It doesn’t matter when or how much a person sleeps, but everyone needs some rest to stay alive. That’s what all doctors thought, until they heard about Al Herpin. Al Herpin, it was said, never slept. Could this be true? The doctor decided to see this strange man themselves.
Al Herpin was 90 years old when the doctors came to his home in New Jersey. They thought for sure that he got some sleep of some kind. So they stayed with him and watch every movement he made. (But they were surprised. Though they watched him hour after hour and day after day, they never saw Herpin sleeping. In fact, he did not even own a bed. He never needed one.
The only rest that Herpin sometimes got was sitting in a comfortable chair and reading newspapers. The doctors were puzzled by this strange continuous sleeplessness. They asked him many questions, hoping to find an answer. They found only one answer that might explain his condition. Herpin remembered some talk about his mother having been injured several days before he was born. But that was all. Was this the real reason? No one could be sure.
Herpin died at the age of 94.
1. The main idea of this passage is that 参考答案为:C
A. large numbers of people do not need sleep
B. everyone needs some sleep to stay alive
C. a person was found who actually didn't need any sleep
D. people can live longer by trying not to sleep
[解析] 答案C. 参见the first paragraph: line 2，“Al Herpin, it was said, never slept.” 据说，主人公从来不睡觉。因此科学家们对此展开了调研。
2. The doctors came to visit Herpin, expecting 参考答案为:C
A. to cure him of his sleeplessness
B. to find out why some old people didn't need any sleep
C. to find that his sleeplessness was not really true
D. to find a way to free people from the need of sleeping
[解析] 答案C. 参见the first paragraph: line 3，“Could this be true? …to see this strange man themselves.” 医生来看Herpin, 是想看看他是不是真的不需要睡觉。
3. After watching him closely, the doctors came to believe that Al Herpin 参考答案为:B
A. needed .some kind of sleep
B. needed no sleep at all
C. was too old to need any sleep
D. often slept in a chair
[解析]答案B. 参见the second paragraph: line 3，“But they were surprised. … never saw Herpin sleeping.” 医生们感到非常惊讶，Herpin真的整日整夜地不睡觉。
4. One reason that might explain Herpin's sleeplessness was 参考答案为:A
A. his mother's injury before he was born
B. his magnificent physical condition
C. that he had gradually got rid of the sleeping habit
D. that he hadn't got a bed.
[解析]答案A. 参见the third paragraph: line 4，“Herpin remembered…before he was born. ” 医生们逐渐认为Herpin不睡觉的原因可能是他妈妈在怀他时受了伤。
5. Al Herpin's condition could be regarded as 参考答案为:D
A. a common one
B. very healthy
C. one that could be cured
D. a rare one
Football in Britain
Football is, I believe, the most popular game in England: one has only to go to one of the important matches to see this. Rich and poor, young and old, one can see them all there, shouting for one side or the other.
To a stranger one of the most surprising things about football in England is the great knowledge of the game which even the smallest boy seems to have. He can tell you the names of the players in most of the important teams, he has pictures of them and knows the results of large numbers of matches. He will tell you whom he expects will win such and such a match, and his opinion is usually as good as that of men three or four times his age.
Most schools in England take football seriously--much more seriously than nearly all European schools, where lessons are all important, and games are left for the children themselves. In England it is believed that education is not only a matter of filling a boys mind with facts in the classroom, education also means the training of character; and one of the best ways of training character is by means of games, especially team games, instead of working for himself alone. The school therefore plans games and matches for its pupils. Football is a good team game, it is good both for the body and the mind. That is why it is every school's game in England.
6. At football matches, people often ______ one team or the other by shouting.
B. win over
C. laugh at
[解析]答案D. 参见the first paragraph: line 2, “…one can see them… shouting for one side or the other” 所有的人，都在为自己支持的那一队助威，呐喊。
7. In England school boys seem______ football games. 参考答案为:A
A. to know a great deal about
B. not to know much about
C. to know a little about
D. to know nothing about
[解析]参见the second paragraph: line 1, “To a stranger one…the great knowledge … seems to have.” 在英国，令人感到惊讶的是，即使是最小的孩子也知道很多关于足球的知识。
8. In the sentence “His opinion is as good as that of men three or four times his age”, “that” means 参考答案为:B