahinda Celestin, Goma Volcano Observatory's Director “The volcano is like a sick person. And we have to monitor. Every time...every time... every second." Their warnings were ignored in 2002 when an eruption destroyed parts of the city. Ninety thousand people lost their homes and dozens of residents died. But today, some of the houses are built around the solidified lava and the local population is much more aware of the risks. For now, there are no warning signs. And it's not just scientists summiting the volcano. Tourists are joining them. It takes seven hours of hard trekking to reach the top. But it's well worth the effort. Set in the Unesco world heritage site of Virunga National Park, the Nyiragongo and its magnificent lava lake are attracting visitors from across the world. And with that, Goma’s biggest natural threat is giving back to the community living below.. 笼罩着一层神秘的色彩 - 这是矗立在刚果民主共和国东部的尼拉贡戈火山。它是世界上最活跃也是最令人畏惧的火山之一。在山峰处盘旋着的烟雾和云团隐藏了其潜在的威胁。 该火山海拔近3500米,这让人们很难接近并获取和它相关的信息,也难以预测其异常活动。一组来自尼拉贡戈山脚下城市戈马的刚果科学家们负责严密监测这座火山显示的危险征兆。 塞勒斯廷 戈马火山观测台负责人 “这座火山就像是一个需要密切照料的病人。我们每时每刻、每分每秒都要监测它的动向。” 然而,这些科学家在2002年发出的一次警告却被人忽视,同年火山喷发,摧毁了这座城市的部分地区。九万人因此无家可归,数十名居民丧生。但现在,当地部分房屋就建在火山爆发后固化的岩浆周围,戈马市居民对火山的潜在风险也有了更深的认识。 科学家们眼下并未检测到火山即将喷发的征兆。而除了科学家之外,游客也加入了登上火山顶峰的行列。虽然人们需要经过七个小时的艰苦跋涉才能登顶,但这是非常值得的。 尼拉贡戈火山坐落在被列入联合国教科文组织世界遗产名单中的维龙加国家公园内,火山口深处壮观的熔岩湖吸引着来自世界各地的游客前来观看。作为戈马最大的自然威胁,尼拉贡戈火山以功折过,用这种方式来回报住在山下的人群。 词汇 towers above矗立在…上 active(火山)活的 peak山顶,山峰 eruption(火山的)爆发,喷发 lava(火山喷出的)岩浆,熔岩 你知道吗? Volcanoes (or volcanos) can change the weather. They can cause rain, thunder and lightning. Volcanoes can also have long-term effects on the climate, making the world cooler. 火山能改变天气。它可以引发雷雨和闪电,也能给气候带来长期的影响,以致地球温度下降。 问题答案 Ninety thousand people living around the city of Goma lost their homes and dozens of residents died.[详情]

