|Unit 6 Mainly revision|
|http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/10/13 10:10 新浪教育|
Many views(观点)are held as to whether or not sharks will attack man. Some people believe that a shark will attack man only when he is near the shark in the water.Others take the position (见解) that sharks never attack man.The facts show that the truth is between these two positions.
There are thirtytwo kinds of sharks, and only three are dangerous to man.These are the hammer head shark, the tiger shark, and the white shark.All sharks are easily frightened and are much more afraid of man than man afraid of them.They have a keen (敏锐的) sense of smell even from a place that is a fairly long way away.The smell of blood (血) excites them, then they may attack human beings.
If such an attack does take place, however, it is done blindly because the shark happens to be excited by the smell of blood.② This is very different from the manner in which a lion or a tiger will attack its victim (受害者) in the woods.The one acts without thinking while the other acts with the greatest care.
①Many views are held as to whether or not sharks will attack man.关于鲨鱼是否会攻击人这个问题，有许多观点。
②If such an attack does take place, however, it is done blindly because the shark happens to be excited by the smell of blood.然而如果确实发生了一次这样的袭击，那鲨鱼也是盲目的，因为鲨鱼碰巧因为血的气味而产生了兴奋。
1.What is the best title of the passage?
A.Sharks and Other Animals
B.Sharks Attack on Man
C.Why Does Blood Excite Sharks
D.Sharks, the Most Dangerous of All the Fishes
2.The main difference between the manner in which a lion attacks its victim and a shark attacks a man is ____ .
A.in the speed of the attack
B.that the lion is careful with the attack, but the shark acts without thinking
C.that the lion is more cruel than the shark
D.that the shark's attack is less sudden
3.Which of the following is true?
A.There are 32 known kinds of sharks.
B.Many kinds of sharks are afraid of man.
C.The white shark is dangerous to man.
D.All the above.
4.From the passage, we learn ____ .
A.none of the sharks are dangerous to man
B.all kinds of sharks aren't afraid of man
C.there are only two views of sharks attack on man
D.the writer of the passage agrees to the two views
5.Why does a shark attack a man blindly?
A.The shark is easy to be frightened.
B.The shark has a keen sense of smell.
C.The shark has just been excited by the smell of blood.
D.The shark always protects itself by attacking the others.
What do you know about the sea? We know that it looks very beautiful when the sun is shining on it.We also know that it can be very rough (汹涌的) when there is a strong wind.What other things do you know about it?
The first thing to remember is that the sea is very big.When you look at the map of the world you will find there is more sea than land.The sea covers three quarters of the world.
Some parts of the sea are shallow (浅的).But in some places the sea is very deep.The highest mountain in the world is about 9 kilometers high.But the deepest place of the sea is nearly 11 kilometers deep.
The sea can be very cold.At the top, the water may be warm.But if you go downwards (向下地) it becomes colder and colder.
In most parts of the sea, there are lots of fishes and plants.Some live near the top of the sea.Others live deep down.①
You know that the sea is salty (有咸味的，含盐的).If you swim in the sea you can taste (尝) the salt.Some parts of the sea are more salty than other places.The Dead Sea is very salty.It is so salty that swimmers cannot sink (下沉) in it! ② And fish cannot live in it.What a strange sea!
What other things do you know about the sea?
①Some live near the top of the sea.Others live deep down.一些鱼和植物生活在海面附近，其他的在海底深处。
②It is so salty that swimmers cannot sink in it!它(死海)这么咸，游泳者在里面不会下沉。
1.What does the sea look like when the sun is shining on it? What happens when there is a strong wind?
It looks very ____ when the sun is shining on it and it can be ____ when there is strong wind.
2.Why do you say there is more sea than land on the world?
Because ____ ____ of the world is sea.
3.Are all parts of the sea very deep?
____ , ____ they.
4.Where do fishes and plants live in the sea?
Some live near the ____ of the sea, and others live deep ____ .
5.Why cant swimmers sink in the Dead Sea?
____ ____ the salt.
Mr White was born in a village.Four years ago he found work in the town and brought his wife and son there.He worked in a factory and his wife was always busy in the shop.They had no time to look after their son Fred.There lived about ten children in their building.Fred liked to play with them, but they were all at school from Monday to Friday.The little boy had to be at home alone.After school they said their teachers often told them some interesting stories in class and retold(复述) them to the boy.He envied (羡慕) them very much and hoped to go to school with them soon.
Now the boy had his seventh birthday party last week and its time for him to go to school.The little boy was so excited that he couldn't go to sleep last night.① He got up early and woke his father up this morning.After breakfast they came to school.
“How do you do?” asked his teacher.
“How do you do?” answered the boy.
“What's your name, my boy?”
“My name is Fred, Fred White.”
“And what about your fathers?”
“My dear?”the teacher said in surprise (惊讶地).“Is‘My dear’ his name?”
“Yes, madam.”said the boy.“Mummy often calls him ‘My dear!’”
①The little boy was so excited that he couldnt go to sleep last night.昨晚这个小男孩如此激动，以致于他不能入睡。
1.Fred came to the town when he was ____ .
2.Mr and Mrs White were busy, so they had to leave their son ____ alone.
3.Fred hoped to be at ____ because he wouldn't stay at home alone.
4.Fred got up ____ because he hoped to get to school soon.
5.Fred thought ____ ____ was his father's name.
Mr Brown and his wife had a small bar (酒吧) near a railway station.The bar didn't close1midnight because people came to drink while they were2for trains.So the business was good.
At two oclock one morning, a man was3sitting at the table in the bar.He was4.Mr Brown's young wife wanted to go to5.She looked6the bar several times, but the man kept sleeping.Then at last she went to her7and said to him, “You have tried to wake that man several times, and he isn't drinking8.Why haven't you sent him away? It's too9.”150
“Oh, no, l don't want to send him away,”he answered10a smile.“You know, each time I woke him up, he gave me five pounds.Then he went to sleep again.”
5.Because, of。原文中“It is so salty that swimmers cannot sink in it.”的意思是“死海里的盐太多以至于游泳的人不能下沉。”此句表示了游泳的人不能下沉的原因。because of意思是“由于”。
需要是发明之母。Necessity is the mother of invention.
见树不见林。You cannot see the wood for trees.
5.my dear。从Fred的回答来看，因为他妈妈经常叫他爸爸“my dear”，所以他认为my dear就是他爸爸的名字。所以，要填“my dear”。
1.A。not…until 意为 “直到……才”。酒吧直到子夜才关门。
4.C。由“…but the man kept sleeping.” 可知。
7.D。由后面的“…and said to him.” 可知她到她的丈夫那儿询问原因。
10.C。with a smile 意为 “笑着”。
1.This is very different from the manner in which a lion or a tiger will attack its victim(受害者) in the woods.这与狮子或老虎在森林里攻击受害者非常不同。(Line 16, Passage 1)
be different from 意为 “不同于……”，注意前后的比较对象必须属同一范畴。例如：
The weather in Guangzhou is different from that in Beijing.广州的天气不同于北京的天气。(注意：其中的that不能省略。)
2.The little boy was so excited that he couldnt go to sleep last night.昨晚这个小男孩如此激动，以致于他不能入睡。(Line 9, Passage 3)
so…that 意为“如此……以致于……”，引导结果状语从句。常与简单句 too…to或 …enough to 进行句型转换。例如：
He is so young that he cant go to school.(改为简单句)→
(1)He is too young to go to school.
(2)He isnt old enough to go to school.
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