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1. Reading comprehension阅读理解………………
CHARLIE CHAPLIN (1)
Charlie Chaplin, who died in 1977, is considered one of the greatest and
funniest actors in the history of the cinema. During his lifetime, he acted in 13
films, and he wrote, directed and acted in 69 other films.
Chaplin was born in London in 1889 and first acted when he was five
years old. At the age of eight, he joined asgroupsof child dancers, and at sev
enteen he set off for the USA with asgroupsof comedy actors. During a second
trip to the USA in 1912, an important film director saw Chaplin acting a very
funny part in a play. As a result, Chaplin got his first film part in the States.
As early as his second film, Chaplin had developed his own manner of
acting, the one that was to become worldfamous. He wore a small black hat,
very wide trousers, a moustache and carried a stick that he swung in the air as
he walked. Even his way of walking down the street and turning a corner could
be recognized as his own. In less than three months Chaplin acted in 11 films.
After a short while he started directing films himself. During his first year,
Chaplin acted in 35 films, many of which he wrote and directed himslef.
Chaplin's earliest films were silent, because the equipment for adding
sound to films had not yet been developed. The development of films with
sound became a problem for Chaplin, as he was uncertain about making films
with dialogue. Instead, he continued to make films without dialogue, but he
added music, which he wrote himself. Two of his greatest films,“City Lights”
and“Modern Times”were of this kind.
Chaplin's later films, however, were not well received. He made only six
films between 1940 and 1966 and only the first of these is still popular today.
Chaplin lived the last years of his life in Switzerland,swhereshe was buried in 1977.
Before he died, he was honoured in a number of ways for his contributions to
the film industry.
2.during his lifetime在他一生中
He wrote over ten plays and many poems during his lifetime.
4.at the age of在……岁时
Many children began to go to school at the age of 6.
5.set off for...动身/出发去……
set off“出发，动身”；后面常接介词for (后接目的地)或on(接名词journey, trip, travel)。
Well set off for Tianjin at seven oclock tomorrow afternoon.
同义词链接：set out; start out/off；go off to
表示旅行的单词后常可接介词to。例如：the voyage to；the journey to; the flight to。
7.as...as作“像……一样”解，as early as his second film相当于一个时间状语从句As early as he played his second film...,修饰后面主句中的谓语动词had developed。
8.one's manner of doing sth.某人做事的风格
9.the one是不定代词，作同位语，指代前面的his own manner of acting。在one后紧跟一个定语从句that was to become worldfamous。其中的was to become world-famous是过去将来时。这种“be+不定式”结构常用于正式文体，表示“根据安排将要”或“注定将要”。
10.be uncertain about/of...“对……不肯定；对……没有把握”；还可以说sb. be uncertain that...或It's uncertain that...。
certain和sure都可构成be sure/certain about/of结构，表“对……有把握”，主语都必须是表人的名词或代词。
—Why do you look a bit worried?你怎么看起来有点发愁?
—I'm uncertain about the answer to the problem.我拿不准这个问题的答案。
11.be honoured for因……而受尊敬
They are honoured by people for their honesty and unselfishness.
短语链接：win honour for为……争光；show honour to sb.向某人表敬意；
do honour to sb.向……表示敬意；in honour of为了向……表敬意
12one's contribution to某人对……的贡献
Well remember you for your contribution to our motherland.
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