BBC英语教学:苏丹的金字塔数量是埃及的两倍
BBC英语教学:苏丹的金字塔数量是埃及的两倍

  BBC英语教学 Sudan’s pyramids twice as many as Egypt 苏丹的金字塔数量为埃及的两倍 学习要点 有关“ancient history 古代史”的词汇 边看边答 Why were the tops of the pyramids blown off in the 1830’s? 文字稿 A hidden and largely unknown history is re-emerging. These Nubian pyramids in modern-day Sudan were built around the fourth century BC. They're much smaller than the Egyptian ones, but Sudan boasts nearly double the number. This was one of the main cities in the Kingdom of Kush and the pyramids served as tombs for kings and queens. Today, the site is largely deserted. But a new generation is helping to recover this history. And they are making it their own. Mohamed Elmur, tour guide I was surprised to see all of these things that literally nobody visited, that no one is taking care of them. This is an ancient history for our families. And the stories that I've heard from my family about this place - the stories of how these places were led by women, about how these places were great civilisations back in time. And I wanted to know more, how to take care of it, how to make the world know more about it. Mohammed made it his mission to get the Sudanese youth interested in their country's history. He set up a camp, and began offering free tours on social media, hoping it would help preserve Sudan's ancient wonders. Mohamed Elmur, tour guide “This is the pyramid that was blown up by dynamite.” In the 1830s, an Italian treasure hunter came here in search of the jewels buried in the pyramids. He blew off the tops…destroying the centuries-old heritage. But there's still a lot to see. And young Sudanese are making the journey and braving the desert. “You as a Sudanese, you need to know your history, your culture, you to be proud about it. You have to tell other people about your history - about how big is it. So you have to see it with your own eyes before you tell it to other people.” The pyramids remain largely unguarded, even though this is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There's a rich history here to protect… and perhaps even more to discover. 一段隐藏已久并鲜为人知的历史再次受到关注。这些位于现代苏丹共和国的努比亚金字塔约建于公元前四世纪。 这些金字塔比埃及的金字塔要小得多,但苏丹称自己所拥有的金字塔数量近乎埃及的两倍。 这里曾是库施王国一座主要城市的所在地,这些金字塔是作为历任国王及王后的陵墓而建成的。如今,该遗址大多已被人忘记。 但新一代的年轻人正在帮助追回这段历史。与此同时,他们也在创造自己的历史。 穆罕默德·艾木尔 导游 “当时我很惊讶地发现,没有任何人在维护这些无人问津的建筑。这里蕴含着我们祖先的古代史。我还从我的家人口中听到了有关这里的故事,他们说这些地方曾由女性主导,还曾见证了许多伟大的文明社会。我想更多地了解这里,比如怎样保护这些建筑,怎样让世界各地的人们了解更多与其相关的事情。” 穆罕默德把激发苏丹年轻人对自己国家历史的兴趣当成了自己的使命。他在这里建立了营地,还开始在社交媒体上宣传他所提供的免费游览团,他希望这些做法能够帮助维护苏丹的古代奇观。 穆罕默德·艾木尔 导游 “这是曾经被人炸毁的金字塔”。 在1830年代,一个意大利猎宝人为寻找埋在金字塔里的珠宝而来到这里。他炸掉了部分金字塔的顶部…毁坏了有着数百年悠久历史的古老遗产。 但这里仍然有很多值得参观的地方。而苏丹的年轻人们正踏上征程,勇敢地面对沙漠。 “作为一名苏丹人,你需要了解自己国家的历史、文化,并引以为豪。你应该把自己的历史告诉其他人,告诉他们这段历史的重要性。所以在告诉他人之前,你需要亲眼看到才行。” 这些金字塔依然大多无人看管,尽管这里是联合国教科文组织认定的世界遗产。 这里有一段需要为人保护的丰富历史,或许还有更多亟待被发现的文化宝藏。 词汇 tombs 墓穴、陵墓  civilisations (特定时期的)文明社会 ancient wonders 古代奇观 treasure 宝藏、财宝 centuries-old heritage (沿袭了数百年的)世纪遗产 你知道吗? The great pyramid of Giza held the title of world’s tallest man-made structure for 3871 years. It is the last surviving wonder of the ‘seven wonders of the ancient world’.  埃及吉萨大金字塔曾享有“世界最高人工建筑”的称号,而且这项纪录保持了3871年。它是“古代世界七大奇迹”中留存至今的唯一一处景观。 问题答案 In the 1830’s an Italian treasure hunter blew the tops off the pyramids in order to search for the jewels buried inside.[详情]

BBC英语教学:酸化海洋将威胁海洋生物
BBC英语教学:酸化海洋将威胁海洋生物

  BBC英语教学 最新研究称,现代社会排放的二氧化碳不仅是全球气候变暖的主要原因,更是增加了海洋的酸性,进而威胁海洋生命。科学家研究了酸化海洋对不同生命阶段的海洋生物的影响以及其对海洋食物链的影响。请听报道。 CO2 emissions are warming the planet. They're also being soaked up by the oceans, and because CO2 is mildly acidic, that's turning sea water more acidic. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, ocean acidity has increased by around a quarter. This huge study concludes that some organisms may benefit from this change, but others will be harmed, and all life in the sea will be affected by the resulting shifts in the food web. Baby cod appear highly sensitive to the changing ocean chemistry expected this century. The report projects that the number of cod growing to maturity will shrink to just a quarter of the current level. The German-based research programme also indicates that changes brought about by acidification will be made worse by climate change pollution and coastal development. 词汇表 soaked up (被)吸收 mildly 略微地 acidic 酸的,酸性的 acidity 酸度,酸性 quarter 四分之一 organisms 生物体;微生物 food web 食物网,食物链 cod 鳕鱼 maturity 成熟期,成熟 acidification 酸化 测验 请听报道并回答下列问题。 1. How does CO2 acidify the ocean? 2. How much has ocean acidity increased since the beginning of the industrial revolution? 3. True or false: This study believes that all organisms in the sea will benefit from the change in ocean acidity. 4. True or false: The German-based research programme also indicates that changes brought about by acidification will be improved by climate change pollution and coastal development. 答案 1. How does CO2 acidify the ocean? CO2 emissions are soaked up by the oceans and because CO2 is mildly acidic, that's turning sea water more acidic. 2. How much has ocean acidity increased since the beginning of the industrial revolution? Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, ocean acidity has increased by around a quarter. 3. True or false: This study believes that all organisms in the sea will benefit from the change in ocean acidity. False. According to the article, this study concluded that some organisms may benefit from this change, but others will be harmed. 4. True or false: The German-based research programme also indicates that changes brought about by acidification will be improved by climate change pollution and coastal development.False. According to the article, the German-based research programme also indicates that changes brought about by acidification will be made worse by climate change pollution and coastal development.[详情]

