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1. Reading comprehension阅读理解………………
THE MERCHANT OF VENICE (1)
Antonio(A), a merchant of the city of Venice, was liked by everyone because
he was always ready to help others. He had many merchant ships which traded
with other countries. At the time of this story, they were all at sea.
Bassannio(B), Antonio's best friend, was in love with Portia (P), a rich
and beautiful lady who also loved him. Sadly, he could not ask Portia to marry
him because he himself had no money. So he asked Antonio to lend him three
thousand ducats. As Antonio did not have any money just then, he went to
Shylock(S), a moneylender. Now, Shylock hated Antonio. The reason for this
was that Antonio had many times scolded Shylock publicly for being greedy and
cruel. However, Shylock agreed to lend Antonio the money on one condition.
In the agreement, Antonio made a promise to allow Shylock to take a pound of
his flesh from whatever part of his body if he did not pay the money back at the
end of three months. Antonio agreed to this, took the money and gave it to Bassannio.
At the time when Bassannio and Portia were getting married, a letter ar-
rived from Antonio saying that all his ships had been lost at sea and that he
would have to give Shylock a pound of his flesh. He wished to see Bassannio
before he died. After their wedding, Portia told Bassannio to go to his friend at
once. Then she thought of a clever plan to save Antonio. She had a good friend
who was a doctor of law. She asked him to lend her some of his lawyer's
clothes and books. She pretended to be a lawyer, and her maid, Nerissa (N),
dressed herself as a lawyer's clerk. Thus they arrived at the court of the Duke
(D),swheresAntonio's trial was taking place.
D：Have mercy on Antonio, Shylock. Do not be so bitter.
S：I've promised to take my pound of flesh. If you do not let me
have it, that will be a sign of weakness and no one will trust your
laws any more. The greatness of Venice will soon be lost. Antonio
is my enemy, and I hate him.
B：Do all men kill the things they do not love?
A：It is useless trying to argue with Shylock. Don't wait any longer.
Pass judgement on me and give Shylock what he wants.
B：I'll pay you six thousand ducats for the three thousand ducats that
S：If you offered me six times what you have just offered, I would still
take my pound of flesh. Give me my pound of flesh!
D：Let us be calm, gentlemen. Shylock, how can you hope for mercy
yourself when you show none?
S：I have done nothing wrong and I fear no judgement. I desire my
pound of flesh.
As the Duke is wondering what to do, Nerissa, dressed like a lawyer's
clerk, arrives with a letter from the famous lawyer whom Portia has visited.
While the Duke is talking to Nerissa, Shylock gets ready to cut his pound of
flesh from Antonio.
Then the letter is read out for all in the court to hear.“I am very ill.
When your letter reached me, I had with me a learned young doctor from
Rome. I told him about the quarrel between Shylock and Antonio. We studied-
many lawbooks and he knows what I would say. I ask you to let him stand in
my place and give judgement. He is young, but I never knew so young a body
with so wise a head.”
After the letter has been read out to the court, Portia, in lawyer's clothes,
enters the room and takes her seat as judge.
D：Greetings, learned judge!I do not envy you your job. This is a
most troublesome case.
P：Greetings! Please be seated. And you Antonio, and is this your
agreement with Shylock?
P:Then Shylock must be merciful. He must have mercy on Antonio.
S：Why must I have mercy on him?Tell me that!
P：Mercy brings good. Mercy falls like the gentle rain from the sky
upon the earth. It blesses those who give it, and those who receive
it. We should learn to show mercy to others. Do you still ask for this
pound of flesh?
S：I ask for what is mine by law!
B：I offer ten times the money that Antonio has borrowed. Please
change the law a little so that we may save Antonio.
P：Use your head a little, sir!We cannot change a law. If one law is
changed, then people will later want to change other laws.
S：Oh, wise young judge!
P：Let me see this agreement, this promise of Antonio to you.
S：Here it is.
