|http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/04/27 15:19 英语辅导报|
1) May I see your home?
2) Maternity home costs in America have gone up sharply. 3) Much is produced here for the home market.
4) I always considered him calculating and mercenary and did my best to avoid him.
5) Many people think that he is one of the most ambitious politicians of our times.
6) Although he is very young, he is very ambitious in his research work.
7) She is fidgety and restless。
8) She is at home in English.
9) We need tough-minded soldiers in our army.
10) All the inventors have a restless mind.
1) Electric power became the servant of man only after people invented the motor.
2) During the past few years，the city has shown a rapid increase in population.
3) Within seconds the meter hand should read zero.
4) Chances of failure and disaster are ever present in all space navigation.
5) The 1967 UN document calls for the settlement of the Middle East conflict on the basis of Israeli withdrawal from occupied territories and Arab acknowledgement of Israeli's right to exist.
6) A glance through his office window offers a panoramic view of the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial.
7) To them, he personified the absolute power.
8) Formality has always characterized their relationship.
9) We took brief, restless naps, struggled to understand the intermittent broadcasting of Radio Prague...
10) He routinely radioed another agent on the ground.
1) He cannot endure the tensions of modern life.
2) The mountains began to throw their long blue shadows over the valley.
3) The Chinese people used to be，are and will be a peace-loving nation.
4) If society were a train，the etiquette would be the rails along which only the train could rumble forth.If society were a state coach，the etiquette would be the wheels and axis on which only the coach could roll forward.
5) There were no speeches，no foreign diplomats，no ordinary Chinese with paper flags and bouquets of flowers.
6) With all your faults you were frank and honest.
7) We had an informal talk with him in connection with the preparations for this meeting.
8) This is as true of national conflict as it is of individual discrepancy.
9) It was only shallow people who judge by appearance.
10) He dropped his eyes when he met me on the street.
1) Serious shortage of energy was a nightmare haunting the world economy.
2) The scientist must approach the familiar just as carefully and cautiously as he does the unfamiliar.
3) I only wish he was here himself, as I make no doubt he will be at sunset tomorrow.
4) Children under the age of 18 are banned from entering.
5) The first shots missed the target.
6) It would be most disastrous if even a rumor of it were given out.
7) Slowly she pulled the letter out of the envelope, and unfolded it.
8) Mary unfolded a clean white table cloth and went to fetch some beer.
9) Tom was no end upset because he couldn't go to cinema.
10) The burglar jumped over a neighboring garden wall and disappeared in the darkness.
1) The Singapore Foreign Minister said，"The Russians are more far-sighted than is the western world as far as southeast Asia is concerned."
2) Under those circumstances，American corporations face difficult problems.They cannot merely withdraw-they must work harder than ever.
3) There is nothing more irritating than seeing other people sitting about doing nothing when I'm working.
4) I know he has usually worked well but none the less I must punish him on this occasion.
5) My friend was detained in Liverpool longer than he expected.
6) As much as I hate to do it, I must stay home and study tonight.
7) I haven't seen so much of the world as he.
8) That is as much as to say that he is a liar.
9) He's no more able to read Spanish than I am.
10) Some of the stories were really more than could be believed.
1) Your paintings appeal to me.
2) Non-conductors are rubber and glass.
3) We ate to our hearts' content at her home last Sunday.
4) To the surprise of everyone, his plan succeeded.
5) Her success resulted in part from her ability to sell the products.
6) The branch of science, artificial intelligence, is developing rapidly.
7) Professor Green is working with two of his new assistants in the laboratory at the moment.
8) Such has not been the case, at least not for the last 50 years.
9) The language of mathematics is one of signs and symbols.
10) People regard the sun as the chief source of heat and light.
1) The AIDS Virus was found in human white blood cells in 1983.
2) The system of segregation has been outlawed by the United Nations.
3) The delegates were given a hearty welcome.
4) I was so impressed by these words that I used them later for a Christmas card.
5) Regrettably，these recommendations have not been universally implemented.
6) Most of the questions have been settled satisfactorily，and only a few questions of secondary importance remain to be discussed.
7) You will be shown our workshop by the secretary.
8) It is stressed that the field of science may be divided into two major areas: natural science and social science.
9) The book has already been translated into many languages.
10) The design for the reservoir will be made by a special group under the guidance of Professor Li.
1) You will soon be amply rewarded for your help.
2) She is very pretty. Her mind is open.
3) Energy can neither be created nor to destroy; it is a universally accepted law.
4) The Chinese people seemed justifiably proud of their economic achievements.
5) But another round of war in the region clearly would put strains on international relation.