BBC英语教学:火星生命的证据可能被发现
BBC英语教学:火星生命的证据可能被发现

  BBC英语教学 一座位于太平洋中的小岛可能会为科学家提供火星上存在生命的证据。这座岛屿其实是一座水下火山露出水面的部分,恰恰是这座火山的活动为一些简单生物的形成提供了可能性。而火星上也有类似的火山残留痕迹。请听报道。 Our planet's youngest island has a tongue-twister of a name: Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha'apai. It exploded out of a huge submerged volcanic mountain in spectacular style, throwing ash and rock into the air. Since the drama of its birth passed, though, scientists have been fascinated by the story of its survival. As Pacific waves lashed at it, researchers expected the island to erode away in months. But almost three years on, it's still there – a windswept volcanic cone of about two-and-a-half square kilometres. Its entire life so far has been recorded on satellite images, and the researchers studying it have since been able to visit the island, collecting rock and soil samples. Jim Garvin from Nasa has been there and explained that it was a rare template for understanding how similar looking volcanoes on the surface of the Red Planet may have evolved. But scientists don't expect it to stick around forever: storm action should eventually dismantle it. But they estimate they'll have about two to three decades to watch it very closely before its demise.   词汇表 tongue-twister 绕口令,像绕口令般的 submerged 没入水中的 lashed 冲击 erode 侵蚀,腐蚀 windswept 受强风侵袭的 template 样板,模板 evolved 逐渐演变的 stick around 逗留,停留 dismantle 摧毁 demise 消亡 测验 请听报道并回答下列问题。 1. Was the volcano that the island emerged from above or below the ocean? 2. Are scientists surprised the island is still there? 3. Which word in the article shows that scientists are using the island as a model for understanding Mars? 4. True or false? The island will last forever. 答案 1. Was the volcano that the island emerged from above or below the ocean? Below. It was submerged. 2. Are scientists surprised the island is still there? Yes. They expected it to erode away in a matter of months. 3. Which word in the article shows that scientists are using the island as a model for understanding Mars? ‘Template’. It's a template for understanding how similar looking volcanoes on the surface of the Mars may have developed. 4. True or false? The island will last forever.False. Scientists don't think it will stick around. un.[详情]

BBC英语教学:人工智能自我挑战再创新高
BBC英语教学:人工智能自我挑战再创新高

  BBC英语教学 谷歌棋下的 DeepMind 公司在人工智能技术方面又取得了巨大的进步。新技术能使机器在没有人类玩家的帮助下挑战中国的围棋游戏。请听报道。 Last year DeepMind's AlphaGo programme took on and beat two of the world's best players of the Chinese game of Go - a feat seen as a milestone in the development of artificial intelligence. That programme was trained by first giving it vast amounts of data from amateur and professional games. The new AlphaGo Zero began with a blank board and nothing but the rules of Go and set about playing against itself. Within three days it was so advanced that it took on the previous version, which had taken months to develop, and defeated it by a hundred games to zero. DeepMind says that creating knowledge from first principles without learning from human expertise is an important step in developing artificial intelligence. The company's founder Demis Hassabis said this breakthrough could help in real world problems such as designing new drugs or discovering new materials.  词汇表 milestone 里程碑 artificial intelligence 人工智能 vast 大量的,巨大的 amateur 业余的 advanced(能力)高级的 took on 挑战 defeated 击败了 first principles 基本原则 expertise 专门技能 breakthrough 突破 real world problems 现实生活中存在的问题 测验 请听报道并回答下列问题。 1. What did the AlphaGo programme first need to help beat the world's best players of Go? 2. True or false? The new version of AlphaGo won every game against the older version. 3. How much help did this new version of AlphaGo need to win the game of Go so quickly? 4. True or false? The company says that it will be using AlphaGo to discover new drugs next. 答案 1. What did the AlphaGo programme first need to help beat the world's best players of Go? Vast (very large) amounts of data from amateur and professional games. 2. True or false? The new version of AlphaGo won every game against the older version.True. The new version was so advanced that it took on the previous version and defeated it by a hundred games to zero. 3. How much help did this new version of AlphaGo need to win the game of Go so quickly? Not much help. The new AlphaGo Zero began with a blank board and nothing but the rules of Go. 4. True or false? The company says that it will be using AlphaGo to discover new drugs next.False. The company's founder Demis Hassabis said this breakthrough could – but not definitely - help in real world problems such as designing new drugs.[详情]