P：I see. According to the law, Shylock may have a pound of flesh to be
cut off by him nearest of Antonio's heart. Be merciful!Let me de
stroy this paper.—No? Then, Antonio, be ready. And Shylock, take
your knife and prepare to do the deed.
S：Oh, learned judge!Oh, wise young man!
P：Have you brought anything to weigh the flesh?
S：Yes. I have everything ready here.
P：Do you have a doctor, Shylock, to stop Antonio's blood?
S：That is not in the agreement.
P：Do you wish to say anything, Antonio?
A：Only a little. Goodbye Bassanio. Don't be sad for me. Tell your wife
about me and how much I loved you. If Shylock cuts deep enough,
I'll pay him back with all my heart.
B：Let me take you in my arms and say goodbye. I love you more than my
own life, more than my wife, and more than all the world. (He cries. )
P：Your wife would not be pleased to hear you say that.
S：We are wasting time.
P：Take your pound of flesh!I declare the court allows it and the law
gives it to you.
1主语+is always ready to do sth.……总是乐于……;易于……,动辄……
The little girl is always ready to cry.这小女孩动不动就哭。
同义词链接：be willing to do sth.
We have been trading with their company in silk these years.
短语链接：fair trade公平交易；free trade自由贸易；trade in做……生意；trade sth. for用某货换某货
3be in love with爱上；相爱
They have been in love with each other for many years.他们相爱已多年了。
辨析：be in love with“恋爱”，表状态; fall in love with“爱上……”，强调动作，不与一段时间连用。
4The reason for... was that...……的原因是……
The reason for his being late is that he got up late.
5scold sb. for因……责备某人；因……训斥某人
Dad scolded me for coming home late.
The greedy little boy ate all the food at the party.
句型链接：be greedy for/of……贪心……，贪婪……；It be greedy of sb. to do sth.某人做某事太贪心
You've broken our agreement.你已撕毁了我们之间的协议。
句型链接：in agreement with……同意；arrive at/come to/reach an agreement.达成协议；sign an agreement签订协议
8make a promise许诺
He made a promise to me that he would buy me something on my birthday.
短语链接：break one's promise食言；carry out one's promise履行诺言；keep one's promise遵守诺言；give promise of...希望……
句型链接：be on trial for……因……而受审判；bring sb. to trial告发某人，将某人交付审判
10have mercy on/upon sb.同情；怜悯
They had no mercy on/upon these prisoners.
同义词链接：show mercy to sb.
11It is useless/no use doing sth.做……是无用的。
It is useless/no use waiting here doing nothing.
短语链接：put on/lose flesh长胖了/消瘦了;flesh and blood肉体，血肉之躯;one's own flesh and blood亲骨肉
◆注意◆meat是供食用的肉类的总称，猪肉、牛肉、羊肉等各有其专门名称，即pork, beef, mutton等。
Hope for the best, prepare for the worst.抱最好的希望，做最坏的准备。
14in one's place处于……位子
Put yourself in my place.替我设身处地想想。
15so young a body with so wise a head.
young a body相当于such a young body, so wise a head相当于such a wise head。
16take one's seat坐下；就座
Everybody took his seat when the bell rang.铃响了，每个人都坐下了。
同义词链接：take one's place; sit down
Be seated please.请坐。
This house will go to your younger brother by law.
19use one's head动脑筋；有头脑
Never point a gun at anybody, John, use your head.
20do the deed付诸行动；生效
The new law will do the deed from the beginning of next year.
21be sad for ...为......难过
The whole family were sad for the death of their pet dog.
同义词链接：feel sorry for为……而难过
I'll pay you back the money you lent me.我要把你借给我的钱还给你。
He paid her back with all his heart.他真诚地报答她。
短语链接：pay for为……付款；pay off付清工资,偿清债务；pay
23all my heart
I welcome your idea with all my heart.我真诚地接受你的意见。
24take sb. in one's arms拥抱某人
His aunt took him in her arms closely and kissed him.
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