6) The three young men huddled there and said nothing. They dared not smoke. They would not move.
7) When we praise the Chinese leadership and the people, we are not merely being polite.
8) And a growing minority of Western intellectuals agreed.
9) It was half past ten already. Miss Smith still watched the path anxiously.
10) I think that this is a very good issue. And it makes the link between translation and publicity abroad.
1) His mind was full of ideas which he wanted to discuss.
2) Then I telephoned the doctor whom Charles had recommended.
3) He'll show her the place where they could make her look a proper dame-for next to nothing.
4) He made the sound of sympathy which comes so readily from those who have an independent income.
5) Individuals who are infected with HIV but remain healthy and keep viral replication in check may offer some hope for guiding the design of an effective HIV vaccine.
6) How can I introduce into a casual conversation those lengthy lines of academic paper that inject the adrenaline into a given idea.
7) It seems clear that human body is equipped to overlook the need for sleep in order to meet emergencies of quite long duration without doing any harm to it.
8) He decided to take this difficult course, which had made him extremely busy during the summer.
9) How can you expect your children to be truthful when you yourself tell lies?
10) But it ignores the fact that, though pilots, we potentially were in as much danger of capture as any covert agent.
( 1 )
1) More and more, the operations of our businesses, governments, and financial institutions are controlled by information that exists only inside computer memories. Anyone clever enough to modify this information for his own purposes can reap substantial rewards. Even worse, a number of people who have done this and been caught at it have managed to get away without punishment.
It is easy for computer crimes to go undetected if no one checks up on what the computer is doing. But even if the crime is detected, the criminal may walk away not only unpunished but with a glowing recommendation from his former employers. Of course, we have no statistics on crimes that go undetected. 2) But it is disturbing to note how many of the crimes we do know about were detected by accident, not by systematic inspections or other security procedures. The computer criminals who have been caught may be the victims of uncommonly bad luck.
For example, a certain keypunch operator complained of having to stay overtime to punch extra cards. Investigation revealed that the extra cards she was being asked to punch were for dishonest transactions. In another case, dissatisfied employees of the thief tipped off the company that was being robbed.
3) Unlike other lawbreakers, who must leave the country, commit suicide, or go to jail, computer criminals sometimes escape punishment, demanding not only that they not be charged but that they be given good recommendations and perhaps other benefits. All too often, their demands have been met.
4) Why? Because company executives are afraid of the bad publicity that would result if the public found out that their computer had been misused. 5) They hesitate at the thought of a criminal boasting in open court of how he juggled the most confidential records right under the noses of the company's executives, accountants, and security staff. And so another computer criminal departs with just the recommendations he needs to continue his crimes elsewhere.
As an alternative to simply identifying levels of literacy with years of schooling，some scholars have distinguished levels of literacy in another way.Environmental or lay literacy is the term used to designate that form of unspecialized competence involved in generally dealing with a literate environment. Such literacy need never be taught. 1) It is a type of literacy that is acquired through participating in a literate environment in which signs, labels, trademarks, headlines, sports scores, and the like are ubiquitous (普遍存在的).
2) Such a general, if low, level of literacy, which stands somewhat apart from the particular skills of reading and writing, first arose in Europe in the later Middle Ages with the development of what the Canadian historian Blake Walker communities."A textual community consisted of a band of believers formed around an interpreter who read and interpreted religious texts. 3) Because the authority of the teacher rested in the text rather than in the church, members of the community came to know certain general truths about texts and about writing: that they could be read, understood, studied, consulted, that they were more reliable than hearsay: that they were permanent; and that they possessed authority. Everyone in a literate society is literate in this sense; all know the nature, uses, and functions of writing even if they do not personally practice it.
4) A literate society is also dependent upon the development of elite literacy, a high level of literate competence, possessed by a relatively small percentage of the population, in such specialized fields of endeavor as science, law, or literature. High levels of literate competence involve learning a somewhat specialized vocabulary as well as the nuances of meaning that are relevant to lexical choice.It is estimated that literate people have a reading vocabulary，consisting of words that are encountered only in reading and writing，that may be more than double the size of their ordinary speaking vocabulary. In addition to specialized grammatical constructions that serve to set out explicitly the logical form of an argument and of specialized genres or literacy forms such as description，explanation，argument，and instructions that can be used for building complex linguistic structures or genres，such as narrative and expository texts. These specialized skills require for mastery many years of formal schooling.Once such forms are acquired in literate contexts they can also be used in speech. 5) For this reason literacy is not tied exclusively to writing; just as one can write in an essentially oral style, so one can speak in a manner characteristic of written language. Literacy makes it possible to speak a written language.
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