BBC英语教学:天文学家发现距地球最远的巨型黑洞
BBC英语教学:天文学家发现距地球最远的巨型黑洞

  BBC英语教学 近日,天文学家发现了迄今为止已知最遥远的“超大”黑洞。这个大量吞噬其周围物质的黑洞离地球的距离为130亿光年。请听以下的报道。 Scientists used telescopes in Chile and Hawaii and an orbiting NASA probe to detect a black hole 13 billion light years away from Earth at the centre of a huge luminous object known as a quasar. Researchers from the Carnegie Institution for Science say light detected from the quasar dates back to only 690 million years after the Big Bang when the Universe was emerging from a period known as the Dark Ages. Writing in the journal Nature, they say the age and sheer size of the black hole – about 800 million times the mass of our Sun – challenges current notions about the formation of these black holes and the Universe itself. 词汇表 orbiting 在轨道上运行的… probe 探测器 light years 光年 luminous 发亮的 quasar 类星体 the Big Bang 创世大爆炸 the Universe 宇宙 the Dark Ages 黑暗时代 sheer size 庞大的体积 notions 观念,看法 formation 形成方式,结构 测验 请听报道并回答下列问题。 1. The telescopes from how many countries were used to find this new black hole? 2. What was it that scientists saw that help them date this new black hole? 3. What measurement is used to show the distance of something that is very very far away? 4. True or false? The black hole is similar in size to the Sun. 答案 1. The telescopes from how many countries were used to find this new black hole? Scientists used telescopes in Chile and Hawaii (USA). 2. What was it that scientists saw that help them date this new black hole? They detected light from the quasar dates back to only 690 million years after the Big Bang. 3. What measurement is used to show the distance of something that is very very far away? Light years. This black hole 13 billion light years away from Earth. 4. True or false? The black hole is similar in size to the Sun. False. This black hole is about 800 million times the mass of our Sun.[详情]

BBC英语教学:沉船中发现世上最早航海星盘
BBC英语教学:沉船中发现世上最早航海星盘

  BBC英语教学 一个从一艘沉船中挖掘出的史前器物可能是目前世上发现的最早用于导航的工具。海洋考古学家说这个物体是一个“星盘”,海员在航行中用它测量太阳的高度,以确定所在位置。这个星盘是在1503年在印度洋暴风雪期间沉没的一艘葡萄牙船舰中找到的。请听报道。 The slim bronze disc was discovered during the excavation of the Esmeralda shipwreck – a Portuguese vessel that was exploring the Indian Ocean when it sank in a storm in 1503. The object is decorated with a royal coat of arms, but laser scanning also revealed faint etchings around its edges, each separated by five degrees. It confirms that this is an astrolabe - an instrument used by mariners to measure the height of the sun above the horizon, enabling them to navigate the seas. Only around one hundred of these items have been found, and this one most likely dates to the late fifteenth century, making it the earliest known example by several decades. 词汇表 bronze 铜的,青铜的 disc 圆盘,盘状物 excavation 挖掘,发掘 shipwreck 沉船 vessel 船,舰 sank(使)沉没了 is decorated with 用…装饰 royal coat of arms 皇家纹章 laser scanning 激光扫描 revealed 显示出了,揭露了 faint 微弱的;不清晰的 etchings 蚀刻图案 astrolabe 星盘(天文测量仪器) mariners 水手 horizon 地平线 dates 推算出制造时间 测验 请听报道并回答下列问题。 1. How was the slim bronze disc discovered? 2. True or false: Faint etchings can be easily seen with the naked eye around the disc’s edges. 3. What is an astrolabe used for? 4. True or false: Around one hundred of these items have been found, and all of them are the earliest known astrolabes. 答案 1. How was the slim bronze disc discovered? The slim bronze disc was discovered during the excavation of the Esmeralda shipwreck – a Portuguese vessel that was exploring the Indian Ocean when it sank in a storm in 1503. 2. True or false: Faint etchings can be easily seen with the naked eye around the disc’s edges. False. According to the article, it was laser scanning that revealed faint etchings around its edges, each separated by five degrees. 3. What is an astrolabe used for? The astrolabe is an instrument used by mariners to measure the height of the sun above the horizon, enabling them to navigate the seas. 4. True or false: Around one hundred of these items have been found, and all of them are the earliest known astrolabes. False. While it is true that around 100 of these items have been found, this one most likely dates to the late fifteenth century, making it the earliest known example by several decades.[详情]

