|Unit 16:The sea|
|http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/09/26 00:15 新浪教育|
Scientists used to explore on the surface of the ocean. Now they are exploring below the surface, too. They want to know about ocean water and the plant and animal life deep in the ocean.
In 1934 the scientists William Beebe dived 3000 feet below the surface in a hollow steel ball. In 1935 August Piccard dived 10330 feet. In 1960 his son Jean dived to a depth of 35800 feet.
All these early dives were deep. But the divers could not stay down for very long. They had to come back up to the surface after a few seconds. Scientists needed to stay down longer to study life below the surface. Gradually they succeeded. Cousteau, a Frenchman, was able to keep men down to a depth of 36 feet for one month and to a depth of 90 feet for a week.
Now scientists are developing even better equipment. With this new equipment, man can stay below the surface for days or even weeks. In 1962 Cousteau set up a research station 35 feet below the surface. Then in 1964 he set up another station on the ocean floor of the Red Sea. This was the first undersea station to operate without help from the surface.
Many countries are now studying undersea living. The former Soviet Union had an undersea laboratory in the Crimean Sea. The United States has a laboratory 50 feet down on the ocean floor off the virgin Islands. In 1970 five men lived there for two weeks. Then a team of five women scientists stayed in the laboratory. Next came other teams of men. All were there to explore the ocean depths and to make plants for the uses off its resources. Scientists hope to find enough mineral, vegetable, and animal wealth there to provide food for the entire world.
注释1. explore vt.探索，研究；钻研
2. hollow adj.空心的
3. depth n.深；深度
4. equipment n.装配备；设备
5. wealth n.财富；财产
( )1Insgroupsto_____ ,scientists are exploring below the surface of the ocean.
A. know about the ocean water deep in the ocean
B. know about the plant and animal life deep in the ocean
C. stay down longer to study life of the plant and animal below the surface
D. both A and B
( )2Who made the deepest dive?
A. August Piccard
C. Jean piccard
D. William Beebe
( )3Who set up the first undersea station?
A. A Frenchman.
B. An American.
D. The passage made no mention.
( )4Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. Nobody can study below the surface of the ocean for very long.
B. The early divers could not stay below the surface of the ocean for very long.
C. The purpose of setting up undersea laboratories is to make plans for the use of the resources in the ocean.
D. Up to now only five women scientists have stayed in the undersea laboratory.
Who owns the sea? The ships of all countries sail in the open seas. Not long ago, all countries could fish and hunt the oceans as they pleased. But now, the countries using the sea must work together to protect the animal life in the seas.
In 1870, there were millions of valuable fur seals in the Berling Sea. Ships came from all parts of the world to kill them.
Man wanted the animalsfur and their oil from their bodies. By 1930, only about 130000 seals were left there in the seas and the oceans. Even the hunters themselves knew that something had to be done to protect them, otherwise the seals would die out or disappear from the earth for ever.
Four countries owned the land near the sealsnorthern home. In 1911, these countries began plans to control sealhunting. The governments of these four countries, Japan, Russia, Canada and the United Statesswheresthe animals rested and gave birth to their young. Only male seals that did not have mates could be killed or hunted. Money earned from the skins and oil of the seals was to be divided among the four governments.Today, large herds of seals swim in the Berling Sea again. By working together, the four countries mentioned above have saved the seals in the seas they share.
1. own vt.拥有
2. protect vt.保护；保卫
3. seal n.海豹
4. male adj.男性的，雄性的
5. mention vt.叙述，说到，讲到；写到；记载根据短文内容选择正确答案
( )1This passage is mainly about_____ .
A. the governments of the four countries
B. protecting seals
C. the sealsnorthern homethe rocky islands
D. the Berling Sea
( )2Why did people hunt or kill seals in the open sea?
A. People wanted to eat the meat.
B. The seals were eating too many of the fishes.
C. Their fur and oil were very valuable.
D. The seals did much harm at that time.
( )3The passage doesn't say so, but is makes us think that_____.
A. hunters used seal oil on their own bodies
B. people used seal oil to cook their food
C. seals have little value for hunters
D. all the seals might have been killed
( )4The four countries worked together_____.
A. insgroupsto kill more seals
B. so as to protect the seals
C. to protect the sealsrocky islandtheir northerm home
D. insgroupsto kill any seal that was alive in the open sea
( )5According to the short passage, which of the following is true?
