|http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/03/02 22:05 英语辅导报|
a)带"wish,if only,would rather /would just as soon /would sooner /would prefer"的句子
我希望现在就下雨。I wish that it could rain.
人们希望现在就下雨！It is wished that it could rain.
我希望现在正下着雨。I wish it were raining now.
要是能下雨该多好啊！If only it could rain!How I wish it could rain!
I would rather it had rained yesterday.
I would just as soon it had rained yesterday.
I would sooner it had rained yesterday.
I would prefer it had rained yesterday.
I wish that it had rained yesterday.
b)带"if it were not for /if it had not been for和suppose"的虚拟条件句
假如现在下雨，你回来吗？Supposing it were raining,would you come?
如果现在下雨怎么办？Supposing it should rain?
如果没有那场大雨，就不会发生洪水。If it were not for the heavy rain,there would not be a flood.
如果没有你的帮助，我们就会被大雨浇了。If it had not been your help,we would have been caught in the rain.
如果当时有辆出租车的话，我们就不会被雨浇了。Had a taxi been available,we would not have been caught in the rain.
如果我是科学家，我就会研究如何控制降雨。Were I a scientist,I would study how to control the rain.
如果明天下雨，我们就会呆在家里。Should it rain tomorrow,we would stay at home.
如果是我，我就会带上雨衣了。If I were you,I would have taken the raincoat with me.
如果他听我的，他就不会被雨浇了。If he had listened to me,he would not be caught in the rain.
e)含蓄条件：假设的情况有时不是用一个条件句来表示，而是隐含在一个含有介词without,but for,but that或连词but，副词otherwise和比较级等的上下文中。
Without the rain,there would be a drought.
But for the rain,the crops would die.
But that there was rain,the crops would have died.
A heavier rain would have watered the crops more thoroughly.
It's raining,otherwise I would have gone to see you off.
I would be very glad to go and see you off,but it's raining.
The rain has stopped.It's(high)time we started.
It's going to rain.Suppose we started tomorrow.(suppose表示建议)
It's imperative that the construction of the building(should)be completed before the heavy rain.(主语从句)
The order is that the construction of the building(should)be completed before the heavy rain.(表语从句)
They ordered that the construction of the building(should)be completed before the heavy rain.(宾语从句)
The order that the construction of the building should be completed before the heavy rain was cancelled.(同位语从句)
名词advice,command,demand,desire,idea,mo- tion,preference,insistence,suggestion,recommenda- tion,request,requirement
It is surprising that it should rain!
It is simply a miracle that it should rain in such a season!
It should(ought to)have rained earlier.Look!The crops are dying from the drought.
D"as if"和"in case"引导的句子
He is wet all over and looks as if he had been caught in a rain.
He looks so comfortable walking in the rain as if he were having a shower.
Take the umbrella in case it should rain.
|【英语学习论坛】【评论】【大 中 小】【打印】【关闭】|