BBC英语教学:英国新增一批“受保护历史建筑”
BBC英语教学:英国新增一批“受保护历史建筑”

  BBC英语教学 位于英格兰的二十处独特建筑物今年被英格兰历史建筑暨遗迹委员会(简称“英格兰遗产委员会”)列入了“受保护历史建筑”的名单中。英格兰遗产委员会说2017年共有1041个历史遗址被加入此名单中。这项特殊的保护意味着这些建筑或遗址不得被扩建或拆毁。请听报道。 From Whipsnade Tree Cathedral in Dunstable to a working men's club in Eastbourne. From the old milestone markers on the B4073 in Gloucestershire to the gravestone of Blackie the warhorse on Merseyside, it is an eclectic list of the listed: Historic England's selection of the most intriguing sites registered in 2017. Possibly the most striking structure on the list is a Victorian gas tower off the Old Kent Road in London. When it was built in 1881 it was the biggest in the world. Its wrought iron frame has been dominating the skyline ever since. And like all the sites listed in 2017, it won't be going anywhere anytime soon. 词汇表 working men's club 工人俱乐部 milestone markers 里程碑式的标识,重大事件留下的印迹 gravestone 墓碑 warhorse 战马 eclectic 各种各类的,不拘一格的 intriguing 有趣的,神秘的 striking 异乎寻常的,引人注目的 gas tower 储气柜(储存煤气或天然气的大型钢制容器) wrought iron 锻铁,熟铁 skyline 建筑物的天际线、空中轮廓线 测验 请听报道并回答下列问题。 1. What do you think the 'B4073' is? 2. Whose grave is in Merseyside and has been given special listed status? 3. True or false: The Victorian gas tower mentioned in the report, it to be moved another site. 4. Why was the Victorian gas tower so famous when it was built in 1881? 答案 1. What do you think the 'B4073' is? This is the number of a road in Gloucestershire, UK, where there are some old milestone markers. 2. Whose grave is in Merseyside and has been given special listed status? Blackie the warhorse. 3. True or false: The Victorian gas tower mentioned in the report, it to be moved another site. False. The reporter said "it won't be going anywhere anytime soon." 4. Why was the Victorian gas tower so famous when it was built in 1881? At the time, it was the biggest in the world.[详情]

BBC英语教学:飞虫数量锐减值得警惕
BBC英语教学:飞虫数量锐减值得警惕

  BBC英语教学 德国63个自然保护区内的飞行类昆虫数量在过去27年中减少了四分之三以上。研究人员认为这一现象值得警惕,因为飞虫是自然生态系统中的重要组成部分。它既是植物的授粉者,也是扮演食物链的关键角色。请听报道。 Since 1989, scientists have been monitoring flying insect populations in 63 nature reserves across Germany. The decline of some species, like butterflies, has long been suspected but this research included lesser studied insects, like wasps, flies and moths. The drop in numbers of more than three quarters over 27 years turned out to be more severe than previously thought. The insects play a vital role in pollination and as a food source for birds. No one factor alone could explain their disappearance, but researchers said modern agriculture creates a hostile environment - a desert for insects. While, anecdotally, in recent years, drivers have reported fewer insects being squashed on their windscreens - another signal with the decline in bugs across all landscapes, experts said. 词汇表 monitoring 监控,监测,密切注视 nature reserves 自然保护区 wasps 黄蜂,胡蜂 moths 飞蛾 severe 非常严重的 pollination (植物的)授粉 hostile 不利的,恶劣的 anecdotally 有趣地,趣闻轶事地 squashed 压扁,挤扁 windscreens(汽车等的)挡风玻璃 landscapes 乡间,野外 测验 请听报道并回答下列问题。 1. True or false: The research monitored flying insects, including wasps, flies and moths. 2. According to the article, why are insects important to nature? 3. True or false: Researchers said modern agriculture creates a heaven for insects. 4. What is another signal that shows the decline in bugs? 答案 1. True or false: The research monitored flying insects, including wasps, flies and moths.True. According to the article, the research included lesser studied insects, like wasps, flies and moths. 2. According to the article, why are insects important to nature? Because the insects play a vital role in pollination and they are food source for birds. 3. True or false: Researchers said modern agriculture creates a heaven for insects.False. According to the article, researchers said modern agriculture creates a hostile environment - a desert for insects. 4. What is another signal that shows the decline in bugs? In recent years drivers have reported fewer insects being squashed on their windscreens.[详情]

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