A. It is important to protect wildlife.
B. No more seals can be seen in the Berling Sea.
C. Only one country could hunt or kill seals.
D. There are no seals in other part of the world besides the Berling Sea.
While my father was an officer of the British army in South Africa,we lived in a __1___ house.One __2___ my father and sister and I were sitting together.He was __3___ the window.I suddenly __4___ that he was turning very pale.I sat __5___,for I did not want to ___6__ my sick sister.Soon father said in a __7___ voice,“Kate and Joan,a friend of mine __8___ here to see me this evening,and I wish to be __9___ him.Will you go up to your own room?”We __10___,went to our room and closed the door.
Soon I heard a __11___ like that of a door burst in,and then a climb of feet.They were hurrying ___12__ the narrow stairs.Fearing that there was __13___ near,I seized the pistol on the table.Then I heard my father cry out,“For God's sake,child, __14___ the door.”I did so.To my horror,I saw, __15___ my father's shoulder,a gorilla,the worst enemy of the soldier in __16___. He was ___17__ my father.I raised the pistol and fired.The animal fell backwards.with __18___ loud cry.Father took the __19___ smoking pistol from my hand,and fired another shot,which __20___ the gorilla.
It happened that father __21___ us upstairs because he thought he would be able to __22___ the doorwhich was twenty feet away___23__ the animal reached it.However,the gorilla was too __24___ for him;and this was the cause of the __25___ flight up the stairs.
1. pistol n.手枪
2. For God's sake.快!(看在上帝的份上)
3. horror n.恐怖
4. gorilla n.大猩猩
5. flight n.逃跑案
( )1A. twostoreyed B. two storeyed C. twostoreyed D. two storeys
( )2A. o'clock B. night C. evening D. time
( )3A. towards B. opposite C. inside D. behind
( )4A. knew B. learned C. felt D. noticed
( )5A. still B. lonely C. sadly D. unhappily
( )6A. hurt B. frighten C. lose D. trouble
( )7A. loud B. sad C. calm D. pleasant
( )8A. was B. comes C. would be D. is coming
( )9A. friendly to B. alone with C. helpful to D. careful with
( )10A. promised B. trembled C. obeyed D. replied
( )11A. sound B. cry C. voice D. shout
( )12A. to B. down C. through D. up
( )13A. some difficulty B. a thief C. some danger D. an accident
( )14A. open B. close C. pull D. draw
( )15A. on B. above C. over D. from
( )16A. South America B. Africa C. South Asia D. Europe
( )17A. aiming at B. marching towards C. shooting at D. running after
( )18A. an exciting B. a calm C. an angry D. a natural
( )19A. still B. yet C. even D. already
( )20A. hit B. murdered C. frightened D. killed
( )21A. had taken B. had sent C. had driven D. had forced
( )22A. push B. lock C. guard D. defend
( )23A. until B. when C. before D. though
( )24A. quick B. huge C. heavy D. stupid
( )25A. anxious B. fearless C. excited D. hurried
Many of the small animals have to be very clever and hide from an enemy.It's often unsafe to be small in a world full of larger,more dangerous creatures.A small skunk,however,will face bravely just about any danger.Even though a skunk has tiny teeth and small claws,most human and other animals will leave a skunk alone.
What power does the skunk have to frighten an enemy away? It gets rid of danger by giving off a liquid that smells terriblesintosthe air.When an enemy comes too close,the skunk lifts its tail and gives a warning with its front claw.If the enemy is foolish enough to stay around,the skunk gives a liquid,the smell of which is so bad that even the skunk leaves the scene in a hurry.
If the skunk gives off the liquidsintosanother animal's eyes,the other animal will have trouble seeing for a while and its eyes will feel pain.The smell of a skunk can be noticed from a distance of half a mile or more.
1. skunk n.黄鼠狼
2. claw n.爪子
3. give off v.发出(蒸汽、光等)，长出(枝、杈等)
4. scene n.场景，布景；现场，出事地点；景色，风景
( )1Before a skunk,an enemy is likely to run away.
( )2A skunk's smell can harm an enemy's eyes.
( )3The story suggests that you should stay away from skunks.
( )4The smell of a skunk can be smelt in the distance by its enemy.
1. A答案C应去掉s。例如：a threelegged table意为“一张三个腿的桌子”。
12. D由a climb of feet可知是在上楼，故用up。
17. D由上文可知，它正在追赶我爸爸。run after意为“追赶”。
2. T“If the enemy is foolish enough to stay around, the skunk gives a liquid,...”这句话已经说明了答案。
4. T“The smell of a skunk can be noticed from a distance of half a mile or more.”这句已经说明了黄鼠狼发出的臭味在很远的地方就会被其他动物闻到。
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