|你真聪明 Aren't You Smart|
|http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/06/16 09:57 视听英语Ladder AI杂志|
Do IQ tests really measure how smart you are?
George has an IQ of 134. His wife, Elizabeth is even smarter, with an IQ of 142. With a combined IQ of nearly 280, they figure it stands to reason that
Since they were first invented in 1908, IQ (Intelligence Quotient) tests have been telling people how smart they are. Designed to assess problem-solving skills, the tests are used by schools, governments and companies around the world to measure intellectual potential.
The average score on an IQ test is 100 and, on most tests, a score between 85 and 115 indicates average intelligence. A score above 130 shows exceptional intelligence, while a score under 70 may indicate mental retardation.
There’s no denying that many people who are generally considered to be geniuses also have high IQs. Albert Einstein had an IQ of 160, while Bobby Fischer, a champion chess player, is estimated to have an IQ of 187. Mensa, a “genius club” founded in 1948, is open to anyone whose IQ is in the top 2% of the general population.
But does having a high IQ really mean you’re that much smarter than everybody else? It depends on what you mean by smart. Because the tests can’t say much about how creative you are or how much general knowledge you have, some feel that IQ tests shouldn’t be used to measure intelligence. In fact, some people say the only thing a high IQ indicates is that you’re good at taking IQ tests.
Einstein himself was a little dismissive of his own high IQ. “It’s not that I’m so smart,” he once said. “It’s just that I stay with problems longer.”